Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on November 21, 1974.
As of Wednesday, July 17th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1974 and older model-year vehicles with 12-volt battery, standard ignition coil, contact sets, and negative ground.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-44
  • Executive Order 44 / D44
  • ARB # D-44
  • Executive Order No: D-44
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-44
  • Resolution D-44
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-44 PDF

D-44 Document:



                         State of California
                         AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                         EXECUTIVE ORDER D— fl4
             Polat1ng to Exemptions under Section 27156
                         of the Vehicle Code


                     — FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR
              "KV ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM MODEL E 100"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the A]r Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
the Health and Safety Code;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of "KY Electronic
Ignition System Model E 100" device manufactured and marketed by Fair—
child Semiconductor of 464 Ellis Street, Mountain View, California $4040,
has been found to not reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle
pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions
of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1974.and older model—year vehicles
with 12—volt battery, standard ignition coil, contact set, and negative
ground. This exemption does not include those vehicles originally equipped
with breakerless or electronic ignition system.

The electrical circuit of the device consists of two transistors and four
resistors enclosed in an atuminum housing.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different
than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device as originally
submitted to the Air Resources Board for evaluation that adversely affect the
performance of the vehicle‘s pollution control devices shall invalidate this
Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in
this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other
than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior
approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.

This Executive Order does not constitute any cpinions as to the effect that
the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
by the vehicle manufacturer.      >

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT SY THE AIPR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAINS OF THE APPLICANT COHCERNTNG ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "KY ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM MODEL E 100" DEvICE.




                                                                                 N


"KY ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM MODEL E 100"            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—44




No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
cral—or written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertising, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable
as a misdemeanor.

Sections 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

     "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle poliution control:
     device unless that device has been certified by the board.     No
     person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
     vehicie pollution control device as a certified device which, in
     fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this section is
     a misdemeanor."

     "39184.   (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or adver—
     tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
     accredited by the board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
     tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
     accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device.      Any
     violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.



Executed at Sacramento, California, this ' 52[      day of November, 1974.




                                  WILLIAM SIMMONS
                                  Executive Officer


                            State of California
                           . AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              November 8, 1974

                                Staff Report

                 Evaluation of the Fairchild Semiconductor
        "K.V. ElectronicIgnition System Model E 100" for Compliance
         with the Requirements of Section 27156 of the California
                            Motor Vehicle Code


      Introduction

      Fairchild Semfconductor of 464 Ellis Street, Mountain View, California

      94040 has submitted an application requesting an exemption from the

      prohibitions of Section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code for the

      _"KV Electronic Ignition System Model E 100".   Vehicle Code Section 27156

      prohibits the sale, advertisement, and installation of any device or

      mechanism which adverselyaffect performance of the emission control

      system.   The applicant is requesting the exemption be granted for all

      1974 and older model—year vehicles equipped with a conventional ignition

      system.


II.   System Description and Function

      The "KV Electronic Ignition System" is an aftermarket ignition device

      which is installed in the engine‘s electrical system.   The device consists

      of an electronic circuit enclosed in an cast aluminum housing.     The

      circuit consists of two transistors and four resistors (See Exhibit A for

      schematic dev{ce).   Four external leads from this device are color coded

      to assure the correct connection (See Exhibit B for installation
      instructions).


~"KVY Electronic Ignition System Model E 100"                  November 8, 1974




I1I.     Device Evaluation

         The purpose of this device is‘tovprevent point ardfifing.         This probleh

         is more prevalent at the lower speeds (i.e. idle and cranking speed)

         due to the longer time required for the points to open.         In order to

         resolve this problem, the point current flow is reduced to 0.1 amperes

         with the device as compared to 2 to 4 amperes occuring in the stock

         system.   According to the applicant, fhe reduce current flow will help

         prolong point contact Iife and increase      spark plug life.


         In the operation of the deviée, the opening of the points sends a signaT

         to the transistor.   Upon receiving fhe point signal, the transistor stops

         the current flow to the primary system of the coil.      The use of. transistors

         as switches provides faster cutoff of the current flow in the primarily

         system.   Therefore, higher available secondary voltages output will occur.


 III.    System Evaluation

         The applicant submitted data (Figure 1) comparing the electrical output of

         the "KV" device and the stock system.     The available secondary voltages

         off idle is essentially the same.      However, higher secondaryvvoltages are

         encduntered at idle and cranking speeds.     No noticable changes to the

         spark timing occurs with the device.     The applicant presented data which

         show a 20 microsecond delay between the time the points open and the

         signal propagation from the transistor.     This delay resulted in a retarded

        . timing of 0.36 degrees at 3000 rpm.    This retard is generally not measurable

         with common instruments.


