Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on August 27, 1973.
As of Monday, December 17th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1966-1973 model year vehicles

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-15
  • Executive Order 15 / D15
  • ARB # D-15
  • Executive Order No: D-15
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-15
  • Resolution D-15
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-15 PDF

D-15 Document:



                                                                                 2/2»



                          State of California
                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD


                       EXECUTIVE ORDER D—15
            Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                       of the Vehicle Code

                      FEREWELL PRODUCTS CORPORATION
                               "FIREWELL®


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authcrity vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
the Health and Safety Code;                           ~

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of "Firewell" ignition
system manufactured by Firewell Products Corporation has been found to not
reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control devices
and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the
Vehicle Code for 1966—1973 model—year vehicles. The device consists of
a d—c to d—c converter, capacitor, and electronic switch {silicon con—
trolled rectifier).
This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device as
originally submitted to the Air Resources Board for evaluation that
adversely affect the wehicle‘s poliution control devices shall invalidate
this Executive Order.

Marketing of this   device using an identification other than that shown
in this Executive   Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed   in this Executive Order shall have prior approval of
the Air Resources   Board.


EXECUTIVE ORDER D—15                                '        "FIRENELL®




THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD
OF ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR
ANY ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "FIREWELL® DEVICE.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Bqafd may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or
other oral or written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertising and Section 17534 makes violation punishable
as a misdemeanor.

Section 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

      "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
      or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
      device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
      device unless that device has been certified by the board. No
      person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
      vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
      fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this section
      is a misdemeanor."

      "39184. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
      or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
      device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
      device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
      accredited by the board. No person shall sell, offer for sale,
     .advertise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device
      as an accredited device.   Any violation of this section is a mis—
      demeanor."                                                          '

Any apparent violation of the policy or laws will be submitted to the
Attorney General of California for such action as he deems advisable.



Executed at Sacramento, California, this      Q:Z       day of August, 1973.



                                            JOHN A. MAGA
                                            Executive Officer


                          State of california

                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                           August 16, 1973
                             Staff Report


             Evaluation of Firewell Products Corporation
                              "Firewell"
                  Capacitive Discharge Ignition                                ;
              Systems for Exemption to the Prohibitions                        |
              of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code                       |




     Introduction

     Firewell Products Corporation, Northridge, California, has applied

     for exemption to the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Motor

     Vehicle Code for the "Firewell" capacitive discharge ignition system.

     Section 27156 prohibits the installation of any device which reduces

     the effectiveness of motor vehicle emission control systems.    The

     applicant intends to sell the device as an "add—on" part to the
     standard ignition system.


1.   System Description

     For a general description of capacitive discharge ignition systems,

     see staff report "Evaluation of Capacitive Discharge and Transis—

     torized Ignition Systems for Compliance with the Requirements of

     Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code", dated February 14, 1973.

     The "Firewell" device consists of circuits for a d—c to d—c converter,

     storage capacitors and a silicon controlled rectifier which serves

     as an electronifc switch, and a trigger conditioner.   The manufacturer


.   "Firewell"                                         |         August 16, 1973


           states that the device produces up to 40,000 volts for secondary

           circuit output and 300 milijoules output energy with a voltage rise

           time of 40 microsecond and spark duration of 250 microseconds.


    II1.   Emission Testing

           The "Firewell" device was tested by the Air Resources Board Laboratory.

           The device was installed on a 1969 302 CID Ford.      The vehicle engine

           and exhaust systems were checked to insure proper operation.         For

           all tests, with and without the device, the engine settings were

           adjusted to the vehicle manufacturer‘s specifications.


           Baseline and device hot start CVS and 60 MPH cruise tests were per—

           formed.     Fuel consumption was measured during the CVS test.     Engine

           RPM and total spark advance were recorded during the 60 MPH cruise

           test.     Open circuit spark voltages were noted at idle and at 3,000

           RPM.


           The results of the ARB tests are shown below:


                                                 Hot CVS              Fuel
                                                Grams/Mile        Consumption
                                             HC     CO     NOx    Grams/Test

           Baseline
           {Avg. of 3 tests)               4.07   23.21    5.5        1,331
           Device                          4.08   21.95    5.9        1,362


      "Firewel1l"                                                    August 16, 1973




                                      60 MPH Cruise                Engine          Total Spark
                                 HC(ppm) CO(%) NOx{ppm)             RPM              Advance

            Baseline
            (Avg. of 3 tests)     197     0 .37    2,666            2,400           32° BTBC

            Device                192     0.78          *   _       2,400           32° BTDC


            * Equipment malfumction — CVS test results indicated a retest was not

               necessary.


                                           Open Circuit Spark Voltage
                                          Idle (550 RPM)             3,000 RPM

            Baseline                          26 ,000                 16,000

            Device                            24 ,000                 26,000


'I'   IV.   Conclusions and Recommendations

            It is the staff‘s opinion that the Firewell Products Corporation

             "Firewell" capacitive discharge ignition system will not adversely

            effect motor vehicle exhaust emissions when evaluated with respect
            to the exhaust emissions obtained with a conventional ignition

            system ofha "tuned" engine.   This device may also have a beneficial

            effect in the control of exhaust emissions          if it maintains the
            "tuned" condition of the engine for a longer period of time.               There—

            fore, the "Firewell" capacitive discharge ignition system should be

            exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle

            Code.                                                              '



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:40:45
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:40:45

| Previous E.O. D-14 | Next E.O. D-15-1 | Next E.O. D-16