Approval Details

Valid E.O.


This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 13, 1998.
As of Friday, April 19th, 2024 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

1980-91 VW VanagonsThe VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is designed to provide all the necessary parts to replace the stock 1980-91 VW Vanagon engine with a 1990-95 2.2 liter Subaru engine. The kit includes the following parts: Adaptor plates and hardware to mount the Subaru engine to the VW transmission and motor mounts, necessary intake air ducting and closed element air filter box, electrical schematic on adapting the Subaru's sensors and ECU to the Vanagon body, and an exhaust system which includes a set of manifolds, one muffler, and one TRI-D Industries, Inc. TD-5000 catalytic converter. On Vanagons that are not equipped with a check engine light on the dash, a light must be installed and wired to the Subaru ECU. The following trouble codes may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, speed sensor, #51, neutral switch, and # 52, emergency brake. The Vanagon hardware does not support these electrical functions. Kennedy Engineered Products' VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is only applicable on a complete Subaru 2.2L engine. These engines must be installed according to the Air Resources Board's "Engine Change Policy" which requires the engine to be of the same model-year as the vehicle it is being installed in or newer. A complete engine includes the following: A stock 1990-95 Subaru 2.2L long block equipped with the stock air intake components, closed element air filter box (either original or aftermarket), ECU, associated wiring, and all engine sensors. The new engine must interface with the stock Vanagon's evaporative emissions control system. Diesel Vanagon conversions must upgrade their evaporative emissions control system to that of a gasoline Vanagon

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-428-1
  • Executive Order 428-1 / D428-1
  • ARB # D-428-1
  • Executive Order No: D-428-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-428-1
  • Resolution D-428-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-428-1 PDF

D-428-1 Document:

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