Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on July 9, 1991.
As of Wednesday, June 19th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
V3LM-4031982-1991 Detroit Diesel 8.2L heavy-duty diesel engines

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-161-20
  • Executive Order 161-20 / D161-20
  • ARB # D-161-20
  • Executive Order No: D-161-20
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-161-20
  • Resolution D-161-20
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-161-20 PDF

D-161-20 Document:



                                                       {(Page 1 of 2)


                           State of California
                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—161—20
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the YVehicle Code

                           GALE BANKS ENGINEERING
                           SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources by Section 27156 of
the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLYED: That the installation of the Smoke Reduction
System manufactured by Gale Banks Engingering of 546 Duggan Avenue, Azusa,
California $1702, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of required
motor vehicle pollution control devices, and therefore is exempt from the
prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1982 to 1991 vehicles
powered with an 8.2 liter Detroit Diesel hWeavy—duty diesel engine.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s polliution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order .

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of a kit shall
not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any
component of the product as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—PQLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communications.


GALE BANKS ENGINEERING                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—161—20
           .                                         (Page 2 of 2)


Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for
revocation of this order. The order may be revoked only after ten day
written notice of intention to revoke the order, in which period the holder
of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed
revocation. If a hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of
receipt of the request and the order may not be revoked until a
determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.


Executed at E1 Monte, California, this __ji day of July, 1991.


                                      JA.        ‘
                                     R.B. Summerfield
                                     Assistant Division Chief
                                     Mobile Source Division


                         State of California
                         AIR RESOURCES BOARD




     EVALUATION OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM
MODEL NO. V3LM—403 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
    SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                     CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                               July 1991


                            State of California
                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD




      EVALUATIOCN OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM
 MODEL NO. V3LM—403 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
     SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                       CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                      by
                         Mobile Source Division
                           State of California
                           Air Resources Board
                           9528 Telistar Avenue
                         E1 Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.   Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                   SUMMARY



     Gale Banks Engineering (Banks) has applied for exemption from the

prohibitions in Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their add—on Smoke Reduction

System (SRS) Model No. V3LM—403 designed for 1982 to 1991 vehicles powered

with an 8.2 liter Detroit Diesel heavy—duty diesel engine.

     Banks has submitted a completed application with all the required

‘information.   Results of the comparative smoke opacity tests conducted

jointly by Banks and the Air Resources Board (ARB) show that the Smoke

Reduction System does not have an advefse effect on the emissions from

vehicles powered with an 8.2 liter Detroit Diesel heavy—duty diesel engine.

The staff recommends that Banks be granted an exemption for their add—on

Smoke Reduction System and that Executive Order D—161—20 be issued.


                                TABLE OF CONTENTS



                                                    Page Number


SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                                 11

I.         INTRODUCTION

11.        CONCLUSION

III.       RECOMMENDATION

IV.        DEVICE DESCRIPTION

           DISCUSSION OF THE SRS KIT EVALUATION

VI.        APPENDIX

           INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

           COMPONENT ILLUSTRATIONS

           STRIP CHART RESULTS

           COMPARE/CONTRAST OF THE SRS                    10
           SYSTEM & CONVENTIONAL TURBCCHARGING




                                        11


          EVALUATION OF GALE BANKS ENGINEERING‘S SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM
     MODEL NO. V3LM—403 FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE
         SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                           CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
I.      INTRODUCTION

        Gale Banks Engineering {Banks) of 546 Duggan Avenue, Azusa, California

91702, has applied for exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code

Section 27156 for their add—on Smoke Reduction System (SRS) Model No.

V3LM—403 designed for 1982 to 1991 vehicles equipped with a Detroit Diesel

8.2 liter heavy—duty diesel engine.

II.     CONCLUSION

        Based on the submitted information and a comparative snap—idle test

performed jointly by Banks and the Air Resources Board (ARB) on a 1985 Ford

truck equipped with an 8.2 liter Detroit Diesel heavy—duty diesel engine,

the staff concludes that the installation of the Banks Smoke Reduction

System Model No. V3LM—403 will not adversely affect emissions from 1982 to

1991 vehicles powered with a Detroit Diesel 8.2 liter heavy—duty diesel

engine.

111. RECOMMENDATIONS

        The staff recommends that Banks be granted an exemption for this SRS

kit for use on 1982 to 1991 vehicles powered with a Detroit Diesel 8.2 1iter

heavy—duty diesel engine and that Executive Order D—161—20 be issued.

IV.     DEVICE   DESCRIPTION

        The Banks Smoke Reduction System (SRS) is a turbocharger system

designed for installation on 1982 to 1991 vehicles powered with an 8.2 liter

Detroit Diesel engine.         The major components of the system include a

Schwitzer Model No. V3LM—403 turbocharger, custom intake and exhaust tubing,

brackets, hoses and the hardware necessary to complete the installation.

                                           —1—


     The SRS kit provides additional air to the combustion process to

promote more complete combustion of the available fuel and thus reduce smoke

output.     Unlike a typical turbocharger system which is intended to produce

additional power, the Banks SRS kit is designed for the sole purpose of

reducing smoke.          The appendix shows a comparison of a typical turbo system

énd the SRS kit.          Installation of the SRS kit requires minimal modifications

to the stock configuration.              The Detroit Diesel 8.2 liter heavy—duty diesel

engine has a fixed fuel delivery rate which can only be increased by an

increase in engine speed or by a substitution of internal engine components.

