Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on March 31, 1994.
As of Sunday, June 16th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
NOT LEGAL FOR SALE OR INSTALLATION AFTER 12/31/08

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-188-2
  • Executive Order 188-2 / D188-2
  • ARB # D-188-2
  • Executive Order No: D-188-2
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-188-2
  • Resolution D-188-2
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-188-2 PDF

D-188-2 Document:



  ol   adad              b F5                             -
5&;\1{}@%@&&         b‘fi                                  (Page 1 of 2)
                                    State of California
                                    AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                EXECUTIVE ORDER D—188—2
                       Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                  of the Vehicle Code


                                 TRI—D INDUSTRIES, INC.
                     "THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION CATALYTIC CONVERTER®"

     WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Section    27156 and Title 13 California Code of     .
     Regulations (hereafter "CCR")    Section 2222(bh), authorize the California Air
     Resources Board (ARB) and its    Executive Officer to exempt new aftermarket
     catalytic converters from the    prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156
     and 38391.

     WHEREAS, TRI—D Industries, Inc. of 820 East Fifth Street, Port Clinton,
     Ohic 43452, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions in
     Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 for their new aftermarket three—way
     plus oxidation converter (TWC + OC) for the following application:

     Application    Series Number       Max. Eng. Size     Max. Veh. Wt.
     TWC + oC       TD5000               5. 9L            6,000 1bs.
     TWC            TD5000               5.91             6,000 lbs.

      WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health
    . and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division by
      Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—5, the ARB
      finds that the above aftermarket catalytic converter complies with the
     California Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391,        and Title 13,   California
    Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h).  Emission performance of the catalytic
    converter was based on durability mileage accumulation of 25,000 miles using
    the AMA durability driving schedule (Reference Appendix IV, Title 40, Part
    86, Code of Federal Regulations (June 28, 1977)).

    IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the above catalytic converter is exempt from the
    prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 for installation on
    applicable vehicles subject to the following conditions:

        1.   No changes are permitted to the catalytic converter as described in
             the application for exemption. Any changes to the catalytic
             converter or any of its components, applicable model year, or other
             factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved by the
             ARB prior to marketing in California.

       2.    Marketing of the converter using identifications other than those
             shown in the exemption application or marketing of the catalytic
             converter for vehicle application other than the one listed in this
             order shall be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the
             ARB.  Exemption of this product shall not be construed as an
             exemption to sell,   offer for sale, or advertise any components of the
             catalytic converter as individual devices.


TRI—D INDUSTRIES, INC.                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—188—2
"THREE—WAY PLUS OKIDATION CATALYTIC                  (Page 2 of 2)
CONVERTER®       *                               >




   3.   Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content
        by TRI~D Industries, Inc., its principals, agents, employees,
        distributors, dealers, or other representatives must include the
        disclaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption it provides is
        not an endorsement or approval of any emissions reduction claims for
        the catalytic converter and is only a finding that the catalytic
        converter is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Sections
        27156 and 38391.

   4.   Upon installation, the catalytic converter must carry a
        manufacturer‘s warranty for 25,000 miles on the substrates and 50,000
        miles or five years on the shell.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this order.  The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
intention to revoke it, during which period the holder of the order may
request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation.  If a
hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the
request, and the order may not be revoked until a determination is made,
after the hearing, that grounds for revocation exist.
                                            4~
Executed at El Monte, California, this 53      ay of March, 1994.




                                   Assigtant Division Chief
                                   Mobile Source Division


                        State of California
                        AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF TRI—D INDUSTRIES, INC. NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS
 OXIDATION CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
   IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                    REGULATIONS, SRCTION 2222(h)




                           March,   1994


    EVALUATION OF TRI—D INDUSTRIES, INC. NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS
     OXIDATION CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
       IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                        REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(h)




                                      by
                             Mobile Source Division

                              9528 Telstar Avenue
                            El Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.  Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board,   nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                           SUMMARY
__




             TRI—D Industries,   Inc.   (TRI—D)   of 820 East 5th Street,   Port Clinton,

     Ohio 43452, has applied for an exemption of their new aftermarket three—way

     plus oxidation catalytic converter (TWC + OC) from the prohibitions in

     Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 in accordance with California

     regulations for new aftermarket catalytic converters.        TRI—D also conducted

     a carry—over test on a California vehicle powered by a 5.9L engine for

     three—way converter (TWC) application.       The new converter will be used as

     TWC + OC and TWC on vehicles with engine displacement up to 5.9L and maximum

     equivalent test weight (ETW) of 6,000 lbs.

             Emissions data submitted by the applicant show that the catalytic

     converter meets the requirements of Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13,

     California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h)       for the stated applications.

