Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on June 11, 1992.
As of Thursday, December 13th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1990-1992 Ford Mustang powered by a 302 CID (5.0 L) V8 gasoline engine

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-225-20
  • Executive Order 225-20 / D225-20
  • ARB # D-225-20
  • Executive Order No: D-225-20
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-225-20
  • Resolution D-225-20
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-225-20 PDF

D-225-20 Document:



                                                    (Page 1 of 2)

                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD
                         EXECUTIVE ORDER D—225—20
                Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                           of the Vehicle Code

                             CRANE CAMS, INC.
           FORD INTERCEPTOR DOWNSTREAM ENGINE MANAGEMENT .SYSTEM

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order §—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of the Ford Interceptor
Downstream Engine Management System (Interceptor) manufactured by Crane
Cams, Inc. of 530 Fentress Bivd., Daytona Beach, FL 32114 has been found not
to reduce the effectiveness of the applicable vehicle pollution control
system and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of
the Vehxcle Code for 1990 to 1992 Ford Mustangs powered by a 302 CID (5.0L)
V—8 gasoline engxne.

This Executive Order is valid provided that the installation instructions
for the Interceptor will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by Crane~Cams, Inc.

Cfianges made to the design or operat1ng conditions of the Interceptor, as
  empt by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the performance of
Iveh1cle s pollut1on control system shall 1nva11date thxs Executtve Order.

Market1ng of the Interceptor using any 1dent1f1cat1on other than that shown
in this Executive Order or marketing of the Interceptor for an application
other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.       Exemption of
the Interceptor shall not be construed as exemption to sell, offer for sale,
or advertise any component of the kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
the use of the Interceptor may have on any warranty either expressed or
1mp1ied by the vehicle manufacturer.

This Executive Order is granted based on results from emissions tests
conducted in accordance with Cold—Start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedure.
However, the ARB finds that reasonable grounds exist to believe that use of
the Interceptor may adversely affect emissions of motor vehicles when
cperating under conditions outside the parameters of the previously
prescribed test procedures. Accordingly, the ARB reserves the right to
conduct additional emission tests, in the future, as such tests are
developed, that will more adequately measure emissions from all cycle
phases. If such test results demonstrate that the Interceptor adversely
affects emissions during off—Cycle conditions {deff®@# as those—conditions


CRANE CAMS, INC.                                           EXECUTIVE ORDER D—225—20
INTERCEPTOR                              c                 {Page 2 of 2)


which are beyond the parameters of the Cold—Start CYS—75 Federal Test
Procedure), this Executive Order shall be effectively rescinded as of the
date the test results are validated. Further, if such test results or other
evidence provides the ARB with reason to suspect that the Interceptor will
affect the durability of the emission control system, Crane Cams, Inc. shall
be required to submit durability data to show that the durability of the
vehicle emission control system is not, in fact, affected and/or that the
add—on or modified part demonstrates adequate durability.

In addition to the foregoing, the ARB reserves the right in the future to
review this Executive Order and the exemption provided herein to assure that
the exempted add—on or modified part continues to meet the standards and
procedures of Title 13, California Code of Regulations, Section 2222, et
seq.                                     i                                     .
THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF CRANE CAMS‘ INTERCEPTOR.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this order. The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
intention to revoke the order, in which period the holder of the order may
request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation. If a
hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the
request and the order may not be revoked until a determination after hearing
that grounds for revocation exist. —      >   L.

Executed at El Monte, California, this            44   d   azy   June, 1992.




