Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 27, 1989.
As of Thursday, October 17th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
100191986-1990 Ford Bronco and F-150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engines

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-195-1
  • Executive Order 195-1 / D195-1
  • ARB # D-195-1
  • Executive Order No: D-195-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-195-1
  • Resolution D-195-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-195-1 PDF

D-195-1 Document:



                                                     (Page 1 of 2) >

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—195—i
                  Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                             of the Vehicle Code

                            PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.
                       SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL No. 10019
\ Pursuant to the authorwty vested in the A1r Resources Board by Section 27156
 of the Vehicle Code; and

 Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
 39516 of the.Healith and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

 IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the add—on
 supercharger kit model number 10019 manufactured by Paxton Products, Inc.,
 of 929 Olympic Bivd., Santa Monica, California 90404—3795, has been found
 not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle poliution control
 devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of
 the Vehicle Code for 1986—1990 model—year Ford Motor Company Bronco and F—
 150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

 This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
 this supercharger kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to
 specifications different from those submitted by Paxton Products, iInc.

 Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the supercharger kit,
 as exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the
 performance of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this
 Executive Order.

 Marketing of this supercharger kit using an identification other than that
 shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this supercharger kit for an
 application other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be
 prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.
 Exemption of a supercharger kit shall not be construed as as exemption to
 sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the kit as an individual
 device.                                         .

 This Executive Order does.not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
 the use of this supercharger kit may have on any warranty either expressed
 or implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

 THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
 APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
 CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
 BENEFITS OF.THE PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC. SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL NO. 10019.


 PAXTON PROOUCTS, INC.       >            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—195—1
    (Page 2 of 2)



 No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
 made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
 oral or written communication.

 Section 17500 of the Business ahd Professions Code makes untrue or
 misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17834 makes violation
 punishable:as a misdemeanor.

— Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

      "43644,   (a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
      advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
      certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
      pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
      device has been certified by the state board. No person shall sell,
      offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
     control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
      device. Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

 Any apparent viclation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
 submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
— advisable.

 Executive Order D—195, dated August 3, 1989, is superseded and of no further
 force and effect.

\Executed at E1 Monte, California. this g;Z&?}ay of October, 1989.




                                         | //Z}/f/fwfl\
                                        K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                        Mobile Source Division


       EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
    MODEL NO. 10019 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIOGNS OF VEKICLE CODE
      SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                            E1 Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




   EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
MODEL NO. 10019 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE CODE
  SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                   CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                            October 1989


                                    SUMMARY


          Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton) has requested an update to the existing

Air Resources Board‘s Executive Order (E.0.) D—195 which exempted Paxton‘s add—

on supercharger kit model number 10019 from the prohibitions in California

Vehicle Code Section 27156.     The update request is to include the 1990 mode!

year Ford Motor Company Bronéo and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID

engine.

          Paxton has previously demonstrated, using a 1988 Ford Bronco powered by

a 351 CID engine, that their add—on supercharger kit model number 10019 will

not adversely affect emissions from the 1986—1990 model year Ford Motor Company

Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

          Based on the results from the comparative emission tests previously

performed by Paxton, and confirmed by the ARB, and that the 1990 vehicles for

which exemption update is requested are carry—overs from the 1989 models, the

staff concludes that Paxton‘s add—on supercharger kit will not adversely affect

exhaust emissions from vehicles for which exemption is requested.

          The staff recommends that Paxton be granted an exemption for their add—

on supercharger kit model number 10019 for installation on 1986—1990 Ford Motor

Company Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID enéine, and

that Executive Order D—195—1 be issued.


                                       F_CONT



                                                          Page Number



SUMMARY              |             |                            i
CONTENTS                                                       11

I.        INTRODUCTION                                          1

II.       CONCLUSION           .                                1

III.      RECOMMENDATIONS                                       1

IV.    : SUPERCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION             2

V.        DISCUSSION                                            3

VI.       APPENDIX                                              4

          INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS                   .       A—1




                                        11


EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT NO. 10019 FOR
EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTIONS 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS


I. INTRODUCTION
      Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton), of 929 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica,

California 90404—3795, has requested an update to the existing Air Resources

Board‘s Executive Order (E.0.) D—195 which exempted Paxton‘s add—on

supercharger kit model number 10019 from the prohibitions in California

Vehicle Code Section 27156.   The update request is to include the 1990 Ford

Motor Company (Ford) and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

      Paxton has previously demonstrated, using a 1989 Ford Bronco powered by

a 351 CID engine, that their add—on supercharger kit model number 10019 will

not adversely affect emissions from 1986—1989 model year Ford Bronco and F—150

vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

II. CONCLUSION
      Based on the results from comparative emission tests previously

performed by Paxton, and confirmed by the Air Resources Board (ARB), and that

the 1990 model year vehicles.for which exemption update is requested are

carry—overs from the 1989 models, the staff concludes that Paxton‘s add—on

supercharger kit will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for

which the exemption update is requested.

