Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on May 20, 2009.
As of Sunday, December 16th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

ModelsModification
1980 to 1991 VW VanagonsThe VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is designed to provide all the necessary parts to replace the stock 1980 to 1991 VW Vanagon engine with a 1990 to 1995 2.2 liter Subaru engine. The kit includes the following parts: Adaptor plates and hardware to mount the Subaru engine to the VW transmission and motor mounts, necessary intake air ducting and closed element air filter box, electrical schematic on adapting the Subaru's sensors and ECU to the Vanagon body, and an exhaust system which includes a set of manifolds, one muffler, and one AirTek, Inc. (dba Catco) catalytic converter, part number 65004. On Vanagons that are not equipped with a check engine light on the dash, a light must be installed and wired to the Subaru ECU. The following trouble codes may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, speed sensor, #51, neutral switch, and # 52, emergency brake. The Vanagon hardware does not support these electrical functions. Kennedy Engineered Products' VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is only applicable on a complete Subaru 2.2L engine. These engines must be installed according to the Air Resources Board's "Engine Change Policy" which requires the engine to be of the same model-year or newer as the vehicle it is being installed in. A complete engine includes the following: A stock 1990 to 1995 Subaru 2.2L long block equipped with the stock air intake components, closed element air filter box (either original or aftermarket), ECU, associated wiring, and all engine sensors. The new engine must interface with the stock Vanagon's evaporative emissions control system. Diesel Vanagon conversions must upgrade their evaporative emissions control system to that of a gasoline Vanagon. The Executive Order number must be printed on an identification label and affixed near the vehicle's tune-up label with your company name, address, and the list of the following trouble codes that may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, #51, and #52.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-428-2
  • Executive Order 428-2 / D428-2
  • ARB # D-428-2
  • Executive Order No: D-428-2
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-428-2
  • Resolution D-428-2
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-428-2 PDF

D-428-2 Document:



                                      State of California
                                  AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                 EXECUTIVE ORDER D-428-2

                          Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                   of the California Vehicle Code

                                 Kennedy Engineered Products
                                VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156 of the
Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39515 and Section 39516 of
the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G-02-003;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the WV Vanagon Engine Change
Kit, manufactured by Kennedy Engineered Products, 38830 17th Street East, Palmdale,
California 93550, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness of the applicable vehicle
pollution control systems and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 271 56 of
the Vehicle Code for all 1980 to 1991 WV Vanagons.

The VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is designed to provide all the necessary parts to
replace the stock 1980 to 1991 VW Vanagon engine with a 1990 to 1995 2.2 liter Subaru
engine. The kit includes the following parts: Adaptor plates and hardware to mount the
Subaru engine to the VW transmission and motor mouhts, necessary intake air ducting and
closed element air filter box, electrical schematic on adapting the Subaru's sensors and ECU
to the Vanagon body, and an exhaust system which includes a set of manifolds, one muffler,
and one AirTek, Inc. (dba Catco) catalytic converter, part number 65004. On Vanagons that
are not equipped with a check engine light on the dash, a light must be installed and wired to
the Subaru ECU. The following trouble codes may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33,
speed sensor, #51, neutral switch, and # 52, emergency brake. The Vanagon hardware
does not support these electrical functions.

Kennedy Engineered Products' VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit is only applicable on a
complete Subaru 2.2L engine. These engines must be installed according to the Air
Resources Board's "Engine Change Policy" which requires the engine to be of the same
model-year or newer as the vehicle it is being installed in. A complete engine includes the
following: A stock 1990 to 1995 Subaru 2.2L long block equipped with the stock air intake
components, closed element air filter box (either original or aftermarket), ECU, associated
wiring, and all engine sensors. The new engine must interface with the stock Vanagon's
evaporative emissions control system. Diesel Vanagon conversions must upgrade their
evaporative emissions control system to that of a gasoline Vanagon.

The Executive Order number must be printed on an identification label and affixed
near the vehicle's tune-up label with your company name, address, and the list of the
following trouble codes that may be logged by the Subaru ECU: #33, #51, and #52.


This Executive Order is valid provided that the installation instructions for the VW Vanagon
Engine Change Kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those of the original Subaru engine.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the VW Vanagon Engine Change
Kit, as exempt by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the performance of the
vehicle's pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of the VW'Vanagon Engine Change Kit using any identification other than that
shown in this Executive Order or marketing of the VW Vanagon Engine Change Kit for an
application other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.

This Executive Order is granted based on previously submitted emission test data from
Kennedy Engineered Products (D-428) on a 1985 Volkswagen Vanagon equipped with a
1994 Subaru 2.2L engine. The emission test results with the VW Vanagon Engine Change
Kit installed were below the applicable certification emission standards.

The Air Resources Board reserves the right in the future to review this Executive Order and
the exemption provided herein to assure that the exempted add-on or modified part
continues to meet the standards and procedures of Title 13, California Code of
Regulations, Section 2222, et seq.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION,
ACCREDITATION, APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE
AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING
ANTI-POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE VW VANAGON
ENGINE CHANGE KIT.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board", may be made with
respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or written communication.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of this order. The
order may be revoked only after a ten-day written notice of intention to revoke the order, in
which period the holder of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the
proposed revocation. If a hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of
the request and the order may not be revoked until a determination is made after the
hearing that grounds for revocation exist.

Executed at El Monte, California, this              day of May 2009.




                                 Annette Hebert, Chief
                                 Mobile Source Operations Division


KENNEDY ENGINEERED PRODUCTS - VW VANAGON ENGINE CHANGE KIT - D-42812
          *



Document Created: 2009-07-27 15:52:12
Document Modified: 2009-07-27 15:52:12

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