Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on August 3, 1989.
As of Wednesday, December 12th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
100191986-1989 Ford Motor company Bronco and F-150 vehicle powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engines

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-195
  • Executive Order 195 / D195
  • ARB # D-195
  • Executive Order No: D-195
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-195
  • Resolution D-195
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-195 PDF

D-195 Document:



                                                     (Page 1 of 2)

                               State of California         .e Y
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD          i   —

                             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—195
                   Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                               of the Vehicle Code

                             PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.
                        SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL NO. 10019

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources by Section 27156 of
the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuart to the éuthority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT 1S ORDERED AND RESQOLYED:    That the installation of the add—on
supercharger kit model number 10019 manufactured by Paxton Products, Inc.,
of 929 Olympic Bivd., Santa Monica, California 90404, has been found not to
 reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control devices
and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the
 Vehicle Code for 1986—1989 model—year Ford Mator Company Bronco and F—150
 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

.This Executive Order is valid provided that 1nsta113t1on instructions for
 this superchargér kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to
specifications different from those submitted by Paxton Products, Inc.

.Changes made to the desfgn or operating conditions of the supercharger kit,
as exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the
performance of a vehicle‘s poljution control system shall invalidate this .
Executive Order.

Marketing of this supercharger kit using an identification other than that
shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this supercharger kit for an
application other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be
prohibited unless prior approval is cbtained from the Air Resources Board.
Exemption of a supercharger kit shall not be construed as as exemption to
sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the kit as an 1nd1v1dua1
device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this supercharger kit may have on any warranty either expressed
or implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOCARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTIQN BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE PAXTON —PRODUCTS, INC. SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL No. 1i0019.


 PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.                        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—195
    (Page 2 of 2)                               '


 No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
 made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
 oral or written conmunication.

  Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
  misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
— punishable as a misdemeanor.

 Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:             ~

     ~"43644,       {a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
      advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
      certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
      pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
      device has been certified by the state board.  No person shall sell,
      offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
      control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
      device. Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

 Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
 submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
 advisable.     _    .    10

 Executed at E1 Monte, California, this Eg{iéz day of August, 1989.



                                             PBlC=oafoe
                                            K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                            Mobile Source Division


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




   EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
MODEL NO. 10019 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE CODE
  SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                   CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                           August 1989


       EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
    MODEL NO. 10019 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE CODE
      SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                            E1 Monte, CA   91731




{This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY


          Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton) has requested for an exemption from the

prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their add—on supercharger kit

model number 10019.     The supercharger kit is intended for installation on 1986—

1989 Ford Motor Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID

engine.

          Paxton has submitted data from comparative emission tests conducted on a

1988 Ford Bronco powered by a 351 CID engine at Automated Custom Systems, Inc.

Confirmatory tests were conducted on the same vehicle at the Air Resources

Board (ARB) laboratory.

          Based on the results from the comparative emission tests performed by

Paxton and by the ARB, the staff concludes that Paxton‘s add—on supercharger

kit will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which

exemption is requested.

          The staff recommends that Paxton be granted an exemption for their add—

on supercharger kit model number 10019 for installation on 1986—1989 Ford Motor

Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine, and

that Executive Order D—195 be issued.


                                ABLE OF CONTENTS



                                                         Number


SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                                       11
I.        INTRODUCTION

II.       CCNCLUSION

III.      RECOMMENDATIONS

IV.       SUPERCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

v.        SUPERCHARGER KIT EVALUATION

¥.        DISCUSSION                                            3

VI.       APPENDIX                                              5

          TEST RESULTS                                 A—1 to A—4




                                        11


EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT NO. 10019 FOR
EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTIONS 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

I. INTRODUCTION

         Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton), of 929 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica,
California 90404, has requested for an exemption from the prohibitions of

Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their add—on supercharger kit model number

10019.     The supercharger kit is intended for installation on 1986—1989 Ford

Motor Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

         Paxton has submitted data from comparative (stock baseline versus‘

supercharged) emission tests conducted on a 1988 Ford Bronco powered by a 351

CID engine at Automated Custom Systems, Inc. of Orange California and Emission

System Engineering of Huntington Beach, California.     Confirmatory tests were

conducted on the same vehicle at the Air Resources Board (ARB) laboratory in

E1 Monte, California.

