Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on December 4, 1989.
As of Monday, October 21st, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
100181986-1990 Ford Motor company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID (5.0L) electronic fuel injection engine

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-195-3
  • Executive Order 195-3 / D195-3
  • ARB # D-195-3
  • Executive Order No: D-195-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-195-3
  • Resolution D-195-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-195-3 PDF

D-195-3 Document:



                                                      (Page 1 of 2)

                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—195—3
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the Y¥ehicle Code

                              PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.
              SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL NQ. SN—%9, PART No. i0018
Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and                        —
Pursuant to the autfiority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;       .

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLYED:     That the installation of the add—on
supercharger kit model number SN—89, part number 10018, manufactured by
Paxton Products, Inc., of 929 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica, California 90404,
has been found.not to reduce the effectiveness of the application vehicle
pollution control system and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of
Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1986—1990 model—year Ford Motor
Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID (5.0L) electronic fuel injection
engine.               p

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this supercharger kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to
specifications different from those submitted by Paxton Products, Inc.

Changes made to the design or operating cvnditions of the supercharger kit,
_as exempt by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the performance
 of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall 1nva11date this Executive
 Order .

Marketing of this supercharger kit using any identification other than that
shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this supercharger kit for an
application other than those listed in th‘s Executive Order shall be
prohibited unless prior approval is obtaired from the Air Resources Board.
Exemption of the supercharger kit shall nut be construed as exemption to .
sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the kit as an individual
device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this supercharger kit may have on any warranty either expressed
or implied by tha vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—PCLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
SENEFITS OF THE PAXTON PRODUCTS, IHC. SUPERCHARGER KIT RIDEL NO. SN—89, PART
 0. 10018.


                    +



    PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.                             EXECUTIYE ORDER D—195—3
—                             f                            (Page 2 of 2)
         —


    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
    made with respect to the action taken herein in any advert151ng or other
    oral or wr1tten communication.

    Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
    misleading advertising unlawful, and Sectxon 17534 makes violation
    pun1shable as. a misdemeanor.

    Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

         "43644,        {a)       No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
         advertise, or, except in. an application to the state board for
         certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
         pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
         device has been certified by the state board. No person shall sell,
         offer for sale, advertise, orrepresent any motor vehicle pollution
         control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
         ‘device.   Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

    'Any apparent viclation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
     submitted to the Attorney General of California for such actlon as he deems
     advisable.       j    *

    ‘Executive Order D—195—2 dated October 27, 1989 is superseded and of no
     further force and effect.

    Executed at E1 Monte, California, this _:if_
                                               day of December, 1989.



                                                     l
                                                    K. D. Drachand, Chief /
                                                    Mobile Source Division


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




   EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
MODEL NO. SN—89 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
  SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                   CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                          November, 1989


        EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC.‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT
     MODEL NO. SN—89 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
       SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                        CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                            E1 Monte, CA   91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                  SUMMARY



       Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton) of 929 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica,

California 90404, has applied for an update of the exemption, Executive Order

DB—195—2, for their add—on supercharger kit model number SN—89, part number

10018 to include all 1986—1990 model—year Ford Motor Company passenger cars

ipowered by a 302 CID (5.0L) electronic fuel injection (EFI) engine.

       Paxton had previously submitted data from comparative emission tests

conducted on a 1989 Ford Mustang powered by a 302 CID EFI engine at Automated

Custom Systems, Inc.   Confirmatory tests were conducted on the same vehicle at

the Air Resources Board‘s (ARB‘s) Haagen—Smit Laboratory.

       Based on the results from previous comparative emission tests performed

by Automated Custom Systems, Inc. and confirmed by the ARB, the staff concluded

that Paxton‘s add—on supercharger kit will not adversely affect exhaust

emissions from vehicles for which exemption was requested.

       The staff recommends that Paxton be granted the update for their add—on

supercharger kit model number SN—89, part number 10018, for installation on

1986—1990 model—year Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID EFI

engine, and that Executive Order D—195—3 be issued.


                                I        OF        N



                                                       Number


SUMMARY                                                    i
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                          11

I.        INTRODUCTION                                    1

II.       CONCLUSION                                      1

III.      RECOMMENDATIONS                                 1

IV.       SUPERCHARGER KIT DESCRIPTION




                                                          on
V.        SUPERCHARGER KIT EVALUATION




                                                          t
VI.       DISCUSSION




                                                          Bo




                                              11


EVALUATION OF PAXTON PRODUCTS, INC‘S ADD—ON SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL NO. SN—89,
PART NO. 10018 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION
27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTIONS 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OFf
REGULATIONS


1. INTRODUCTION
        Paxton Products, Inc. (Paxton), of 929 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica,

California 90404, has applied for an update of the exemption for their add—on

supercharger kit model number SN—89, part number 10018 to include all 1986—

1990 Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID electronic fuel

injection (EFI) engine.    The existing exemption covers 1986—1990 Ford Mustangs

only.    The exemption update will include passenger cars belonging to the same

engine family: LTD Crown Victoria, LTDO Crown Victory Wagon, Grand Marquis

Wagon, Grand Marquis, Mustang, Mark VII, and Town Car as indicated in the

Ford Motor Company vehicle certification.



