Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 26, 1995.
As of Friday, August 23rd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
NOT LEGAL FOR SALE OR INSTALLATION AFTER JULY 2008

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-387
  • Executive Order 387 / D387
  • ARB # D-387
  • Executive Order No: D-387
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-387
  • Resolution D-387
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-387 PDF

D-387 Document:



                                                       (Page 1 of 2)

                                State of California
                                AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—387
                     Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                of the Vehicle Code


                            BROWN RECYCLING & MFG., INC.
                      "USED AFTERMARKET CATALYTIC CONVERTERS"

WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13 California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(i), authorize the California Air
Resources Board (ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt used aftermarket
catalytic converters from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156
and 38391.

WHEREAS, Brown Recycling & Mfg.,     Inc.   of 1274 Gravel Ridge Road,   Somerville,
Alabama 35670, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions in
Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391,       and Title 13,   CCR Section 2222(i),     to
market used original equipment manufacturer (OEM)}) two—way or oxidation
converters (OC), three—way converters (TWC), three—way plus oxidation
converters (TWC + OC), and precatalysts in California.    Brown Recycling &
Mfg., Inc. shall salvage, recondition (as necessary), and test the
converters for installation on vehicles identical to the certification
vehiclies.

WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health
and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division by
Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—9, the ARB
finds that the Brown Recycling & Mfg., Inc. used catalytic converters comply
with the California Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391,         and Title 13,
California Code of Requlations, Section 2222(i).

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that Brown Recycling & Mfg., Inc. used catalytic
converters are exempt from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156
and 38391 for installation on applicable vehicles subject to the following
conditions:

   1.   Used catalytic converters marketed in California must attain the
        minimum conversion efficiencies shown below within the specified time
        after the exhaust is switched to pass through the catalytic
        converter:

                          Minimum Conversion Efficiency
        Converter Type        HC    co    NOx                 Time
        oc       .           70%   70%    =—                 60 sec
        TWC                  70%   70%    60%                60 sec
        TWC + 0C             70%   70%    50%                60 sec
        Precatalysts         40%   40%    —                  60 sec

  2.    No changes are permitted to the catalytic converters as described in
        the application for exemption.  Any changes to the catalytic
        converters or any of their components,     applicable model year,    or
        other factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved
        by the ARB prior to marketing in California.                              .


BROWN RECYCLING & MFG., INC.                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—387
"USED AFTERMARKET CATALYTIC CONVERTERS®"                (Page 2 of 2)


   3.   Marketing of the converters using identifications other than those
        shown in the exemption application or marketing of the catalytic
        converters for vehicle applications other than those identical to the
        certification vehicles shall be prohibited unless prior approval is
        obtained from the ARB.  Exemption of these products shall not be
        construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale,         or advertise any
        components of the catalytic converters as individual devices.

   4.   Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content
        by Brown Recycling & Mfg., Inc., its principals, agents, employees,
        distributors, dealers, or other representatives must include the
        disclaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption it provides is
        not an endorsement or approval of any emissions reduction claims for
        the catalytic converters and is only a finding that the catalytic
        converters are exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Sections
        27156 and 38391.

   5.   Brown Recycling & Mfg., Inc. must submit their quality audit data or
        quality control procedures, as well as production quantity data for
        each converter type produced, to the ARB for review on a semi—annual
        basis no later than August 15 and February 15 for each production
        year.  For the first production audit reporting period of February
        15, 1996, production audit testing shall be conducted to demonstrate
        correlation between conversion efficiencies of two TWC and two TWC +
        0C determined using the procedures established by Brown Recycling &
        Mfg.,   Inc.   and the cold—start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedure.    The test
        parameters shall be specified by the ARB and will be sent to Brown
        Recycling & Mfg., Inc. not less than 30 days before the end of the
        reporting period.  PFailure to establish correlation between the
        conversion efficiency obtained using the CVS—75 and the conversion
        efficiency obtained using the procedures developed by Brown Recycling
        & Mig., Inc. may cause the ARB to require Brown Recycling & Mfg.,
        Inc. to review and modify its procedures.

