Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on December 20, 1985.
As of Monday, August 19th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
98981982 Toyota Supra

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-140-14
  • Executive Order 140-14 / D140-14
  • ARB # D-140-14
  • Executive Order No: D-140-14
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-140-14
  • Resolution D-140-14
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-140-14 PDF

D-140-14 Document:



                                                           (Page 1 of 2)

                                 State of California
                                 AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—14
                   Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                                 of the Vehicle Code


                      SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.
                               "TURBOCHARGER KIT
                      (INCLUDING AN OPTIONAL INTERCOOLER)
               FOR 2.8 LITER TOYOTA SUPRA AND CRESSIDA VEHICLES®


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources'Boafd by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order §—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the add—on turbocharger
kit {using a 0.98 A/R ratio Ishikawajima—Harima Heavy Industries
turbocharger), with an optional .intercooler, manufactured by Spearco
Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Van —Nuys, California 91405,
has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle
pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of
Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for. the following Toyota vehicles with a 2.8
liter (168 CID) fuel injected six—cylinder engine:

         Turbo Kit No.                       Vehicle Models
            9898                              I    upr a
            9899                             1983 Supra
            9900                             1983 Cressida
            9909 (intercooled)               1982—1984 Supra
            9910 (intercooled)      .        1983—1984 Cressida
            9909—A {intercooled)             1985 Supra and Cressida
            9909—8 {intercooled)             1986 Supra and Cressida

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Chanées made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as exempted
by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance of a
vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than
those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval
is obtained from the Air Resources Board.  Exemption of a kit shall not be
construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component
of a kit as an individual device.


    SPEARCO «PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—14
                                                    (Page 2 of 2)



    This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that the
    use of this device may have on any warranty e1ther expressedor implied by the
    vehicle manufacturer.

    THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
    APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
    CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
    BENEFITS OF THE SPEARCO ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT FOR 2.8 LITER TOYOTA SUPRA AND
    CRESSIDA VEKHICLES.

    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
    with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
    written communication.

    Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
    advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
.   misdemeanor.

    Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

                   "43644.   ({a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
                   advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
                   certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor               —
                   vehicle pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle
                   unless that device has been certified by the state board.  No
                   person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any
                   motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
                   which, in fact, is not a certified device.       ~Any violation of this
                   subdivision is a misdemeanor."

    Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
    submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
    advisable.

    Executive Order D—140—4, dated November 14, 1984, is superseded and of no
    further force and effect.


    Executed at E1 Monte, California, this 526; day of December, 1985.



                                                Mflm      Drachand, Chief
                                                   Mob11e Source D1v151on


                             STATE OF CALIFORNIA

                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT
WITH AN OPTIONAL INTERCOOLER FOR 2.8 LITER TOYOTA SUPRA AND CRESSIDA VEKICLES
FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROKIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                                DECEMBER, 1985


                                           Date of Issue:   December, 1985



EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT
WITH AN OPTIONAL INTERCOOLER FOR 2.8 LITER TOYOTA SUPRA AND CRESSIDA VEHICLES
FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                                      by
                            Mobile Source Division

                              State of California
                             Air Resources Board
                             9528 Telstar Avenue
                             E1 Monte, CA 91731



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commerical products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY



       Spearco Performance Products, Inc. of 7541 Woodman Place, Van Nuys,

California 91405, has requested an update to the existing Air Resources

Board‘s Excutive Order (E.0.) No. D—140—4 which exempted six (6) Spearco turbo

kits (including optional intercoolers) from the prohibitions of California

Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation on 1982 through 1985 Toyota Supra

and Cressida vehicles.   The applicant requested an update of the above E.0. to

include fuel—injected 1986 model—year Toyotas.

       Based on test data from previous comparative exhaust emissions tests

performed on a 1984 Toyota Supra and the fact that the engine and emission

control systems of 1986 fuel—injected Toyota Supras and Cressidas are

carry—overs (identical) from the 1985 model—year, the staff concludes that the

Spearco‘s turbocharger kits (with and without the optional intercooler) will

not adversely affect exhaust emission from 1986 and older model—year Toyota

Supras and Cressidas equipped with 168 CID fuel—injected six—cylinder engines.

      The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be granted

an update exemption for their add—on turbocharger kits to include 1986 Toyota

Supras and Cressidas and that Executive Order D—140—14 be issued.


                                        CONTENTS



                                                       Page Number



SUMMARY                                                      i

CONTENTS                                                    11

I.        INTRODUCTION                                       1

II.       CONCLUSION                j                        1

III.      RECOMMENDATIONS                                    2

IV.       TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION         2

V.        DISCUSS TON                                        3




                                          11


EVALUATION QF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT
WITH AN OPTIONAL INTERCOOLER FOR 2.8 LITER TOYOTA SUPRA AND CRESSIDA VEHICLES
FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.



