Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on February 20, 1990.
As of Monday, September 23rd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

ModelsModification
1989 and older vehicles equipped with a 12-volt charging systemAlternator Cut-Off System

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-198
  • Executive Order 198 / D198
  • ARB # D-198
  • Executive Order No: D-198
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-198
  • Resolution D-198
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-198 PDF

D-198 Document:



                                                      (Pagg 1 of 2)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—198
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code

                              NUTRONICS CORPORATION
                                 NU—CHARGE SYSTEM

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G@—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:     That the installation of the Nu—Charge system
manufactured by Nutronics Corporation of 700 Weaver Park Road, Longmont, CO
80501, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor
vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the
prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1989 and older model—             .
year vehicles equipped with a 12—volt charging system.                              —

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the'design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order .                                         —

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.       Exemption of a kit shall
not be construed as as exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any
component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY CGTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE NUTRONICS CORPORATION NU—CHARGE SYSTEM.


 NUTRONICS CORPORATION                    .        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—198
 NU—CHARGE SYSTEM                                  (Page 2 of 2)




 No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
 made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
 oral or written communication.

 Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
 misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes viclation
 punishable as a misdemeanor.

 Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

      "43644,   (a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
      advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
      certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
      pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
      device has been certified by the state board.  No person shall sell,
      offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
      control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
      device.   Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

 Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
 submitted—to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
 advisable.
              2           ,                   A
. —Executed at El Monte, California, this 22—day of February, 1990.
                                         hn
                                        /L,/
                                                    J     zo oy,
                                                  + eCrae/y
                                                              —2Ay
                                                                 7
                                         K. D. Drachand, Chief /*7
                                         Mobile Source Division


                     State of California
                    AIR RESOURCES BOARD




     EVALUATION OF NUTRONICS CORPORATION NU—CHARGE SYSTEM
     FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE CODE
SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                        February 1990


                            State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD




            EVALUATION OF NUTRONICS CORPORATION NU—CHARGE SYSTEM
            FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
       SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                            E1 Monte, CA   91731



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Beard and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   SUMMARY



       Nutronics Corporation of 700 Weaver Park Road, Longmont, CO   80501, has

applied for an exemption from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section (VC)

27156 for the Nu—Charge system.   The Nu—Charge system is an electronic control

unit which controls the alternator operation by disconnecting the alternator

during acceleration or high speed cruising, but reconnecting the alternator

when either the accelerator pedal is released or the battery voltage falls

below a specified level.   The applicant intends to market the device for 1989

and older model—year vehicles equipped with 12—volt charging systems.

       Based on staff‘s engineering evaluation and results of tests performed

by the Automobile Club of Southern California, the Nu—Charge system will have

no adverse effect on emissions of the vehicles for which the exemption is

requested.   The staff recommends that Nutronics be granted a VC 27156 exemption

for the Nu—Charge system as requested and that Executive Order D—198 be issued.


                                       F CONTENTS



                                                           Page Number



SUMMARY                                                          i

CONTENTS                                                        11

I.        INTRODUCTION                                           1

II.       CONCLUSION                                             1

III.      RECOMMENDATION                               .         1

IV.       NU—CHARGE SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION             2

V.        DISCUSSION         :                                   2

VI.       APPENDIX                                               4

          SUMMARIZATION OF TEST DATA                             5

          MERCURY SABLE TEST RESULTS                             6

          INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS      f                       7




                                        i1


             EVALUATION OF NUTRONICS CORPORATION NU—CHARGE SYSTEM
              FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
        SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE

 I.    INTROBUCTION

       Nutronics Corporation of 700 Weaver Park Road, Longmont, CO     80501, has

 applied for a VC 27156 exemption in accordance with Section 2222, Title 13 of

.the California Administrative Code to market the Nu—Charge system for 1989 and

older model—year vehicles equipped with a 12—volt charging system.     The Nu—

Charge system decreases engine load by disconnecting the alternator during

 inefficient operating regimes, but reconnecting the alternator when either

the accelerator pedal is released or the battery voltage falls below a

specified level.     In theory, removing the alternator output while the engine is

under load will reduce engine drag and improve fue] economy.



