Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on May 7, 1987.
As of Monday, December 17th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
No. 52702-STD No. 52702-HD1982-1987 model-year V8 powered Chevrolet Camaros and Pontiac Firebirds.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-161-5
  • Executive Order 161-5 / D161-5
  • ARB # D-161-5
  • Executive Order No: D-161-5
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-161-5
  • Resolution D-161-5
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-161-5 PDF

D-161-5 Document:



                                                                  (Page 1 of 2)

                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—161—5
                  Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                             ‘of the Vehicle Code

                             GALE BANKS ENGINEERING
                      EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPES, PARTS NO.
                   §52702—STD AND NO. §52702—H0 FOR 1982—1987
              V8 POWERED CHEVROLET CAMAROS AND PONTIAC FIREBIRDS


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the— Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the Gale Banks
Engineering exhaust crossover pipés parts No. 52702—STD and No. §2702—H0 have
been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution
control devices and, therefore, are exempt from the prohibitions of Section
27156 of the Vehic}e Code for 1982 through 1987 model—year ¥8 powered
Chevrolet Camaros and Pontiac Firebirds.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as exempted
by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance of a
vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than
those Jisted in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval
is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of a kit shall not be
construad as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component
of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that the
use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied by the
vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—PQLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE GALE BANKS ENGINEERING EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPES.          —


    GALE BANKS ENGINEERING         .                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—161—5
                                                               (Page 2 of 2)


1
    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
    with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
    written communication.                                              ~

    Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
    advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
    misdemeanor.

    Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

        "43644.  (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
        or, except in an application to the state board for certification of a
        device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control device
        for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been certified by
        the state board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or
        represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
        which, in fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this
        subdivision is a misdemeanor."

    Any apparent viclation of the conditions of this Executive Ordér will be
    submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
    advisable.

                                  Lo                a
    Executed at El Monte, California, this      7       day of May, 1987.




                                             fl//mm&
                                             K. 0. Drachand, Chief
                                             Mobile Source Diviston


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




         EVALUATION OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S EXHAUST
      CROSSOVER PIPES PARTS NO. 52702—STD AND NQ. 52702—HO
FOR 1982—1987 V8 POWERED CHEVROLET CAMAROS AND PONTIAC FIREBIRDS




                           May, 1987


                                                            May 1987




                EVALUATION OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S EXHAUST
             CROSSOVER PIPES PARTS NO. 52702—STD AND NO. 52702—HO
       FOR 1982—1987 V8 POWERED CHEVROLET CAMAROS AND PONTIAC FIREBIRDS




                                       by
                            Mobile Source Division

                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD
                             9528 Telstar Avenue
                             E1 Monte, CA 91731




{This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.   Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   summary

      Gale Banks Engineering (Banks) has applied for exemption from the

prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their exhaust crossover pipes

for 1982—1987 V8 powered Chevrolet Camaros and Pontiac Firebirds.

      Banks has submitted a completed application and all the required

information as well as comparative exhaust emissions data which shows that

their crossover pipes do not have an adverse effect on the emissions from

these vehicles.
      The staff recommends that Banks be granted an exemption for their

crossover pipes and that Executive Order D—161—5 be issued.


                                     CONTENTS



                                                Number

 SUMMARY

 CONTENTS                                         i1

>I.     INTRODUCTION

 II.    CONCLUSION

 III.   RECOMMENDATIONS

 IV.    EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE DESCRIPTION

 V.     EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE EVALUATION

 VI.    DISCUSSION




 APPENDIX

        INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS                 A—1

        IDENTIFICATION LABEL




                                        i1


                EVALUATION OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S EXHAUST
             CROSSOVER PIPES PARTS NO. 52702—STD AND NO. 52702—HO
       FOR 1982—1987 V8 POWERED CHEVROLET CAMAROS AND PONTIAC FIREBIRDS
I.     INTRODUCTION

       Gale Banks Engingering (Banks) of 546 Duggan Avenue, Azusa, California

91702, has applied for exemption from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section

27156 for their exhaust crossover pipes for 1982—1987 V8 powered Chevrolet

Camaros and Pontiac Firebirds

       Banks has submitted a completed application, all the necessary

information and comparative exhaust emissions data.

II.     CONCLUSION
       Based on the submitted information and the comparative exhaust emissions

tests performed on a 1985 Pontiac Firebird powered by a 305 ¥8 gasoline

fuel—injected engine, the staff concludes that the installation of the Banks

crossover pipes will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from the vehicles

for which the exemption has been requested.

III.    RECOMMENDATIONS
       The staff recommends that Banks be granted an exemption for their

crossover pipes and that Executive Order D—161—5 be issued.

IV.    EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE DESCRIPTION

       The Banks crossover pipes are high quality replacements for the original

equipment manufacturer (OEM) crossover pipes found on 1982—1987 V8 powered

Camaros and Firebirds.    The function of the exhaust crossover pipes (both OEM

and Banks) is to route exhaust gases from the two exhaust manifolds of the V8

engine into a common pipe which then feeds the catalytic converter.     The OEM

crossover pipes are press bent and the connection between the two manifold

runners is a T—type joint.   This configuration is restrictive and the T—type


joint causes high turbulence.   The Banks crossover is designed to eliminate

this restriction and turbulence and improve engine performance.   The Banks

crossover pipes use larger tubing which is mandrel bent to provide smoother

bends and the two manifold runners are connected with a Y—type joint to reduce

turbulence.