Thus, no unnecessary adjustments on fuel delivery system can be made by the

end user.     Banks SRS kit limits boost pressure to 6 psi and power level is

increased to less than 5 percent.              No OEM emission controls are removed or

disconnected when the SRS kit is installed.

v.        SCUSssION OF     THE SRS   K          ATIO

     Evaluation of the Banks SRS kit inciuded an ana1ysis of all submitted

information on hardware modifications, potential changes in engine

parametefs, and smoke opacity at wide—open throttle (steady state).              Based

on the review of submitted information, it was determined that a potential

increase in emissions could occur during transient conditions.              Thus, ARB

requested that a snap idle test be conducted in the baseline and modified

configuration.       A 10 percent increase in smoke opacity was set as the

passing criteria for the SRS kit, and the overall smoke opacity could not

exceed 55 percent.

     Testing was conducted at the Gale Banks Engineering facility using a

1985 Ford F700 truck powered by an 8.2 liter Detroit Diesel heavy—duty

                                                _2.


       diesel engine.   The ARB and Banks both had their own set of smoke opacity

       meters to monitor smoke opacity levels during the snap idle test.    Testing

       was done using both ARB and Gale Banks Smoke opacity meters to determine if

       the vehicle with the turbocharger installed exhibits smoke opacity levels

       within 10 percent of baseline.     Bank‘s and ARB‘s opacity readings showed

       identical results (see Table 1).




                                            Table 1

                            Snap—Iale Smoke Opacity Test Results*



       Baseline snap—idle               31%, 40%, 34%

       Modified snap—idle               27%, 24%, 23%

       * Testing was conducted as stated in the California Code of Regulations

       (CCR) section 2182. Heavy—Duty Diesel Vehicle Smoke Opacity Test Procedure.



       The snap—idle test results indicate that smoke opacity of the modified

       vehicle was lowered by more than 10 percent.     This demonstrates that the

       addition of the Gale Banks Smoke Reduction System (SRS) Model No. Y3LM—403

       will not have an adverse éeffect on emissions for 1982—1991 Detroit Diesel

       8.2 liter heavy—duty diesel engine for which the exemption was requested.

            Banks has submitted all the required information and fulfilled the

       requirements for an exemption.
Lssn


APPENDIX


                        8.2L SMOKE REDUCTION SYSTEM (SRS)—

                            INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS



         1.   Remove air filter.           Remove air filter housing          fronm
        engine.
         2. Remove "Y" adapter from intake manifolds.

         3.   Disconnect       exhaust    piping    from    exhaust     manifolds.
        Remove     piping and muffler from vehicle.            On engines with
        rear outlet exhaust manifolds,             cover manifold outlets to
        prevent any foreign object entry.

         4. Clean area around turbocharger mounting flange on rear
        of engine.  Remove block—off plate.

         5. Install turbocharger on flange at rear of engine.                  Use
        new gasket supplied with turbocharger.                  Re—use existing
        bolts.

         6. Install exhaust feed piping into turbocharger.   on
        engines with rear outlet exhaust manifolds, install two
        bellows adapters.  NOTE: there is a right and left hand
        adapter.  On engines with bottom outlet exhaust manifolds,
        install a right and left hand head pipe, provided. Connect
        exhaust to turbocharger with new V—band clamps, provided.
        Re—use      existing     V—band     clamps     at     exhaust      manifold
        connections.

         7.   Install    rubber     elbow    and     clamps   on   turbocharger
        compressor inlet nipple. Leave clamps loose at this time.
        Install silicone hose and clamps on turbocharger compressor
        outlet nipple.

         8. Install crossover casting onto intake manifolds.                  Make
        sure manifold seal gaskets are in good condition.                  Replace
        if necessary.      Tighten turbo outlet hose clamps.

         9. Install air filter mounting casting on crossover
        casting and air inlet elbow. Tighten inlet elbow clamps.

        10. Install new exhaust downpipe onto turbocharger exhaust
        outlet connection.  Use the 3 1/2" V—band clamp provided.
        Re—install the muffler and exhaust hangers.

        11. Re—install air cleaner / filter assembly on air inlet
gorm.




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                              Compare and Contrast

                                      Of The

                     SRS System vs Conventional Turbocharging



                                     Conventional Turbocharging     SRS System


Altitude Compensation                              Yes              Yes

Fuel Mileage Improvement                           Yes              Yes
                                                                              Similaritics

 Turbocharger                                      Yes              Yes

 Minor Adapters And Connectors                     Yes              Yes

 Change Fuel Settings                              Yes              No


(‘fianqe Exhaust Manifold                           Yes              No

\Change   Exhaust Pipe                             Yes              No

 Change Exhaust Muffler                             Yes             No
                                                                                 Dilferenees

 Change Air Filter                                  Yes             No

 Change Air Cleaner Housing                         Yes             No

 Change Intake Manifolda                            Yes             No

 Change   Air Inlet To Cleaner Housing              Yes             No

 Boost    Pressure                             10—20 psi          5—6 psi only

 Power    Level                                40—50%    increase|less than   5%—————




                                       —~10—



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:33
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:33

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