Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on February 6, 1984.
As of Monday, October 14th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1974 and older gasoline powered vehicles with PCV valves

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-78-1
  • Executive Order 78-1 / D78-1
  • ARB # D-78-1
  • Executive Order No: D-78-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-78-1
  • Resolution D-78-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-78-1 PDF

D-78-1 Document:



                                                       {Page 1 of 2)
                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D~78—1
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code


                           STARLITE PRODUCTS CO.
           STARLITE SELF—CLEANING CRANKCASE SMOG CONTROL DEVICE


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and
Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOQLVED: That the installation of the Starlite
Self—Cleaning Crankcase Smog Control Device manufactured by Starlite
Products Co. of 220 E. Foothil1l Blvd., P.O0. Box 1046, Monrovia, CA 91016,
has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle
pollutifon control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions
of Section 27156 of the Vehicie Code for 1974 model—year and earlier
gasoline operated vehicles equipped with PCY valves.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive _
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those lTisted in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.    Exemption of a kit
shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty eijther expressed or implifed
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE STARLITE SELF—CLEANING CRANKCASE SMOGG CONTRGL
DEYVICE.


STARLITE PRODUCTS CO.                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—78—1
STARLITE SELF—CLEANING        —                       (Page 2 of 2)
CRANKCASE SMOG CONTROL DEVICE



No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644. < (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
    advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
    certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
    po]]ut1on control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that
    device has been certified by the state board.. No person shall sell,
    offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution
    controi device as a certified device which, in fact, is not a certified .
    device. Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.

                                            4h
Executed at El Monte, California, this Q; day of February, 1984


                                        /WMmetar
                                       K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                       Mobile Source Division


                      State of California
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD




 EVALUATION OF STARLITE PRODUCT COMPANY‘S STARLITE SELF—CLEANING
CRANKCASE SMOG CONTROL DEVICE FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS
 OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222,
          TITLE 13 OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                         JANUARY, 1984


                                                    Issue Date:   January, 1984



       EVALUATION OF STARLITE PRODUCT COMPANY‘S STARLITE SELF—CLEANING
      CRANKCASE SMOG CONTROL DEVICE FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROKIBITIONS
       OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222,
                TITLE 13 OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                                      by
                           Mobile Source Division

                             State of CalTifornia
                             Air Resources Board
                             9528 Telstar Avenue
                             E1 Monte, CA 91770




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   sumMagy

      Starlite Products Co. of Monrovia, California applied for exemption from
the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code for their

Starlite SeTf—Cleaning Crankcase Smog Control device.   The applicant has
requested that exemption be granted for all 1974 and earlier model—year

gasoline operated vehicles equipped with PCV valves.

      The Starlite Self—Cleaning Crankcase Smog Control device is intended as
a direct replacement for the existing PCV valve on the vehicles requested.

      The ARB conducted comparative emission and fuel economy tests on the

device using a 1973, 6—cylinder, 258 CID, AMC Hornet test vehicle supplied by

the applicant.
      Based upon the test results and the test vehicle operating condition,

the ARB staff found that the Starlite Seif—Cleaning Crankcease Smog Control

device has no effect on emissions and fuel economy of the test vehicle, and

therefore recommended that the ARB Executive Order D—78—1 be issued.


                                     CONTENTS




                                                Page Number




summary
CONTENTS

I.     INTRODUCTION

II.    CONCL USION

III.   RECOMMENDATION

IV.    DEVICE DESCRIPTION




                                                    N
V.     EMISSION AND FUEL ECONOMY TEST


                                                    @0
VI.    TEST RESULTS
                                                    t

VII.   DISCUSSION OF TEST RESULTS
                                                    B




APPENDIX
                                                    n




       A.   DEVICE ASSEMBLY DETAIL
                                                    o+




       B.   DEVICE INSTALLATION INSTRUCTION
                                                    ~==




                                        11


                                 State of California
                                 AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                    January, 1984

                                    Staff Report

       Evaluation of Starlite Products Company‘s Starlite Self—Cleaning
       Crankease Smog Control Device for Exemption from the Prohibitions
        of Vehicle Code Section 27156 in Accordance with Section 2222,
                    Title 13 of the California Administrative Code

1.     INTRODUCT I ON
       Starlite Products Co., of 220 East Foothill Boulevard, P.0. Box 1046,

Monrovia, CA    91016, has submitted an application requesting an exemption from

the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code for its

Starlite Self—Cleaning Crankcase Smog Control device.      The device is designed

for installation on all 1974 and earlier model—year gasoline operated vehicles

equipped with positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valves.

