Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on April 9, 1974.
As of Friday, October 18th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1972-1974 model years vehicles with engines greater than 140 CID

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-14-3
  • Executive Order 14-3 / D14-3
  • ARB # D-14-3
  • Executive Order No: D-14-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-14-3
  • Resolution D-14-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-14-3 PDF

D-14-3 Document:



                                                                                £.0 .




                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD


                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—14—3
                 Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                             of the Vehicle Code



                           ALBANO ENTERPRISES, INC.
                                  "AIR JET"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of the
Health and Safety Code;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the "Air Jet" manufactured
by Albano Enterprises, Inc., has been found to not reduce the effectiveness of
required motor vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt from
the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1972 to 1974 model—
year vehicles with engines greater than 140 CID.                                  —

The device consists of a relief valve with a filter and can be identified by
"Albano T.M. Air Jet" stamped at the bottom of the housing. The valve is
inserted between the PCV valve and the intake manifold and permits a small
amount of additional air to enter the PCV line.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different than
those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device as originally
submitted to the Air Resources Board for evaluation that adversely affect the
performance of the vehicle‘s pollution control devices shall invalidate this
Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than those
listed in this Executive Order shall have prior approval of the Air Resources
Board.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the. effect that the
use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied by the
vehicle manufacturer.


"AIR JET"                       .               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—14—3


            PS


THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE "AIR JET" DEVICE.
No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful untrue or
misleading advertising and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
misdemeanor.

Sections 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows :

     "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device unless that device has been certified by the board.     No
     person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
     vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
     fact, is not a certified device.   Any violation of this section is
     a misdemeanor."

     "39184. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or adver—
     tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
     accredited by the board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
     tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
     accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device. Any
     violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.



Executed at Sacramento, California, this   Gf     day of April, 1974.




                                                WILLIAM SIMMONS
                                                Executive Officer


                           State of California

                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                             March 27, 1974

                              Staff Report


               Evaluation of the Albano Enterprises, Inc.>
                "Air Jet Intake Manifold Air Bleed Valve"
                 for Exemption from the Prohibitions of
                Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code




      Introduction

      A]bano Enterprises, Inc., of Santa Ana, California has applied for

      exemption from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code

      for its "Air Jet Intake Manifold Air Bleed Valve".     This section pro—

      hibits the installation of any device which reduces the effectiveness

      of the motor vehicle emission control system.     The applicant is request—

      ing the exemption be granted for 1972 to 1974 model—year vehicles.


      The applicant was previously granted an exemption for his "Air Jet"

      device by Resolution No. 70—54—C, dated March 15, 1972, for 1971 and

      older model—year vehicles.   The present application is for a device

      identical to the previously evaluated valve.


II.   System Description and Function

      The "Air det" device is inserted in the PCV line between the PCV vaive

      and the carburetor or intake manifold.     According to the applicant, this

      device improves engine performance and fuel economy.


"Air Jet"                 >                                    March 27, 1974




     Tfi?s device consists of a filter, metal disc (7/8 inch diameter,

     1/4 inch high), orifice plate (10 holes, .094 inch diameter/hole), >

     two springs, threaded top plate {(10 holes, .094 inch diameter/hole), —

     and metal housing with two 3/16 inch ID ports            — used to insert the

     valve in the line which connects the PCV valve to the carburetor
     plate — and an air inlet port of 1 incthD opening; this opening is

     vented to the atmosphere.


     The device has a modulating poppet which controls the amount of air

     leak into the intake manifold.          Engine vacuum determines the degree

     of valve opening.          High engine vacuum ({deceleration, low cruise and

     idle operating modes) partly closes the valve, thereby reducing the

     amount of air flow allowed.          The valve is opened to its maximum

     position at low manifold vacuum (wide open throttle or heavy accel—

     eration) which results in the highest air flow through the device.

     The valve is also open when the engine is not operating.           A disc is

     inserted between the orifice plate and threaded plate to prevent

     possible flame propagation from excessive back pressure.


III. System Evaluation

     A.     Applicant‘s Data

            The applicant submitted exhaust emission and bench flow data on

            his device.       Emission tests were conducted    on 1971 and older

            model—year vehicles with engines over 140 CID which were not re—

            presentative of vehicles for the model years specified in the


"Air Jet"                                                      March 27, 1974



        _ present application.     Some tests were also performed at 55 mph

            which were not conclusive to determine the effects of the device

            on emissions.

