Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on January 16, 1992.
As of Sunday, August 25th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
16201986-1992 5.0L Ford Mustangs, 1990-1992 5.0L Ford Thunderbird engine family MFM5.0V5FXFX, 1986-1992 5.0L Lincoln LSC equipped with EEC-4 ECU and sequential EFI, 1984-1985 5.0L Ford LTD LX equipped with EEC-4 ECU and central EFI, 1979-1984 4.2L & 5.0L V-8 Ford Mustang with EEC-4 ECU, 1980 5.0L Ford Crown Victorias and Lincolns equipped with EEC-3 ECU and Variable Venturi, 1982-1983 5.0L Crown Victorias and Lincolns equipped with EEC-3 ECU

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-216-4
  • Executive Order 216-4 / D216-4
  • ARB # D-216-4
  • Executive Order No: D-216-4
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-216-4
  • Resolution D-216-4
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-216-4 PDF

D-216-4 Document:



                                                           {Page 1 of 2)

                                State of California
                                AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—216—4
                  Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                of the Vehicle Code

                            J. BITTLE AMERICAN, INC.
              SHORTY HEADER, MODEL NOS. 1620, 1624, 1627, and 1628


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources by Section
                                                                 27156 of
the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:  That the installation of t:e Shorty Header
manufactured by J. Bittle American, Inc. of 9630 Aero Dr., San Diego, CA
92123, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor
vehicle pollution control devices,     and therefore is exenpt from the
prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for t:e following
Ford applications:

Model #                  Application

1627 & 1628              All 1985—1992 5.0 or 5.8 liter gesoline trucks

1620 & 1624              1986—1992 5.0 liter Mustangs


                jb       1990—1992 5.0 liter Thunderbird sngine family
                                     MFMS . OV5FXFX

                         1986—1992 5.0 liter Lincoln LSC equipped with EEC—4
                                   ECU and sequential EFI

                         1984—1985 5.0 liter LTD LX equipged with EEC—4 ECU
                                     and central EFI

                         1979—1984 5.0 & 4.2 liter V—8 Mustang with EEC—4 ZCU

                         1980        5.0 liter Crown Victorias and Lincolns
                                     equipped with EEC—3 ECZ and Variable
                                     Venturi

                         1982—1983 5.0 liter Crown Victorias and Lincolns
                                   equipped with EZC—3 EC

Th%s Executive Order is valid provided that installatics instructions for
t?zs device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.


J.   BITTLE AMERICAN,   INC.                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D~216~4
                                                      (Page 2 of 2)



Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.  Exemption of a kit shall
not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any
component of the product as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE J. BITTLE AMERICAN, INC. #14 GAGE STEEL SHORTY HEADER MODEL
NOS. 1620, 1624, 1627, AND 1628.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communications.
                                                        i
Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable:as a misdemeanor.                             !

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as;fcllows:

       "43644,  (a)  No person shall install, sell offer for sale, or
       advertise or except in an application to the state board for
       certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
       pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
       device has been certified by the state board.  No person shall sell,
       offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
       control device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified
       device.  Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.                                 A

Executed at El Monte, California, this        da     January,   1992.




                                       Assistant Division Chief
                                       Mobile Source Division


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF J. BITTLE AMERICAN, INC. SHORTY HEADER FOR EXEMPTION
 FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                           January 1992


                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD




     EVALUATION OF J. BITTLE AMERICAN, INC. SHORTY HEADER FOR EXEMPTION
      FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
     WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                      by

                           Mobile Source Division
                             State of California
                             Air Resources Board
                              9528 Telstar Avenue
                           El Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.  Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board,   nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                             SUMMARY

       J.   Bittle American,     Inc.    (JBA)    of 9630 Aero Dr.,    San Diego,   CA.   92123,

has requested to update Executive Orders D—216, D—216—2 which exempts JBA‘s

Shorty Header, Model Nos.         1620,    1627,       and 1628 from the prohibitions in

Section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code                  (VC).   The update is requested

to include the 1992 model~year Ford Motor Company trucks with a 5.0 or 5.8

liter electronic fuel injected (EFI) engine and Mustangs with a 5.0 liter

EFI engine.      JBA has also requested that the update include the addition of

Shorty Header, Model No.         1624 and the addition of the following vehicle

applications to Shorty Header, Model No.                  1620.