II. CONCLUSION
        Paxton has previously submitted data on comparative stock baseline

versus supercharged emission tests conducted on a 1989 Ford Mustang powered By

a 302 CID EFI engine at Automated Custom Systems, Inc. of Orange, California.

Confirmatory tests were conducted on the same vehicle at the ARB‘s Haagen—Smit

Laboratory in E1 Monte, California.    Since the update will include only those

vehicles belonging to the same engine family for which an exemption has been

granted, no testing is required.    Based on the comparative emission tests

previously performed by Automated Custom Systems, Inc. and confirmed by the

ARB the staff concluded that Paxton‘s add—on subercharger kit would not

adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which the exemption was

requested.

III. RECOMMENDATIONS

        The staff recommends that Paxton be granted the update for their add—on

supercharger kit model number SN—89, part number 10018 for installation on

1986—1990 Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID EFI engine.

The staff also recommends that Executive Order D—195—3 be issued.


IV. SUPERCHARGERKITDESCRIPTION
         The Paxton supercharger kit is specifically designed for installation on

1986—1990 Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID EFI engine.

The kit operates in conjunction with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

computer controlled electronic port fuel injection and emission control

systems already certified with the stock engine.         The purpose of supercharging

an engine is to increase the volumetric efficiency of the engine by forcing

‘more air into the engine than it would consume in normal aspirated, non—

supercharged condition.      This is accomplished by the addition of a centrifugal

blower, Paxton Model No. SN—89, that is belt driven at 1.5 times the speed of

the engine.      Intake air is delivered from the OEM air filtering system to the

centrifugal blower.      It is then compressed by the supercharger and routed to

the throttle body of the electronic fuel injection system.         Maximum positive

manifold pressure or boost is limited to 5 psig by the blower scroll housing

and the impeller design.      No wastegate or other active boost limiting device

 is used.

         To provide additional fuel to maintain the proper air/fuel ratio during

boost conditions a fuel control unit is added.      At boost, a positive pressure

of about 1 psi induced by the supercharger causes an increase of the static

pressure in the fuel return line beyond the maximum 34 psi of the OEM fue!l

pressure regulator.      The fuel control unit has a set static pressure of 70

psi.     This condition causes an increase in air/fuel charge, while maintaining

the proper air/fuel ratio.

         The blower is self lubricated by a piston—type oil pump.      The oil sump

has a capacity of 12 fluid ounces and uses type "F" automatic transmission

fluid.      All OEM emission Eontro?s are left intact.


V. SUPERCHARGER KIT   EVALUATION

      A 1989 Ford Mustang powered by a 302 CID electronic port fuel injected

engine was used for the evaluation of the supercharger kit.            The dynamometer

inertia weight and loading used during the testing were 3,625 Tbs. and 9.0 hp,

respectively.

      Comparative emission tests conducted by Automated Custom Systems, Inc.,

and the ARB consisted of back—to—back cold—start CYS—75 emission tests.

Additionally, comparative Highway Fuel Economy Tests {HFET) were conducted by

the Automated Custom Systems, Inc. and the ARB.          TheséAtests were used to

determine exhaust emissions and fuel economy in the unmodified and

supercharged configurations for comparison.          The test results are shown below:


                                      Table 1

                       Exhaust Emissions Test Results from
                          Automated Custom Systems, Inc.

                         Exhaust Emissions (gm/mi)          Fue] Economy {mpg) '
       est _Mode         _HC_       _CQ_        _NQx_                 _City
      Baseline           0.203      0.753       0.519                 17.655
      Baseline           0.222      0.882       0.513                 17.757
      Average            0.213      0.818       0.516                 17.706

      Device             0.218      0.679       0.564                 17.556
      Device             0.252      0. 667      0.558                 17.647
      Average            0.235      0.673       0.561                 17.602

      % Change           +10        —18         +9                    —1


                                      Table 2

                       Exhaust Emissions Test Results from
                               Air Resources Board

                            hau    missi            i      Fuel Econo
      TestMode           _HC_        [eo        _NOx_      _City           Highway
      Baseline           0.243      2.398       0.539      17 .464         29.595
      Baseline           0.212      1.506       0.524      17.572          29.597
      Average            0 .228     1.952       0.532      17.518          29.596

      Device             0 .248     1.443       0.547       17.578         29.574
     ~Device             0 .225     0.835       0.462       17 .742        29.891
      Average            0.237      1.139       0.505       17.660         29.733

      % Change           +4         —42         —5         +1              +0


VI. DISCUSSION

      The results of the exhaust emission tests submitted by Paxton show a

decrease in emissions of Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) and an
increase of Hydrocarbon (HC), due to the installation of the supercharger kit.

The confirmatory testing conducted by the ARB yielded less increase in HC and

more decrease in CO and NOx.   However, the increase in HC is within the 10%

maximum which is allowed by Vehicle Code Section 27156 exemption criteria.

      The tests results have shown that the Paxton supercharger model number

SN—89, part number 10018, did not reduce the effectiveness of the emissions

control sysfems of the vehicle.   Thus, Paxton has fulfilled the requirements

for the exemption and was issued the Executive Order D—195—2.   Since the

Paxton supercharger will be installed only on vehicles of the same engine

family concerned under an existing exemption, the request for an update should

be granted and Executive Order D—195—3 issued to include all 1986—1990 Ford

Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID EFI engine.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:43
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:43

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