            The applicant submitted total air flow data to the engine by measuring

            the combined flow through the air bleed port and through the PCV

            valve connection.   Maximum total air flow of 1.8 CFM to the engine

            occurred at 0 inches to 10 inches Hg.     At higher vacuum ranges 10

            inches to 20 inches Hg., the flow to the engine was approximately

            0.80 CFM.

            Bench Flow Test Performed by ARB

            The Air Resources Board laboratory conducted two bench flow tests

            with two "Air Jet" devices.    These tests measured the air bleed rate

            by varying the vacuum downstream from the valve with one of the in—

            let ports closed.   The ranges of vacuum used in the tests are those

            experienced during normal engine operation.     In the two tests, the

            maximum flow rates of 2.2 to 3.1 CFM were observed when the vacuum

            varied between 0 inches to 6 inches Hg.     Under normal road load,

            vehicles operate in this vacuum range for a minimal period.     The staff

            considers the volume of air that flows through the Air Jet into the

            intake manifold during this period to be insignificant.     The maximum

            flow rates were 0.57 CFM to 0.37 CFM for the two tests when the vacuum

            exceeded 6 inches Hg ({Reference Figures 1 and 2).
            The ARB staff uses maximum air—bleed limits as a basis of jJudgment

            for the leaning effect of the device.     The tests show the air flow per—

            mitted by this device exceeded the established maximum flow limit for

            engines having 140 cubic inch displacement (CID) or less, but met the

            criteria for vehicles with engines having greater than 140 CID.

                                          3.


                      "Air Jet"                                                                  March 27, 1974



                                           ~

                                      C.       Exhaust Emission

                                               Previous exhaust emission criteria were established for 1966—1970

                                               model—year engines using various air bleed devices.     The allowable

                                               air bleeds are 0.5 CFM for engines with 140 CID and smaller and

                                               0.90 CFM for engines with greater than 140 CID.


                                               Due to the more stringent exhaust emission control requirements

                                               for 1971 and later model—year vehicles, the maximum air bleed

                                               has been established at 0.30 CFM for engines with 140 CID or smaller

                                               and 0.50 CFM with engines larger than 140 CID.     These values have

                                               been judged by the staff to not have a significant effect. on the

                                               performance of the exhaust emission control system.


                                      D.       fuel Evaporative Emissions

                                               Since the air bleed port of the valve is normally open with the

                                               engine shut off, fuel vapor from the engine induction system can

                                               escape to the atmosphere directly through the valve.     The Air Resources

                                               Board laboratory conducted a test on a 1972 350 CID Chevrolet to

                                               measure the quantity of fuel vapor that would escape to the atmosphere

                                               by the charcoal canister technique.   To stabilize engine temperatures,

                                               the vehicle was operated on the dynamometer with the "Air Jet" device

                                               installed.   Inmediately following the warm—up period the canister

                                               was installed for the soak test.   The vehicle was placed in the soak

                                               room for twelve hours before a gravimetric measurement of the canister

                                               weight change was made.   Based on the results of the test, the 0.3




mommnomnmmenimnmngn   nrrmniys   ns    ns        ce en


"Air Jet"                 '               .                March 27, 1974


        ~a

             grams of fuel vapor escaping directly through the device is not

             significant relative to the standard of 2 grams of hydrocarbons per

             test allowed by Federal Regulations.


IV.   Conclusions and Recommendation

      The air flow permitted by this device is greater than the established

      criterion for vehicle engines having 140 CID or smaller, but less

      than permitted for engines larger than 140 CID.


      The staff is of the opinion that the "Air Jet" device would therefore

      be in violation of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for vehicles having

      140 CID or smaller engines.


      Therefore, the staff recormends that Albano Enterprises, Inc., should

      ‘be granted an exemption from the provisions of Section 27156 for 1972

      to 1974 model—year vehicles with engines greater than 140 CID.


                                              FIGURE I — QCH FLOW <0F ALBANO AIR JET DEVICE




                                        2.5
1£
 >
3




                                        2.0




                                        1.5




     6.
                                        1.0




          (arnup uad j394 oign9) MQ14
A




                                                 8     10    12    14    16   18   20     22


                                                 VACUUM (INCHES OF Hg)


                                                 FIGURE 2 — &H FLOW OF ALBANO AIR JET DEVICE




                                 2.5 _



                                 2.0




                                 1.5




                                 1.0 .




(FINNIW ¥3d 1334 JI9N9) — MOTd
                                                            1200   1400   1600   18

                                         )_,d‘

                                                            VACUUM (INCHES OF Hg)



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:11
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:11

Previous E.O. D-14-2 | Previous E.O. D-13 | Next E.O. D-14-4 | Next E.O. D-15