   6.   Brown Recycling & Mfg. will be required to adopt a new bench test
        procedures should the ARB develop a bench test procedures for
        screening OEM catalytic converters which are more stringent than
        those used by Brown Recycling & Mfg., in the future.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this order.  The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
intention to revoke it, during which period the holder of the order may
request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation.  If a
bearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the
request, and the order may not be revoked until a determination is made,
after the hearing, that grounds for revocati;;éfxist.

Executed at El Monte,     California,   this   §2é£ d   of October 1995.




                                        AssisFant Division Chief
                                        Mobile Source Division


                       State of California
                       AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF BROWN RECYCLING & MFG., INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL
 EQUIPMENT CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
       IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                CODE OF REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)




                           October 1995


    EVALUATION OF BROWN RECYCLING & MFG., INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL
     EQUIPMENT CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
           IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                    CODE OF REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division

                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                          El Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.  Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY

        Brown Recycling & Mfg.,   Inc.   (Brown Recycling) of 1274 Gravel Ridge

Road, Somerville, Alabama 35670, has applied for an exemption to salvage and

test used original equipment manufacturer (OEM) catalytic converters for

sale in California under California requlations on used aftermarket

catalytic converters.   Brown Recycling has developed a bench test for

screening used catalytic converters, which is a modification of the

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved light—off and stabilized

efficiency test.   The test set—up will bench test two—way, three—way, and

three—way plus oxidation used OEM converters.

        Brown Recycling proposes to screen the used OEM converters for the

minimum conversion efficiencies of 70 percent for HC and CO, and NOx

efficiencies of 60 and 50 percent for three—way and three—way plus oxidation

converters respectively.    These are the same conversion efficiencies

required by California regulations for new aftermarket non—OEM converters.

The ARB is also allowing Brown Recycling to market used precatalysts that

show a minimum conversion efficiency of 40 percent for HC and CO.     At the

present time, the Air Resources Board (ARB) has not adopted a test procedure

for recycling used OEM three—way type converters.     However, the staff

believes that there is a significant need to allow the sale of recycled

three—way converters in California, and that the test procedure proposed by

Brown Recycling is more stringent than that currently accepted by the EPA.

As part of their production audit testing, Brown Recycling will test a total

of four used OEM con?erters, with known conversion efficiencies,    using cold—

start CVS~75, for the purpose of correlating their bench test efficiency

with the efficiency obtained from the cold~start CVS—75.

        Information submitted by Brown Recycling show that they meet the

requirements of Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13, California Code of

Regulations, Section 2222(i) to advertise and market used OEM catalytic

converters in California.   Staff recommends that the e*emption be granted as

requested and that Executive Order D—387 be issued.

                                         i


                                    CONTENTS

                                               Page Number


SUMMARY                                             i


CONTENTS                                           ii


I.         INTRODUCTION                             1


II.        CONCLUSION                               1


III.       RECOMMENDATIONS           ©              1


IV.        PROCBEDURE DESCRIPTION                   2




                                         ii


       EVALUATION OF BROWN RECYCLING & MFG., INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL
        EQUIPMENT CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
              IN VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA
                       CODE OF REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)



I.         INTRODUCTION

           Brown Recycling & Mfg., Inc.   (Brown Recycling) of 1274 Gravel Ridge

Road,    Somerville, Alabama 35670, has applied for an exemption to salvage and

test used original equipment manufacturer (OEM) catalytic converters for

sale in California under California Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13,

California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(i).      Brown Recycling has

developed a bench test for screening three—way converter      (TWC)   and three—way

plus oxidation converter (TWC + OC).      Their test procedure is a modification

of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved GM‘s "Cell 102" or

Light—off and Stabilized Efficiency Tests which enables Brown Recycling to

determine the conversion efficiency for NOx as well as HC and CO.        Brown

Recycling also uses the unmodified EPA approved GM‘s "Cell 102" test

procedures to séreen oxidation converters and precatalysts.

