Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on August 2, 1988.
As of Saturday, July 20th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1972-1988 model-year vehicles

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-36-1
  • Executive Order 36-1 / D36-1
  • ARB # D-36-1
  • Executive Order No: D-36-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-36-1
  • Resolution D-36-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-36-1 PDF

D-36-1 Document:



                                                        ‘(Page 1 of 3)

                               :State of California                 .    .           ucce >
                               ~ASR RESOURCES BOARD

                             ~EXECUTIVE ORDER D—36—1
                   eaualng to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                               _Of <the —Vehicie—Code



                       M mwmm U.S.A. , INC.
                        ~RPROTECTOR °*7* DEVICE"


 ZNHEREAS, Vehicie Code Section 27156 and Titie 13 Californ!a Code of
 sRequiations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(e), authorize the California Air
 —«Resources Board {ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt add—on and °
 emodified—parts from the profibitions—of Vehicis Code Section 27156.

 WEMEREAS, Energy innovations, U.S.A., inc. has appiled to the ARB for :
 emesmption from the prohibitions of vghlcie Code:—Section 27156 for the
 AProtactor *7‘ device".

—~~#@HERECAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the
                                                    ;xecutlm Officer by Health
  zand Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Moblie Source Division by
. cHeaith and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—5, the Air
 —sResources Board finds:

       4.   ~iEhe "Protector *7*° device" is an—add—on device that is conhectefi
            —to—the PCV—system in a—motor vehicie.

      12.   ~*ThecPCY system is—part of the—required—motor vehicie po!tution
            ~scontroi systom.

      3.     ‘The "Protector‘7‘ device" is mfendad for use —with a required
            motor wehicie poliution—control system.

      »4.    CThis—device—consists of a separator—collector housing with a leve!
            —indicator, mounting bracket, header cover with an inlet and cutliet
            —=conduit, and a filter assembly within the cojlector housing.     A .
            —commector hose is included to fit the device in the PCV l Ins.

       5.    "The "Protector °7‘ device" by being instailed with ihe PCV system
             zaiters the original deslgn of a motor vehicle poliution control
            ~system.

      6.      [¥he "Protector *7‘ —device" is a—device subject to the prohibitions
             uOf Vehicle Code Section 27156 and an add—on part as defined by 13
             CCR Section 1900(b)(1).

       7.    The "Protector *7* device" does not reduce the effectiveness of
             .any required motor: vehicie pollution control device If properly
              instailed and maintained.


— ENERGY INNOVATIONS U.S.A.,‘INC.       .              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—38—1
 *PROTECTOR °7‘ DEVICE"                                (Page 2 of 3)



    8.    The Air Resources Board,   in the exercise of technical   Judgment,    !s
          aware of no basis on which the "Protector °7‘ device"     will provide
          enlaalons reduction or an Increase in fue! economy.

          it has not been determined what effect use of the "Protector     ‘7‘
         device" may have on any warranty, elither expressed or Impliled, by the
         manufacturer of a motor vehicle on which the device is installed.

   10.     The "Protector °7‘ device" is not a certified motor vehicle poliution
         . control device pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 43644.

   11.   The Alr Resources Board by granting an exemption to Energy
          innovations U.S.A., Inc. for the "Protector ‘7‘ device" does not
         recommend or endorse in any way the "Protector °7‘ device" for
         emissions reduction, fue! sconomy, or any other purpose.

 iT I1S HEREBY RESOLVED that the "Protector ‘7‘ device" is exempt from the
—prohibitlons of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation on 1972 through
 1088 model—year vehicies subject to the following conditions:

   1.     This exemption shall not apply to any device, apparatus, or mechanism
         advertised, offered for sale or sold with, or Installed on, a motor
         vehicle prior to or concurrent with transfer to an uitimate
         _purchaser .

          No changes are permitted to the device as described in the
         —~application for sxemption. Any changes to the device, applicable
         —mede! year, or other: factors addressed in this order must be
         —evaluated and approved by the Air Resources Board prior to marketing
          in California.

         Marketing of this device using an identification other than that
         shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an
         application other than those listed in this Executive Order shail be
          prohibited uniess prior approval   is obtained from the Air Resources
          Board.   Exemption of this product shall not be construed as an
         —exemption to seili, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the
         product as an Indlvidual device.

          Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or Iits content
          by Energy Innovations U.S.A., Inc., Its princlipals, agents,
          employees, distributors, dealers, or other representatives must
          include the discilaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption !t
          provides is not an endorsement or approval of any fuel economy or
          emissions reduction claims for the "Protector °7‘ device" and is oniy
          a finding that the device is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle
          Code Section 27156.


     ‘ENERGY INNOVATIONS U.S.A., INC.              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—36~—1
‘=    =PROTECTOR °7‘ DEVICE"                       (Page 3 of 3)


      Miolation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
     ‘Ahis order . The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
      Intention to revoke the order, in which period the hoilder of the order may
     spequest in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation.   if a
      thearing is requested, 1t shall be heid within ten days—of receipt of the
     spequest and the order may not be ravoked untll a determination after hearing
     ~Athat.grounds for revocation exist.


     «Executedat El Monte, California, this _day of August, 1988.



                                            K. D. Drachand, Chief              ‘
                                            ‘Moblle Source Division


                        State of California
                        AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF ENERGY INNOVATIONS U.S.A., INC.‘S PROTECTOR °7‘ DEVICE
     FOR INSTALLATION ON 1972 THROUGH 1988 MODEL—YEAR VEHICLES
 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE CODE SECTION 27186
             IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13,
                   CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULAT IONS




                             May 1988


                                                                  May 1988




    EVALUATION OF ENERGY INNOVATIONS U.S.A., INC.‘S PROTECTOR ‘7‘ DEVICE
         FOR INSTALLATION ON 1972 THROUGK 1988 MODEL—YEAR VEHICLES
     FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156
                 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13,
                       CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                        by

                             Mobile Source Division

                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD
                              9528 Telstar Avenue
                              El Monte, CA    91731



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved     for publication.      Approval   does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board,   nor   does mention of   trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or   recommendation for use.)


                                          SUMMARY




           Energy   Innovations U.S.A.,    Inc.   has applied for an exemption from

the prohibitions       in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their Protector °7‘ on

1972 through 1988 model—year vehicles.

           Energy Innovations U.S.A.,      Inc. has submitted a complete application

with all    the required   information.     This device is used to filter         crankcase

emissions before passing        through the PCV vaive.             Upon evaluation,   it has

been determined that       the Protector      °7‘   will   not    significantly    increase

automotive exhaust emissions.

           The staff recommends adoption of Executive Order              D;36—1    grant ing

Energy     Innovations U.S$.A.,    Inc.    exemption for         its Protector   ‘7‘ on 1972

through 1988 model—year vehicles.


                                               CONTENTS




                                                                 Page Number




      SUMMARY

      CONTENTS

1.     INTRODUCT ION

1.    CONCLUS ION

11.   OR      MENDAT L    ON

IV.   PROT          ‘ 7‘ DE         IPTION    AND   QPERAT ION

V.    PROTECTOR ‘7‘            EVALUAT ION

APPEND ICES

      APPENDIX A         PROTECTOR      ‘7‘   ILLUSTRATIONS

      APPENDIX B         PROTECTOR ‘7‘        INSTALLATION
                         INSTRUCT IONS


       EVALUATION OF ENERGY INNOVATIONS U.S.A., INC.‘S PROTECTOR °7‘ DEVICE
            FOR INSTALLATION ON 1972 THROUGH 1988 MODEL—YEAR VEHICLES
        FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156
                     IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13,
                           CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

L.       INTRODUCT ION

         Energy    Innovations U.S.A.,             Inc. of 1701 North Greenville,            Suite 500,

R{cfiardson, Texas 75081,               has applied for exemption from the prohibitions of

Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their Protector                       °7‘ device      for   1972    through

1988 model—year vehicies.                A complete application has been submitted to the

Air Resources Board (ARB) with                     the required     information and a sample of

their device.

T.          C      1   ON

         Based    on the engineering evaluation of                        the Protector      °7‘    device

and other       information, staff concludes that the Protector                      ‘7‘ will     not   have

significant adverse effects on exhaust emissions from vehicles for which the

exemption has been requested.

