Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on March 24, 1998.
As of Monday, December 10th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

ModelsRemarks
1997 and older model-year vehicles, excluding any vehicle certified to a low emission vehicle standard or an enhanced evaporative emissions standardTwo part device: Ion Techno Sheet installed in the air filter housing and the Techno Fuel Pipe spliced in the vehicle's fuel line.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-447
  • Executive Order 447 / D447
  • ARB # D-447
  • Executive Order No: D-447
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-447
  • Resolution D-447
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-447 PDF

D-447 Document:



                                                    (Page 1 of 4)




                                State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD


                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—447
                    Relating to Exemption Under Section 27156
                                of the Vehicle Code


             FURUTANI TECHNICAL LABORATORY CO., LTD.
                ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE

WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13 California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(e), authorize the California Air
Resources Board (ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt add—on and modified
parts from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

WHEREAS, Furutani Technical laboratory Co., Ltd. of 3—3—3, Nishi Yomeshima—
cho, Matsue 690 Japan, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the
prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel
Pipe.

WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health
and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division by
Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—9, the ARB
finds:

        1.   The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe is an add—on device that is
             attached to the air cleaner and fuel line, respectively, in a motor
             vehicle.

        2.   The air cleaner and fuel line are part of the required motor vehicle
             pollution control system.

        3.   The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe are intended for use with a
             required pollution control system.

        4.   The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe by being installed on the air
             cleaner and fuel line alters the original design of a motor vehicle
             pollution control system.


FURUTANI TECHNICAL LAB. CO., LTD.                    EXECUTIVE ORDER D—447
ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE                    (Page 2 of 4)



               The Ion Techno Sheet/ Techno Fuel Pipe is a device subject to the
               prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 and an add—on part as
               defined by Title 13, CCR Section 1900(b)(1).

               The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe does not reduce the
               effectiveness of any required motor vehicle pollution control device.

               The ARB has not determined the effect the use of the Ion Techno
               Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe has on any warranty, either expressed or
               implied, by the manufacturer or a motor vehicle on which the device
               is installed.

               The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe is not a certified motor
               vehicle pollution control device pursuant to Health and Safety Code
               Section 43644.

               The ARB by granting an exemption to Furutani Technical Laboratory
               Co., Ltd. for the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe does not
               recommend or endorse in any way the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel
               Pipe for emissions reduction, fuel economy, or any other purpose.

      10.      Submitted emission test data from an independent laboratory
               showed the on Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe did not adversely
               affect exhaust emissions on the two vehicles tested. The test results
               are shown below.

                       Automobile Club of Southern California
                              Los Angeles, California

1.6L Honda Civic
                                               HC           Cco          NOx
Baseline (g/mi)                              0.122         1.792        0.071
Device      (g/mi)                           0.146         1.823        0.070
Change (g/mi)                               +0.024       +0.031        —0.001

Percent Change                            +19.67         +1.73         ~1.41


FURUTANI TECHNICAL LAB. CO., LTD.                   EXECUTIVE ORDER D—447
ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE                   (Page 3 of 4)



4.6L Ford Pickup Truck
                                             HC           CQO          NOx
Baseline (g/mi)                             0.161        1.975         0.083
Device (g/mi)                               0.154        1.929         0.075
Change (g/mi)                              —0.007       —0.046         —0.008
‘Percent Change                            4.35         —2.23          —9.64
The change in emissions on the above test results are within the test—to—test
variability specified in the "Procedures for Exemption of Add—on and Modified
Parts." The same emissions impact is expected when this device is used on the
vehicles for which this exemption is requested.

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the on Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe is
exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation on
1997 and older model—year gasoline and diesel powered vehicles, excluding those
vehicles subject to Ultra—Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV), Low Emission Vehicle
{(LEV), Transitional Low Emission Vehicle (TLEV) standards or enhanced
evaporative emission standards, subject to the following conditions:

      1.     This exemption shall not apply to any device, apparatus, or
             mechanism advertised, offered for sale or sold with, or installed on, a
             motor vehicle prior to or concurrent with transfer to an ultimate
             purchaser.

      2.     No changes are permitted to the device as described in the application
             for exemption. Any changes to the device, applicable model year, or
             other factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved
             by the ARB prior to marketing in California,

      3.     Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
             in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
            other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited
            unless prior approval is obtained from the ARB. Exemption of this
            product shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale,
             or advertise any component of the product as an individual device.


