Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on December 27, 1985.
As of Monday, June 24th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1986 and older model-year Toyota vehicles with a 2.4 liter (144 CID) fuel injected four-cylinder engine.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-140-15
  • Executive Order 140-15 / D140-15
  • ARB # D-140-15
  • Executive Order No: D-140-15
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-140-15
  • Resolution D-140-15
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-140-15 PDF

D-140-15 Document:



                                                        (Page 1 of 2?)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—15
                   Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                               of the Vehicle Code


                     SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.
              "TURBOCHARGER KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEKHICLES®"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the add—on
turbocharger kit (using a 0.70 A/R ratio. Ishikawajima—Harima Heavy
Industries turbocharger) for 2.4 liter fuel injected Toyota vehicles
manufactured by Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place;
Van Nuys, California 91405, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness
of required motor vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is
exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1986
and older model—year Toyota vehicles with a 2.4 liter (144 CI1D) fuel
injected four—cylinder engine.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s poliution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.  Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—PCLLUTICN BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE SPEARCO ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT FOR 2.4 LITER
TOYOTA VEHICLES.


i




    SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.                     EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—15
                                                           (Page 2 of 2)



    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
    with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
    written communication.

    Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
    advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
    misdemeanor.
    Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

        "43644. {a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
        or, except in an application to the state board for certification of a
        device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control device
        for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been certified by
        the state board. No person shail sell, offer for sale, advertise, or
        represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
        which, in fact, is not a certified device.     Any violation of this
        subdivision is a misdemeanor."

    Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
    submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
    advisable.

    Executive Order D—140—5, dated November 14, 1984, is superseded and of no
    further force and effect.

                                                      ET
    Executed at El Monte, California, this      2 Z    day of December, 1985.



                                              //Wfl/mfi
                                             K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                             Mobile Source Division


                           STATE OF CALIFORNIA

                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEKICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                             DECEMBER, 1985


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                                                              Date of Issue:   December, 1985


                      EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
                      KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEHICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
                      VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
                      THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                                                         by
                                               Mobile Source Division

                                                 State of California
                                                 Air Resources Board
                                                 9528 Telstar Avenue
                                                 E1 Monte, CA 91731



                      (This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air
                      Resources Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify
                      that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air
                      Resources Board, nor does mention of trade names or commerical products
                      constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.)


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                                                                                        corus




                                    SUMMARY



         Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has requested an update to the

   existing Air Resources Board‘s (ARB) Executive Order {(E.0.) No. D—140—5

   for their add—on turbocharger kit.   The request is to include in the

   exemption the 1986 model—year Toyota light—duty trucks with a 2.4 liter

   (144 CID) four—cylinder fuel injected engine.

         Based on the results from comparative exhaust emission tests

   previously performed by Spearco at an independent laboratory and the fact

   that the engine and emission control systems of the 1986 fuel injected

   2.4 Liter (144 CID) light—duty trucks are carry—overs {identical) from

   the 1985 model—year, the staff concludes that Spearco‘s turbocharger kit

   evaluated will not adversely affect exhaust emission from vehicles for

   which exemption is requested.

         The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be

   granted an exemption as requested and that Executive Order D—140—15 be

   issued.


                                 CONTENTS



                                                    Page Number



summary                                                   i
CONTENTS                                                 i1
I.     INTRODUCTION                                       1
II.    CONCLUSION                                         1
III.   RECOMMENDATIDNS                         ‘          1
IV.    TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION         2
¥.     DISCUSSION                                        3




                                    1i


EVALUATION OF SPEARCQ PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEKICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.

1.    INTRODUCTION

      Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Van Nuys,

California 91405, has requested an update to the existing ARB‘s E.0. No.

D—140—5 for their add—on turbochargér kit.   The turbocharger kit is

intended for installation on 1985 and older model—year Toyota Celicas and

1986 and older model—year Toyota pick—up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144

CID) fuel injected four—cylinder engine.

      Spearco has previously submitted data from comparative (stock

baseline versus turbocharged) emission tests conducted on a 1983 Toyota

Celica at Olson Engineering, Inc. in Huntington Beach, California.

Confirmatory tests were conducted on the same vehicle at the ARB

laboratory in El Monte, California.
II.   CONCLUSION

      Based on the results from comparative exfiaust emission tests

previously performed by Spearco at an independent laboratory on a 1983

Toyota Celica and the fact that the engine and emission control systems

of i986 fue! injected Toyota and pick—up trucks are carry—overs

(identical) from the 1985, 1984 and 1983 model year, the staff concludes

that Spearco‘s turbocharger kit evaluated will not adversely affect

exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is requested.


111.     RECOMMENDATIONS

        The staff recommends that Spearco be granted an exemption for their

add—on turbocharger kit for installation on 1986 Toyota light—duty trucks

powered by a 2.4 liter (144 CID) fuel injected four—cylinder engine.         The

staff also recommends that Executive Order D—140—15 be issued.

IV,     TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTIOK AND_OPERATION

        The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) exhaust manifold is

replaced by a Spearco manifold.     The turbine inlet mounts directly to the

repiacement exhaust manifold.     The turbine, driven by exhaust gases, is

linked to the compressor by a solid shaft.     Intake air is routed from the

air flow meter to the compressor by the compressor inlet pipe.       It is

then compressed and routed into the intake plenum through the discharge

pipe.    Exhaust gases from the turbine is routed to the catalytic

converter via the exhaust pipe.

        Lubrication and cooling of the turbocharger is provided by a steel

braided line from a tap into the main oil galliey.   011 from the

turbocharger is returned to the oil pan.

        Maximum positive pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by a

wastegate mounted on the exhaust manifold.    The wastegate is preset to

dump excess exhaust gases when intake manifold pressure reaches 5 psig,

thus bypassing the turbine,


      The kit also includes a fuel enrichment device.     The device connects to

the intake manifold and coolant temperature sensor.     When boost pressure

reaches 4 psig, the device increases the electrical resistance of the

temperature sensor.   This increase in electrical resistance dictates the

vehicle‘s computer to increase the fuel flow through the injector nozzles,

thus enriching the fuel charge during boost conditions above 4 psig.

      An electronic spark retard module is employed to suppress detonation

during boost conditfons or heavy load operations.     The module utilizes a

sensor, mounted on the intake manifold or cylinder head, to detect

detonation.   When detonation is detected, the module electronically retards

the spark until detonation is eliminated.
      No modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required when the

turbocharger kit is installed,   All OEM emission controls are left intact.

VI.   DISCUSSION

      Spearco Performance Products, Inc., was previously granted an Executive

Order (E.0.) No. D—140—5 for their turbocharger kit for use on 1985 and older

model—year Toyota Celicas énd pick—up trucks with 2.4L fuel injected engines.

The exemption was based on the fact that (1) the kit did not have an adverse

effect on exhaust emissions on the 1983 test vehicle and (2) the 1985

model—year vehicles were carry—overs (identical) from 1984 and 1983 models.

      The applicant requested an update to the exemption to include 1986

model—year Toyota pick—up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144 CID) four—cylinder

electronic fuel injected (with an air flow meter) engine.


      In response to Spearco‘s request, the staff utilized the certification

documents to compare the engine design of both 1986 and 1985 model—year Toyota

2.4 liter fuel injected engines.   Since the engines in the 1986 models are

identically designed as the 1985 éngines, the staff is of the opinion that the

1986 vehicles will have the same degree of performance/emissions fimpact as in

those earlier models and will not have an adverse effect on the exhaust

emissions.   No additional testing was required or performed to incorporate

Spearco‘s request to include the i986 models in their application for

exemption.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:40
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:40

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