Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on August 11, 1983.
As of Sunday, July 21st, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
4B21983 and older Mercedes-Benz 240D vehicles with a 4 cylinder diesel engine

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-135
  • Executive Order 135 / D135
  • ARB # D-135
  • Executive Order No: D-135
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-135
  • Resolution D-135
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-135 PDF

D-135 Document:



                                                         (Page 1 of 2)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—135
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                               of the Vehicle Code


                DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
                         TURBOCHARGER KIT NO. 482
                            (MERCEDES BENZ 2400)


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT I1S ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the add=on
turbocharger kit number 482 (using a 0.4 A/R ratio Rotomaster/Rajay
turbocharger} manufactured by Diesel Research and Development Corporation,
of 2741 Toledo Street, Suite 218, Torrance, California $0503, has been
found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution
control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1983 and older model—year Mercedes Benz 2400
vehicles powered by a four—cylinder diesel engine.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s poliution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an appliication other
than those Tisted in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESQURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION SENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ADD—OXN TURBOCHARGER
KIT NO. 482.


DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—135
                         —                                (Page 2 of 2)




No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
    advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
    certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
    pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
    device has been certified by the state board. No person shall sell,
    offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle poTllution
    control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
    device. Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.
                                              fi”

Executed at E1 Monte, California, this _/          day of Au      1983.

                                          Mbltst
                                       K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                       Mobile Source Control Division


                   STATE OF CALIFORNIA

                   AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION‘S
      TURBOCHARGER KIT NO. 4B2 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE
       PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
         ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13 of
            THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                      AVGUST 8, 1983


                                                             August 8, 1983




       EVALUATION OF DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION‘S TURBOCHARGER
            KIT NO. 4B2 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEKHICLE CODE
                SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13
                         OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ins.




                                          by
                            MOBILE SOURCE CONTROL DIVISION

                                 State of California
                                 AIR RESOURCES BOARD
                                 9528 Telstar Avenue
                                 EI Monte, CA   91731

       (This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air
       Resources Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify
       that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air
       Resources Board, nor does mention of trade names or commerical products
       constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                  SUMMARY



     Diesel Research and Development Corporation (DRDC) has applied for

exemption of an add—on turbocharger kit from the prohibitions in Vehicle

Code Sectton 27156.   The kit, turbocharger kit number 4B2, is intended

for installation on 1983 and o]der model—year Mercedes Benz 240D modet!s

powered by a four—cylinder diesel engine of 146 CID.

     Emission test results submitted by DRDC and generated at the ARB

test facility indicate that the add—on turbocharger kit number 482 will

not significantly affect emission from vehicles for which exemption is

requested.

     Based on the above, the staff recommends that DRDC be granted an

exemption as requested and that Executive Order D—=135 be granted.


                                    CONTENTS

                                                   Page Number

SUMMARY                                                 i

CONTENTS                                               11

I.    INTRODUCTION                                      1

II.   CONCLUSION                     .                  1

III. RECOMMENDATIONS                                    1

IV.   TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION




                                                       ND
V.    TURBOCHARGER KIT EVALUATION

VI.   DISCUSSION




                                                       °0
APPENDICES



                                                       B




                                         11.


          EVALUATION OF DIESEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION‘S TURBOCHARGER KIT

          NO. 4B2 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN

          ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13 OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE



          I.     INTRODUCTION

                Diese! Research and Development Corporation (DRDC), of 2741 Toledo

          Street, Suite 218, Torrance, California 90503, has applied for exemption of an

          add—on turbocharger kit from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156.

          The kit, turbocharger kit number 4B2, is intended for installation on 1983 and

          older modeT—year Mercedes Benz 2400 models powered by a four—cylinder diese1

          engine of 146 cubic inch displacement.

                DRDC has submitted data from back—=to—back emtssion tests conducted on a
semms.,




          1982 Mercedes Benz 240D at FCI International Testing Laboratory in Santa Ana,

          California.   Confirmatory tests were conducted on the same vehicle at the Air

          Resources Board (ARB) Taboratory in E1 Monte, California.

          II.   CONCLUSION

                Emission test results submitted by DRDC and generated at the ARB test

          facility indicate that the add—on turbocharger kit number 4B2 will not

          significantly affect emissions from vehicles for which exemption is requested.

          III. RECOMMENDATIONS

                Based on the above conclusion, the staff recommends that DRDC be granted

          an exemption as requested and that Executive Order D—135 be granted.