FURUTANI TECHNICAL LAB. CO., LTD.                   EXECUTIVE ORDER D—447
ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE                   (Page 4 of 4)


4.    Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content by
      Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd., its principals, agents, employees,
      distributors, dealers, or other representatives must include the disclaimer that
      the Executive Order or the exemption it provides is not an endorsement or
      approval of any fuel economy or emissions reduction claims for the Ion
      Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe and is only a finding that the device is
      exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

5.    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may
      be made with respect to the action taken in any advertising or other oral or
      written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of this
order. The order may be revoked only after a ten—day written notice of intention
to revoke the order, in which period the holder of the order may request in writing
a hearing to contest the proposed revocation. If a hearing is requested, it shall be
held within ten days of receipt of the request and the order may not be revoked
until a determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.

The Bureau of Automotive Repair will be notified by copy of this order.

Executed at El Monte, California, this   a%f day of March 1998.




                                            .   B.Summerfi€ld, Chief
                                           Mobile Source Operations Division


                      State of California
                  AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF FURUTANI TECHNICAL LABORATORY CO., LTD.‘S
       ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE DEVICE FOR
EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION
  27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
              CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                        March, 1998


                               State of California
                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD




 EVALUATION OF FURUTANI TECHNICAL LABORATORY CO., LTD‘S
        ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE DEVICE FOR
 EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION
   27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
               CALIFORNIA CODE QOF REGULATIONS




                                        by
                       Mobile Source Operations Division

                               9528 Telstar Avenue
                           El Monte, CA 91734—8001




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                      SUMMARY



             Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd., of 3—3—3, Nishi Yomeshima—

cho, Matsue 690 Japan, has applied for exemption from the prohibitions in Section

27156 of the California Vehicle Code (VC) for the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel

isipe. The device is designed for installation on 1997 and older model—year

gasoline and diesel powered vehicles, excluding those vehicles subject to Ultra—

Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV), Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) and Transitional

Low Emission Vehicle (TLEV) standards or enhanced evaporative emission

standards.

             Test results conducted at an independent laboratory showed that the

device met the requirements under California procedures for VC Section 27156

exemption of add—on and modified parts.

             Based on the submitted emissions test data, the staff concludes that the

Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe will not adversely affect exhaust emissions

from vehicles for which the exemption is requested.

             The staff recommends that Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd. be

granted an exemption as requested and that Executive Order D—447 be issued.


                       TABLE OF CONTENTS




                                      Page Number

SUMMARY                                    i

CONTENTS                                   11

I.     INTRODUCTION

II.    CONCLUSION

III.   RECOMMENDATION

IV.     DEVICE DESCRIPTION

v.     DISCUSSION

APPENDIX

       INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS




                               i


     EVALUATION OF FURUTANI TECHNICAL LABORATORY CO., LTD.‘S
      ION TECHNO SHEET/TECHNO FUEL PIPE DEVICE FOR EXEMPTION
       FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
     ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA
                       CODE OF REGULATIONS


1.           INTRODUCTION

             Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd. (Furutani) of 3—3—3, Nishi

Yomeshima—cho, Matsue 690 Japan, has applied for an exemption from the

prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section (VC) 27156 for the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno

Fuel Pipe device, which is designed for installation on 1997 and older model—year

gasoline and diesel powered vehicles, excluding those vehicles subject to Ultra—

Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV), Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) and Transitional

Low Emission Vehicle (TLEV) standards and enhanced evaporative emission

standards.




IL.          CONCLUSIONS

             Based on comparative emissions testing conducted at Automobile Club

of Southern California (ACSC) laboratory, Los Angeles, California, the staff

concludes that Furutani‘s Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe will not adversely

affect exhaust emissions from the vehicles for which the exemption is requested.


TL        RECOMMENDATION

          The staff recommends that Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd. be

granted an exemption for their Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe for installation

on 1997 and older model—year gasoline and diesel powered vehicles, excluding

those vehicles subject to Ultra—Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV), Low Emission

Vehicle (LEV), Transitional Low Emission Vehicle (TLEV) standards or enhanced

evaporative emission standards. The staff also recommends that Executive Order

D—447 be issued.




IV.       DEVICE. DESCRIPTION

          The Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe is designed to fit in the air filter

bousing and on the fuel line respectively. The Techno Sheet has a compound

(Thorium Oxide) that is melted into the base metal sheet. According to the

manufacturer, the Techno Sheet is cut to size (depending on the design of the air

cleaner housing) and attached to the inside of the air cleaner housing by means of

double—faced adhbesive tape. The Techno Fuel Pipe also contains the Thorium

Oxide compound which is housed in a stainless steel/copper cylindrical shaped

unit. The device also contains small ceramic pellets which the manufacturer claims


interact with the Thorium Oxide creating a better ionization of the fuel as it passes

through the device. The Techno Fuel Pipe comes in two different sizes; the

engine displacement determines the correct size to be used. The device is

narrowed at both ends in order to match the fuel line and is attached to the

vehicle‘s fuel line by the use of two clamps. The device‘s installation instructions

are shown in the Appendix.

v.        DISCUSSION
          Furutani claims that using their device will decrease exhaust emissions

and improve fuel economy. Furutani submitted data from testing conducted at

ACSC laboratory in Los Angeles, California. Comparative emissions tests (stock

vs modified) were conducted on two California certified vehicles: a 1997 1.6L

Honda Civic and a 1997 4.6L Ford F—150 Pickup truck. Data from the tests are

shown below.

