Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on November 14, 1984.
As of Tuesday, October 15th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1985 and older model-year Toyota Celicas and pick-up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144 CID) fule injected four-cylinder engine.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-140-5
  • Executive Order 140-5 / D140-5
  • ARB # D-140-5
  • Executive Order No: D-140-5
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-140-5
  • Resolution D-140-5
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-140-5 PDF

D-140-5 Document:



                                                       {Page 1 of 2)
                            State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—5
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code


                    SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.
             "TURBOCHARGER KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA YEHICLES"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Bsard by Section
27156 of the Yehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the add—on
turbockarger kit {using a 0.70 A/R ratio Ishikawajima—Harima Heavy
Industries turbocharger) for 2.4 liter Toyota vehicles manufactured by
Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Yan Nuys,
California 91405, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of
required motor vehicle poliution control devices and, therefore, is exempt
from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1985 and
older model—year Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks with a 2.4 lHiter (144
CID) fuel injected four—cylinder engine.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.                                               '

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.   Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVYAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE SPEARCO ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER KIT FOR 2.4 LITER
TOYOTA VEHICLES.


SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.                     EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—5
                                                       (Page 2 of 2)


                                               Resources Board" may be made
No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written comunication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
advertising unlawfuf, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
misdemeanor. —

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code brovides as follows:
    "43644.      {a)}   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise, '
    or, except in an application to the state board for certification of a
    device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control device
    for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been certified by
    the state board.        No person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or
    represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
    which, in fact, is not a certified device.        Any violation of this
    subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order willi be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.

Executive Order D—140, dated October 18, 1983, is superseded and of no further
force and effect.


Executed at El Monte, California, this         égily‘day of November, 1984.


                                            AetP
                                             K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                             Mobile Source Division


                           STATE OF CALIFORNIA

                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEKICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                            OCTOBER 26, 1984


                                        Date of Issue:   October 26, 1984


EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEMICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                                   by
                         Mobile Source Division

                           State of California
                           Air Resources Board
                           9528 Telstar Avenue
                           E1 Monte, CA    91731



{This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air
Resources Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify
that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air
Resources Board, nor does mention of trade names or commerical products
constitute endorsement or recormendation for use.)


                                 SUMMARY



      Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has requested an update of a

previously exempted Executive Order (E.0.) No. D—140 from the

prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their add—on turbocharger

kit for installation on 1985 and older model—year Toyota Celicas and

pick—up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144 CID) four—cylinder fuel injected

engine.

      Based on the results from comparative exhaust emission tests

previously performed by Spearco at an independent laboratory on a 1983

Toyota Celica and the fact that the engine and emission control systems

of 1985 fuel injected Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks are carryovers

{identical) from the 1984 as well as 1983 model year, the staff concludes

that Spearco‘s turbocharger kit evaluated will not adversely affect

exhaust emission from vehicles for which exemption is requested.

      The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be

granted an exemption as requested and that Executive Order D—140—5 be

issued.


                                 CONTENTS



                                                    Page Number



SUMMARY                                                   1

CONTENTS                                                 11

I.     INTRODUCT ION                        —             1

II.    CONCLUSION                 .                       1

III.   RECOMMENDATIONS                                    1

IV.    TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION         2

¥.     DISCUSSION                                         3




                                      i1


EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON TURBOCHARGER
KIT FOR 2.4 LITER TOYOTA VEHICLES FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF
THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.
I.    INTRODUCT ION

      Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Van Nuys,

California 91405, has requested an update of a previously exempted

Executive Order (E.0.) No. D—140 from the prohibitions in Yehicle Code

Section 27156 for their add—on turbocharger kit.     The turbocharger kit is

intended for installation on 1985 and older model—year Toyota Celicas and

pick—up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144 CID) fuel injected four—cylinder

engine.