II.    CONCLUSIONS

       The applicant has submitted all the required information.     Based on data

from tests performed by the Automobile Club of Southern California and an

engineering evaluation of the Nu—Charge device, the staff concludes that the

device will have no adverse effect on emissions.



III.   RECOMMENDATION

       The staff recommends the exemption be granted to Nutronics Corporation

as requested and that Executive Order No. D—198 permitting the advertisement,

sales and installation of the Nu—Charge system be issued.


IV.    NU—CHARGE SYSTEM     CR      ON AND OPERATIO

       The Nu—Charge system is a 4 by 3 by 2 inch electronic control unit,

weighing about 9 ounces, that is wired into a vehicle‘s charging system and

connected to a manifold vacuum source.     Vacuum is used to signal this unit when

to turn the alternator on or off.     A red LED light indicates when the

alternator is charging (LED light on} or not charging (LED light off).

       The purpose of the Nutronics Nu—Charge system is to reduce parasitic

losses caused by alternato} loads during inefficient operating regimes.        The

Nu—Charge electrically disables the alternator during acceleration or high

speed cruising, but reconnects the alternator when the accelerator pedal is

released or when the battery voltage falls below a specified level.        During

alternator disconnect the vehicle runs on electricity from the battery.        In

normal city driving, deceleration is adequate to keep the battery fully

charged.   The Nu—Charge system is designed to prevent battery discharge to the

point where it will affect engine starting.



V.     DISCUSSION

       Nutronics submitted all the required information for obtaining a

VC 27156 exemption for the Nu—Charge system.     Emission tests were performed on

four vehicles by the Automobile Club of Southern California.      There were two

baseline and two device tests performed on the Buick Skyhawk and the Subaru GL,

while three baseline and three device tests were performed on the Ford LTD and

the Mercury Sable.   The results of the tests are shown in Appendix A.

       The tests showed that all four vehicles did not increase carbon monoXxide

(C0) or oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions.     However, for the hydrocarbon (HC)



                                         _3—


emissions, the 1988 Mercury Sable failed to meet the HC emission criteria (10%

increase from baseline} by an 11.4% increase from the baseline.    This is

because HC emissions data from test #2, as shown in Appendix B, were not

consistent with the results from other tests.    HC emissions under tests #1 and

#3 showed a negligible change from the baseline when tested with the device

(—2.3%, and 0%, respectively), while that under test #2 showed a significant

increase (33%).   Test results under test #2 is also counter to the trend of no

change or slight decrease in HC emissions exhibited by the other vehicles

tested with the device installed.    Based on these comparisons, data from test

#2 was omitted resulting to an average change of 0% which is within the

specified criteria.

       Emission data from the four vehicles tested by the Automobile Club of

Southern California has demonstrated that use of the Nu—Charge system will not

cause vehicle emissions to increase significantly.    Engineering evaluation

conducted by the ARB staff also supports the test results.    Thus, confirmatory

testing by the ARB is unnecessary.

       Based on the submitted data, the staff believes that the device does not

viclate the prohibitions in California Vehicle Code Section 27156.    The staff

recommends that Nutronics be granted a VC 27156 exemption for the Nu—Charge

system as requested and that Executive Order D—198 be issued.


APPENDIX


                              APPENDIX A




                       Summarization of Test Data



                             Device Off    Device On   % Change

                             (a/mi)        (g/mi}


1985 Buick       HC                        0.53          0.0

Skyhawk          CO                        7.88        —11.3

                 NOx                       0.45

1987 Subaru GL               0.155         0.125

                 cCO         2.555         2.18

                 NOx                       0.25



1988 Ford LTD    HC                        0.43        —12.2
Crown Victoria   cCO                       0 .99       —17.3
                 NOx                       0.67         —4.3


1988 Mercury     HC                        0.49

Sable Station    co                        0 .92

Wagon            NOx                       0 .92


                                     APPENDIX B




              LABORATORY TEST DATA FOR 1988 MERCURY SABLE STATION WAGON



       TEST                        HC (g/mi)      CO (g/mi)    NOx (g/mi)


