Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on July 31, 1985.
As of Sunday, August 25th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
87B10001984 Dodge/ Plymouth Colt 1.6L Turbo

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-138-3
  • Executive Order 138-3 / D138-3
  • ARB # D-138-3
  • Executive Order No: D-138-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-138-3
  • Resolution D-138-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-138-3 PDF

D-138-3 Document:



                                                              (Page 1 of 2)

                                   State of California               —        '
                                   AIR RESOURCES BOARD                            ~

                                  EXECUTIVE ORDER D—138—3
                  Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                              of the Vehicle Code


                                   OMNI—COOL CORPORATION
                                  BLIZZARD I INTERCOOLER


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:        That the installation of the Blizzard 1 add—on
intercooler kit manufactured by Omni—Cool Corporation, of 300—8 Pine Avenue,
Goleta, California 93117, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of
required motor vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt
from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for the intercooler
models as listed below:

      Mode]                             Application

     87¥1000                            1981—1983   Yolvo 6L Turbo;
   _ 8701000                  _         1981—1983   Datsun 2802X Turbo;
     87M1000                            1981—1984   Saab 900 Turbo;
     87M2000                            1979—1980   Saab 900 Turbo;
     8711000                            1983—1985   Ford Thunderbird 2.3 Turbo;
        '                           _   1984        Ford Mustang 2.3 Turbo;
                                        1984        Mercury Capri 2.3 Turbo;
                                        1984—1985 Mercury Cougar 2.3 Turbo;
     8781000                            1984        Dodge/Flymouth Colt 1.6 Turbo.
     8781200                            1985        Colt/Mirage Turbo

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shali invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the A«r Resources Board. Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.


OMNI~—COOL CORPORATION                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—138—3
                                                    (Page 2 of 2)




This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.                           .

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESQURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE BLIZZARD I INTERCOOLER.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644.   (a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
    advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
    certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
    poliution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
    device has been certified by the state board. No person shall sell,
    offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
    control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
    device. Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
sgbmitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.

Executive Order D—138—2, datec July 30, 1984, is superseded and of no
further force and effect.
                                          3/9/'
Executed at E1 Monte, California, this            day of July, 1985.



                                           »eaiue
                                         AGWNRAUC
                                         K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                            State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD



Evaluation of Omni—Cool Corporation‘s Turbocharger Intercooler Kit No.
8781200 for 1985 Colt/Mirage Turbo Vehicles and Kit No. 8711000 for 1985
Ford 2300 cc Thunderbird/Cougar turbo vehicles for Exemption from the
Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 in Accordance with Section 2222,
Title 13, of the California Administrative Code.




                               July 12, 1985


                                   COnTENTS

                                              Page_Number
SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                           i1
1.        INTRODUCTION

II.    CONCLUSION

III.   RECCMMENDATIONS

IV.       INTERCOOLER KIT DESCRIPTION

       AND_OPERATION

V.     DISCUSSION




                                                  o
APPEND1ICES



                                                  B
        DRAWING

                                                  m
        Freures
                                                 o_


Evaluation of Omni—Cool Corporation‘s Turbocharger Intercooler Kit No.
87B1200 for 1985 Colt/Mirage Turbo vehicles and Kit No. 8711000 for 1985
Ford 2300 cc Thunderbird/Cougar Turbo Vehicles for Exemption from the
Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 in Accordance with Section 2222,
Title 13, of the California Administrative Code.


I.     INTRODUCTION

       Omni—Cool Corporation, of 300—B Pine Avenue, Goleta, California,

93117, has requested an update to the existing Air Resources Board‘s

Executive Order (E.0.) No. D—138—2.       Omni—Cool Corporation has requested
to include, in the exemption, their add—on intercooler kit (Blizzard I

kit No. 8781200 and kit No. 8771000) for installation on 1985 Colt/Mirage

Turbo vehicles and 1985 Ford 2300 cc Thunderbird/Cougar Turbo vehicles.
II.       CONCLUSION

       Based on:       (1) previous performance analysis of the air—to—air
intercooler; and (2) the staff‘s engineering evaluation of the
intercooler‘s impact on exhaust emissions from vehicles, the staff

concludes that Omni—Cool Corporation‘s add—on turbocharger intercooler

kit No. 8781200 and kit No. 8771000 will not adversely affect exhaust

emissions from vehicles for which exemption update is requested.

I11.   RECOMMENDATIONS

       The staff recommends that Omni—Cool Corporation be granted an

updated exemption as requested and that Executive Order No. D—138—3 be

issued.

IV.    INTERCOOLER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

       The purpose of intercooling a turbocharger is to reduce the

temperature of the intake air/fuel charge going into the engine.       This


reduction in intake charge temperature will allow a higher charge density

{more mass of air per minute to flow through the engine) which means more

fuel into the engine at a given intake manifold vaccum/pressure.