II.    CONCLUSION

       The test results show that the emission levels of the 1973 test vehicle

were typical of old in—use vehicle.     The use of the Starlite Self—Cleaning
Crankease Smog Control device had no adverse effect on vehicular emissions.

III.   RECOMMENDATION —
       Based on the information submitted and the results from the ARB‘s

confirmatory testing, the staff recommends that the Board exempt the Starlite

Self—Cleaning Crankcase Smog Control device from the prohibitions of Vehicle

Code Section 27156.     The staff, therefore, recommends the fssuance of

Executive Order D—78—1.


IV.    DEVICE DESCRIPTION

      The device (Figure 1) is designed to replace the positive crankcase

ventilation (PCY) valve on 1974 and earlier model vehicles.     The applicant

claims that this device also works as a self—cleaning filter operated
automatically by the moving lever arm that responds to stop and go motion of

the vehicle.     A coil spring is positioned inside the device housing.     The

coils are separated by a number of ribbon spacers or shims sufficient in
thickness to provide space for the crankcase fumes to pass through.        The fumes

are then recirculated through the carburetor in the same manner as with

presently installed PCY valve.     Snap—on orifices with openings varying in size
are available.    To determine the correct size of orifice, thereby providing

proper engine crankcease ventilation, the oil filler cap is removed and the

amount of fumes being emitted from the oi1 filler pipe opening is observed.        A

snap—on orifice with a suitable size is chosen for the device.      The orifice

will allow all the crankcase fumes (blow—by gas) to be drawn into the intake
manifold without overflow from the oil filler pipe opening.

      The applicant supplies four orifices with each device.     The sizes are as
follows:   3/32 in., 1/8 in., 5/32 in., and 3/16 in. in diameter.    The

applicant recommended that, to double check that the proper orifice size has

been selected, the palm of the hand should be placed over the oil filler pipe

opening and noting the presence of vacuum effect {suction) during engine

idling condition.


V.          EMISSION AND FUEL ECONOMY TEST

        The applicant procured a test vehicle and requested the ARB to provide

the emission and fuel economy tests for the device.
            The comparative emission tests (baseline versus with—device tests) were

conducted in accordance with the cold—start CVS—75 test procedure; then the

test data was recalculated to obtain the CVS—72 test results.         The baseline

tests wererun with the vehicle engine set as close as possible to the

manufacturer‘s specifications.         A 1973, 6—cylinder, 258 CID, AMC Hornet with

automatic transmission and 180,071 miles on its odometer was used for the

device evaluation.

VI.         TEST RESULTS
            The test results are shown in the following tables:
                                             Table 1
                                           CVS—72 Test

                                                                         Fuel
     Test                  Exhaust Emissions, gm/mi                      Econonmy
Condition                  HC         CO           NOx                     MPG

BaseTine                   4.64       72.28        1.63                   14.01
Device Test                3.66       35.01        2.09                   14.65

                                           Table 2
                                  Highway Fuel Economy Test


                                                                         Fuel
     Test                  Exhaust Emissions, gm/mi                      Economy
Condition                  HC         C0           Nox                     MPG

Baseline                   2.42       48.16        2.33                   21.60
Device Test                1.83       28.68        2.33                   20.70


NOTE: California exhaust emission standard (CVS—72) for 1973 passenger
            vehicles are given as follows:

                           HC          3.2 grams/mile
                           CO         39.0 grams/mile
                           NOx         3.0 grams/mile


VII.     DISCUSSION OF TEST RESULTS
         Starlite Products Co., submitted several testimonials concerning the

performance of the Starlite SeTf—Cleaning Crankease Smog Control device.

         The applicant spent some time looking for a suitable test vehicle to no

avail.     Finally, the ARB agreed to test the only one which was available to

the applicant.     The vehicle was pre—checked, pre—conditioned and tested for

emissions and fuel economy both on baseline and with—device installed

configuration.



Since the test vehicle did not have an OEM carburetor, the baseline test was

not valid.     The with—device test data indicate that the emissions were typical

of a used 1973 vehicle.     The use of the Starlite Self—Cleaning Crankcase Smog

Control device appeared to have little effect on emissions and fuel economy of
a typical in—use vehicle.


APPENDIX


              DEVICE ASSEMBLY DETAIL



                    /                                             ORIFICE




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                                                            U.S. Patleint No.
                                                     37849B       34943398



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:40:35
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:40:35

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