Baseline #1                        0.42           1.96         0.88



Baseline #2                        0.36           1.22         0 .81



Baseline #3                        0.56           2.10         0.84




Device #1                          0.41           1.76         0.91


Device #2                          0 .50          1.64         0.92



Device #3                        _ 0.56           1.77         0 .92


              ALTER—BREAK SYSTEM — MODEL A1400 — INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
                                                                                                                                                            ALTER—BREAK MODEL A1400
4OTe isently your altomatortaquialor systam type betore procasing: The numbared Instructions below are for
    wtemators with °B cloul" extornal volige regutitore such us those on Ford with mechanical or elactonic            Vet beit    (nnakeranitolt                   WIRING DIAGAAM for
    dequiators. Toyste with mochanion! requimtors (which Incwgo E, F & N torminais}, Bosch wih axtarmal                                                         |     Vehicles ‘with
    sequiaiors (unich iclude DF and D+ torminale}, 1961—1059 Chysier Corporailon with mechanical requittors                                                 Externally Regulated Afternators
    ang other sysiams with "B ccul" reguiatore that contct the poslive (+) side of the Nald winatngs.
    Sar          re wits "A circul roputaiors such as 1870—1087 Shysier Corperailon vohicia wiih wlectronie
                 i attachmont of the torminals "A" and "8" in the accompanying dagaam MUST 6E REVERSED.                                                       This diagram is for "Q_CIRCUIT" regulators
        —         MALE terminal "8" must bo installed on he stipped wire londing FROM o regulator fald
     «.iinifiline me FEMALE receplacio torminal "A" musi be inctaled on ino stripped wite leading TO THE                                                      such as those on Ford.
    Acrernaton rieu Temmina..
                                                                                                                                                                For "A"_.CIBCUIT® requlators such as those
 1. TurN orf ianmonitt              TuBn orf leumowitt           yueN orr ioxmionit                                                                           on 1970—1987 Ghrysler, the location: of
 i caumon: puace whest cHooxs in fhonT AND emio ThE DRIVING wiHEELS AND FiRMLY                                            1 consestor ortentation             terminals "A" and."8" MUST BE SWITCHED
     seT ThE Euenaency brakes berong continuina.
3. Lecaia the FIELD TERMINAL WIRE botwoun the allemator and regulator and cut the wire In an mren scoussiblo                                                             *      i
     tor siripping and terminating.                                                                                                                            C    _A        From Regulator Field Terminal
4.: Siip 876 (Brmim) Inculation off each ond of e wite cut in stop 3.
5."ram the FEMALE AECEPTACLE TERMINAL A on ihe sipped wire lsacing EROM THE REGULATOR and erimp
     fimly with & estmping tool.
6."ineall ho MALE TERMINAL 8 on the strpped who leading FROM THE ALTERNATOR FIELD TERMINAL and crimp
     frmiy.                                                                                                                                                                                                 Power
7. Pug the BLUE who C ot he ALTEM—OREAK SYSTEM (ABs) nemess lato the fmale racoptacte A Installed
     in atop 5 and prog the male raceptacle 8 Instalesin stop 6 inthe fomale recepiacte D atached to inaYELLOW                                                                                               from
     wire of e ABS hamese.                                                                                                                                                                               Banory
                                                                                                                                                                                                         B
8. Locate a POSITVE (B;) wire near tha Batlery an whhin reach of the partaly comeciad ABS wing hamous
     and anich one of he QUICK TAP—N pssomities E.
©.. Locate an IGNITION KEY—SWITGHED power wire wiltin reach of the ABS wiing hamess and atlch the othor                                                                                                    from
     OUICK TAP—N essombly F on thé SWITCHED wio.                                                                                                                                                         Keyswich
