Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on February 27, 1991.
As of Saturday, August 24th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1986-1990 model-year Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID (5.0L) electronic fuel injection

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-213
  • Executive Order 213 / D213
  • ARB # D-213
  • Executive Order No: D-213
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-213
  • Resolution D-213
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-213 PDF

D-213 Document:



                                                       (Page 1 of 2)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—213
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code

                          VORTECH ENGINEERING, INC.
                            MODEL V—1 SUPERCHARGER

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—4§—5;

IT IS QORDERED AND RESQLYED:     That the fnstallation of the add—on
supercharger kit model number Y—1, manufactured by Yortech Engingering Inc.,.
of 5273 Commerce Ave., Unit 10, Moorpark, CA 93021, has been found not to
reduce the effectiveness of the applicable vehicle pollution control system
and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the
Vehicle Code for 1986—1990 model—year Ford Motor Company passenger cars
powered by a 302 CID (5.0L) electronic fuel injection engine.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this supercharger kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to
specifications different from those submitted by Vortech Engineering, Inc.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the supercharger kit,
as exempt by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order .

Marketing of this supercharger kit using any identification other than that
shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this supercharger kit for an
application other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be
prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.
Exemption of the supercharger kit shall not be construed as exemption to
sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the kit as an individual
device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect the
use of this wupercharger kit may have on any warranty either expressed or
implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE VORTECH ENGINEERING, INC. SUPERCHARGER KIT MODEL NO. Y—1.


VORTECH ENGINEERING, INC.                       EXECUTIVE ORDER D—213
V—1 SUPERCHARGER                                (Page 2 of 2)


No claim of any kind , such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for
revocation of this order.  The order may be revoked only after ten day
written notice of intention to revoke the order, in which perfod the holder
of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed
revocation.   If a hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of
receipt of the request and the order may not be revoked until a
determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.
                                           B
Executed at El Monte, California, this 2 7    day of February, 1991.




                                      Summéé?%%fidL~—
                                       R. B.
                                       Assistant Division Chief
                                       Mobile Source Division


                        State of California
                        AIR RESOURCES BOARD




   EVALUATION OF VORTECH ENGINEERING, INC. MODEL V—1 SUPERCHARGER
           FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE
CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                   CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                          February 1991


                            State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD




       EVALUATION OF VORTECH ENGINEERING, INC. MODEL V—1 SUPERCHARGER
                FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKHICLE
    CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Diviston
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                          El Monte, CA    91731—2990



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   SUMMARY



       Vortech Engineering, Inc., of 5273 Commerce Ave., Unit 10, Moorpark, CA.

93021 has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section 27156 of

the California Vehicle Code (VC) for the Vortech Y—1 Supercharger.   The V—1

Supercharger is designed for installation on 1986—90 Ford Motor Company

vehicles powered by a 5.0 liter EFI engine.

       Previously, the Air Resources Board has exempted the Paxton

Supercharger, model number SN—89, with a similar design to the Yortech V—1

Supercharger.   Based on the engineering evaluation of the Vortech V—1

Supercharger and a comparative analysis with the Paxton Supercharger, the staff

believes that the Vortech V—1 Supercharger will not have any adverse effect on

emissions of the affected vehicles.   The staff recommends the Vortech V—1

Supercharger be exempted from the prohibitions in VC Section 27156 and that

Executive Order D—213 be issued.


                                     TABLE OF CONTENTS



                                                                Page Number



SUMMARY                                                               1

CONTENTS                                                             11

I.        INTRODUCTION                                                1

II.       CONCLUSION                        .                         1

III.      RECOMMENDATION                                              1

IV.       DESCRIPTIQN                                                 2

V.        DISCUSSION                                                  2

          APPENDIX                                                    4

          APPENDIX A:      INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS                  5

          APPENDIX B:      FUEL MANAGEMENT UNIT INSTALLATIONS         6




                                           11


          EVALUATION OF YORTECH ENGINEERING, INC. MODEL V—1 SUPERCHARGER
                   FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE
       CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                         CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




I.       INTRODUCTION

         Vortech Engineering, Inc., of 5273 Commerce Ave., Unit 10, Moorpark, CA.

