Approval Details

Valid E.O.


This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on July 30, 1996.
As of Monday, October 14th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

1996 and older model-year on-road diesel-powered vehicles.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-412
  • Executive Order 412 / D412
  • ARB # D-412
  • Executive Order No: D-412
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-412
  • Resolution D-412
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-412 PDF

D-412 Document:

                                                   (Page 1 of 2)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES   BOARD

                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—412
                  Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                              of the Vehicle Code

                          FLUID SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES

WHEREAS, Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13 California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR") Section 2222(e) authorize the California Air
Resources Board (ARB) and its Executive Officer to exempt add—on and modified
parts from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156;

WHEREAS, Fluid Separation Technologies of 2822 Baysmill Court, San Jose,
California 95121 has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions of
Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their water and particulate matter separator or
the Willy for installation on 1996 and older model—year on—road diesel—powered

WHEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by the
Health and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division
by the Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—9, the
ARB finds that;

       1.    The Willy is an add—on device that is attached to the fuel      line
             in a motor vehicle.

       2.    The fuel line is part of the required motor vehicle pollution
             control system.

       3.    The Willy is intended for use with a required motor vehicle
             pollution control system.

       4.    The Willy by being installed on the fuel line alters the
             original design of a motor vehicle pollution control system.

       5.    The Willy is a device subject to the prohibitions of Vehicle
             Code Section 27156 and an add—on part as defined by 13 CCR
             Section 1900(b)(1).

       6.    The Willy does not reduce the effectiveness of any required
             motor vehicle pollution control system.

       7.    The ARB,   in the exercise of technical judgement,    is aware of no
             basis on which the Willy will provide either a decrease in
             emissions or an increase in fuel economy.

       8.    It has not been determined what effect the use of the Willy may
             have on any warranty, either expressed or implied, by the
             manufacturer of a motor vehicle on which the device is

       9.    The Willy is not a certified motor vehicle pollution control
             device pursuant to the Health and Safety Code Section 43644.

       10.   The ARB by granting an exemption to Fluid Separation
             Technologies for the Willy does not recommend or endorse in any

WILLY                                                (Page 2 of 2)

             way the Willy for emissions reduction, fuel economy, or any
             other purpose.

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that the Willy, models W74—2A, W125—4A, W1S55—15C, and
W267—40C, is exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 for
installation on 1996 and older model—year on—road diesel—powered vehicles
subject to the following conditions:

       1.    This exemption shall not apply to any device, apparatus, or
             mechanism advertised,   offered for sale or sold with,     or
             installed on a motor vehicle prior to or concurrent with
             transfer to an ultimate purchaser.

       2.    No changes are permitted.—to the device as described in the
             application for exemption.  Any changes to the device,
             applicable model—year, or other factors addressed in this
             Executive Order must be evaluated and approved by the ARB prior
             to marketing in California.

       3.    Marketing of this device using an identification other than that
             shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an
             application other than those listed in the Executive Order shall
             be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the ARB.
             Exemption of this product shall not be construed as an exemption
             to sell,   offer for sale,   or advertise any component of the
             product as an individual device.

       4.    Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its
             content by Fluid Separation Technologies, its principals,
             agents, employees, distributors, dealers, or other
             representatives must include the disclaimer that the Executive
             Order or the exemption it provides is not an endorsement or
             approval of any emissions reduction or fuel economy claims for
             the Willy and is only a finding that the device is exempt from
             the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156.

       5.    No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources
             Board", may be made with respect to the action taken herein in
             any advertising or other oral written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this Executive Order.   The Executive Order may be revoked only after a ten—day
written notice of intention to revoke the Executive Order, in which period the
holder of the Executive Order may request in writing a hearing to contest the
proposed revocation.    If a hearing is requested,     it shall be held within ten
days of receipt of the request, and the Executive Order may not be revoked
until a determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.

Executed at El Monte, California, this é'éi      day      July 1996.

                                                ant Division Chief
                                          Mobile Source Division

Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:41
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:41

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