      Spearco has submitted data from comparative (stock baseline versus

turbocharged) emission tests conducted on a 1983 Toyota Celica at Olson

Engineering, Inc. in Huntington Beach, California.    Confirmatory tests

were conducted on the same vehicle at the Air Resources Board {ARB)

laboratory in El Monte, California.

II.   CONCLUSION

      Based on the results from comparative exhaust emission tests

previously performed by Spearco at an independent laboratory on a 1983

Toyota Celica and the fact that the engine and emission control systems

of 1985 fuel injected Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks are carryovers

(identical) from the 1984 as well as 1983 model year, the staff concludes

that Spearco‘s turbocharger kit evaluated will not adversely affect

exhaust emission from vehicles for which exemption is requested.


III.     RECOMMENDATIONS

        The staff recommends that Spearco be granted an exemption for their

add—on turbocharger kit for installation on 1985 and older model—year

Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks powered by a 2.4 lTiter (144 CID) fuel

injected four—cylinder engine.     The staff also recommends that Executive

Order D—140—5 be issued.

I¥.     TURBOCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

        The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) exhaust manifold is

replaced by a Spearco manifold.    The turbine inlet mounts directly to the

replacement exhaust manifold.     The turbine, driven by exhaust gases, is

linked to the compressor by a solid shaft.     Intake air is routed from the

air flow meter to the compressor by the compressor inlet pipe.       It is

then compressed and routed into the intake plenum through the discharge

pipe.    Exhaust gases from the turbine is routed to the catalytic

converter via the exhaust pipe.

        Lubrication and cooling of the turbocharger is provided by a steel

braided line from a tap into the main oil galley.     Oil from the

turbocharger is returned to the oil pan.

        Maximum positive pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by a

wastegate mounted on the exhaust manifold.    The wastegate is preset to

dump excess exhaust gases when intake manifold pressure reaches 5 psig,

thus bypassing the turbine.


      The kit also includes a fuel enrichment device.     The device connects to

the intake manifold and coolant temperature sensor.     When boost pressure

reaches 4 psig, the device increases the electrical resistance of the

temperature sensor.   This increase in electrical resistance dictates the

vehicle‘s computer to increase the fuel flow through the injector nozzles,

thus enriching the fuel charge during boost conditions above 4 psig.

      An electronic spark retard module is employed to suppress detonation

during boost conditions or heavy load operations.     The module utilizes a

sensor, mounted on the intake manifold or cylinder head, to detect

detonation.   When detonation is detected, the module electronically retards

the spark until detonation is eliminated.
      "o modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required when the

turbocharger kit is installed.   All OEM emission controls are left intact.

vI.   BISCUSSION

      Spearco Performance Products, Inc., was previously granted an Executive

Order (E.0.) No. D—140 for their turbocharger kit for use on 1984 and older

model—year Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks with 2.4L fuel injected engines.

The exemption was based on the fact that (1) the kit did not have an adverse

effect on exhaust emissions on the 1983 test vehicle and (2) the 1984

model—year vehicles are carry—overs {identical) from 1983 modets.
      The applicant requested for the extension of the exemption to inc]ude‘

1985 model—year Toyota Celicas and pick—up trucks with a 2.4 liter (144 CID)
four—cylinder electronic fuel injected {with an air flow meter) engine.


      In response to Spearco‘s request, the staff utilized the certification

documents to compare the engine design of both 1983 and 1984 to 1985

model—year Toyota 2.4 liter fuel injected engines.    Since the engines in the

1985 models are identically designed as the 1983/1984 engines, the staff is of

the opinion that the 1985 vehicles will have the same degree of

performance/emissions impact as in those earlier models.    Because the test

data on a 1983 test vehicle showed no adverse effect on the vehicles exhaust

emission with the turbocharger kit installed, the kit will have no adverse

effect on   the 1985 models either.   No additional testing was required or

performed to incorporate Spearco‘s request to include the 1985 models in their

application for exemption.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:08
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:08

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