Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on February 13, 1985.
As of Saturday, August 24th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
93012001983-1984 Ford T-Bird and Cougar with a 2.3L turbocharged engines

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-152
  • Executive Order 152 / D152
  • ARB # D-152
  • Executive Order No: D-152
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-152
  • Resolution D-152
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-152 PDF

D-152 Document:



                                                         {Page 1 of 2)

                                State of California
                                AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—152
                  Reiating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                              of the Vehicle Code


                              TURBO AUTO INTERNATIONAL
                         (INTERCOOLER KIT NO. 9301200)

                                                  rces Board by Section 27156
Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resou
of the Vehicie Code; and

  rsuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
23515 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;
1T IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:     That the insta}]ation of the Intercooler Kit No.
                                                         Northeast Oakland
9301200 manufactured by Turbo Auto International of 440
Strest, Roseburg, Oregon 97470, has been found not to  reduce the effectiveness
of required motor vehicle poliution control devices and,  therefo re, is exempt
from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Yehicle Code  for  the 1983 and
                                                            with  2.3L
1984 Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar vehicles equipped
turbocharged engines.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those submitted by the device manufacturer.

 CThanges made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as exempted
by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance of a
vehicle‘s poliution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

 Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this *
 Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than
 those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval
 is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of a kit shall not be
 construed as an exemption to geil, offer for sale, or advertise any component
 of a kit as an individual device.
                                                          to the effect that the
 This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as ssed  or implied by the
 use of this device may have on any warranty either expre
 venicle manufacturer.

 THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
 APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE QF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
 CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGER
 BENEFITS OF THE TURBO AUTO INTERNATIONAL INTERCOOLER KIT NO. 9301200.


TURBO kUTO ENGINEERING                                  EXECUTIVE ORDER D—152
(INTERCOOLER KIT NO. 9301200)                           (Page 2 of 2)



No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

   "43644. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
    advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
    certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor
    vehicle poliution control device for use on any used motor
    vehicle unless that device has been certified by the state
    board.     No person shall seil, offer for sale, advertise, or
    represent any motor vehicle poliution control device as a
    certified device which, in fact, is not a certified device.
    Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.


Executed at E1 Monte, California, this     /8517 day of February, 1985.


                                         AMVG:
                                         K. D. Prachand, Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF TURBO AUTO INTERNATIONAL INTERCOOLER KIT NO. 9301200 FOR
EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                                  February

                                    1985


                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD




Evaluation of Turbo Auto International Intercooler Kit No. 9301200 for
Exemption from the Prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 in Accordance
with Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code




                                      by
                            Mobile Source Division
                              State of California
                              Air Resources Board
                              9528 Telstar Avenue
                              El Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY




      Turbo Auto International, 440 Northeast Oakland Street, Roseburg,

QOregon, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code

Section 27156 of their intercooler kit No. 9301200.    The exemption is sought

for 1983 and 1984 OEM turbocharged Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar with

2.3L gasoline—powered engines.                                               '

      Turbo Auto International has submitted emissions data of comparative

{with and without the intercooler kit installed on the test vehicle) tests

performed at ECS Laboratory,Inc., located at 12011 Market Street, Livonia,

Michigan 48150.   The test vehicle is a 1984 Ford Thunderbird equipped with a

2.3L, OEM turbocharged, 4—cylinder engine.    The staff evaluated the test

results and found that the intercooler kit will not adversely affect the

performance of the vehicles‘ emission control systems.

      The staff recommends that Turbo Auto International be granted an

exemption from the prohibitions of the Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their

intercooler kit No. 9301200 and Executive Order No. D—152 be issued.


                               contents

                                          Page No.

SUMMARY                                      i
conrents                                     i
      INTRODUCTION                           1
      conclustons                            1
      RECOMMENDAT ION                        1
      DEVICE DESCRIPTION                     2
      DISCUSSION                             2
      EMISSIONS TEST RESULTS                 4




                                 1i


EVALUATION OF TURBO AUTO INTERNATIONAL INTERCOOLER KIT NO. 9301200 FOR
EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE

1.     INTRODUCT ION

       Turbo Auto International, 440 Northeast Oakland Street, Roseburg,

Oregon; has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code

Section 27156 of their intercooler kit No. 9301200.   The exemption is sought

for 1983 and 1984 OEM turbocharged Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar with

2.3L gasoline—powered engines.