 10. Pug the AED ABS hamass wire G Ito ho POSITIVE B+ receptacis E arlched in stop8.                                        Green to                                            :                        nALZZC
 11. Pug ts BLACK ABS hamoss wie H inio ie SWITCHED recoptacie F anached io siep 0.                                                                            To Aiternator
 12. Plug ie 6 lerminal ABS wirng connoctor | Into ino back of ima ABS cese J. NOTE THAT THE CORRECT
     ominration or ns connectommasTe wees EXTENOIN away FRom ThE CaSe anp                                                                                     Field Tarminal .
     RiECASE
 19. Locate a goos chaseis ground source (B)und attach the ferninl K of tha GREEN ARS wie to tat source.
14. Loonts a vecuur: Ino M THE
                            CONECTD ifTaide eut ie vecuurm lina M 1.3 inches (dom) fram
    no menlfola tiing and instal the vecuurm too ftng L provigac, in coris with the veewum line M {JUST CUT)
    and is Infake muntfold.
15. Anach one and of the vacuur lino N providod to the short log of the tos L and atiach the omer and to the norzle
    lecated on the front of ino ABS cuse J.
18. Stant and warm up the angine and                                 c
    discamectig ie vecwur line N fom tha Tt of the ABS case J. WTH THE ENGINE RUNNING, you snoud m
    -mompuxugqmmmmmahunpmnyu.mmmmmamalm»mnmuws_gm                                                                                                   Two plece quick tap—in.    Lay hotline in stot in the
                                                                                                                                                    splicing body. Snap body tlosed with fingers or
     mw it verfication is posttve. emomar he reaam mss it o we ass.                                                                                 pliers to make an insulated receptacle for a
 17. THOROUGHLY CLEAN AND OE—GRASE a smooth, coolNt sustace wiin reach of the ALTER+BREAK                                                           standard terminal. Tep—in line may be quickly
     SYSTEM mnd harmass acsombly.
 18. Post affihe protectwe sirfom one «ige of iho hookand loop lnslanr 0 provided and pross on to the back of                                       connected or disconnecied.,     No wire cutting or
     ns ABS unJ, posl the atip off me oihor site of tho lestoner and pross the ABS unk onto the fiat surlace                                        insulation stripping required for these. mo
     propand in siup 17.                                                                                                                            connections.>
 19. Turn on the ights and adjust the ABS loed sensor by lightaning the adustment serew in ine conier of the case
    In the ctochwise drection unt) sho rod lghi (LED) in Ihe lowor les comer of tha case turne otf_ and loosen the                                                                       aszss      siaviaa
    screw in the eountorsiect—wise dlocion unil ns LEO (Lighy tums back on and CONTINUE TURKING AN
    Acomona 1e tuan. e ENoiNe snouun sPEE0 uP when The LEis OFF                 SL.ow bown whek ELen
    so      in ins LEO in on, the allernator is in the normat charging mode And when it is off sucn as during
      \       the altornator is telaty: or proportonaly: dlsongaged dependitg on ho status of the bettory
      Je:        scceionuton or wthe engina undar load, AND WiTH THE BATTERY ALMOST FULLY CHARGED ho
     batiay chargieg NDICATOR LIGHT NAY GLOW. Thi8 A POBITIVE INDICAYION tha the ABS ult is opereting
     corraety and halsing to corservs enrgy as weli as provicing wddllonal powar during ncceleeaton. A second
     malhad of vertying the Instaliion is by onserding the brighinees of ma HEADLIGHTS which MAY Di
     BUIHTLY during accularudon on brighton during deceloration Indcating norimal ABS operation, If t vahicie
     is equippac wa vollige or amp motwr, tha valluge readings will drop approrimately mo volss or the ump
     moter wl gwing towards low cherge curing uccelaratlon and hack up curing fow engine load.
                                     NUTRONICS CORPORATION                           ——
                       700 Wewver Park Read, Bulte A + Longetont,Colerado 80501 + (909) are—zse
                                                                                           asere. Tue, Jun 14, 1088


         Sable/Taurus                                                                    FORD IAR                             Vacuum Hose
                                                                                                                                            Intake Manifold
   (MEGra.ATERNATORREGLLATOR UNT)               MeGkum HeS®   (Eiake anifold    (NTEGRAL ALTERNATOR—REGLLATOR UNIT)