                                              .    B. Summerfie
                                         Assistant Divistion Chief
                                             Mobile Source Division


                          State of California
                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD




                       EVALUATION OF CRANE CAMS, INC.
FORD INTERCEPTOR DOCWNSTREAM ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE
      PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH
      SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                June 1992


                          — State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD




                      EVALUATION OF CRANE CAMS, INC.
FORD INTERCEPTOR DOWNSTREAM ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE
      PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH
      SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                      by
                          Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                             E1 Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.   Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY


        Crane Cams, Inc. has Epp]ied for an exemption from the prohibitions of

 the Vehicle Code Section 27156 for their Ford Interceptor Downstream Engine
 Management System (Interceptor) for installation on 1990—92 Ford Motor

 Company Mustangs, sold in California under AB965, equipped with a 302 HQ

 (5.0L) V¥—8 gasoline engine.   Crane Cams has submitted a completed
 application and all the required inform;tion, as well as exhaust emissions

 test data performed at Crane Emissions Laboratory and E.C.S. Laboratories,

 Inc.                                          .

        Based on the submitted information ‘and the results of the emissions

. tests performed at both laboratories, tfle staff concludes that the

  installation of Crane Cams‘ Interceptor will not adversely affect exhaust

 emissions on the sfiecified vehicles when tested in accordance with the Cold

 Start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedures.     l       »

        The staff recommends Crane Cams, Inc. be granted an exemptign as

 requested and that Executive Order D—225—20 be issued.


                                                 Page Number


SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                              11

I.         INTRODUCTION

II.        CONCLUSION

III.       RECOMMENDATION

IV.        DESCRIPTION OF THE FORD INTERCEPTOR




                                                      oA
           DISCUSSION OF THE FORD INTERCEPTOR




                                                      @op
           APPENDIX             .
           Software configuration

           Instailation instructions




                                       11


EVALUATION OF CRANE CAMS, INC. FORD INTERCEPTOR DOWNSTREAM ENGINE MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN
     ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                          c     REGULATIONS

I.     INTRODUCTION
       Crane Cams, Inc. of 530 Fentress Bivd., Daytona Beach, Florida 32114,

has applied for an exemption from the prahibitidns of Vehicle Code Section

27156 for their Ford Interceptor Downstream Engine Managefient System

{(Interceptor) for installation on 1990—92 Ford Motor Company Mustangs, sold

in California under AB 965, equipped with a 302 (5.0L) Y—8 gasoline engine.

Crane Cams has submitted a completed application and all the required

information, as well as exhaust emissions test data performéd at Crane

Emissions Laboratory and E.C.S. Laborato;ies, Inc.

II.    CONCLUSIONS
       Based on the submitted information and the results of the emissions
tests performed at both laboratories, the staff concludes that the

 installation of Crane Cams‘ Interceptorlwi]l not adversely affect exhaust

emissions from vehicles for which the exemption is requested when tested in

 accordance with the Cold Start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedures.

 III. RECOMMENDATION                  |
        The staff recommends that Crane 6ams, Inc. be granted an exemption as

 requested and that Executive Order D—225—20 bé issued.
 IV.   DESCRIPTIONOFTHEFORDINTERCEPTOR
        The Interceptor is Qpecifically designed for installation on 1990—92

 Ford Motor Company Mustangs that are equipped with a 302 (5.0L) V—8 gasoline

 engine.    The Interceptor is an electronic programmable controller, designed

 to enhance the vehicle performance without interfering with the emissions

                                          —1—


related functions.        Certain features of the Interceptor extend

the capabilities of the stock control system in the areas of performance and

security.                      |

     The Interceptor is comprised of three components:        an engine

controller, a hand—held data terminal, and a wire harness.        The ancillary

items include a cable to connect the hand—held terminal to the controller

and an OWnerIOperator Manual.        The hand—held terminal has two windows,

allowing access to a LCD display screen and a 20—key, membrane—type keypad

for data entry and command selection.        The hand—held terminal weighs 280

grams.      The wiring harness consists of ihrée connectors and bundles of

 individually insulated wires covered Qith a protective loom.          Two of the

 connectors mimic those found 1q the stock ECU/Vehicle harness junction.            The

 third connector plugs into the three components modular connector on the

 controller.          .                          c

      The Interceptor is installed between tfie stock»ECU (Electronic Control

 Unit) and the vehicle harness.         Of the 44 signél lines present between the

 vehicle harness and the stock ECU, 20 lines are passed throfigh. 15 lines are

 monitored, and 9 lTines are intercepted.' "Passed through" means that a given

 signal line is connected directly from the vehicle harness to the stock ECU
 without interruption or contact with any other circuit.         "Monitored" means

 that a given signal is unaffected.        "Intercepted" means a given signal could

 be modified.