      The Blizzard I Intercooler kit consists of a standard sized 63.6

cubic inch air—to—air heat exchanger and 2.250 inch 0.D. interconnecting

tubing.   The inlet and outlet on the upper and lower plenum chambers of

the heat exchanger can be arranged at the factory to allow for either "y"

or "Z" flow—through design depending upon ease of installation.    A

typical "U" flow—through design intercooler is found in Drawing 1.     The

interconnecting tubing varies in length and bends depending upon the

vehicle application.   The most severe bend used in any of the kits is

90° with a 3 inch radius (on center line}.   All bends are made with a

mandrel type bender to lessen shrinkage which would result in increased

flow restriction.   Connectors and fasteners are of a silicone type which

can withstand high temperatures.

      The heat exchanger is normally mounted in the fresh air stream
located near the front of the vehicle.   Inlet tubing ducts hot compressed

air {150—280°F) from the turbocharger compressor to the heat exchanger

inlet where, as it passes through baffles within, the hot compressed air

transfers its heat to the fresh (ram) air causing the compressed air
temperature to drop (50 to 150°F}.   The cooled compressed air is then

passed out of the heat exchanger to the throttle(s) for induction into

the engine.

      The Omni—Cool intercoolers are not designed to be used with "suck

through" turbocharger systems, i.e. ones which compress the air/fuel

mixture since the heat exchanger may cause the fuel to condense and


remain within it.   The Omni—Cool systems are designed only to be used

with "blow through" turbocharger systems, i.e., ones which compress the
inlet air only.

V.    D1SCUSSION

      Qmuni—Cool Corporation is making available an add—on turbocharger

intercooler kit for the 1985 ColtMirage Turbo vehicles and the 1985 Ford

2300 cc Thunderbird/Cougar Turbo vehicles.     The kits are similar in

design and principle as their previously exempted intercooler kits for

limited Volvo, Datsun, Saab, Ford, Mercury, Dodge, and Plymouth vehicles

exempted under Executive Order D—138—2.

      The applicant previously conducted performance analysis on their

intercooler kits.   Results inidicated that the mean thermal efficiency of

the air—to—air intercooler ranged from 84% (high} to 40% (low) depending
upon the air flow rates (figure 1), and the calculated pressure drop was

1.5 psi at 37 #/min air flow (figure 2).

      In addition, it is the staff‘s opinion that the combustion

temperature will be reduced as a result of cooler intake charge with the

use of the turbocharger intercooler kit.     This reduction in combustion

temperature will reduce the formation of NOx gases in the combustion

chamber, resulting in the less NOx emissions expelled through the exhaust

system.

      Based on the above discussion, the staff does not recommend

conducting emissions testing on the 1985 Colt/Mirage turbo vehicles or

the 1985 Ford 2300 cc Thunderbird/Cougar turbo vehicles for granting

Omni—Cool Corporation‘s request.


APPENDICES


                                        Drawing 1

                                  Typical Installatfon
#                               of a ‘U‘ Type Intercocier
                                                                        AIR FILTER

                                                                         I     |l
    INTERCOOLER
                                                                                       Ni
                                ~                               TURBO
                                                                CHARGER
        3                                                                          &


                                                            —   EXHAUST
                                                                  °PIPE

                                                                                       —
‘




                         THROTTLE

        mnmn':ru:}:                                         EXRAUST
                oLD                                         MANIFOLD




                                          ENGINE

                                    O
     LEGEND

        60—100°F            // .
        ambjient air


        140—250°F
        compressed air


        1000—1500°F         ~       |                       —      ns        C+>
       exhaust gasses


      ‘                                    .XGURE 1
RON
/HEAT                                 BradlTetad IntarcdolarEtHTetanty~
            100 —
 p          B0 ~
 E
 R          0
 2
 N          70
 7
            60
 Ep         50
 I
 C          40
 %           .
 N          30
 C
 Y          20
      wo—
      ;      16   &
              0
                   "  T    T                        T   m
;                    0    10                       20       &    30        ‘            40    <o%
  cooling air flow                .                          ®
mtb 30 #/MIN                               .                          16 #/MIN ~*~*~*~*
m—_—"——— 25 #/MIN             1       F        .                      10       ./"‘IN   h en >>>
                                                                          5 #/MIN ——————
                          H


                             FIGURE 2

                    Predicted Pressure Drop
                   of Blizzard 1 Intercooler




                        y—         ¥            *   *
                        5         3o           as   &
                 AR FLOW RATE           y MiN
Predicted At:

Inlet Air Teap. 280°F
Inlet Air Pressure 28.7 psia



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:16
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:16

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