        "KV Electronic Ignition System Model E 100"                     November 8, 1974




               The Air Resources Board staff conducted testing to measure the output

               of this device.   The vehicle chosen has the following description:

                       Make and Model Year             1974 Ambassador Station Wagon

                       Engine                          360 Cubic Inch Displacement

                       Transmission                    Automatic
    4      ’           Carburetor                      Two Barre1
                       Emission Control                Exhaust Gas Recirculation and

                                                       Air Injection


               The following tables summarize the data:

                       Centrifugal Spark Advance from TopDead Center
                                     (Crankshaft Degree)
.                      Crankshaft rpm         BaseTine             __   Device
                          idle                   0                         0
                          1000                   5                         5
                          1500                  12.5                      12.5
                          2000                  16                        16
                          2500                  18                        18
                          3000                  21                       21


                                 Spark Duration (Milliseconds)
                      Crankshaft rpm          Baseline                  Device

                          idle                  1.40                     1.40
                          1200                  1.32                     1.32
                         2000                   1.18       .             1.18


"KV Electronic Ignition System Model E 100"                          November 8, 1974




                              Available Secondary Voltages

               Crankshaft rpm                 Baseline                    Device

                       idle .                    20                         32

                       1200                      26                         32

                       2200                      23                         30


                                   Idle Exhaust Emission

               Baseline Ignition                                 Device
               HC (ppm)          CQ (%)   _                HC        m)          cCO %

                  90               1%                           85                1%


     Before testing, the vehicles ignition and engine settings were checked

     and adjusted to original equipment manufacturer‘s specifications.                       Generally

     the above results indicate no change in the eTectrical output characteristics

     with and without the device although higher secondary voltages were noted

     with the device at the higher speeds.


     One explanation for the differences between the applicant‘s and ARB

     secondary voltage data off idle may be due to the conditions of the

     points.    Points that accumulated mileage generally exhibit a greater
     tendency to arc.           The points used by the applicant were new while the

     points used by the ARB had accumulated 6000 mfles.                     Therefore, the

     elimination of arching caused By the device would be expected to increase
   . the secondary voltages observed in the ARB test results.


"KV" Electronic Ignition System Model E 100"                 November 8, 1974




       One potential problem that might occur with ignition system such as the

       "KV" device which reduces the point current flow is the allowing of

       .residual deposit formation such as crankcase vapors on the points.

       If these deposits are significant, intermittent or complete cessation

       of the point current flow would occur and lead to conditions of engine

       misfiring or stalling.   This problem does not occur in conventional

       ‘ignition system because the deposits are burned away by point arching.


IV.    Conclusion and Recommendation

       Ba;ed on the results of our tests, the staff is of the opinion this

       device would not have any adverse effect on the emission control

       system.   Therefore the staff recommends that Fairchild Semiconductor

      _ be issued an exemption from the provisions of Section 27156 for the
      «"KY Electronic Ignition System Model E 100" for all 1974 and older

       model—year vehicles except those vehicles originally equipped with a

       breakerless or electronic ignition system.


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                                 Exhibit B

                   MODEL E—100    INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS




The Model E—100 is easily installed and no special tools are required. Fig—
ure 3 shows the connection diagram. The module may be mounted away from
under the hood heatsources on the fender, fire—wall. splash panel or any con—
venient place, other than the engine b]ock The four wires should be connect—
ed up as follows



               Red     Cl to         battery side of coil
               Green      to         distributor side of coil
               White      to.        coil side of points
               Black      to         ground


Since the prime function of the Model E—100 is to preserve tune—up condi—
tions by lengthening point lTife, the best value can be obtained by in—
statling new points and plugs at the same time. The system shpould be
‘retuned and will then maintain top performance for considerably longer
than when a conventional system is used.                        .

At installation time, an inspection of the ignftion system high voltage
components (coil, distributor cap and spark plug leads) should be conducted.
Worn parts should be replaced in the interest of improved performance and
reliability — together with maintaining acceptable emissions levels.

After installation, ignition timing and breaker pointgap { or dwell } should
be set according to the car owner‘s manual specifications. After this, the
timing should be checked at the recommended tune—up intervals. If the timing
subsequently changes, the breaker point gap should be readjusted and the timing
reset. A small quantity of the type lubricant supplied with new breaker points
should also be wiped on the distributor cam.


                    Exhibit B ({cont.)
                    CONNECTION DIAGRAM



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Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:14:11
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:14:11

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