Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on July 19, 2001.
As of Tuesday, December 11th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

ModelsModificationRemarks
>>>> See Rems>>>> See RemsNon-OBD2 , see list of exempted catalytic converters

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-193-22
  • Executive Order 193-22 / D193-22
  • ARB # D-193-22
  • Executive Order No: D-193-22
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-193-22
  • Resolution D-193-22
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-193-22 PDF

D-193-22 Document:



                                   State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—193—22

                          Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                                   of the Vehicle Code

                            Car Sound Exhaust System, Inc.

WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391, and Title 13, California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(h), authorize the California Air Resources Board
(ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt new aftermarket catalytic converter from the
prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

WHEREAS, Car Sound Exhaust System, Inc. (Car Sound) of 22961 Arroyo Vista, Rancho
Santa Margarita, California 92688, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions
in Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391 to market their aftermarket series 99000 three—way
plus oxidation catalytic converter (TWC + OC) for the following applications, except for vehicles
equipped with an on—board diagnostic II (OBD—It) system (Title 13, CCR, Section 1968.1):

Converter Type_   Series Number     Converter Use_|   Max. Eng. Size         Max. Veh. Test Wt.
TWC + OC          99000             TWC + OC,         5.91 (360 CID)         6,375 Ibs. (GVWR =
                                    TWC, & OC                                8,470 lbs.)


WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health and Safety Code
Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Operations Division by Health and Safety Code
Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—9, the ARB finds that the above aftermarket catalytic
converter complies with the California Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13, California
Code of Regulations, Section 2222(h). Emission performance of the catalytic converter was
based on durability mileage accumulation on the catalyst for 25,000 miles using a 1987 Dodge
Ram 350 Van and a 1988 Dodge Ram 350 Wagon, both powered by a 5.9L gasoline engine, on
an AMA driving cycle (Reference Appendix IV, Title 40, part 86, Code of Federal Regulations
(June 28, 1977)).

WHEREAS, emissions tests conducted at California Environmental Engineering (CEE), Santa
Ana, California, using a 1989 Dodge 8250 Van 5.9L, a 1994 Dodge Pickup 2500 5.9L, and a
1988 Dodge Ram 350 Wagon showed the following conversion efficiencies which meet the
minimum requirements for new aftermarket catatytic converters:


                                                «2.


Pollution Component                TWC+OC          —_TWC          OC
HC: Min. Requirement               70%                70           70
    Car Sound‘s series 99000       77.0            77.3            71.7
CO: Min. Requirement               70              70             70
    Car Sound‘s series 99000       74.8            73.1           89.7
NOx: Min. Requirement              50              60             —
       Car Sound‘s series 99000 55.3               71.8

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the above catalytic converter is exempt from the prohibitions in
Vehicle Code Section 27156 for installation on the approved application vehicles subject to the
following conditions:

       1.    No changes are permitted to the catalytic converter as described in the application
             for exemption. Any changes to the catalytic converter or any of its components,
             and other factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved by the
             ARB prior to marketing in California.

             Marketing of the catalytic converter using identifications other than those shown in
             the exemption application, and in this Executive Order, or marketing of the
             catalytic converter for application other than the ones shown in this Executive
             Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the ARB.
             Exemption of this product shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for
             sale, or advertise any components of the catalytic converter as individual devices.

             Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content by Car Sound
             Exhaust System, Inc., its principals, agents, employees, distributors, dealers, or
             other representatives must include the disclaimer that the Executive Order or the
             exemption it provides is not an endorsement or approval of any emission
             reduction claims for the catalytic converter and is only a finding that the catalytic
             converter is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

             Car Sound Exhaust System, Inc.‘s installation instructions for the new catalytic
             converter must conform to requirements in Paragraphs | and IX of California
             Evaluation Procedures for New Aftermarket Non—Original Equipment Catalytxc
             Converters.

             Upon installation, the catalytic converter must carry a manufacturer‘s warranty for
             25,000 miles on the substrates and 50,000 miles or five years on the shell and
             end pipes.




      CAR SOUND EXHAUST SYSTEM, INC. — CATALYTIC CONVERTER — D—193—22


                                                13.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of this order. The order
may be revoked only after ten day written notice of intention to revoke it, during which period
the holder of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation. If a
hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the request, and the order may
not be revoked until a determination is made, after the hearing, that grounds for revocation
exist.

Executed at El Monte, California, this fifl"‘ day of July 2001.



                                    ts
                                  R.B. S
                                                          p—
                                             erfield, Chief
                                  Mobile Source Operations Division




         CAR SOUND EXHAUST SYSTEM, INC. — CATALYTIC CONVERTER — D—193—22


                                     EVALUATION SUMMARY

Manufacturer Name: Car Sound Exhaust System, Inc.

