Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 13, 1998.
As of Monday, June 17th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

ModelsModification
1980-91 VW VanagonsThe VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is designed to provide all the necessary parts to replace the stock 1980-91 VW Vanagon engine with a 1990-95 2.2 liter Subaru engine. The kit includes the following parts: Adaptor plates and hardware to mount the Subaru engine to the VW transmission and motor mounts, necessary intake air ducting and closed element air filter box, electrical schematic on adapting the Subaru's sensors and ECU to the Vanagon body, and an exhaust system which includes a set of manifolds, one muffler, and one TRI-D Industries, Inc. TD-5000 catalytic converter. On Vanagons that are not equipped with a check engine light on the dash, a light must be installed and wired to the Subaru ECU. The following trouble codes may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, speed sensor, #51, neutral switch, and # 52, emergency brake. The Vanagon hardware does not support these electrical functions. Kennedy Engineered Products' VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is only applicable on a complete Subaru 2.2L engine. These engines must be installed according to the Air Resources Board's "Engine Change Policy" which requires the engine to be of the same model-year as the vehicle it is being installed in or newer. A complete engine includes the following: A stock 1990-95 Subaru 2.2L long block equipped with the stock air intake components, closed element air filter box (either original or aftermarket), ECU, associated wiring, and all engine sensors. The new engine must interface with the stock Vanagon's evaporative emissions control system. Diesel Vanagon conversions must upgrade their evaporative emissions control system to that of a gasoline Vanagon

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-428-1
  • Executive Order 428-1 / D428-1
  • ARB # D-428-1
  • Executive Order No: D-428-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-428-1
  • Resolution D-428-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-428-1 PDF

D-428-1 Document:



                                                                              (Page 1 of 2)


                                           State of California
                                       AIR RESOURCES BOARD


                                    EXECUTIVE ORDER D—428—1
                              Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                           of the Vehicle Code


                               KENNEDY ENGINEERED PRODUCTS
                               VW VANAGON ENGINE CHANGE KIT


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39515 and Section 39516 of the Health
and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—9;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit
marketed by Kennedy Engineered Products, 38830 17th St. East, Palmdale, CA 93550 has been found
not to reduce the effectiveness of the applicable vehicle pollution control system and, therefore, is
exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for all 1980—91 VW Vanagons.

The VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is designed to provide all the necessary parts to replace the stock
1980—91 VW Vanagon engine with a 1990—95 2.2 liter Subaru engine. The kit includes the following
parts: Adaptor plates and hardware to mount the Subaru engine to the VW transmission and motor
mounts, necessary intake air ducting and closed element air filter box, electrical schematic on adapting
the Subaru‘s sensors and ECU to the Vanagon body, and an exhaust system which includes a set of
manifolds, one muffler, and one TRI—D Industries, Inc. TD—5000 catalytic converter. On Vanagons that
are not equipped with a check engine light on the dash, a light must be installed and wired to the Subaru
ECU. The following trouble codes may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, speed sensor, #51, neutral
switch, and # 52, emergency brake. The Vanagon hardware does not support these electrical functions.

Kennedy Engineered Products‘ VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is only applicable on a complete Subaru
2.2L engine. These engines must be installed according to the Air Resources Board‘s "Engine Change
Policy" which requires the engine to be of the same model—year as the vehicle it is being installed in or
newer. A complete engine includes the following: A stock 1990—95 Subaru 2.2L long block equipped
with the stock air intake components, closed element air filter box (either original or aftermarket), ECU,
associated wiring, and all engine sensors. The new engine must interface with the stock Vanagon‘s
evaporative emissions control system. Diesel Vanagon conversions must upgrade their evaporative
emissions control system to that of a gasoline Vanagon.

The Executive Order number must be printed on an identification label and affixed near the
vehicle‘s tune—up label with your company name, address, and the list of the following trouble
codes that may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33,#51, and #52.

This Executive Order is valid provided that the installation instructions for the VW Vanagon Engine
Change Kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from those of the original
Subaru engine.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit, as exempt
by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the performance of the vehicle‘s pollution control
system shall invalidate this Executive Order.


KENNEDY ENGINEERED PRODUCTS                                               EXECUTIVE ORDER D—428—1
VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit                                              (Page 2 of 2)



Marketing of the VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit using any identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of the system for an application other than those listed in this Executive
Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of
the system shall not be construed as exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the
kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect the use of the VW Vanagon Engine
Change Kit may have on any warranty either expressed or implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

This Executive Order is granted based on the following submitted emissions test data on a 1985
Volkswagen Vanagon equipped with a 1994 Subaru 2.2L engine and a TRI—D catalyst:

                     HC         CO        NOX
Standards            0.41       9.0       1.0
device w/ dfs        0.16       0.9       0.6

Test results showed that tailpipe emissions with the 1994 Subaru 2.2L engine and a TRI—D catalyst
installed on the vehicle met the vehicle‘s applicable emission standard during Cold Start CVS—75 Federal
Test Procedure.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF KENNEDY ENGINEERED PRODUCTS‘ VW VANAGON ENGINE
CHANGE KIT.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board", may be made with respect to the
action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of this order. The order may be
revoked only after a ten—day written notice of intention to revoke the order, in which period the holder of
the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation. If a hearing is requested, it
shall be held within ten days of receipt of the request and the order may not be revoked until a
determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.

Executed at El Monte, California, this L?( day         October 1998.




                                      R. B. Summerfield, Chief
                                      Mobile Source Operations Division



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:45:07
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:45:07

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