Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on January 6, 2000.
As of Monday, July 22nd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
NOT LEGAL FOR SALE OR INSTALLATION AFTER 12/31/08

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-494
  • Executive Order 494 / D494
  • ARB # D-494
  • Executive Order No: D-494
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-494
  • Resolution D-494
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-494 PDF

D-494 Document:



                                                                                     (Page 1 of 3)

                                                   State of California
                                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—494
                                  Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                               of the Vehicle Code

                                LAPOINTE EXHAUST SYSTEM EQUIPMENT
                           "THREE—WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER SERIES LP20000"

           WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391, and Title 13, California Code of
           Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(h), authorize the California Air Resources
           Board (ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt new aftermarket catalytic converter from the
           prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

           WHEREAS, LaPointe Exhaust System Equipment (LaPointe) of 3155 Blvd. Losch #1 St—
           Hubert, Quebec, Canada J3Y 3V6, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the
           prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 to market their new aftermarket
           series LP20000 three—way catalytic converter (TWC) for the following application, except for
           vehicles equipped with an on—board diagnostic [I (OBD—II) system:

           Type      Use      Series No.       Max: Eng.:Size    Max. TestVeh. Wt.
           ‘TWC        TWC LP20000             5.9L(360 CID) 6,000 lbs.
           TWC        OC      LP20000          5.9L (360 CID) 6,000 Ibs.

           WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health and Safety
           Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Operations Division by Health and
           Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—9, the ARB finds that the above
           aftermarket catalytic converter complies with the California Vehicle Code Section 27156 and
           Title 13, California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h). Emission performance of the
           catalytic converter was based on durability bench—aging of the catalyst using AlliedSignal
           Environmental Catalyst (ASEC) ARL—102 for 53 hours which was accepted for the above
           vehicle application to be equivalent to 25,000 miles durability mileage accumulation using
           AMA driving cycle (Reference Appendix IV, Title 40, part 86, Code of Federal Regulations
           (June 28, 1977)).

           Whereas, emissions tests conducted at Automotive Development Services, Inc. (ATDS),©
           Ontario, California, showed the following conversion efficiencies which meet the minimum
           requirements for new aftermarket catalytic converters:

                                            Catalyst Application Type
           Poliution Component          .           TWC
           HC: Min. Requirement                     70%
                  LaPointe‘s series LP20000        84.4
           CO: Min. Requirement                    70
Frpnaden




               LaPointe‘s series LP20000           78.4
           NOx: Min. Requirement                   60
               LaPointe‘s series LP20000           77.6


LAPOINTE EXHAUST SYSTEM EQUIPMENT                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—494
"TWC SERIES LP20000®                                            (Page 2 of 3)

The oxidation catalytic converter (OC) application is included on the basis of the TWC
emission tests and other tests conducted on the test catalysts.

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the above catalytic converter is exempt from the prohibitions
in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation on the approved application vehicles subject to
the following conditions:

       1.    No changes are permitted to the catalytic converter as described in the
             application for exemption. Any changes to the catalytic converter or any of its
             components, and other factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and
             approved by the ARB prior to marketing in California.

             Marketing of the catalytic converter using identifications other than those shown
             in the exemption application, and in this Executive Order, or marketing of the
             catalytic converter for application other than the ones shown in this Executive
             Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the ARB.
             Exemption of this product shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer
             for sale, or advertise any components of the catalytic converter as individual
             devices.

             Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content by LaPointe
             Exhaust System Equipment, its principals, agents, employees, distributors,
             dealers, or other representatives must include the disclaimer that the Executive
             Order or the exemption it provides is not an endorsement or approval of any
             emission reduction claims for the catalytic converter and is only a finding that
             the catalytic converter is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section
             27156.

