Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on June 11, 1991.
As of Tuesday, December 18th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
1-A1991 and older vehicles with gasoline and propane engines < 1.4L

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-224
  • Executive Order 224 / D224
  • ARB # D-224
  • Executive Order No: D-224
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-224
  • Resolution D-224
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-224 PDF

D-224 Document:



                                                      (Page 1 of 3)

                               State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—224
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code

                             ENERGY EFFICIENCY, INC.
                               Empower Plus System
                         Models 1—A, 1—B,°1—C, 1—D, and D

WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13, California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(e), authorize the California Air
Resources Board (ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt add—on and
modified parts from the prohibitions of Yehicle Code Section 27156.

WHEREAS, Energy Efficiency, Inc. has applied to the ARB for exemption from
the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for the Empower Plus System,
Models 1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D.

WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health
and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division by
Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—5, the Air
Resources Board finds:

     1.   The Empower Plus System is an add—on device which is part of the
          PCV valve emission control unit.

     2.   The Empower Plus System is intended for use with a required motor
          vehicle pollution control system.

     3.   The Empower Plus System by being installed in the fuel line alters
          the original design of a motor vehicle pollution control system.

     4.   The Empower Plus System is a device subject to the prohibitions of
          Vehicle Code Section 27156 and add—on part as defined by 13 CCR
          Section 1900(b)(10).

     5.   The Empower Plus System does not reduce the effectiveness of any
          required motor vehicle pollution control device.

     6.   The Air Resources Board, in the exercise of technical judgement,
          is aware of no basis on which the Empower Plus System will provide
          an increase in fuel economy.

     7.   It has not been determined what effect use of the Empower Plus
          System may have on any warranty, either expressed or implied, by
          the manufacturer of a motor vehicle on which the device is
          installed.


ENERGY EFFICIENCY, INC.                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—224
EMPOWER PLUS SYSTEM,                             (Page 2 of 3)
Models 1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D                                       6



     8.    The Empower Plus System is not a certified motor vehicle pollution
           control device pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 43644.

           The Air Resources Board by granting an exemption to Energy
           Efficiency, Inc. for the Empower Plus System, Models 1—A, 1—B, 1—
           C, 1—D,%and D does not recommend or endorse in any way the Empower
           Plus System for emissions reduction, fue! economy, or any other
           purpose.

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the Empower Plus System (Models 1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—
D, and D) is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for
installation in 1991 and older model! year vehicles subject to the following
conditions.

     1.   " This exemption shall not apply to any device, apparatus, or
            mechanism advertised, offered for sale or sold with, or installed
            on, a motor vehicle prior to or concurrent with transfer to an
            ultimate purchaser.

           No changes are permitted to the device as described in the
           application for exemption. Any changes to the device, applicable
           model year, or other factors addressed in this order must be
           evaluated and approved by the Air Resources Board prior to
           marketing in California.

           Marketing of this device using an identification other than that
           shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an
           application other than those listed in the Executive Order shall
           be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the Air
           Resources Board.  Exemption of this product shall not be construed
           as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any
           component of the product as an individual device.

           Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its
           content by Energy Efficiency, Inc., its principals, agents,
           employees, distributors, dealers, or other representatives must
           include the disclaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption
           it provides is not an endorsement or approval of any fuel economy
           or emissions reduction claims for the Empower Plus System (Models
           1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D) and is only a finding that the device
           is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

           No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources
           Board" may be made with respect to the action taken herein in any
           advertising or other oral or written communication.


ENERGY EFFICIENCY, INC.                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—224
EMPOWER PLUS SYSTEM,                             (Page 3 of 3)
Models 1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D



Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this order. The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
intention to revoke the order, in which period the holder of the order may
request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation. If a
hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the
request and the order may not be revoked until a determination after hearing
that grounds for revocation exist.

                                               A.
Executed at E1 Monte, California, this    _A 7§ay of June, 1991.




                                         R. B. Summerfield
                                         Assistant Division Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                  State of California
                  AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY, INC. EMPOWER PLUS SYSTEM
      FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION
     27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13
          OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                       JUNE 1991


                           State of California
                           AIR RESQOURCES BOARD




        EVALUATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY, INC. EMPOWER PLUS SYSTEM
              FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION
             27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13
                  OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                      by
                          Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                             E1 Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.   Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   SUMMARY


       Energy Efficiency, Inc., of 2486 Commerce Blvd., Grand Junction, CO

81505, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section 27156

of the California Vehicle Code for the Empower Plus System, Models 1—A, 1—B,

1—C, 1—D, and D designed for installation on 1991 and older model year

vehicles.

       Previously, the Air Resources Board exempted three similar

devices; "Protector 7" by Energy Innovations USA, Inc., the "Condensator" by

Condensator, Inc. and "Clean Air Valve/PCV Enhancer" by Ventures Unlimited,

Inc.    Based on the engineering evaluation of the Empower Plus System and the

exemption of similar devices, the staff believes the Empower Plus System

does not have any adverse effects on exhaust emissions of vehicles.    The

staff recommends that the Empower Plus System, Model 1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and

D be exempted from the prohibitions in Yehicle Code Section 27156 and that

Executive Order D—224 be issued.