II. CONCLUSION
         Based on the results from comparative emission tests performed by Paxton

at Emission System Engineering and from the confirmatory tests performed by

the ARB on a 1988 Ford Bronco, the staff concludes that Paxton‘s add—on

supercharger kit will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for

which the exemption is requested.

III. RECOMMENDATIONS

         The staff recommends that Paxton be granted an exemption for their add—

ofi supercharger kit model number 10019 for installation on 1986—1989 Ford

Motor Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

The staff also recommends that Executive Order D—195 be issued.


IV. SUPERCHARGERKITDESCRIPTIONANDOPERATION
      The Paxton supercharger kit is specifically designed for installation on

1986—1989 Ford Motor Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a

351 CID engine.   The kit operates in conjunction with the original equipment

manufacturer {OEM) computer controlled electronic port fuel injection and

emission control systems already certified with the stock engine.      All the

hecessary hardware and supplies for installing the supercharger are included

in the kit.

      The purpose of supercharging an engine is to increase the volumetric

efficiency of an engine by forcing more air into an engine than it would

consume naturally aspiratea (non—supercharged condition).    This is

accomplished by the addition of a centrifugal blower (Paxton P/N SN—60) that

is belt driven at 1.5 times the speed of the engine.     Intake air is delivered

from the OEM air filtering system to the centrifugal blower.     It is then

compressed by the supercharger and routed to the throttle body of the

electronic fuel injection system.

      Maximum positive manifold pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by the

blower scroll housing and the impeller design.   No wastegate or other active

boost limiting device is used,.

      To provide additional fuel to maintain proper air/fuel ratios during

boost conditions a fuel control unit is added.   The fuel control unit when

placed in series with the OEM fuel pressure regulator in the fuel return line

will increase the fuel pressure, and fuel delivery, under boost conditions.

The unit is activated by a solenoid valve that is turned "on" and "off" via a

pressure switch set at 0.95 psi based on the inlet manifold pressure.      The

fuel control unit has a static set pressure of 70 psi.    Maximum static

pressure of the OEM fuel pressure regulator is about 34 psi.


         The biower is self lubricated by a piston—type oil pump.   The oil sump

has a capacity of 10 fluid ounces and uses type "A" automatic transmission

fluid.
         All OEM emission controls are left intact.

V. SUPERCHARGERKTTEVALUATION
         A 1988 Ford Bronce powered by a 351 CID engine electronic port fuel

{njected engine was used for the evaluation of the supercharger kit.        The

dynamometer inertia weight and loading used during the testing was 5,250 lbs.

and 15.6 hp, respectively.

         Comparative emission tests conducted by Automated Custom systems, Inc.,

Emission System Engineering and the ARB consisted of back—to—back cold—start

CVS—75 emission tests.     Additionally, the ARB conducted comparative Highway

Fuel Economy (HFET) tests.     These tests were used to determine exhaust

emissions and fuel economy in the unmodified and supercharged configurations

for comparison.     A summary of the test results is provided in the appendix.

VI. DISCUSSION

         The results of the exhaust emission tests submitted by Paxton show no

significant increase in emissions due to the installation of the supercharger

kit (Table 1 of appendix).     However, the initial confirmatory tests performed

on the same test vehicle at the ARB facility showed that hydrocarbons (HC) and

carbon monoxide (CO) significantly increased after the installation of the

supercharger kit (Table 2 of appendix).