             LaPointe Exhaust System Equipment‘s installation instructions for the new
             catalytic converter must conform to requirements in Paragraphs | and IX of
             California Evaluation Procedures for New Aftermarket Non—Original Equipment
             Catalytic Converters.                                                              O

             Upon installation, the catalytic converter must carry a manufacturer‘s warranty
             for 25,000 miles on the substrates and 50,000 miles or five years on the shell
             and end pipes.


           LAPOINTE EXHAUST SYSTEM EQUIPMENT                                  EXECUTIVE ORDER D—494
           "TWC SERIES LP20000®                                               (Page 3 of 3)
Leitine,




           Viotation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of this order. The
           order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of intention to revoke it, during which
           period the holder of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed
           revocation. If a hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the request,
           and the order may not be revoked until a determination is made, after the hearing, that
           grounds for revocation exist.                 —
                                                    1 4/
           Executed at El Monte, California, this _é__ day of January 2000.




                                                R.B. Summerfield, Chisf
                                                Mobile Source Operations Division


                                       State of California
                                  AIR RESOURCES BOARD




    EVALUATION OF LAPOINTE EXHAUST SYSTEM EQUIPMENT‘S SERIES LP20000
         NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR
            EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE
             SECTION 27156, AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                      REGULATIONS SECTION 2222(h)




                                         January 2000




                                               by
                                    Mobile Source Division

                                      9528 Telstar Avenue
                                   El Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources Board and
approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the
views and policies of the Air Resources Board, nor does mention of trade names or
commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                         SUMMARY


            LaPointe Exhaust System Equipment (LaPointe) of 3155 Bivd, Losch #1 St—

Hubert, Quebec, Canada JBY 3V6 has applied for an exemption of their series LP20000 new

aftermarket three—way catalytic converter (TWC) from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code

Sections 27156, in accordance with California regulations on new aftermarket catalytic

converters. The two test catalysts were aged using AlliedSignal Environmental Catalyst‘s

(ASEC‘s) ARL—102 bench—aging cycle for 53 hours, which is accepted by the Air Resources

Board (ARB) as an aitemative to the required 25,000—mile road aging. The substrates are of

ceramic monolith type. The front and rear substrates both contain palladium and rhodium in

5:1 ratio. The emission tests were conducted on a 1994 Dodge Rarr; Pickup Truck powered

by a 5.9L gasoline engine. The new catalytic converter may be installed on TWC, and

oxidation catalytic converter (OC) vehicles powered by a gasoline engine of 5.9L or less, and

having an equivalent test weight of 6,000 lbs. or less, which corresponds to a maximum

gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 7,400 lbs.

            Emissions data submitted by the applicant show that the catalytic converter

meets the requirements of Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13, California Code of

Regulations, Section 2222(h) for the stated application. Based on the above, the staff

recommends that the exemption be granted as requested and that Executive Order D-494 be

issued.


                                CONTENTS

                                           Page Number

SUMMARY                                        i

CONTENTS
I.         INTRODUCTION
IL.       CONCLUSION
H1.        RECOMMENDATION
Iv.        DEVICE DESCRIPTION
V.         DEVICE EVALUATION


     EVALUATION OF LAPOINTE EXHAUST SYSTEM EQUIPMENT‘S SERIES LP20000
          NEW AFTERMARKET THREE—WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER FOR
             EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE CODE
              SECTION 27156, AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                       REGULATIONS SECTION 2222(h)


1.          INTRODUCTION

            LaPointe Exhaust System Equipment (LaPointe) of 3155 Blvd. Losch #1 St—

'Hubert, Quebec, Canada J3Y 3SV6, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in

Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their new series LP20000 aftermarket three—way catalytic

converter (TWC) in accordance with California regulations on new aftermarket catalytic

converters. AlliedSignal Environmental Catalyst (ASEC) manufactured the ceramic monolith

substrate of the new catalyst. The new aftermarket catalytic converter is intended for the

following vehicle applications:


Converter Type ConverterUse PN/Series           Max.Eng.Size      Max.Veh.Test Wt.
TWC            TWC          LP20000             5.9L              6,000 lbs.
TWC            OC           LP20000             5.9L              6,000 lbs.