       Turbo Auto International has submitted emissions data of comparative

{with and without the intercooler kit installed on the test vehicle) CVS—75

and HFE tests performed at ECS Laboratory,Inc., located at 12011 Market

Street, Livonia, Michigan 48150.   The test vehicle is a 1984 Ford Thunderbird

equipped with a 2.3L, turbocharged, 4—cylinder engine.

II.    GONCLUSIONS

       Emission test data performed with and without the intercooler for CYS—75

met the California emissions standards required for 1984 vehicles.     The

applicant also submitted the data taken from HFET tests.   Since all the data

show no adverse effect on the emissions, it is concluded that the applicant

has met the requirement for the certification of exemption for their

intercooler kit No. 9301200.

III.   RECOMMENDATIONS

       Based on the submitted test results, the staff recommends that Turbo

Auto International be granted an exemption from the prohibitions of the

Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their intercooler kit No. 9301200 and Executive

Order No. D—152 be issued.


IV.   DEVICE DESCRIPTION

      The purpose of adding an intercooler to a turbocharger is to reduce the

temperature of the intake air resulting in cooler air/fuel charge going into

the engine.   This reduction in intake charge temperature produces a higher

charge density (more mass per unit volume) which allows more air/fuel mixture

to flow into the engine at a given intake manifold vacuum/pressure.     This

increases the engine performance with no adjustment necessary from the OEM

tune—up specifications.

      The major components of the Turbo Auto International intercooler kit

No.9301200 are tubing and hose couplings and a sized air—to—air heat exchanger

matrix assembled with header tanks.   They are packaged with mounting hardware

and installation instructions and sold as a kit.

      The heat exchanger is mounted in such a position that it is exposed to

the ambient air stream when the vehicle is in forward motion.     The ambient air

cools the compressed air flowing through the heat exchanger.     The cooler

compressed air is then passed out of the heat exchanger to the throttle(s) for

induction into the engine.

Y.    DISCUSSION

      Turbo Auto International requested an exemption from the Vehicle Code

Section 27156 for their add—on intercooler kit No. 9301200 to be instatied on

1983 and 1984 Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar vehicles powered by a 2.3L

OEM turbocharged engine.

      The applicant has demonstrated the performance of their syste from the

exhaust emission data performed on a 1984 Ford Thunderbird.     The tests include

CYS—75 and HFE; both were measured with and without the intercooler kit.       The

test results are shown in the attached table.   The emission results from the


CYS—75 test showed no adverse effect on the vehicle‘s exhaust emissions when

the intercooler kit is installed.   The applicant also ran an HFE test on the

same vehicle to show improvements in fuel economy due to the intercooler kit.

However, the data from the HFE test show a slight decrease in fuel economy.

The tests were performed by ECS Emissions Laboratory in Livonia, Michigan

48150 which is the original Ethyl Corporation Laboratory.

      In addition, it is the staff‘s opinion that the combustion temperature

will be reduced as a result of cooler intake charge with the use of the

turbocharger intercooler kit.   This reduction in combustion temperature will

reduce the formation of NOx gases in the combustion chamber, resulting in less

NOx emissions expelled through the exhaust system without adversely affecting

converter light—off time.


                        EMISSIONS TEST RESULTS


Test vehicle: 1984 Ford Thunderbird 2.3L (4—cylinder)
Add—on Part: Intercooler No. 9301200

Test Mode                Exhaust Emissions (g/mile)     Fuel Economy (MPS)
                                                                   Hi ghway
                          HC        CO       NOx        City       (HFET)

Baseline                 0.203     2.256    0. 165      21. 44      27.36
w/Intercooler —          0. 195    1.503    0.147       22.03       26. 24




                                  — 4



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:40:36
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:40:36

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