Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on September 22, 1975.
As of Monday, December 10th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1975 and older model-year vehicles.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-9-2
  • Executive Order 9-2 / D9-2
  • ARB # D-9-2
  • Executive Order No: D-9-2
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-9-2
  • Resolution D-9-2
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-9-2 PDF

D-9-2 Document:



                          State of California
                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                         EXECUTIVE ORDER D—9—2
               Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                         of the Vehicle Code


                         BALL—MATIC CORPORATION ~~
                        "BALL—MATIC AIR INJECTOR"

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
the Health and Safety Code;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the "Ball—Matic
Air Injector" device manufactured and marketed by Ball—Matic Corporation of
874 North Main Street, Orange, California 92668 has been found not to
reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle polilution control
devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code for 1975 and older model—year vehicles.             4

This device consists of an air modulating valve with a filter and is
inserted between the PCV valve and the intake manifold. The valve permits
a small amount of additional air to enter the PCV line. This device can
be identified by the name "Ball—Matic Air injector" permanently stamped
at the bottom of the device housing.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions      _
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.          =

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the per—
formance of the vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate            ue
this Executive Order.                                .                         *
Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
§hat.the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or
implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "BALL—MATIC AIR INJECTOR" DEVICE.


 "BALL—MATIC AIR INJECTOR                        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—9—2




No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral
or written communication.

 Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertising, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as
a misdemeanor.

Sections 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

     "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device unless that device has been certified by the board. No
     person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
     vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
     fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this section is
     a misdemeanor."

     "39184. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or adver—
     tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle poliution control
     device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
     accredited by the board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
     tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
     accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device. Any
     violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
 submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
 advisable.                                       —

Executive Order D—9—1, dated September 3, 1974, is superseded and of no
further force and effect.                       Cg
                                              me                 |      .
Executed at Sacramento, California, this 22        day of September, 1975.

                                        Original signed by:
                                       WILLIAM H. LEWIS, JR.
                                       Executive Officer


                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              September 10, 1975

                                 Staff Report

                    Evaluation of the Ball—Matic Corporation
                 "Ball—Matic Air Injector" device for Compliance
                  with the Requirements of Section 27156 of the
                            California Vehicle Code

      Introduction
      The Ball—Matic Corporation of 1429 Palo Loma, Orange, California 92668

      has submitted an application requesting an extension of a previously

      granted exemption from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the

      California Vehicle Code for the "Ball—Matic Air Injector" for 1975 and

      older model—year vehicles.    Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code prohibits

      the advertisement, sale, and installation of any device or mechanism

      which reduces the effectiveness of the motor vehicle emission control

      sys tem.


      The Air Resources Board (ARB) staff had evaluated this device previously

      (Staff Report dated August 16, 1974) and found the device had no       adverse

      effects on the emission control system.       Executive Order D—9—1 was issued

      on September 3, 1975 to Ball—Matic Corporation for its "Ball—Matic Air

      Injector" for 1974 and older model—year vehicles.


II.   System Description and Function

      The "Ball—Matic‘" device consists of a filter, plastic ball, spring, and

      a metal housing with ports used to insert the device between the PCV

      valve and carburetor.    The name "Ball—Matic Air Injector" is printed


Evaluation of the Ball—Matic Corporation
"Ball—Matic Air Injector" device for Compliance
with the Requirements of Section 27156 of the
California Vehicle Code                                     September 10, 1975




     on a durable label pasted to the bottom of the device housing.     According

     to the applicant, this device is designed to improve fuel economy and

     engine performance.


    The device has a modulating poppet which meters the quantity of air

     bleed into the engine.     Engine manifold vacuum determines the degree

    ‘of poppet opening.     Maximum air flow occurs at low vacuum (high speed

     and wide open throttle) and minimum flow occurs at high vacuum (idle
    and deceleration).      When the engine is not operating, the poppet is

     in the open position.


III. System Evaluation

    A.   Air Resources Board Laboratory Data

         In order to determine the effect of this device on the 1975 model—
         year vehicles equipped with catalytic converters the laboratory

         performed CVS—75 emission tests on four vehicles.     The vehicles
         chosen all had small engines since these are most susceptible to

         the "air bleed" type of add—on devices.     In addition the standards

         for the 1975 model vehicles are much more stringent than those for

         the 1975 models.     The leaning effect during normal operation, cold

         starts and on NOx emissions were additiona1 factor for consideration.


Evaluation of the Ball—Matic Corporation
"Ball—Matic Air Injector" device for Compliance
with the Requirements of Section 27156 of the
California Vehicle Code                                               September 10, 1975




         The emission results of these tests are as follows:

     Vehicle                  Emissions (grams/mile)               Fuel Economy miles/gal
                            Baseline             With Device       Baseline   With Device
                      HCCoNox HC CO Nox
1975 Ford Pinto   (1) 0.3      2.6     2.0      0.3    2.6   2.1     18.0        17.8
                  (2) O.2      2.4     1.1      0.2    3.0   1.1     13.6        14.7
                  (2) O0.2     2.9     1.0      0.3    3.7   1.0     13.8        13.8

1975 Datsun           0.3     3.0      2.0      0.3    1.5   1.7    20.1         22.2
1975 Vega             0.4     6.9      1.6      O0.5   6.2   1.6    17.2         17.0
  Overall Averages    0.3     4.0 1.5          0.3 3.4 1.5           16.5        17.1
(1) License # 194LVF
(2) License # 195LVF (2 tests)

        These results are within experimental variations although some

         anomalies were apparent.            The average of all available data indicated

         there was no significant effect on emissions with the device.


        The Laboratory also performed a flow test on the device using an

        engine dynamometer (See Appendix).              The maximum flow rate was 0.1

         cubic feet per minute at 2 inches of Mercury intake manifold vacuum.

        This flow has previously been determined to have a negligible effect

        on exhaust emissions on older model vehicles and also appears to

         have a negligible effect on the 1975 models.


Evaluation of the Ball—Matic Corporation
"Ball—Matic Air Injector" device for Compliance
with the Requirements of Section 27156 of the
California Vehicle Code                                   September 10, 1975




IV.   Conclusions and Recommendations

      The staff is of the opinion that the installation of this device would

      not affect the performance of the emission control system.   Therefore,

      the staff recommends that the Ball—Matic Corporation exemption from

      the provisions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code be extended to

      include the 1975 model year vehicles.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:39:47
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:39:47

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