Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on September 23, 1997.
As of Tuesday, December 11th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
NOT LEGAL FOR SALE OR INSTALLATION AFTER 12/31/08

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-280-3
  • Executive Order 280-3 / D280-3
  • ARB # D-280-3
  • Executive Order No: D-280-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-280-3
  • Resolution D-280-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-280-3 PDF

D-280-3 Document:



                                                                (Page    1 of 2)

                                     State of California
                                     AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                EXECUTIVE ORDER D—280—3
                      Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                  of the Vehicle Code

                             AIRTEK, INC. (dba CATCO)
            "THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION CATALYTIC CONVERTER SERIES 44000"
WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391, and Title 13,
California  Code of Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222 (h),
authorize the  California Air Resources Board (ARB) and its Executive
Officer to exempt new aftermarket catalytic converter from the
prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

WHEREAS, AirTek, Inc. (AirTek) of 4410 W. 37¢" Avenue, Hobart, Indiana
46342, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions in
Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 to market their aftermarket
series 44000 three—way plus oxidation catalytic converter (TWC + OC)
for the following application, except vehicles equipped with OBD II
system:

Type            Use          Series No.    Max.   Eng.   Size   Max.    Test Veh. Wt.
TWC    + OC     OC           44000         5.9L   (360   CID)   5,000    lbs.
TWC    + 0C     TWC          44000         5.9L   (360   CID)   5,000    lbs.
TWC    + OC     TWC   + OC   44000         5.9L   (360   CID)   5,000    lbs.

WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by
Health and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source
Division by Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order
G—45—9, the ARB finds that the above aftermarket catalytic converter
complies with the California Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13,
California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h).  Emission performance
of the catalytic converter was based on durability mileage
accumulation using AMA driving cycle (Reference Appendix IV, Title 40,
part 86, Code of Federal Regulations (June 28, 1977)), for 25,000
miles.

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the above catalytic converter is exempt
from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation
on the approved application vehicles subject to the following
conditions:

       1.     No changes are permitted to the catalytic converter as
              described in the application for exemption.  Any changes to
              the catalytic converter or any of its components, and other
              factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved
              by the ARB prior to marketing in California.

      2.     Marketing of the catalytic converter using identifications
             other than those shown in the exemption application, and in
              this Executive Order, or marketing of the catalytic converter
             for application other than the ones shown in this Executive
             Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained
             from the ARB.  Exemption of this product shall not be
             construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
             advertise any components of the catalytic converter as
              individual devices.


AIRTEK, INC. (dba CATCO)                         EXECUTIVE ORDER D—280—3
"AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION            (Page 2 of 2)
CATALYTIC CONVERTER SERIES 44000"


    3.    Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its
         content by AirTek, Inc., its principals, agents, employees,
         distributors, dealers, or other representatives must include
         the disclaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption it
         provides is not an endorsement or approval of any emissions
         reduction claims for the catalytic converter and is only a
         finding that the catalytic converter is exempt from the
         prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

    4.   AirTek, Inc. installation instructions for the new catalytic
         converter must conform to requirements in Paragraphs I and IX
         of California Evaluation Procedures for New Aftermarket Non—
         Original Equipment Catalytic Converters.

    5.   Upon installation, the catalytic converter must carry a
         manufacturer‘s warranty for 25,000 miles on the substrates and
         50,000 miles or five years on the shell and end pipes.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for
revocation of this order.  The order may be revoked only after ten day
written notice of intention to revoke it, during which period the
holder of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the
proposed revocation.  If a hearing is requested, it shall be held
within ten days of receipt of the request, and the order may not be
revoked until a determination is made, after the hearing, that grounds
for revocation exist.

Executed at El Monte,   California,   this   &       of September 1997.




                                         Mobile Sour@e Operations Division


                         State of California
                        AIR RESOURCES   BOARD




EVALUATION OF AIRTEK, INC.‘s NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION
     CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
         VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156, AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                 CODE OF REGULATIONS SECTION 2222(h)




                           September 1997


EVALUATION OF AIRTEK, INC.‘s NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION
     CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
         VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156, AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                  CODE OF REGULATIONS SECTION 2222(h)




                                    by
                        Mobile Source Division

                         9528 Telstar Avenue
                       El Monte,   CA    91731—2990



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air
Resources Board and approved for publication.  Approval does not
signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies
of the Air Resources Board, nor does mention of trade names or
commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                     SUMMARY




           AirTek, Inc. (AirTek (dba Catco)) of 4410 W. 37"" Avenue,
Hobart,   Indiana 46342, has applied for an exemption of their new

aftermarket three—way plus oxidation catalytic converter          (TWC + OC)

from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156,          in accordance

with California reqgulations on new aftermarket catalytic converters.

The two test catalysts were aged using two 5.9L Chrysler vehicles

ballasted to 5,000 lbs.       equivalent test weight on AMA driving cycle.

The substrates are of ceramic monolith type.          The front and rear

substrates both contain palladium and rhodium.           The new catalytic

converter may be installed on TWC + OC,        TWC,   and OC vehicles powered

by an engine of 5.9L or less,       and having an equivalent test weight of

5,000   lbs.   or less.

           Emissions data submitted by the applicant show that the

catalytic converter meets the requirements of Vehicle Code Section

27156 and Title 13,       California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h)

for the stated application.        Based on the above,   the staff recommends

that the exemption be granted as requested and that Executive Order

D—280—3 be issued.