1986—1992 5.0 liter Mustang

1990—1992 5.0 liter Thunderbird engine family MFMS.OVS5FXFX

1986—1992 5.0 liter Lincoln LSC equipped with EEC—4 ECU and sequential EFI

1984—1985 5.0 liter LTD LX equipped with EEC—4 ECU and central EFI

1979—1984 5.0 & 4.2 liter V—8 Mustang with EEC—4 ECU

1980          5.0 liter Crown Victoria and Lincolns equipped with EEC—3 ECU and
                  Variable Venturi carburetor

1982—1983 5.0 liter Crown Victorias and Lincolns equipped with EEC—3

       Based on an engineering evaluation along with results from emission

tests previously performed by JBA and confirmed on some applications by the

Air Resources Board (ARB),         and that the 1992 vehicles for which the

exemption update is requested are carry—overs from the model—years for which

the exemption has been granted, the staff concludes that JBA‘s Shorty

Header,     Model Nos.   1620,   1624,    1627,    and 1628 will not adversely affect

exhaust emissions from the vehicles for which an exemption is requested.

       The staff recommends that JBA be granted Executive Order D—216—4

allowing the installation of their Shorty Header Model Nos.                   1620 and 1624 on

those applicable 1979—1992 Ford passenger cars with a 4.2 or 5.0 liter

engine, and Model Nos. 1627 and 1628 on those applicable 1985—1992 Ford

trucks with either the 5.0 or 5.8 liter engine.

                                                   i


                            TABLE OF_CONTENTS




                                                Page Number



SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                             4i

I.         INTRODUCTION

II.        CONCLUSION

III.       RECOMMENDATION

Iv.        SHORTY HEADER DESCRIPTION

v.         DISCUSSION OF THE SHORTY HEADER


       EVALUATION OF J. BITTLE AMERICAN, INC. SHORTY HEADER FOR EXEMPTION
        FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE
       WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

I.            INTRODUCTION

       J. Bittle American,     Inc.    (JBA) of 9630 Aero Dr., San Diego, CA. 92123,

has requested to update Executive Orders D—216, D—216—2 which exempts JBA‘s

Shorty Header, Model Nos.       1620,   1627, and 1628 from the prohibitions in

section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code (VC).           The update is requested

to include the 1992 model—year Ford Motor Company trucks with a 5.0 or 5.8

liter electronic fuel injected (EFI) engine and Mustangs with a 5.0 liter

EFI engine.     JBA has also requested that the update include the addition of

Shorty Header, Model No. 1624 and to add other vehicle applications for

Shorty Header,    Model No.    1620.

II.           CONCLUSION

       Based on an engineering evaluation along with the results from emission

tests previously performed by JBA and confirmed on some applications by the

Air Resources Board (ARB), and that the 1992 vehicles for which the

exemption update is requested are carry—overs from the model—years for which

the exemption has been granted, the staff concludes that JBA‘s Shorty

Header, Model Nos. 1620,       1624,    1627, and 1628 will not adversely affect

exhaust emissions from the vehicles for which an exemption is requested.

III.          RECOMMENDATION

       The staff recommends that JBA be granted Executive Order D—216—4

allowing the installation of their Shorty Header Model Nos.          1627 and 1628 on

those applicable 1985—1992 Ford trucks with either the 5.0 or 5.8 liter

engine and Model Nos. 1620 and 1624 on those applications listed in table 1.