      Two slightly different crossover pipes are necessary to cover all

1982—1987 V8 powered Camaros and Firebirds because the carbureted engines have

different exhaust manifolds than the fuel—injected engines.   Banks part No.

52702—H0 is for fuel—injected engines and §2702—STD is for carbureted engines.

      The installation of the banks crossover pipes do not require the

disconnection or removal of any OEM emission control components and does not

alter the location of the catalytic converter.   Installation instructions,

included in every kit show how to properly install the Banks crossover pipes

(Appendix 1).   The Banks kit identification label is shown in Appendix 2.

V.    EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE EVALUATION

      Evaluation of the Banks crossover pipes included analysis of all

submitted information to confirm that it meets the requirements for the

exemption as well as a comparison of the submitted exhaust emissions data.

      The test vehicle was a 1985 Pontiac Firebird powered by a 305 CID V8

fuel—injected engine with an automatic transmission.   The effects of the

crossover pipe on the carbureted engines should be similar to the effects of

the crossover pipe on the fuel—injected engines and therefore only one test

vehicle was required for the evaluation.

      A 1985 model—year vehicle was accepted as a representative test vehicle

for all the vehicles for which the exemption has been requested because the

1986 and 1987 model—year fuel—injected engines were carryovers from the 1985


model—year.     The results of back—to—back CVS—75 exhaust emissions tests

performed at Automated Custom Systems, Inc., in Orange, CA are shown in the

following table.

                        ACS CVS—75 Exhaust Emission Results

                                                   Exhaust Emissions (g/mi)
Configuration                             HC          C0         NOx     Fuel Economy

Baseline                                  0. 340       1.97      0.675        ©15.6

Device                                    0.377        1.96      0.660         16.2

VI.      DISCUSSION
         The test results show a slight increase in HC emissions, however this

increase is within the limits of test variability as determined by the

Haagen—Smit laboratory.     The Banks crossover pipes appear to be as durable as

the OEM crossover pipes they are designed to replace.         Based on the exhaust

emissions test results the staff concludes that the installation of the Banks

crossover pipes on 1982—1987 V8 powered Camaros and Firebirds will not have an

adverse effect on the emissions or durability of these veh%c]es.

         Banks has demonstrated compliance with the requirements for an

exemption, therefore, the staff recommends that Executive Order D—161—5 be

issued.


                                _
                                8       A—1

                                Ipppppprrane
                 BANKS POWER PACK F—BODY EXHAUST SYSTEM
                FOR ‘82 THRU ‘87 V—8 CAMARO AND FIREBIRD


                       Instructions for Installation


           Raise vehicle, support on jacks or ramps of suitable
           capacity for vehicle weight.

           Disconnect exhaust head pipe assembly at both exhaust
           manifolds and at catalytic converter.  Remove head
           pipe assembly.

           Assemble new cross—under pipé and ¥—pipe outside of
           vehicle.   Do not install U—clamp.   See   illustrationr.

           Assemble catalytic converter adapter flange to
           I—pipe.  Do not install U—clamp.  See illustration.

           Lift assembled Y—pipe into place and reattach to
           engine exhaust manifolds.  Rotate cross under pipe
           in slip joint as required for alignment.   Tighten
           nuts on exhaust manifold studs, but leave just
           loose enough to move piping for alignment.

           Reattagh catalytic converter to converter
           adapter flange.  Rotate slip joint as required
           for realignment.  Tighten mounting bolts (tighten
           factory U—clamp on slip joint converters).

           Check to insure all tubing pieces are properly
           aligned, and have clearance to floorboards,
           driveshaft, etc.

           Tighten nuts on engine exhasut manifold studs.

    9.     Install and tighten one 2 1/2" U—clamp on Y—pipe
           assembly.

   10.     Install and tighten one 3" U—clamp on converter
           adapter flange fitting.

   11.     Start engine.  Listen for any exhaust leaks and
           tighten joints as required.




1/19/87
GBE/O151


         banlifs
         Gale Banks Engineering   546 Duggen Avenue,   Azusa, Californie 91702   (818]969—9505



         CcamAamof{[FIREBIRD EXHALLST SYSTEM




CROSS— UNDER PIPE                                                  convekrer ADAPTER
    —                                                              LITTIMG AND ¢/—LCLAMP
             SLIPJOIWT ; &— crLampP

                                                             carairrie converren \ |


banifs
Gete Banks Enginesring   548 Duggen Avenue,   Azuse, Celifornia 91702   (B18) 969—S605




                     — ary GALE BANK
                 E                   S ENGINEERING ~
                 *'Li
                   &  lse AbDUGCAN AVE., AZUSA, CA . 1702
                EXHAUST SYSTEM ror CAMARO/FIRERBIRD
                 MODEL Nos, 2702 STD/HO CCARB E.0. No. ___



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:42:34
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:42:34

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