                            CcONTENTS

                                        Number
       SUMMARY                             i

       CoONTENTS                          i1

       INTRODUCTION

II.    CONCLUSION

III.   RECOMMENDATION

IV.    DEVICE DESCRIPTION

v.     DEVICE EVALUATION




                               1i


EVALUATION OF AIRTEK, INC.‘s NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY PLUS OXIDATION
     CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN
         VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156, AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                  CODE OF REGULATIONS SECTION 2222 (h)



I.          INTRODUCTION

            AirTek,    Inc.   (AirTek)   of 4410 37¢" Avenue,   Hobart,   Indiana

46342,   has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle

Code Sections 27156 for their new aftermarket three—way plus oxidation

catalytic converter       (TWC + OC)     in accordance with California

regulations on new aftermarket catalytic converters.               The ceramic

monolith substrates of the new catalyst were manufactured by Alchemy

Catalyst,    Inc.,    a company partially owned by AirTek.         The new

aftermarket catalyst is intended for the following vehicle

application:


Converter Type        Converter Use      PN/Series      Max.    Eng.   Max.    Veh.
                                                        Size           Test
TWC + OC              TWC + OC           44000          5.9L           5,000    lbs.
TWC + OC              TWC                44000          5.9L           5,000    lbs.
TWC + OC              oc                 44000          5.9L           5,000    lbs.


AirTek intends to market the new TWC + OC as a replacement for

catalytic converters on applicable vehicles whose manufacturers‘

warranty has expired and the need for replacement of the oriqinal

equipment manufacturer        (OEM) catalytic converter has been established

and documented, except vehicles equipped with On—Board Diagnostic

System II    (OBD—II).

II.         CONCLUSION

            The applicant has submitted all the required information,                  and

based on the applicant‘s submitted exhaust emissions test data,                  the

staff concludes that the new aftermarket catalyst meets the criteria

set forth in Vehicle Code Section 27156, and Title 13, California Code

of Regulations,       Section 2222(h)    for the stated application.


III.       RECOMMENDATION

           Staff recommends that the exemption be granted as requested

and that Executive Order No.        D—280—3 be issued,   permitting the

advertisement,    sale,   and installation of the new aftermarket catalyst

on applicable vehicles.

IV.        DEVICE DESCRIPTION

           AirTek‘s new aftermarket TWC + OC is designed to use oval

ceramic monolith substrates.         The front and rear substrates are both

coated with palladium and rhodium.         Each substrate measures 4.75

inches in width,    3.15 inches in height,     and 2.10 inches long,       and has

a volume of 26.77 cubic inches.         The substrates are contained in outer

409 stainless steel shell with 3M Interam Mat wrap,           to prevent

vibration and exhaust by—pass.         The shell is sealed by tig weld.

Aluminized soft steel heat shield is spot—welded to the upper side of

the converter to protect vehicle underbody from excessive heat.               The

catalyst may be sold as a unit with installation instructions or may

be used in customized direct fit exhaust.           It is also sold with a

warranty for 25,000 miles on the substrates,          and five years or 50,000

miles on the container or shell,        and the end pipes.

v.         DEVICE EVALUATION

           AirTek submitted data from testing conducted by Roush

Laboratories,    Garden Grove,   California,   and California Environmental

Engineering   (CEE),   Santa Ana,   California.     Mileage accumulation was

conducted by Roush Laboratories using a 1976 carbureted 5.9L Chrysler

Cordoba,   and a 1978 carbureted 5.9L Chrysler Cordoba.          The two mileage

accumulation vehicles were ballasted in order to achieve the required

equivalent test weight of 5,000 pounds.           Roush Laboratories also

conducted emissions testing for three—way plus oxidation and oxidation

applications before the laboratory was shut down.            The ARB allowed the


transfer of three—way testing to CEE.               Emissions tests were conducted

on the following test vehicles approved by the ARB:

Application      Emission Test Vehicie                Engine Size     ETW
TWC + OC         1991 Dodge Ram 350 Van              5. 9L            5,000 lbs.
TWC              1994 Dodge Ram Van                  5.9L             5,000 lbs.
oC               1978 Chrysler Cordoba               5.9L             5,000 lbs.

The test catalysts were labeled 4000—101 and 4000—102.                    Testing

consisted of two cold—start CVS—75 with a simulator                ("dummy"

catalyst),    followed by three cold—start CVS—75 for each of the test

catalysts.    Two of the three tests which conformed to required test—

to—test variability were selected for calculation of catalyst

conversion efficiencies.          Due to time constraint,       ARB did not conduct

confirmatory tests on the new aftermarket catalyst.                 The test results

for the catalyst are shown below:

                Roush Laboratory,       Garden Grove,        California

                                       TWC + oC

               Simulator      Cat 4000—101         Cat 4000—102      Cconv.   Eff.
               Average        Average              Average           Average
HC   (g/mi)      2.312        0.529                0 .444            78.9%
co   (g/mi)     41.311       11.668               11.738             71.6%
Nox (g/mi)        1.566       0.729                0.665             55.4%
                                          leles
HC   (g/mi)       1.897       0.519                0 .527            72 .4
co   (g/mi)     59.668        3.508                3.167             94 .4
                           CEE,   Santa Ana,      California

                                          TWE
Hc (g/mi)        2.906        0.379                0 .283            88.6%
co (g/mi)       23 .481       6.375                5.911             73 .8%
Nox (g/mi)       4.117        0.953                o.916             77.2%

The above test results meet the minimum requirements of the California

regulations on new aftermarket catalytic converters.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:12
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:12

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