      The Interceptor can modify two basic signals:        fuel injector pulses and

 spark out.     The fuel injection pulses are modified in three ways.       During

 operation below the factory rpm limit, injector pulse widths may be modified

 to provide more or less fuel.        The second mode of fuel signal modification

 takes place during what will be termed "extended rpm operation" beyond the

                                           —2—


stock fuel cutoff speed.     The third way of modifying fuef pulse signals is

shutting off the fuel pulses when a user chosen engine speed is reached.

Adjustment limits for fuel‘can be set at a maximum of + 24 percent from base

setting.     The spark out signal is the command sent to the Ford ignition

module which then produces a spark.        Adjustment Nimits for timing can be set

at a maximum of + 20 degrees from base setting.        Yariable driving conditions

will not allow the use of a fixed minimum and maximum value for fuel

    injector pulses and spark out.   This is why the Interceptor uses a

progressive or regressive implementation table which allows the vehicle to

operate without experiencing driveabiIify problems.        This imp]eméntation

    table will only allow the vehicle to se;‘specified values which the

manufacturer has determined will not affect vehicle driveability even if the

minimum.and maximum values are preprogrammed.        See Appendix A for

    implementation va]des.             ‘

         The Interceptor also provides the user }nformation about the operation

    of the engine and the operation of the Intercebtor itseIf.     These functions

    display data on the LCD screen when the Interceptor is in the “mgnitor

mode."      The engine information functions displaythe current values of

engine speed (in rpm), throttle opening (in %)., oxygen sensor state (R or

L), fuel pulse duty cycle (in %), and total spark advance (in degrees).

These data items are updated with a frequency of about 10 Hz (10 times a

second), and thus reflects essentially "real—time" values.

|       The Interceptor provides user interface through the LCD display and

keyboard of the hand—held terminal, and.software which directs the user‘s

inputs and reports the status of the Interceptor.        There are three modes of

operation:     system setup, monitor, and data set editing.      Setup requires

    initial inputs of engine cylinders, type of air flow measurement (Mass
                                           3


Air/Speed Density), and injector scheme (bank/simultaneous/sequential).

The monitor allows the user to view real—time values of important engine

control signals.     Ohce the interceptor is programmed with the necessary

system setup data, the monitor mode becomes the default screen during normal

vehicie operation.     Data set editing allows the user to make adjustments to
any of the three available data sets without destroying previously saved

data.

v.—     THE
        A 1991 Ford Mustang (AB 965) powered by a 302 CID engine was used for

the evaluation of the Interceptor.     Emission tests conducted by CEane

Emissions Laboratory consisted of four cold—start CVS—75 emission tests with

the Interceptor installed on the test vehicle.         The four cold—starts were

used by Crane and ARB to determine worst case emission parameters of the

Interceptor.     The résults were evaluated against the emission standards as

demonstrated in Table 1.



                                     Table 1

                               CVS—75 TEST RESULTS

                           (Crane Emissions Laboratory)

                                      HC       £0      NOx
Emission standards                    0.41     3.4      1.0
#1 +24% fuel —20 degrees spark        0.18     2.00    0.47
#2 —24% fuel +20 degrees spark        0.15     0.29—   0.78
#3 +24% fuel +20 degrees spark        0.20     2.35    0.57
#4 —24% fuel —20 degrees spark        0.13     0.39    0.61


     The ARB also required Crane fo conduct two additional CVS—76
emissions tests, test #2 & #3 as described in Table 1, at an ARB recognized

independent laboratory.   Véhicle exhaust emissions in the two modified

configurations were compared with the applicable emission standards.      These

results are shown in Table 2.



                                      Table 2

                                CVS—75 TEST RESULTS
                               ECS Laboratories, Inc.