Name of Device; Series 99000 Three—way plus oxidation catalytic converter (TWC + OC).

Background:
             Car Sound Exhaust System, Inc. (Car Sound) of 22961 Arroyo Vista, Rancho Santa
Margarita, California 92688, has applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section
27156 of the California Vehicle Code (VC) for its series 99000 new aftermarket TWC + OC.
The new aftermarket catalytic converter is for installation on pre—OBD—II vehicles with the
application limits of 5.9L engine size and 6,375 pounds equivalent test weight (ETW).

Recommendation:
          Grant exemption to Car Sound as requested, and issue Executive Order
D—193—22.

Device Description:
              Car Sound‘s new aftermarket TWC + OC is designed to use two oval ceramic
monolith substrates. The front and rear substrates are both coated with platinum and rhodium
in the ratio of 7:3. The dimensions of the front and rear substrates are 4.75 inches for the major
axis, 3.15 inches for the minor axis, and 1.93 inches in length. The combined volume of the
front and rear substrates is 49.2 cubic inches. The substrates are contained in a shell
constructed from 409—grade stainless steel. The substrates are wrapped with a Fiberfrax XPE
Expanding Paper, to prevent vibration and exhaust by—pass. The shell is sealed by seam weld,
and a piece of aluminized heat shield is spot—welded to the upper side of the converter to
protect the vehicle underbody from excessive heat. The catalyst may be sold as a unit with
instailation instructions or may be used in customized direct fit exhaust applications. It is sold
with a warranty for 25,000 miles on the substrates, and five years or 50,000 miles on the
container or shell, and the end pipes.                                                      .
              Catalytic Solutions, Inc., based in Oxnard, California, is the catalyst supplier for Car
Sound‘s series 99000 TWC + OC. However, Environmental Catalyst Technologies (ECT), a
recently created subsidiary of Car Sound, will coat the catalyst using the washcoat technology
licensed from Catalytic Solutions, Inc. Catalytic Solutions, Inc. is an original equipment
manufacturer (OEM) catalyst supplier for some 2002 model—year Honda vehicles.

Discussion/Basis for Exemption Recommendation:
                 Car Sound submitted data on the series 99000 TWC + OC from testing
conducted at California Environmental Engineering (CEE) laboratory, Santa Ana, California.
Mileage accumulation was conducted by CEE using a 1987 Dodge Ram 350 Van powered by a
5.91 gasoline engine and a 1988 Dodge Ram 350 Wagon powered by a 5.9L gasoline engine.
The 1987 Dodge Ram 350 was ballasted with 490 additional pounds, and the 1988 Dodge Ram
Wagon was bailasted with 620 additional pounds during the mileage accumulation to bring the
vehicles to the desired 7,000 pounds equivalent test weight (ETW) category. However, upon
completion of the mileage accumulation, Car Sound decided to lower the ETW to 6,375 pounds
for the emission tests. Emission tests were conducted on a 1989 Dodge B250 Van 5.9L for the
TWC + OC application, a 1994 Dodge Pickup 2500 5.9L for the TWC application, and a 1988
Dodge Ram 350 Wagon 5.9L. for the OC application.
         The evaluation of the new aftermarket catalytic converter is solely based on the
mileage accumulation and emission tests conducted at CEE. The limits of application of Car


Sound‘s series 99000 TWC + OC will be 5.9L/6,375 Ibs., with the corresponding maximum
gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 8,470 lbs. The test catalysts were labeled T1017B and
T1017C. Testing consisted of two cold—start CVS—75 tests with a simulator ("dummy" catalyst),
followed by two cold—start CVS—75 tests for each of the test catalysts. The average of the two
test results for each test catalyst was used to calculate the conversion efficiency. The overall
conversion efficiency for the catalyst model is the average conversion efficiency of the two test
catalysts. The test results for the series 99000 catalyst are shown below:

                  California Environmental Engineering, Santa Ana, California

                     Simulator   CatalystT10178B     CatalystT1017C      Conyv. Eff.
                     Average     Average             Average             Average

                                           TWC + 0C

HC (g/imi)           2.687       0.583              0.655               77.0%
CO (g/mi)           29.029       6.298              8.314               74.8%
NOx (g/mi)           3.188       1.342              1.522               55.1%

                                              TWG

HC (g/mi)            2.060       0.461               0474    >           77.3%
CO (g/mi)           22.682 >     6.086               6.107               73.1%
NOx (g/mi)           4.211       1144                1.227               71.8%

                                               OC
HC (g/imi)           1.088       0.321               0.296              71.7%
CO (g/mi)           63.389       6.954               6.168              89.7%

The above test results meet the minimum requirements of the California regulations on new
aftermarket catalytic converters. The Air Resources Board (ARB) did not conduct confirmatory
tests on the new aftermarket catalytic converter.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:12
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:12

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