II1.     RECOMMENDATIONS

        The staff           recommends adoption of            Executive Order D—36—1              granting

Energy    Innovations U.S.A.,              Inc. exemption from the prohibitions of Vehicle

Code Section 27156 for             its Protector       ‘7‘ for     1972    through    1988 model—year

vehicies.

Iv.     PROTECTOR           ‘7‘ DESCRIPTION AND        OPERATION

        The Protector            ‘7‘   is an add—on device used with the PCV system to

filter crankease emissions.                    |llustrations of           this device are shown           in

Appendix A.       The Protector         ‘7‘    is a cylindrical metallic device which stands

approximately 8             Inches talil      (6   inches    internal)     and 3 1/2       inches outer

diameter (3 inches internal diameter).                      There are basically three parts to


the Protector       ‘7‘; the separator—collector housing,             the filter assembly and

the    inlet—outlet conduit assembly.

         The separator—collector housing is an empty bow!l with a sight glass to

observe sludge         level and a drain plug at the bottom.                The housing weighs 2

Ibs.    12 oz.

         The filter assembly is attached to the              inlet=—outist conduit assembly.

1t consists of a hollow pipe with a circular nylon filter on a metallic

frame at the base.          The frame fits snugly with an ‘o‘ ring in the separator—

collector housing.          The fiiter assembly weighs 5.5 oz.

         The     intet—outiet condult       asserhbiy directs vapor flow and seals the

separator—collector housing.            The inlet and outiet conduits are 6/16              inches

internal       diameter each.        A mouni:ing bracket     is    included.    The    inlet—outlet

conduit assembly weighs 2 lbs. 14.5 oz.

         A connector hose made of rubber with a 1/2                  inch   internal   diameter    is

included to       Install   the Protector    °7‘   in the PCV line.

         This     device    is   installed    in   the PCV        line before the PCV valve.

Crankcase emissions are collected in the separator—collector housing through

the    inlet conduit.        Heavy   impurities and components drop out and coliect at

the bottom of the collection chamber forming a sludge.                      The remainder of the

emissions mixture passes through               a   filter where        lighter    impurities are

flitered.        The gaseous mixture is then directed to the outlet conduit where

it     subsequently         passes     through     the PCV valve.           See Appendix B        for

installation       instructions.


v.    PROTECT        *7Z"   EVALUATION

      Energy    Innovations U.S.A.,          Inc.    claims    that   by    intercepting heavy

components of the cran!(case emisslons there may be a reduced possibility                   of

the PCV valve sticking.          Also,    if the PCV valve sticks, an         imbalance of the

air—fuel   ratio occurs.       This may result      in rough   idling, stalling o‘r     a cut—

obff of blow—by gases to the             intake   in which case the crankcase becomes

contaminated with sludge causing engine corrosion.

      No confirmatory testing was done to justify this.                    Through engineering

evaluation,     it   was determined that          a significant       increase    in   exhaust

emissions would not occur and that                  confirmatory      test ing wouvld not   be

necessary.


         APPENDIX A



PROTECTOR ‘7‘   ILLUSTRATIONS


    Protector*7"
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     SECTION


® progeCTOR   & i2, 9

                 7
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cProtEctor"*7
                i




  TOP VIEW


        APPENDIX B

INSTALLAT ION [NSTRUCT IONS


          LOCATION INSTRUCTIONS

PLEASE_ MAKE   SURE   that you   install   the
Protector "7" at a point in the crankcase
emission line prior to where the crankcase
emission gases are recycled back into the
engine at the PCV valve.

To properly work, the device should be
located several inches down the line from
the re—entry spot just before the PCV valve.


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           wall, fander well, frame, in front of radiator, on        an} slart unging. When throttle in aecolarated and
           quard or grill = may swan be meunted on the               ralaased shargly. fog san be observed in lhe
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            angine cemponents be moved to make roem for tha          (ngtant Lemparature and prossurs change in
            PROTECTOR 7. If yoy have difMieully finding a            anliecting shamber (ase Fig. M}.
            lsgation, write to . your PRQTIGTOR °7
            DISTRIBUTOR and give year, make, modet and any            6. If ingtallablon in proper, depanding uson dumber
            axtra equipment, (.6. ale sanditivning, powar             af milas on engine, resulty can be seun after Just a
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Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:42:58
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:42:58

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