     Based on the above, the staff recommends that the exemption be granted as

     requested and that Executive Order D—188—2 be issued.


                                 CoNTENTS

                                            Number

SUMMARY                                        i

CconTENTS                                     ii

I.          INTRODUCTION                     ~o1

II.         CoONCLUSION                        1

III.        RECOMMENDATION                     1

Iv.         DEVICE DESCRIPTION                 2

v.          DEVICE EVALUATION                  2




                                    ii


       EVALUATION OF TRI—D INDUSTRIES, INC. NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS
        OXIDATION CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
          IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                           REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(h)



I.         INTRODUCTION

           TRI—D Industries,   Inc.   (TRI—D)   of 820 East 5th Street,   Port Clinton,

Ohio 43452, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle

Code Sections 27156 and 38391 for their new aftermarket three—way plus

oxidation catalytic converter (TWC + OC) in accordance with California

regulations on new aftermarket catalytic converters.           TRI—D also conducted

carry—over test on a California vehicle powered by a 5.9L engine for three—

way converter (TWC) application.        The intended applications for the new

aftermarket catalytic converter are shown below:

Application       Series Numbers      Max. Engine Size      Max. Veh. Test Wt.
TWC + 0C           TD5000                5. 9L                6,000 lbs.
TWC                TD5000                5. 9L                6,000 lbs.


II.       CONCLUSION

          The applicant has submitted all the required information and based

on the submitted exhaust emissions test data, the staff concludes that the

catalytic converter meets the criteria set forth in Vehicle Code Section

27156 and Title 13, California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h)            for the

stated applications.

III.      RECOMMENDATION

          The staff recommends that the exemption be granted as requested and

that Executive Order No. D—188—2 be issued,         permitting the advertisement,

sale and installation of the new aftermarket TWC + OC for the stated

applications.


IV.       DEVICE DESCRIPTION

          The front single substrate of TRI—D‘s three—way plus oxidation

catalytic converter is coated with palladium, and the rear single substrate

is coated with rhodium and palladium.      Air tubes are incorporated in the

converter for the TWC + OC application.       No air tube is required for the TWC

application.       The substrates are wrapped with intumescent mat to prevent

vibration and exhaust gases from by—passing the catalyst.       The substrates

are contained in an air—tight stainless steel shell using seam weld.         A heat

shield of aluminum is welded to the converter shell to protect the vehicle

underbody from heat.      The catalytic converter is sold as a unit with

installation instructions as shown in the application catalog.       It may also

be sold with some installation kits.       It is sold with a warranty for 25,000

miles on the substrates and five years or 50,000 miles on the stainless

steel container or shell.

v.        DEVICE    EVALUATION

          TRI—D has submitted TWC + OC and TWC test data from testing

conducted by Roush Laboratories in Livonia, Michigan,      and Garden Grove,

California.      The two test converters were aged respectively on a 1990

Dodge D250 5.9L pickup truck, and a 1990 Dodge LE15O 5.9L pickup truck.         The

the mileage accumulation vehicles had odometer reading greater than 50,000

miles prior to the start of mileage accumulation.      The equivalent test

weight   (ETW)   for both mileage accumulation vehicles was 6,000 lbs.   CVS—75

emission tests to determine the conversion efficiencies of the catalytic

converter for TWC + 0C and TWC applications were conducted on a 1990 Dodge

Ram pickup truck 5.9L at ETW of 6,000 lbs., and a 1994 Dodge Ram Van 5.9L at

ETW of 7,500 lbs. respectively.      TRI—D elected to test the converter using a


vehicle with higher ETW; however, since the catalyst was aged using vehicles

that were certified at an ETW of 6,000 ibs. its application cannot exceed

6,000 lbs.     The test results and conversion efficiencies for the TWC and TWC

+ 0C applications are shown below:


                           Three—way (TWC) Application
             Simulator        Converter 1    Converter 2   Average Eff.
HC (g/mi)     1.971            0.319          0.321         83.8%
co (g/mi)    22.613            5.262          4.814         77.7%
NOx(g/mi)     4.1789           0.861          0.702         83.7%

                 Three—way plus oxidation (TWC + OC) Application
               Simulator     Converter 1    Converter 2    Average Eff.
HC (g/mi)       2.035         0.315          0.309          84.7
co (g/mi)      37.186         6.644          7.718          80.7
Nox(g/mi)       2.545         0.902          0.901          64.6


All of the conversion efficiencies meet the requirements of the California

regulations.    The staff based the evaluation of the new aftermarket

catalytic converter on the information submitted by TRI—D,         and test data

from Roush Laboratories.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:09
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:09

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