III. RECOMMENDATIONS
      The staff recommends that Paxton be granted an exemption for their add—

on supercharger kit mode! number 10019 for installation on 1986—1990 Ford

Bronco and F—150 vehicles powergd by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.   The staff

also recommends that Executive Order D—195—1 be issued.


IV. SUPERCHARGERKTTDESCRIPTIONANDOPERATION
      The Paxton supercharger kit is specifica1iy designed for installation on

1986—1990 Ford Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID engine.

The kit operates in conjunction with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

computer controlled electronic port fuel injection and emission control       ‘

systems already certified with the stock engine.    All the necessary hardware

and supplies for installing the supercharger are included in the kit.

      The purpose of supercharging an engine is to increase the volumetric

efficiency of an engine by forcing more air into an engine than it would

consume naturally aspirated (non—supercharged condition).    This is

accomplished by the addition of a centrifugal blower (Paxton P/N SN—60) that

is belt driven at 1.5 times fhe speed of the engine.     Intake air is delivered

from the OEM air filtering system to the centrifugal blower.     It is then

compressed by the supercharger and routed to the throttle body of the

electronic fuel injection system.

      Maximum positive manifold pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by the

blower scroll housing and the impeller design.     No wastegate or other active

boost limiting device is used.

      To provide additional fuel to maintain proper air/fuel‘ratios during

boost conditions a fuel control unit is added.     The fuel control unit when

placed in series with the OEM fuel pressure regulator in the fuel return line

will increase the fuel pressure, and fuel delivery, under boost conditions.

The unit is activated by a solenoid valive that is turned "on" and "off" via a

pressure switch set at 0.95 psi based on the inlet manifold pressure.      The

fuel control unit has a static set pressure of 70 psi.    Maximum static

pressure of the OEM fuel pressure regulator is about 34 psi.


         The blower is self lubricated by a piston—type oil pump.   The cil sump

has a capacity of 10 fluid ounces and uses type "A" automatic transmission

fluid.
         All OEM emission controls are left intact.

v. DISCUSSION
         Paxton‘s add—on supercharger kit model number 10019 applicable for 1986—

1989 model year Ford Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID

engine was granted an exemption (E.0. D—195) on August 3, 1989.      The exemption

was granted on the basis that the effectiveness of the vehicle‘s pollution

control system was not reduced.     Evaluation consisted of comparative (baseline

versus supercharged) CVS—75 and Highway Fuel Economy tests at normal

certification dynamometer road loading.

         The applicant requested that the exempt{on be updated to include the

1990 model year Ford Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a 302 or a 351 CID

engine.

         In response to the request, fhe staff compared the engine design of the

1986—1989 to the 1990 mode?! year Ford Bronco and F—150 vehicles powered by a

302 or a 351 CID engine and found that the engines and emission control

systems on these 1990 model year vehicles are carry—overs from the 1989

models.     The staff, therefore, is of the opinion that the 1990 models will

have the same degree of performance/emissions impact as the previous model

year vehicles.      Since the data from a 1988 model year Ford Bronco test vehicle

showed that the vehicle‘s emissions were not adversely affected when the

supercharger kit was installed, the Paxton kit will have no adverse effect on

the 1990 modelis.    No additional testing was required or performed for updating

the exemption.


APPENDIX


                              * A SANTA MONICA, CAFORNIA « USA. &




       Installation Instructions
                            And Owner‘s Manual .


              BRONCO + F150 _
             1986—4$
                 689 MODELS —|
     — ALL FUEL INJECTED 302 + 351 ENGINES
                    California or Federal Models*                   _
                     (With or Without Air Conditioning)


             *California Air Resources Board Exemption Order D—195 « l




Form No. 6189250
Supercharger Serial Number:
Date of Shipment:       .
                                                              929 OIy.mpic Boulevard   .