93021 has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section 27156 of

the California Vehicle Code for the Yortech V—1 Supercharger.    The V—1

Supercharger is designed for installation on 1986—90 Ford Motor Company

vehicles powered by a 5.0 liter EFI engine.



II.     CONCLUSTONS

        Previously, the Air Resources Board exempted the Paxton Supercharger,

model SN—89, with the same basic design, operating principles and application

as the Vortech V—1 Supercharger.    The Paxton system was tested and found not to

reduce the effectiveness of the pollution control system of the applicable

vehicle.    Based on a comparative evaluation of the two superchargers, the

staff believes the Vortech V—1 Supercharger will not have any adverse effect on

exhaust emissions.



III.    RECOMMENDATION

        The staff recommends, on the basis of similarities, that the Vortech V—1

Supercharger be exempted from the prohibitions in Yehicle Code Section 27156

and that Executive Order D—213 be issued.


IV.       DEVICEDESCRIPTION

          The Vortech supercharger kit is specifically designed for installation

on 1986—90 Ford Motor Company passenger cars powered by a 302 CID EFI engine.

The kit operates in conjunction with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

computer controlled electronic port fuel injection and emission control systems

already certified with the stock engine.     The purpose of supercharging an

engine is to increase the volumetric efficiency of the engine by forcing more

air into the engine than it would consume in normal aspirated, non—supercharged

condition.     This is accomplished by the addition of a centrifugal blower,

Vortech Model No. V—1, which delivers an overall impeller—to—crankshaft

ratic of 6.21:1.     Intake air is delivered from the OEM air filtering system to

the centrifugal blower.     It is then compressed by the supercharger and routed

to the throttle body of the electronic fuel injection system.      Maximum positive

manifold pressure or boost is limited to 5 psi by the blower scroll housing and

the impeller design.     No wastegate or other active boost lTimiting device is

used.

          To provide additional fuel to maintain the proper air/fuel ratio during

boost conditions a fuel control unit is added.     At boost, a positive pressure

of about 1 psi induced by the supercharger causes an increase in the static

pressure in the fuel return line beyond the maximum 34 psi of the OEM fuel

pressure regulator.     The fuel control unit has a set static pressure limit of

70 psf.    This condition causes an increase in air and fuel charge, while

maintaining the proper air/fuel ratio.


       The blower is lubricated by feed lines in engine block and oil pan.     All

OEM emission controls are left intact.



.      DISCUSSION

Based on the technical data submitted, the following comparison of the Paxton

and Vortech Supercharger systems were made.

       1.   Both have same inlet and outlet dimensions.

       2.   Impellers are of identical type and dimension.

       3.   Impeller—to—crankshaft ratio are the same.

       4.   At the same impeller RPM, the Vortech supercharger and the
            Paxton supercharger will deliver the same amount of boost.

       5.   Both mount in the same location with identical hardware.

The major difference is the internal drive system.    While the Paxton

supercharger uses a planetary ball drive, the Vortech supercharger uses a gear

step—up drive system.    Vortech claims its system has less parasitic drag which

may even cause less NOx emissions compared to that of Paxton.



Based on the above mentioned similarities, the staff has determined

that the Vortech ¥—1 Supercharger will exhibit similar emission

characteristics as the Paxton Supercharger.    The Paxton Supercharger has

previously been tested using a 1989 Ford Mustang, 5.0 liters, EFI and was

determined not to reduce the effectiveness of the emission control system on

the affected vehicles.   In view of the similar design characteristics of the

two superchargers, staff concludes that the YVortech V—1 Supercharger will not

have any adverse effects on emissions of 1986—90 Ford Vehicles powered by a 5.0

liter, EFI engine.


APPENDIX B:



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:14
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:14

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