                                            Page Number

SUMMARY                                           i

CONTENTS                                          11

I.         INTRODUCTION

II.        CONCLUSION

III.       RECOMMENDATION

IV.        DESCRIPTION

           DISCUSSION




                                                 &
           APPENDIX




                                                  o
           INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS




                                                  o_




                                       11


         EVALUATION OF ENER&@Y EFFICIENCY, INC. EMPOWER PLUS SYSTEM
               FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION
              27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13
                   OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS


1.         INTRODUCTION
           Energy Efficiency, Inc., of 2486 Commerce Blvd., Grand Junction,<§§3‘*“’

CO $1505, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section

27156 of the California Yehicle Code for the Empower Plus System, Models

1—A, 1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D which are designed for installation on 1991 and

older model year vehicles.

II.        CONCLUSION
           Previously, the Air Resources Board exempted three similar

devices; "Protector 7" by Energy Innovations USA, Inc., the "Condensator" by

Condensator, Inc. and "Clean Air Valve/PCV Enhancer" by Ventures Unlimited,

Inc.   Based on the engingering evaluation of the Empower Plus System and the

exemption of similar devices, the staff believes the Empower Plus System

will not have any adverse effects on exhaust emissions of vehicles.

III.       RECOMMENDATION
           The staff recommends that the Empower Plus System, Model 1—A,

1—B, 1—C, 1—D, and D be exempted from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code

Section 27156 and that Executive Order D—224 be issued.

IV.        DEVICEDESCRIPTION
           The Empower Plus System is designed to mechanically filter

crankcase blow—by gases through a 40 mesh stainless steel screen.     The

blow—by is introduced into a separator/reservoir body and gases pass through

a 40 mesh screen, separating the liquid and solid matter from the gaseous


                                                                                     «3
portion.   The separated gases are then fed back into the engine intake.       The

liquid and solids are held in the separator/reservoir body until drained by

removing drain cap.               .

            The Empower Plus System is a closed system with tight fitting

hose connections.     There is no air bleed into the system to lean thé

fuel/air mixture going into the engine.     The device comes in five models,

with a corresponding range of applications.

            Model 1—A is designed for gasoline and propane engines less than

85 cubic inches ( 1.4 liter).     The unit measures approx. 2" x 4" (5.08 cm x
10.16 cm) and is equipped with connections for 1/4" (6.35 mm) diameter hose.

Model 1—A is suitable for motorcycles.

            Model 1—B is designed for gasoline, diesel, propane and natural

gas engines from 85 cubic inches (1.4 liter) up to 400 cubic inches (6.6

liter).    The unit measures approx. 2.75" x 6" (6.35 cm x 15.24 cm) and is

equipped with connections for 1/2" (9.5 mm) diameter hose.     Model 1—B is

suitable for most automobiles and small trucks.

            Model 1—C is designed for gasoline, diesel, propane and natural

gas engines from 400 cubic inches (6.6 liter) up to 500 cubic inches (8.2

liter).    The unit measures approx. 2.75" x 8" (6.35 cm x 20.32 cm) and is

equipped with connections for 1/2" (12.7 mm) diameter hose.     Model 1—C is

suitable for high performance autos, trucks and motor homes. This unit

should not be used where crankcase pressure is a concern, as in some large

diesel engines.

            Model 1—D is designed for diesel, propane and natural gas engines

from 500 cubic inches (8.2 liter) up to 854 cubic inches (14 liter).

The unit measures approx. 3.75" x 14" (8.89 cm x 35.56 cm) and is equipped
                                       _2


with connections for 5/8" (15.8 mm) diameter hose.    The Model 1—D is
suitable for larger diesel engines in trucks, buses or motorhomes.       It is

equipped with a special crankcase pressure regulating system.    The reservoir

body and drain hose will hold approximately 1.1 quarts (1 liter) of

contaminants.

            Model D is designed for diesel, propane and natural gas engines

854 cubic inches (14 liter) and greater or smaller engines which carry

considerable blow—by gases.   Multiple units should be used for very large

applications.   The unit measures approx. 4.75" x 8" (11.43 cm x 35.56 cm)

and is equipped with connections for 3/4" & 1" (25.4 mm) diameter hose.          The

Model D is suitable for larger diesel engines in trucks and buses, and is

equipped with a crankcase pressure regulating system for high crankcase

pressure engines and a by—pass for engines designed for low crankcase

pressure.
            The manufacturer claims the device is also suitable for marine,

construction or utility engine applications.    However since engines for such

applications are currently unregulated, a Vehicle Code Section 27156

exemption is not needed for these applications.

¥.    DISCUSSION
            The ARB did not perform any emission or fuel economy tests to

substantiate the claims made by the manufacturer.    No adjustments are

included in the installation instructions.     Previously, the ARB exempted

three similar devices; Protector 7, Condensator, and Clean Air Valve/PCV

Enhancer.   The exemptions were granted based on emissions testing and

engineering evaluation.   Because of the previous exemptions issued to

devices with the same operating principle and the fact that qualifying for
                                     —3—


an exemption is based on not adversely affecting exhaust emissions, the

staff recommends that Energy Efficiency, Inc. be granted an exemption as

requested.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:07
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:07

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