         In order to reduce excess emissions to an acceptable level, Paxton

replaced the fuel control unit supplied with the supercharger kit.      The

differences between the original fuel control unit and the replacement unit

are: 1) the replacement unit contains an electronic circuitry which richens

the air/fue! charge during fast accelerations; and 2) the replacement unit


                                       —3—


contains a single diaphragm rather than two diaphragms of the original unit.

Paxton feels that the replacement unit will reduce any excess emissions to an

acceptable level.

      A series of comparative exhaust emission tests were performed by Paxton

at Emission System Enginsering and by the ARB.    The replacement fuel control

unit was used during the device tests.    The results of the exhaust emission

fests submitted by Paxton\(Table 3 of appendix) and of those performed by the

ARB (Table 4 of appendix) show no significant increase in emissions due to the

installation of the supercharger kit.     Paxton has fulfilled the requirements

for the exemption and, therefore, Executive Order D—195 should by issued.




                                   —4..


APPENDIX


                                Table 1

               Paxton Supercharger Kit No. 10019
                 Exhaust Emission Test Results
                 On A 1988 Ford Bronco 351 CID
                   Automated Custom Systems


                                 s           i     Fuel Economy (mpg)
Test     Mod     _HC_           _C0_       NOx           City

Baseline                .55     7.23       1.38         11.29
                 0 0o




Baseline                155 >   6.57       1.29         11.31
Average                 .55     6.90       1.34         11.30

Device                  .57     7.68       1.36         11.41
                 o o0




Device                  .55     7.71       1.17         11.19
Average                 .56     7.190      1.27         11.30

% Change                +2       +12        —5           +0




                                     A—1


                              Table 2

              Paxton Supercharger Kit No. 10019
                Exhaust Emission Test Results
                On A 1988 Ford Bronco 351 CID
                        Air Resources Board


                 Exhaust Emissions (gm/mi)        Fue] Economy (mp4)
Test Mode        _HC_         _CQ_        _NOx_    it         ighwa
Baseline         0 .50        6.48        0 .84   10.94      14.46
Baseline         0.43         5.11        0 .89   10 .90     14.40
Average          0.47         5.80        0 .87   10.92      14.43
Device (1)       0.60         10.57       0.82    10.60      14.40
% Change          +29 (2)       +82 (2)    —5       —3         0

(1): Only 1 test was performed during the device test.     Paxton
     withdrew vehicle from test program because emissions exceeded
     limits allowed for exemption.

(2): Exceeds allowable limits for compliance with the requirements for
     the exemption.


                         Table 3

            Paxton Supercharger Kit No. 10019
              Exhaust Emission Test Results
              On A 1988 Ford Bronce 351 CID
               Emission System Engineering


                                 $              Fuel Economy {mpg)




                                     i
                                       m
Test Mode      _HEL      _CQ_.                        City

Baseline       0.45      5.43        0.99            10.77
Baseline       0.48      5.97        0.97            10 .82
Average        0.46      5.70        0.98            10 .80

Device         0.45      5.73        0 .95           10 .80
Device        ©0 .44     5.01        0.96            10 .85
Average        0.45      5.37        0.96            10 .83

% Change        —2        ~6                          +0


                         Table 4

            Paxton Supercharger Kit No. 10019
              Exhaust Emission Test Results
              On A 1988 Ford Bronco 351 CID
                   Air Resources Board


               Exhaust Emissions   ]g
                                    Imi)                   m




                                                C




                                                       o


                                                                 3
Test Mode       HC       _C0                    City       Highway
Baseline       0 .69     8.09       0.93         9.5           13.8
Baseline       0.49      4.70       0.98        10.3           14.0
Baseline       0.53      4.59       0.96        10.5           13.8
Average        0.57      5.79       0.96        10.1           13.9

Device         0 .49     4.89       0.99        10.5           13.7
Device         0 .60     6.26       1.00        10.5           14.1
Device         0.56      5.99       0.95        10.5             —
Average        0.55      5.71       0.98        10.5           13.9

% Change        ~4        —1         +2          +4             +0




                           A—4



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:42
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:42

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