                                                  Eho


                                                      1 Connector orientstion




                                                                                                                             @ge >
                                                                                                                1S A

                                                                                                                       |(©
                                                       ALTER—BREAK                                                                      ALTER—BREAK
                                                          SYSTEM                                                                          SYSTEM




                                                                                                                       1.
                                                                                                                                            6 5       3 2 1
              Orange/Black                                                                  Yallow/White




                                                              Torminal
                B__D                                      Yatlow
          \_EE
  [




                   Crimp

          i—momma—EE—__—_——
            A  C Papa
                             Torminal                                                                                                                 E Tap—in
                                                                                                                                            7           Torminal
                                                                                                                                     r Terminal '

*I". Indicat or Terminal
                                        White/Black ,                           *A" Battery Positive
        Oran ge/Black
                                                                                {sense point & field
                                                                                current source)            *Stator®             ;
                                                                                Yellow/White               White/Black          i



                                                                                                                                                  s121188
                                        Aszas                  $/21788


                             Vacuum Hose
                                                   Intake Manifold                                          Installation on
                                                                                                     Bosch — External Regulator


                                                                                Chassis
‘ TOYOTA                                                                         Ground




                                      1     ‘Connector orientation


                                                                                Chassis
                                                                                Graund




                                                                                                                                              4039in6box
                                             ALTER—BREAK
 Alternator                  Ground             SYSTEM
 Connector
                                                             8 2 1



                                                                                                                  Alter‘na(or


                                                                     Tap—in
                                                                     Terminal
                                                                                    d            0
                                          Yellow                                  1 Connector ortentation                         Nota: Wire colors
                                                                                                                                  from alternator end
                                                                                                                              1   regulator may very.
                                                                                                                                   sz         e/sofee
Cut         ,:Lr‘-:—] mm                  Blue          E H

                                                     Tap—in
‘             A       C                              Terminal




To Wiring
 Harness
                           A3225                                 6/23788


                           FORD External                                                                                     CHRYSLER
                          Ampmeter or Warning Light                                                                              197
 SEPARATE RELAY—TVPE REGULATORS
                                              withJome,

                                              "I"     ts powared by the indicatorlamp and                                          ELECTRONIC
     ‘R                    Chassis                    is used for inittal excitation of the                                      volTant ReULATOR
                o          Ground                     alternator.
              REGULATOR         —
                                            K "&+". is connected to the bettery power at all                                                                                 Red or Blus #1
                                                    times and powars the requlator.                                                                                  Quick tip~tn


                                                                                                                                                                 3
                                              "S+"    is powered by the elternstors "stator"
                                                      tap or "stator" terminal and ctoses the
                                                      tsld rolag.
                                              "F*     Provides power to the aiternator field          Gren from ABS
                                                      from the ragulator,
Amprater

For vehicle
                                                                                                                                   Crrmed *   Red from a8S
                                                                                                                                              Black from AS
                                                         Shigewice trim a09

                                  Rnwrire
                                                        Yellew whre from ABS
                                                          bhve wire from ABE
                                                                                                #1, Blue or red. Ths terminal provides battery power to the
                                                                                                    regulator whenever the ignitton switch in the "run"          v      Hese
                                                                                                    posttton,                                           i
                                                                                                                                                                               Intake Muifeid

                                                On vehicles with gouge.                         2. Green. This terminal gets !ts power from the
                                                                                                   aiternator field to the regulator, The regulator then
                                                "I*    Not used.                                   *grounds" this wire to bring the alternater to full output.

                                +               "A+* Connectad to the battery power,            =3. This terminai was ohty used on the 1969 Imperiat end
                          (Te alternater)                                                           only the two prang is currently betng used.
                                                "S"    Connected to tgnition, "run" posttion
                                                       closes fleld relay.                                                                                   ’                        o
                                                                                                                                                                       1 connactor ortentation
                                                "F"    Provides power to the altenator
                                                                                                                                                                      assar        a/zo/ee
                                                       field from the regulator,
                                                                               aszme   eso/es




                                                                                                                                       «>



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:12
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:12

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