Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on September 17, 1985.
As of Monday, August 26th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1985 model-year 2.3 liter Ford Merkur Vehicles with OEM turbochargers.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-140-8
  • Executive Order 140-8 / D140-8
  • ARB # D-140-8
  • Executive Order No: D-140-8
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-140-8
  • Resolution D-140-8
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-140-8 PDF

D-140-8 Document:



                                                         (Page 1 of 2)

                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—8          _
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                              of the Vehicle Code


                    SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.

                       AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER SYSTEM

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the air—to—air
intercooler system manufactured by Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has
been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle
pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the pronibitions
of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1985 model—year 2.3 liter Ford
Merkur vehicles with OEM turbochargers.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.  Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIYVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT 8¥ THE AIR RESQURCES SOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE SPEARCO AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER SYSTEM FOR 1985
model—year 2.3 LITER FORD MERKUR VEHICLES WITH OEM TURSOCHARGERS.


SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.                  EXECUTIVE ORDER D—140—8
                                                    (Page 2 of 2)




No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful,   and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644.   (a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
    advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
    certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
    pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
    device has been certified by the state board.     No person shall sell,
    offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
    control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
    device.   Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
sgbmitifd to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.


Executed at E1 Monte, California, this    [‘7§i£ day of September, 1985.


                                         :[;C%é:'<}zgizé-142i‘\
                                         K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                           State of California
                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF SPEARCO PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.‘S AIR—TO—AIR INTERCOOLER
SYSTEM FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE.




                               September, 1985


                                                    Issue Date:   September, 1985


Evaluation of Spearco Performance Products, Inc.‘s Air—To—Air IQtercoo]er_
System for Exemption from the Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27]56 in
Accordance with Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code.




                                      by
                            Mobile Source Division

                              State of California
                              Air Resources Board
                              9528 Telstar Avenue
                              E1 Monte, CA 91731




{This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                     SUMMARY



      Spearco Performance Products, Inc. has requested exemption from the

prohibitions in California Vehicle Code Section 27150, for their air—to—air

intercooler system to be used on the 1985 model—year 2.3 Liter Ford Merkur

vehicles with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) turbochargers.

      Based on previous comparative tests evaluating the exhaust emission

effects of several add—on intercooler kits and the staff‘s engineering

evaluation of the intercooler‘s impact on exhaust emissions from turbocharged

vehicles, the staff concludes that Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler kit will

not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is

requested.

      The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be granted

an exemption for their air—to—air intercooler system as requested and that

Executive Order D—140—8 be issued.


                                 CONTENTS

                                                      Number


SUMMARY                                                 i

CONTENTS                                                11

1.    INTRODUCTION           .                          1

11    CONCLUSION                                        1

III   RECOMMENDATIONS                                   1

IV.    INTERCOOLER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND QPERATION     1

V¥.   PISCUSSION                                        2




                                    11


Evaluation of Spearco Performance Products, Inc.‘s Air—to—Air Iqtercoo]er'
System for Exemption from the Prohibitions in Vehicle Code Segt]on 27]56 in
Accordance with Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code.



I.     INTRODUCTION
       Spearco Performance Products, Inc., of 7541 Woodman Place, Van Nuys,

California 91405, has requested exemption from the prohibitions in California

Vehicle Code Section 27156, for the air—to—air intercooler system to be used

on the 1985 model—year 2.3 Liter Ford Merkur vehicles with OEM turbochargers.

II.    CONCLUSIONS
       Based on previous comparative tests evaluating the exhaust emission

effects of several add—on intercooler kits and the staff‘s engingering
evaluation of the intercooler‘s impact on exhaust emissions from turbocharged

vehicles, the staff concludes that Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler kit will

not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is

requested.

III.   RECOMMENDATIONS
       The staff recommends that Spearco Performance Products, Inc. be granted

an exemption for their air—to—air intercooler system and that Executive Order

D—140—8 be issued.

IV.    INTERCOOLER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

       The purpose of the intercooler is to reduce the temperature of the

intake air/fuel charge going into the turbocharged engine.   This reduction in

the intake charge temperature allows a higher charge density (more amount of

air per minute flowing through the engine) which means more fuel into the

engine at a given intake manifold vacuum/pressure.


     The major components of the Spearco air—to—air intercooler system are a

heat exchanger and inter—connecting mandrel bent tubes.     They are packaged

with installation hardware and instructions and sold as a kit.

      The air—to—air heat exchanger is located in such a way that the heated

charge air flow goes through one section and ambient air flows through the

other section, cooling the heated, compressed charge air.     The cooled

compressed air is then passed out of the heat exchanger to the throttle(s) for

induction into the engine.

V.    DISCUSSION

      Spearco‘s air—to—air intercooler system is similar in design concepts

and principles as another manufacturer‘s systems that have been exempted by

the Air Resources Board.     Performance analyses have been previously submitted

to the ARB indicating the typical thermal efficiency of a turbocharger

intercooler system ranges between 40% and 84%.     Based on predicted efficiency

of a heat exhanger on previous air temperature measurements of two exempted

intercoolers installed and tests on two vehicles and a review of the device

theory of operation, the staff has concluded that the use of an intercooler

would not adversely affect vehicle emissions or result in the degrading of a

vehicie‘s driveability.

      In addition, it is the staff‘s opinion that the combustion temperature

will be reduced as a result of cooler intake charge with use of the air—to—air

intercooler system.   This reduction in combustion temperation will reduce the

formation of NOx gases in the combustion chamber, resulting in less NOx

emissions expelled through the exhaust system.


      Spearco air—to—air intercooler system has similar design with Spearco

air—to—air intercooler system, which is exempted by the ARB under E.0.

D—140—6.   Spearco‘s previous test results demonstrate no adverse effect on the

vehicle‘s exhaust emissions.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:41:11
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:41:11

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