II.        CONCLUSION

           The applicant has submitted all the required information, and based

on the submitted catalyst test data, the staff concludes that Brown

Recycling laboratory has demonstrated that their procedures are adequate for

determination of the conversion efficiency of used OC, TWC, TWC + OC, and

precatalysts in accordance with California regulations on aftermarket

catalytic converters.

III.      RECOMMENDATION

          Staff recommends that the exemption be granted as requested and that

Executive Order No. D—387 be issued, permitting the advertisement, sale and

installation of the used OEM catalytic converters tested by Brown Recycling.


Iv.     PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION

         Brown Recycling previously screened used catalytic converters in

accordance with‘procedures described in Federal Registrar Vol.51, No.150,

dated August 5, 1986, the light—off and stabilized conversion efficiency

test.   The following are the test equipment and parameters:

         Test Engine — 350 CID (5.7L) GM V~—8 2 bbl TBI equipped

        Engine speed — 1800 +/— 20 RPM

         Engine load — 31 ft—lb (10.6 hp)

         Converter inlet CO — 2% +/— 0.05%

         Converter inlet temperature — 730 +/— 30 degrees—F

        Air Injection Pump — 20 CID (maximum)

        Air Injection Drive Ratio — 1.5:1 (maximum)

         Location of converter — 2 feet (min)     from merging point of the two

                                  exhaust banks

         Converter pre—test temperature — 100 degrees F

        Exhaust Gas Analyzers for HC, CO,    and NOx

        Computer for data reduction

Since the above test parameters cannot generate NOx,     some adjustments to the

existing test procedure were necessary to evaluate the NOx efficiency of a

catalytic converter.   In order to generate enough NOx in the exhaust for

conversion efficienqy measurement, Brown Recycling leaned the inlet CO from

2% +/— 0.05% to 0.6% +/— 0.10%.   The converter inlet temperature was

increased to 800 +/— 30 degrees F by increasing the load on the dynamometer

to 75 ft—lb +/— 5 ft—lb.   Inlet HC was adjusted to 500 +/— 100 ppm,       inlet

NOx was 2000 +/— 100 ppm, air/fuel ratio was maintained at 14.7:1,

backpressure was maintained at between 1—3 psi, ignition timing was set 0

degree TDC, and air pump flow rate was maintained at 5—10 scfm.      Air

injection was not used except when testing three—way plus oxidation


converters when air was introduced between the reducing and oxidizing

substrates for oxidation reaction.         All other parameters remained unchanged.

Brown Recycling submitted data from tests conducted with 10 used OEM three—

way converters and 10 used OFM three—way plus oxidation converters using the

modified procedures described above.         The time to obtain conversion

efficiencies of 50, 70, and 90 percent after the exhaust gas was switched to

pass through the catalytic converter were measured.         Based on these teét

data,   staff recommends that the ARQ allow the sale and installation of used

OEM thfee—way, three~—way plus oxidation, and precatalysts which attain the

following conversion efficiencies within 60 seconds after the exhaust is

switéhed to pass through the catalyst.

                      Conversion Efficiencies

Converter Type         _HC_    _c9_   _NOx__

TWC + 0C          ‘      70%    70%    50%

TWC                      70%    70%    60%

Precatalyst             40%     40%    —

As part of their production audit testing Brown Recycling shall conduct

cold—start CVS—75 conversion efficiency tests on two three—way converters

and two three;way plus oxidation converters in order to correlate the

efficiencies obtained using their procedures with the cold—start CVS—75

‘conversion efficiencies.      The tests shall be conducted by the next

production audit reporting period ending February 15, 1996.         The cold—start

CVs—75 tests are to be conducted at an independent laboratory. The ARB will

provide Brown Recycling with all pertinent information for the audit

testing.   All used catalytic converters sold in California by Brown

Recycling must be tested using the procedures described above, and must

attain the required conversion efficiencies.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:32
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:32

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