                      Automobile Club of Southern California
                             Los Angeles, California

1.6L Honda Civic
                                         HC           CO .         NOx
Baseline (g/mi)                         0.122         1.792        0.071
Device   (g/mi)                         0.146         1.823        0.070
Change (g/mi)                         +0.024        +0.031        ~0.001

Percent Change:                      +19.67         +1.73         ~1.41


4.6L Ford F150 Pickup Truck
                                        HC            CO           NOx
Baseline (g/mi)                          0.161         1.975        0.083
Device (g/mi)                            0.154         1.929        0.075
Change (g/mi)                           —0.007        —0.046       —0.008

Percent Change                          —4.35         —2.23        —9.64




The emission increases shown on the above test results are within the acceptable

limits as specified in the "Procedures for Exemption of Add—on and Modified

Parts."

      The ARB did not perform testing to confirm the emission test results

submitted by the applicant; however, ARB staff evaluated the impact of the Ion

Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel Pipe on the On—Board Diagnostic II (OBD II) system.

Scan tool testing confirmed that the device did not affect the vehicle‘s ability to

perform OBD II system operation.

      Staff concludes that the installation of the Ion Techno Sheet/Techno Fuel

Pipe will not have an adverse effect on exhaust emissions from vehicles for which

the exemption is requested. Furutani Technical Laboratory Co., Ltd. has

subraitted all the required information and fulfilled the requirements for exemption.


APPENDIX


                                              INSTALLATION MANUAL

                 IONTECHNO SHEET and FUEL PIPE must installed by authorized dealers only.

              INSTALLATION of IONTECHNO SHEET
                Stop the engine before install the lontechno Sheet.
                Take the lid off the canister of the air cleaner.
                Take out the air filter component.
                Clean inside of canister completely. Make sure dust and oil are removed.
                Cut the lontechno Sheet to the size of inner part of the air cleaner canister. (picture A)
                Attach them inside wall of canister with the double—faces adhesive tape.
                Check the tape for the perfect attachment. (picture B)
              Use rivet to attach the sheet for a large size air filter canister.
           7. Put the air filter back and cover the lid.
(picture A)
     small gasoline engine                     small gasoline engine                      large diese!l engine
       {round shape air cleaner)                (square shape air cleaner)

      TECHNO SHEET                            TECHNO SHEET g                                    TECHNO SHEET




   AIR CLEANER CANISTER                  AIR CLEANER CANISTER                                       @

                                                                                                           LID
(picture B)                        AIR


                                                                             AIR CLEANER CANISTER


                                                AIR CLEANER CANISTER




                                                                                    LID


INSTALLATION of IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE

                  DO NOT INSTALL FUEL PIPE WHILE ENGINE IS HOT
                  1. Stop the engine before the installation of the IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE.
                     (Start installation after the engine is cool down.)
                  2. Choose the place where the IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE is placed. Usually, it is best to
                      install it close to the fuel injection or the carburetor in engine room.
                  3. Before cut a fuel line, use locking cramp on the both side of cut off position. This will
                     prevent from excessive amount of fuel flash out from fuel line.
                 4. Install IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE, then use round cramp to tighten up both side of fuel pipe.
                       (picture C & D)
         (picture C)           CORRECT                                                INCORRECT                  FUEL

 |                                                                          ~
                                                                        FUEL




     '                   +                             n
                                                         FUEL
                        FUEL
                   (Preferably between 45 degree and 90 degree angle)


                                     (picture D)



                                                        (SJWMN] —reocee
                                                                FUEL LINE




                                                            IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE


                                                 \

                 5. Tied IONTECHNO FUEL PIPE to any part of engine room where does not interfere the
                       operation of the vehicle. (picture E)
                                                                fuel line
                                  {picture E)
                                                                                + BODY PARTS SUCH AS FRAME




                                                                                _ HHTD
                                                             FUEL PIPE
                                                                                       \ PLASTIC TIE STRIP



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:39:38
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:39:38

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