Approval Details

Valid E.O.


This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 16, 1981.
As of Thursday, August 22nd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
No. 28-0000-31981 model year Volkwagen Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, Pick Up Truck, and Audi 4000 models having a 105 cubic inch displacement four cylinder gasoline engine.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-97-8
  • Executive Order 97-8 / D97-8
  • ARB # D-97-8
  • Executive Order No: D-97-8
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-97-8
  • Resolution D-97-8
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-97-8 PDF

D-97-8 Document:

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD
                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—97—8
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                            of the Vehicle Code

                      TURBOCHARGER KIT NO. 28—0000—3

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by
Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT I1S ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the turbocharger
Kit number   28—0000—3 manufactured by BAE, of 3032 Kashiwa Street;,
Torrance, California 90505, has been found not to reduce the
effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control devices and,
therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the
Vehicle Code for 1981 model year Volkswagen Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, Pick—
Up Truck, and Audi 4000 models having a 105 cubic inch displacement four—
cylinder gasoline engine.                                          _

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the
performance of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this
Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.     Exemption of a
kit shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
that the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or
implied by the vehicle manufacturer.


No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board", may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

           BAE                                                      EXECUTIVE ORDER D—97—8
                                                                         (Page 2 of 2)

           Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
           misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
           punishable as a misdemeanor.

           Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

                 "43644.    (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
                 advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
                 certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
                 pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless
                 that device has been certified by the state board. No person shall
                 sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle
                 pollution control device as a certified device which, in fact, is
                 not a certified device. Any violation of this subdivision is a
                 misdemeanor ."

           Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
           submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he
           deems advisable.

                                                            164day of October,
.          Executed at El Monte, California, this
                                                              »                   1981.

                                                        K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                                        Mobile Source Control Division

           m   mm mmmmmerm mssmermicememcteeenmen > _

                              State of Californi
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARL

                                 Staff Report

                                October 9, 1981

                      Evaluation of the BAE Turbocharger
                       Kit No. 28—0000—3 for Compliance
                     with the Requirements of Section 27156
                              of the Vehicle Code


      BAE, of 3032 Kashiwa Street, Torrance, California       90505, has

applied for an exemption of a turbocharger kit from the prohibitions of

Section 27156 of.the Vehicle Code (V.C.).       The kit, turbocharger kit

number    28—0000—3, is intended for 1981 model year Volkswagen Rabbit,

Dasher, Jetta, Pick—Up Truck, and Audi 4000 models having a 105 cubic

inch displacement (CID) four—cylinder gasoline engine.

      BAE has supplied a test vehicle and applicable turbocharger kit for

comparative exhaust emissions testing at the Air Resources Board (ARB)      —

laboratory in E1 Monte, California.     Testing consisted of cold—start

CVS—75 and hot—start HFET tests.


      The purpose of turbocharging is to increase the volumetric

efficiency of an engine by forcin§ more air into an engine than it would

take in under natdra11y aspirated conditions.

      The major components of the turbocharger kit are a Rajay

Turbocharger Model No. 3008B, a replacement BAE exhaust manifold, and

intake, discharge, and exhaust pipes.    The components are packaged with

installation hardware and instructions and sold as a kit.


      The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) exhaust manifold is

 replaced by a BAE manifold.    The turbine inlet mounts directly to the

 replacement manifold.    The turbine, driven by exhaust gases, is lTinked to

 the compressor by a solid shaft.     Intake air from the air box, of the

 K—Jetronic System, is routed through the intake pipe to the compressor.

 Compressed air is then piped through the discharge pipe to the intake


      Lubrication of the turbocharger is provided by a steel—braided line

 from the oil filter adaptor to the turbocharger bearing housing.     011

 from the turbocharger is returned to the oil pan.

      Maximum positive manifold pressure (boost) is limited to 5 psig by a

 wastegate positioned on the exhaust manifold.     The wastegate is preset to

 dump excess exhaust gases when intake manifold pressure reaches 5 psig of


      A vacuum—delay valve is used to control NOx exhaust emissions and to

 suppfess detonation.    The valve is installed in the vacuum line prior to-

 the vacuum retard mechanism of the distributor.

      No modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required when

_the turbocharger kit is installed.    All OEM emission controls are left



      A 1981 Volkswagen Pick—Up truck with a four—cylinder gasoline engine

 and five—speed manual transmission was used for testing.    The

 certification test weight is 2500 lbs.    The road load horsepower used in

the testing was 9.8 HP.

       Testing at the ARB laboratory consisted of cold—start CVS—75 and

hot—start HFET tests to determine exhaust emissions of the unmodified

{baseline) and turbocharged {device) configurations for comparison.


       The emissions test data is shown in the following table:

                                      Exhaust Emissions (g/mi)         Economy
Test                             HC             CO         NOx          {mpg)
Baseline            CVS—75      0.28           3. 22       0.18         20.8
Baseline            CVS—75      0.25           2.95        0.17         21.0
Baseline            CVS—75      0. 24          2.81        0.21         21.1
       Average                  0.25           2.99        0.19         21.0

Device              CVS—75      0. 22          2.03        0.10         21.7
Device              CVS—75      0.25           2.25        0.14         21.3
Device              CVS—75      0.23           2.13        0.15         21.1
       Average                  0. 23          2.14        0.13         21.4

Baseline            HFET        0.09           1.78        0.09         31.7
Baseline            HFET        0.11           1.98        0.12         31.0
Baseline            HFET        0.12           1.54        C.08         31.2
     Average                    0.11           1. 77       0. 10        31.3

Device              HFET        0.08           1. 52       0.09         35.1
Device              HFET        0.08           1.68        0.10         33.5 ~
Device              HFET        0.08          1.70         0. 10        33.3
       Average       ,          0.08           1.64        0.10         34.


       The two sets of CVS—75 and HFET comparative emissions tests show

that thgflfimissions of the test vehicle are not adversely affected by the

installation of the turbocharger kit.


       Comparative emissions tests indicate that the BAE turbocharger kit

number   28—0000—3 will not adversely affect emissions when installed in

accordance with the manufacturer‘s instructions.       The staff recommends

that BAE be granted an exemption from the prohibitions of V.C.

.Section 27156 for this kit for 1981 model year Volkswagen Rabbit, Dasher,

Jetta, Pick—Up Truck, and Audi 4000 models having a 105 CID four—cylinder

gasoline engine.   The staff, therefore, recommends that Executive Order

No. O—97—8 be adopted.

Document Created: 2005-09-01 11:46:19
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 11:46:19

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