Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on December 17, 1985.
As of Wednesday, August 21st, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1985-1986 Model-Year 2.3 liter Ford Merkur Vehicles with OEM turbochargers.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-140-11
  • Executive Order 140-11 / D140-11
  • ARB # D-140-11
  • Executive Order No: D-140-11
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-140-11
  • Resolution D-140-11
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-140-11 PDF

D-140-11 Document:



                                                           (Page 1 of 2)

                                State of California
                                AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—11
                  Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                                of the Vehicle Code


                        SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.

                           AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER SYSTEM

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the air—to—air
intercooler system manufactured by Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has been
found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution
control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1985—1986 model—year 2.3 liter Ford Merkur
vehicles with OEM turbochargers.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as exempted
by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance of a
vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than
those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval
is obtained from the Air Resources Board.    Exemption of a kit shall not be
construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component
of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that the
use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied by the
vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE SPEARCO AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER SYSTEM FOR 1985—1986 MODEL—YEAR
2.3 LITER FORD MERKUR VEHICLES WITH OEM TURBOCHARGERS.


SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.                    EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—11
                                                      (Page 2 of 2)




No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644.  (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
    or, except in an application to the state board for certification of a
    device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control device
    for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been certified by
    the state board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or
    represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
    which, in fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this
    subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.

Executive Order No. D—140—8, dated September 17,      1985, is superseded and of no
further force and effect.
                                                o
Executed at E1 Monte, California, this     IZ       day of December, 1985.



                                          itMnz
                                         K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                           State of California
                           AIR RESQURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER
SYSTEM FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEKICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                                December, 1985


                                                   Issue Date:   December, 1985


Evaluation of Spearco Performance Products, Inc.‘s Air—To—Air Intercooler
System for Exemption from the Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 in
Accordance with Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code.




                                      by
                            Mobile Source Diviston

                             State of California
                             Air Resources Board
                             9528 Telstar Avenue
                              E1 Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                      SUMMARY



      Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has requested an update to the

existing Air Resources Board‘s (ARB) Executive Order (E.0.) D—140—8.   Under
E.0. D—140—8, their air—to—air intercooler system was exempted from the

prohibitions of California Vehicle Code Section 27156 for use on the 1985

model—year 2.3 Liter Ford Merkur vehicles with original equipment manufacturer

(OEM) turbochargers.   The request is to include 1986 model—year 2.3 liter Ford

Merkur turbocharged vehiclies in the gxemption also.

      Based on previous comparative tests evaluating the exhaust emission

effects of séveral add—on intercooler kits and the staff‘s engingering

evaluation of the intercooler‘s impact on exhaust emissions from turbocharged

vehicles, the staff concludes that Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler kit will

not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is

requested.

      The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be granted

an exemption for their air—to—air intercooler system as requested and that

Executive Order D—140—11 be issued.


                               CONTENTS

                                                      Page Number



sUMMARY     _                                              ;
CONTENTS                                    '              1
I.    INTRODUCTION                                         1
II    CONCLUSION           t                               1
III RECOMMENDATIONS            >                           1
IV.    INTERCOOLER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION        1
v.    DISCUSSION                   .                       2




                                       i1


Evaluation of Spearco Performance Products, Inc.‘s Air—to—Air Intercooler
System for Exemption from the Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 in
Accordance with Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code,



I.     INTRODUCTION

       Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has requested an update to the

existing Air Resources Board‘s (ARB) Executive Order (E.0.) D—140—8.     Under

E.0. D—140—8 their air—to—air intercooler system was exempted ffom the

prohibitions in California Vehicle Code Section 27156 for use on the 1985

model—year 2.3 Liter Ford Merkur vehicles with OEM turbochargers.   The request

is to include 1986 model—year 2.3 1i£er Ford Merkur turbocharged vehicles in

the exemption also.

II.    CONCLUSIONS

       Based on the following: (1) previous comparative tests evaluating the

exhaust emission effects of several add—on intercooler kits; (2) the 1986

model—year vehicles for which the exemption update has been requested are

carry—overs from 1985 model—year; (3) the staff‘s engineering evaluation of

the intercooler‘s impact on exhaust emissions from turbocharged vehicles; the

staff concludes that Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler kit will not adversely

affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is requested.

III.   RECOMMENDATIONS

       The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be granted

an exemptfbn update for their air—to—air intercooler system and that Executive

Order D—140—11 be issued.

IV.    INTERCOOLER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

       The purpose of the intercooler is to reduce the temperature of the

intake air/fuel charge going into the turbocharged engine.   This reduction in




s


the intake charge temperature allows a higher charge density (more amount of

air per minute flowing through the engine) which means more fuel into the

engine at a given intake manifold vacuum/pressure.

      The major components of the Spearco air—to—air intercooler system are a

heat exchanger and inter—connecting mandrel bent tubes.     They are packaged

with installation hardware and instructions and sold as a kit.

      The air—to—air heat exchanger is 1ocatedv1n such a way that the heated

charge air flow goes through one section and ambient air flows through the

other section, cooling the heated, compressed charge air.     The cooled

compressed air is then paséed out of the heat exchanger to the intake manifold

for induction into the engine.

V¥.   D1SCUSSION

      Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler system is similar fn design concepts

and principles as another manufacturer‘s systems that have been exempted by

the Air Resources Board.   Performance analyses have been previously submitted

to the ARB indicating the typical thermal efficiency of a turbocharger

intercooler system ranges between 40% and 84%.   Based on predicted efficiency

of a heat exhanger on previous air temperature measurements of two exempted

intercoolers installed and tests on two vehicles and a review of the device

theory of operation, the staff has concluded that the use of an intercooler

would not adversely affect vehicle emissions or result in the degrading of a

vehicTe'S driveability.

      In addition, it is the staff‘s opinion that the combustion temperature

will be reduced as a result of cooler intake charge with use of the air—to—air

intercooler system.   This reduction in combustion temperation will reduce the

formation of NOx gases in the combustion chamber, resulting in less NOx
emissions through the exhaust system.


                                     L 2 L



Document Created: 2005-09-01 11:46:18
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 11:46:18

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