                                       HG        cQ _ NQx
Emission standards                     G.41     > 3.4     1.0
#1 —24% fuel +20 degrees spark         0.21       0.33°   0.86

#2 +24% fuel +20 degrees spark         0.22       1.26    Q0.77

Difference #1        |               ~0.20      —3.07 —0.14
Difference #2              —          —0.19      —2;14—-0.23


     Both CVS—7§ emissions test results at Crane Emissions Laboratory
and ECS Laboratories, Inc. indicate that HC, CO and NOx emissions of the
vehicle with the Interceptor insta1led,afe below the emission standards.

This demonstrates that the installation of the Interceptor for 1990 to 1992

Ford Mustangs equipped with a 302 CID (5.0L) V—8 gasoline engine will not

adversely affect exhaust emissions when tested in accordance with the Cold

Start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedures.                             |

     Crane Cams has submitted all the required information and fulfilled the

requirements for an exemption.      The test results confirmed that Crane Cams‘
Interceptor meets the requirements for the exemption.

                                        —5—


APPENDIX


 Mode:                 Load         RPM                Adjustment Limits
                                                       Fuel                  Spork
                                                Min           Max      Min           Max

 Idie                  N/A          N/A        —20%           +10%    —40            +460

|Part_Throttle          Low        <2200       —16%       +10%         —40        440
..  :                   Mid        <2200       —16%       +10%         —40        440
                       High        <2200       —16%       +10%         —40        +408




                                                                                                 NorivangI4N03 IuyMi40s
                       Low      2200—4000      —24%       +24%        —20°       +200
|_—                     Mid °   _|2200—4000]   —24%       +24%        —20°       +20°
                       High     2200—4000      —24%       +24%        —20°       +20°
                       Low      4000—5800      —24%       +24% _      —200       +200
                        Mid     4000—5800|     —24%:      +24%       ‘—20°       +200
                       High     4000—5800|     —24%       +24%        —20°     . +20°       _|

WwOT             N/A              <2200        —24%       +24%       —20°       +200




                                                                                                 .
                 N/A            2200—4000      —24%       +24%       —20°       +20°
                 N/A            4000—5800      —24%       +24%       —20°       +200


Unpack the Interceptor, noting the four components: the controller (metal box), the Hand—Held Terminal (plastic
hax), the harness (black), and the data cable (gray or beige}.You will need the following hand tools to install your
   X Interceptor: wrenches of 7/16",10mm and 7mm sizes, a medium—size Phillips screwdriver, a small fiat
acrewdriver, and a razor blade or knife. Proceed with the installation in the steps shown below.
                                      Cramen                                                 N
                                                                                         ie




                                                              ‘ Step 2: Remove the
                                                               one
                                                               f   Phill
                                                                     )..‘pflund       "       jamb


                                               P

Step 7: Place the vehicle hamess/Interceptor hamess pair under the            Step 8: Routs the mnalnm               of the Interceptor harness under the
carpeting in the passanger footwell. Relnxfn.ll the stock computer in its     cflmoflnqflmgmm                   .h&mga-a inch silt in the carpet as
original     tion, locating. it with the plastic cage.. Replace the cage      shown and.        the hamess through     the siit and under the seat. Leave
                                                                            ; : the edge of the carpetalong the sif exposed until Step #1




Step 9t Leadthe end of the hamesa under the seat and out between °             top       P                          ler the seat, rotaling !t so the Data
the front two seat posts. Connect the datr cable to the Interceptor           Cable paints toward the driver.. It fite anugly in the depression under the
controller and tighten the twa anchor screws. Connect the controller to       seat                      —panel caver and replace the screws. and
the hamess using the three black push—dock connectors.                                         the exposed carpet edge back and tighten the screws.




                                                                             Step 12; " Find & convenient spot for the Kand—Hald Terminal.
                                                                             Aesunrsnsnepabieieeemical. You‘ are ow reacy io
                      DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START YOUR VEHICLE!
 Proceed to the next page to learn —more about the interceptor.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:42:55
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:42:55

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