1.     INTRODUCTION

       Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Yan Nuys,

California 91405, has requested an update to the existing Air Resources

Board‘s Executive Order (E.0.) Nq. D—140—4 which exempted six (6) Spearco

turbo kits (including optional intercoolers) from the prohibitions in Vehicle

Code Section 27156 for 1982 through 1985 Toyota Supra and Cressida vehicles.

The applicant requested an update of the above E.0. to include 1986 model—year

Toyotas.    The list of kits and their applications is shown below:



           Turbo Kit No.                    Vehicle Models

              9898                          1982 Supra
              9899                          1983 Supra

              9900                          1983 Cressida

              9909 (intercooled)            1982—1984 Supra

              9910 (intercooled)            1983—1984 Cressida

              9909—A (intercooled)          1985 Supra and Cressida

              9909—B {intercooled)          1986 Supra and Cressida



II.    CONCLUSION

       Based on test data from previous comparative exhaust emission tests

performed on a 1984 Toyota Supra and the fact that the engines and emission

control systems of the 1986 fuel—injected Toyota Supras and Cressidas are

carry—overs (identical) from the 1985 model—year, 168 CID, Toyotas, the staff


concludes that Spearco‘s turbocharger kits (with and without the optional

intercooler) will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from 1986 and older

model~—year Toyota Supras and Cressidas equipped with fuel—injected 168 CID

six—cylinder engines.

III.   RECOMMENDATIONS

       The staff recommends that Spearco be granted an update exemption for

their add—on turbocharger kits to include 1986 Toyota Supras and Cressidas and

that Executive Order D—140—14 be issued.
IV.    TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

       The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) exhaust manifold is replaced

by a Spearco manifold.   The turbine inlet mounts directly to the replacement

exhaust manifold.   The turbine, driven by exhaust gases, is linked to the

compressor by a solid shaft.   Intake air is routed from the air flow meter to

the compressor by the compressor inlet pipe.   It is then compressed and routed

into the intake plenum through the discharge pipe.     Exhaust gases from the

turbine is routed to the catalytic converter via the exhaust pipe.

       Lubrication and cooling of the turbocharger is provided by a steel

braided line from a tap into the main oil galley.     Oil from the turbocharger

is returned to the oil pan.

       Maximum positive pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by a wastegate

internally mounted in the housing of the turbocharger.    The wastegate is

preset so that boost pressure cannot exceed 5 psi.     In addition to the

internal wastegate, a separate intake blow—off valve is included to relieve

pressure at 7 psi in the event that the wastegate malfunctioned.

       The kit also includes a fuel enrichment device.    The device connects to

the intake manifold and coolant temperature sensor.    When boost pressure


reaches 4 psig, the device increases the electrical resistance of the

temperature sensor.    This increase in electrical resistance dictates the

vehicle‘s computer to increase the fuel flow through the injector nozzles,

thus enriching the fuel charge during boost conditions above 4 psig.

       An electronic spark retard module is employed to suppress detonation

during boost conditions or heavy load operations.    The module utilizes a

sensor, mounted on the intake manifold or cylinder head, to detect

detonation.   When detonation is detected, the module electronically retards

the spark until detonation is eliminated.

       An optional air/liquid intercooler system is also available from

Spearco for installation on these vehicles.    An intercooler core casting

replaces the compressor discharge cross—over casting pipe in the standard

turbocharger kit.     Liquid is circulated through this core by a separate pump

actuated by boost pressure.    When the pump is triggered, the circulation goes

through the intecooler core and through a coil mounted in front of the vehicle

which is exposed to ambient air flow.    This ambient air flow cools the fluid

which is then circulated to th intercooler core, thereby cooling the

compressed air before it enters the engine.

       No modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required when

the turbocharger kit is installed.    All OEM emission controls are left intact.

¥.     DISCUSSION

       Spearco Performance Products, Inc.‘s turbocharger kits applicable for

1982 Toyota Supra and 1983—1985 Toyota Supra and Cressida having a 168 CID,

fuel—injected engine were granted an exemption (E.0. No. D—140—4) on

November 14, 1984.    The exemption was granted on the basis that the

effectiveness of the vehicle‘s pollution control system was not reduced.


Evaluation consisted of comparative (baseline versus turbocharged/not

intercooled and baseline versus turbocharged/intercooled) CVS—75 and HFE tests

at normal certification dynamometer road loading.

       The applicant requested that the exemption be updated to include 1986

Toyota Supra and Cressida, fuel—injected, six—cylinder, 168 CID engine.

       In response to the request, the staff compared the engine design of

1985 to 1986 model—year Toyota Supra and Cressida vehicles with a 168 CID

engine and found that the engines and emission control systems on these 1986

model—year vehicles are carry—overs from 1985 models.     The 1986 models will

have the same degree of performance/emission impact as the previous model—year

vehicles.   Since the data from a 1984 Toyota Supra test vehicle showed that

the vehicle‘s emissions were not adversely affected when the turbocharger kit

(with and without the intercooler) was installed, the Spearco kit will have no

adverse effect on the 1985 vehicles.     No additional testing was required or

performed for updating this exemption.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:34
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:34

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