IV.           SHORTY HEADER DESCRIPTION

        The JBA Shorty Header is designed to replace the original equipment

manufacturer‘s (OEM) tubular exhaust manifold which has variable diameters

and bottle necks.     The primary tube diameter of a Shorty Header‘s individual

tubes is 1.5 inches on all models except Model No.      1624 which has a primary

tube diameter of 1.625 inches.     These dimensions remain constant from the

engine block to the four way junction which connects to a single exhaust

pipe.     The manufacturer claims this feature enhances exhaust flow.          The

Shorty Header series is manufactured out of #14 gage steel which allows the

manufacture to offer a life time guarantee on the product.            All other

characteristics of the OEM exhaust manifold are the same as the Shorty

Header.

v.            DISCUSSION OF THE SHORTY HEADER

        JBA has requested an update to their Executive Orders D—216 and D—216—2

to allow the use of the Shorty Header Model Nos.      1620,   1624,    1627,   and 1628

on those applicable 1992 and older model—year vehicles.         JBA Shorty Header,

Model Nos. 1627 and 1628 is designed for installation on 1985—1992 5.0 and

5.8 liter Ford trucks and Model Nos.       1620 and 1624 designed for installation

on those vehicles in table 1.

                                     Table 1

                             1620 & 1624 Applications

1986—1992 5.0 liter Mustang

1990—1992 5.0 liter Thunderbird engine family MFMS.OVSFXFX

1986—1992 5.0 liter Lincoln LSC equipped Qith EEC—4 ECU and sequential EFI

1984—1985 5.0 liter LTD LX equipped with EEC—4 ECU and central EFI

1979—1984 5.0 and 4.2 liter V—8 Mustang with EEC—4 ECU

1980         5.0 liter Crown Victoria and Lincolns equipped with EEC—3 ECU and
                 Variable Venturi carburetor

1982—1983 5.0 liter Crown Victorias and Lincolns equipped with EEC—3

                                          —2—


Although Model #1624 has a tube diameter which is 125 thousandths of an

inch larger than Model #1620,    staff deems this difference in tube diameter

is minimal and is well compensated by the increase in metal thickness from

#16 gage to #14 gage steel.     Therefore, no adverse emissions impact would

result from the installation of Shorty Header Model No.    1620 and 1624 on the

applicable vehicles.   The staff recommends that JBA be granted Executive

Order D—216—4 allowing the installation of their Shorty Header Model Nos.

1620, 1624, 1627, and 1628.


These headers are identical to those previously approved for 1991 and older

applicable model—year vehicles, except for the increase in metal thickness

from #16 gage steel to #14 gage steel which is intended to improve the

durability of the product.       The #14 gage steel construction also acts as a

heat shield which would improve catalyst light~off (reduced heat dissipation

would result in faster catalyst light—off}.          Therefore, no adverse effect in

emissions would be caused by the increase in metal thickness on the Shorty

Headers.     The staff compared the engine design of the 1991 and 1992 model—

year vehicles.     Since the majority of the 1992 model—year engine families

certified for California sales were carried—over from the 1991 model—year,

no additional exhaust emission testé were required or performed.

        JBA also requested to expand the vehicle application list on Shorty

Header Model No. 1620 and add to this exemption Shorty Header Model No.

1624.     Prior CVS—75 emission data show vehicle emissions, with the Shorty

Header (steel gage #16)       installed, are below the vehicle‘s emission

standards (see Table 2).

                                       Table 2

                Past CVS—75 Tests Conducted On JBA Shorty Headers

                Engine Size         Vehicle Tested          (HC    CO     NOx)
                 (liter)


Device             4.0             91 Ford Explorer         O.13   2.25    0.29
Standard                                                    0.50   9.0     1.0

Device             5.0             91 Ford F—150            O.11   0.64    0.57
Standard                                                    0.50   9.0     1.0

Device             5.0             90 Mustang               0.16   0.49    0.978
Standard                                                    O.41   3.4     1.0

        The additional vehicle applications are within the range of engine

sizes previously tested by JBA which showed no adverse impact on emissions.

                                          —3—



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:39
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:39

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