The gross vehicle weight rating that was calculated from the ballasted test vehicle is 7,400

lbs. LaPointe intends to market the new TWC as a replacement for catalytic converters on

applicable vehicles whose manufacturer‘s warranty has expired and the need for

replacement of the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) catalytic converter has been

established and documented, except those vehicles equipped with On—Board Diagnostic II

(OBD—!I) system.

H.          CONCLUSION

            The applicant has submitted all the required information. Based on the

applicant‘s submitted exhaust emissions test data, the staff concludes that the new


 aftermarket catalyst meets the criteria set forth in Vehicle Code Section 27156, and Title 13,

 California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h) for the stated application.

 HL        — RECOMMENDATION

             Staff recommends that the exemption be granted as requested and that

 Executive Order No. D—494 be issued, permitting the advertisement, sale, and installation of

 the new aftermarket catalyst on applicable vehicles.

 IV.         DEVICE DESCRIPTION
             LaPointe‘s new aftermarket TWC is designed to use two oval ceramic monolith

 substrates. The front and rear substrates are both coated with palladium and rhodium. The

—dimensions of each substrate are 4.75 inches for the major axis, 3.15 inches for the minor

 axis, and 2.0 inches for the length. The combined volumes of the substrates is 53.0 cubic

 inches. The substrates are wrapped with Unifrax Corporation XPE Expanding Mat, to

 prevent vibration and exhaust by—pass, and then contained in a 409 stainless steel shell.

 The shell is sealed by seam weld. Galvanized G90 steel heat shield is spot—welded to the

 upper side of the converter to protect vehicle underbody from excessive heat. The catalyst

 may be sold as a unit with installation instructions or may be used in customized direct fit

 exhaust. It is also sold with a Warranty for 25,000 miles on the substrates, and five years or

 50,000 miles on the container or shell, and the end pipes.

 V.          DEVICE EVALUATION

             LaPointe submitted data from testing conducted by Automotive Testing and

 Development Services, Inc. (ATDS) laboratory, Ontario, California. The test catalysts were

 aged by ASEC using their bench—aging cycle ARL—102 for 53 hours. The bench—aging

 procedure has been previously accepted by the ARB as an alternative to road mileage


         accumulation for 25,000 miles. Emissions tests were conducted on a 1994 Dodge Ram

         Pickup Truck with a curb weight of 4,600 Ibs. and powered by a 5.9L gasoline engine. It was
comas,




         equipped with a single three—way catalytic converter (TWC). The test vehicle required

         ballasting to obtain the desired equivalent test weight of 6,000 lbs., which corresponds to a

         maximum gross vehicle weight of 7,400 Ibs. The limits of application of the series LP20000

         TWC will be 5.91/6,000 pounds. The test catalysts were labeled as numbers 7353 and

         7354. Testing consisted of two cold—start CVS—75 with a simulator ("dummy" catalyst),

         followed by two cold—start CVS—75 for each of the test catalysts. The average of the two test

         results for each test catalyst was used to calculate the conversion efficiency. The overall

         conversion efficiency for the catalyst model is the average conversion efficiency of the two

         test catalysts. The test results for the catalyst are shown below:

                Automeotive Testing and Development Services, Inc. (ATDS), Ontario, California

                                                         TWC

                    Simulator    Catalyst 7353 Catalyst 7354     Conv. Eff.
                    Average      Average       Average           Average

         HC ({g/mi) 2.390       0.374            0.369           84.4%
         CO (g/mi) 26.551       5.406            6.052          78.4%
         NOx (g/mi) 5.920       1.229            1.425          77.6%


         The above test results meet the minimum requirements of the California regulations on new

         aftermarket catalytic converters. Due to time constraints, the ARB did not conduct

         confirmatory testing.on the catalyst.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:10
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:10

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