PAXTON PRODUCTS, Inc. """*"*""*"*P89i0zn


Paxton Products, Inc.                             ao                 |                  Page 1

                                            1986—19284 BRONCO/F150
                                                  P/N_ 10019


          Before installing your new Paxton Supercharger Kit, you should check the
          following items:
                        1.   Engine Compression should be within Vehicle
                             Manufacturer‘s specifications, and all cylindars
                             should be within 10 pounds of each other.
                        2.   Engine Timing should be at 10 degrees BTDC, per
                             Manufacturer‘s specifications.
                        3.   Spark plugs should be in good working order and
                             conform to Manufacturer‘s specifications.

          PREPARATION INSTRUCTIONS

          1.    Remove air intake hoses between the air cleaner and throttle body.

           2    Remove stock fafi and fan—clutch assemb]yQ

           3    Remove serpentine accessory drivé beit.

           4    Discharge air conditioner.

           5.   Remove A/C Tines from rear of compressor.
           6.   Remove A/C compressor (save stock mounting bolts).

           7.    Drain power steering fluid from pump.

           8    .Disconnect lines from power steering pump.

           9     Remove stock A/C, power steering bracket from vehicle by removing
                 the 3 stock bolts (save bolts).

          10.    Remove power steering pump pulley from the pump us1ng a pulley
                 puller {as shown in—Fig. 1).

          11.    Remove the pump from the bracket by removing the 3 mounting bo]ts
                 (save bolts).
          12.    Re—install the pump to the Supercharger mount1ng bracket {P/N 48042)
                 using the stock bolts, as shown in Fig. 2.

          13.    Re—install the pulley on the pump shaft.

          14.    Remove crankshaft pulley by removing the 4 stock bolts.


po   rage z


Page 3 ;
   Paxton Products, nc.

                                                 10                             :
                                          1986—198e" BRoNCO/F150                    ;
                                        INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
                                                 P/N 10019



                   Install the Paxton Supercharger crank pulley (P/N 48032—600) inside
                   the stock crankshaft pulley and re—install using the four 3/8—16
                   x 2—1/4 bolts (P/N 102659), 3/8 flat washers (P/N 100375) and 3/8
                   lock washers (P/N 38276) provided, as shown in Fig. 3.            '




                                               _ Fig. #3
              2.    Install the power steering pump pulley on the pump shaft.

             3A.    1986—1987 Air Conditioned Models:
                    Using the 3 mounting braces provided (P/N 48047) and the bolts and
                    washers provided (P/N‘s 102148, 105587, 38276, 100357), install the
                    A/C compressor to the S/C mount1ng bracket w1th the ports to the
                    outboard side.

             3B.    1988—1989 Air Conditioned Models:
                    Using the stock mounting bolts, install the A/C compressor to the
                    S/C mounting bracket

                    1989 A/C Line Extension:
                    On some 1989 models the A/C lines will not reach with the compressor
                    in the new position. Extend the lines by cutting the already dis—
                    charged A/C lines as close to the A/C block as possible. See Fig. 4.


axton Progucts, .A¢.




         30.    Connect the A/C Fitting Kit (P/N 48150M) to the Tines provide
                                                                              d
                (P/N‘s 48163—4 and 48164—18) and the numbers 12 and 8 hose—to—hose
                fittings (P/N‘s 48161 and 48162) as per Fig. 5.   (Use special ‘hose
                clamps provided).                                              e


rage o
    Paxton Proqucts. inc.

                                                                    Fitting Kit to the
             3E.     Using the stock mounting boit, connect the A/C                .
                     compressor as shown in Fig. 6.




                                                  ‘Fig. #6
               4.     Using the stock mounting bolts (saved in Step 9 of Preparation In—
                      structions), install the Paxton. Supercharger mounting bracket (P/N
                      48042) to the angine.. Use the spacer provided (P/N 48055) between
                      the water pump and mounting bracket as shown in Fig. 7. Secure, with
                      stock bolts, nuts and washers provided {P/N‘s 38656 and 100375).

              4A.     1989 Models:
                      Connect the cut A/C line to the hose—to—hose fittingé and secure with
                      special clamps provided.                               ;       .