IV.   TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

      The purpose of turbocharging is to increase the volumetric efficiency of

an engine.    The major components of the DRDC turbocharger kit number 4B2 are a

0.4 A/R ratio Rotomaster/Rajay turbocharger, an air filter box, a replacement

cast aluminum intake manifold, and a replacement cast ifjron exhaust manifold.

The components are packaged with installation hardware and instructions and

sold as a kit.

      The original equipment manufacturer‘s (OEM) exhaust manifold is replaced

by the DRDC fron manifold.    The turbine inlet of the turbocharger mounts

directly on the replacement manifold.    The turbine, driven by exhaust gases,

is lTinked to the compressor by a solid shaft.     Intake air is drawn through the

add—on air filter and compressed by the compressor.     Compressed atr is then

fed into the engine through the DRDC cast aluminum intake manifold.

      Maximum positive manifold pressure (boost) is limited to 12 psig by the

size of (and exhaust flow through) the turbine housing.      No wastegate or other

active boost Timiting device is used.

      The cooling of the turbocharger is achieved by lubricating oil passing

through the unit.    The oil is delivered {using a special oil supply lTine) from

a hole tapped at the oil filter cover plate to the turbocharger bearing

housing.     Oil is returned gravitationally to the engine oil pan.

      No modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required or

permitted when the turbocharger kit is installed.

V.    TURBOCHARGER KIT EVALUATION

      A 1982 Mercedes Benz 2400 mode] powered by a four—cylinder diesel engine

was used for the evaluation of the turbocharger kit.      A description of the

vehicle and test parameters is given in the Appendices.


      Evaluation consisted of comparative (without and with the kit installed

on the test vehicle) cold—start CVS—75 and hot—start Highway Fuel Economy

tests for measuring exhaust emissions and fuel economy.     Tests were performed

under contract for DRDC by FCI International Testing Laboratory and confirmed

by the Air Resources Board laboratory.     A synopsis of the test data is

tabulated in the Appendices.

VI.   DISCUSSION

      Due to the high cost and availability of obtaining a Mercedes Benz as a

test vehicle, and the fact that the 1983 Mercedes Benz 2400 models are

carry—over (identical engine design) from the 1982 model—year, the staff

accepted a 1982 model as a test vehicle.     Exémption coverage is requested for

1983 and older model—year Mercedes Benz 240D models.

      The comparative CVS—75 emissions test data generated by the Air Resources

Board show increases of hydrocarbon emissions (0.07 grams per mile) with the

turbocharger installed.   Because of Timited applications of this turbocharger

(Mercedes Benz 240D models only), the overall emissions impact is considered

by the staff insignificant.    The above results satisfy the Air Resources

Board‘s requirements for granting DRDC an exemption for their 482 turbocharger

kit as requested.


APPENDICES


                   Table 1

      Description of Test Vehicle




    Model—Year :             1982
    Vehicle Manufacturer:    Mercedes Benz

    Vehicle Mode!l:          240D

    Engine Size:             146 CID, diesel
    Test Weight:             3500 Tbs.
    Dyno Load:               12.6 hp.
\


weniie,




                                      Table 2

                     Applicant‘s Exhaust Emission Test Data

                        Evaluation of DRDC Turbo Kit 482

                             1982 Mercedes Benz 240D



                                                           Fuel Economy
                      Exhaust Emissions (g/mi)                 (mpg)
           Test        HC       CO_       NOx              Urban     Hwy
          BaseTine    0.21      0.7         1.4            21.4      25.7

          Device      0.21      0.7         1.5            22.3      25.5


                               Table 3

                ARB‘s Exhaust Emission Test Data
                EvalTuation of DRDC Turbo Kit 482
                     1982 Mercedes Benz 240D


                                                     Fuel Economy
               Exhaust Emissions (g/mi)                     (mpg)
 Test           HC      co_         NOx             Urban           Hwy

Baseline       0. 15     0.8 ©      1.4             26.2            28.9

BaseTine       0.16     0.8         1.4             26.1            29.3
    Average    0.16      0.8         1.4            26.2            29.1




Device        —0.23                                 27.2            29.4
                                              on
                                    —a
                                          #




Device         0.23                                 26.9            29.9
                                              Un
                                    —a
                                          *


                                   |

    Average    0.23                                 27 .1           29.7
                                      on
                                     _4
                                      o



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:34
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:34

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