              4B. If the stock A/C wire plug will not reach, use the A/C Wire Kit,
                      (P/N 10180}) provided to lengthen loom.                ;       [

                5.    Install the radiator fan studs (P/N 38830), fan spacer (P/N 48152) and
                      fan as shown in Fig. 7. Secure with 5/16 nuts and washers provided
                      (P/N‘s 100271 and 101023).            —
               6.     Secure the id1er'arm bracket (P/N 48185) to the mounting‘brackef using
                      the 3/8—16 x 1 bolts and washers provided (P/N‘s 102149, 104679 and
                      38276) as per Figs. 7 and 8. (Do not tighten yet.)               >


                                                                           _ Page t




                           —Fig. #7
Install the Paxton Supercharger (P/N 10161) to the mounting bracket
using the four 5/16—18 x 1—1/4 bolts and washers (P/N‘s 27372 and
27150) as per Fig. 7. Make sure the red "Paxton Supercharger" label
is in the top dead center position. Fill with 10 oz (between the first
and second mark on the dipstick} of Type FA Transmission Fluid pro—
vided (P/N 48500).   Note: Special "Paxta—Trak" Fiuid can be used, in
place of FA Transmission Fluid.   Paxta—Trak can be purchased directly
from the Paxton factory or your local distributor.        :

Install the Paxton Fuel Control Unit (P/N 10177) as fier the instructions
that came with the unit.


Page /
    Paxton Products, inc.


                                                                                         Page 8
Paxton Z"oqucts, inc.


         9.   Using the clamp provided (P/N HC—52), secure the 3—1/2" flex tubing to
              the intake side of the Supercharger, route tubing behind the oil fitller
              cap as shown in Fig. 9.                M               '          :

        10.   Place the 3" x 2" connector sleeveé (P/N 27468—T—SLY2) onto tfieistock
              air cleaner, and secure with clamps provided (P/N HC—48) as shown in
               Fig. 9.                                                          :
        11.    Place the 3—1/2" flex tube from step 9 onto the 3—1/2" port of {he in—
               take plenum (P/N 48049) and secure with clamp provided (P/N HC—52).

        12.    Slide the intake plenum (P/N 48049) into the two connector sleeves on
               the air cleaner as shown in Fig. 9, and clamp with clamps provided
               (P/N HC—48).                          ‘

        13.    ~Place the two 2—1/4 x 2" connector sleeves (P/N 48048—T—SLV2) onto the
               throttle body inlet and .secure with clamps provided (P/N HC—36),.
        14.    Slide the discharge plenum (P/N 48053) into the sleeves on the throttle
               body and secure with clamps provided (P/N HC—36) as per Fig. 10.




        15.    Connect the discharge tube (P/N 48054) between the Supercharger dis—
               charge outlet and the discharge plenum using the sleeves and clamps
               provided (P/N‘s 27174—T—SLV2, 27174—T—SLV3, HC—40) as shown in Fig. 11.

        16.    Route the accessory drive belt (P/N 48050) onto the crank pulley and
               accessories as per belt routing diagram in Fig. 12.


raye 9
   Paxton Progucts, Inc.




                           LUIFT COURTERCLOCKWiSE   ar   0          POUR DETENORE LA COURRCHE,
                           USING IOUER PULLEY BOLT “                AGIR SUR LE BOULON OU CALET
                           TO RELIEVETEXSION, « @                   TENOEUA ET SOULEVER DANS LE
                                                                    sens iwverse D‘Hontoce,




                           5.0L & 5.51 DRIVE BELT                 PARCOURS OF LA counnaig ~
                           INSTALLATICN                           MOTEUR §4 OU 5,8 L



                                                >    Fig. #12


                                                             SupERCHARCENS


                                                                                         Page1
Paxton Products. inc.



         17.    Route the Supercharger/Air Conditioner Drive Belt (P/N 48052) as per
                Fig. 13.   Tighten the belt and idler pu11ey bolts.

         18.    Using the Power Steering Extension Kit (P/N 10181) to ]engthenthe
                low pressure line, re—install the power steering lines. Fill with
                power steering'fluid.

         19.    Install the fresh air duct (P/N 48063) between the air cIeaner and the
                front radiator support as shown in Fig. 14.                    i

         20.    Check to be sure that the Supercharger is full of Type FA Transm1ss1on
                Fiuid {P/N 48500).

         21.    Start the engine and make sure all belts are running flat and true.

         22.    Re—charge air conditioning system per‘manufacturer‘s specs.




                                               Fig. #14



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:41
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:41

Previous E.O. D-195 | Previous E.O. D-194 | Next E.O. D-195-2 | Next E.O. D-196