Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on April 10, 1991.
As of Saturday, August 24th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
P/N SR71XX-90000X1990-1991 model-year Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo vehicles powered by a 3.0 liter fuel injection engine.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-186-2
  • Executive Order 186-2 / D186-2
  • ARB # D-186-2
  • Executive Order No: D-186-2
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-186-2
  • Resolution D-186-2
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-186-2 PDF

D-186-2 Document:



                                                    (Page 1 of 2)

                              State of California
                              AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—186—2
                 Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                            of the YVehicle Code

                             HKS U. S. A., INC.
                 HKS PERFORMANCE PACKAGE P/N SR7IXX—90000%

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and
Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order §—45—§;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLYED:    That the installation of the HKS Performance
Package P/N SR71XX—90000X comprised of exhaust system, T—25 & turbo
upgrades, intercooler upgrades, Vein Pressure Converter, 485 copm fuel
injectors, air filter system, electronic valve controller wastegate, spark
plugs, oil cooler and boost gauge, manufactured by HKS USA, Inc. of 20312
Gramercy Place, Torrance, CA 90§501, has been found not to reduce the
effectiveness of the applicable vehicle pollution control system and,
therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle
Code for 1990—1991 model—year Nissan 300 2X Iwin Turbo vehicles powered by a
3.0 liter fuel injection engine.        ‘

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
this supercharger kit will not recommend tuning the vehicle to
specifications different from those submitted by HKS USA, Inc.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the performance
package, as exempt by the Air Resources Board, which adversely affect the
performance of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this
Executive Order.

Marketing of this performance package using any identification other than
that shown in this Executive Order or marketing of this performance package
for an application other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be
prohibited unless prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.
Exemption of the performance package shall not be construed as exemption to
sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component of the kit as an individual
device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect the
use of this performance package may have on any warranty either expressed or
implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—PQLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE HKS USA, INC. PERFORMANCE PACKAGE.


HKS USA, INC.                                      EXECUTIVE ORDER D—186—2
PERFORMANCE PACKAGE                                (P;ge 2 of 2)



No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by the Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

Vielation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for
revocation of this order.  The order may—be revoked only after ten day
written notice of intention to revoke the order, in which period the holder
of the order may request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed
revocation.  If a hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of
receipt of the request and the order may not be revoked until a
determination after hearing that grounds for revocation exist.
                                              k.
Executed at El Monte, California, this [Cj 7Lday of.   April, 1991.




                                        R. B Summerfield
                                        Assistant Division Chief
                                        Mobile Source Division


                          State of California
                          AIR RESQURCES BOARD




EVALUATIGN OF HKS USA, INC.*S HKS PERFORMANCE PACKAGE P/N SR71XX—90000X
             FOR EKEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEKICLE
  CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                     CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                               April 1991


                           State of California
                           AIR RESOURCES BOARD




 EVALUATION OF HKS USA, INC.‘S HKS PERFORMANCE PACKAGE P/N SR71XX—90000X
               FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROKIBITIONS OF VEHICLE
   CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                      CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division
                            State of California
                            Air Resources Board
                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                          E1 Monte, CA    91731—2990



(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.}


                                  SUMMARY



       HKS USA, Inc., of 20312 Gramercy Place, Torrance, California 90501 has

applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section 27156 of the

California Vehicle Code (VC) for the HKS performance package P/N SR71XX—90000X%.

The HKS performance package is designed for installation on 1990—91 Nissan 300

2X Twin Turbo vehicles equipped with a 3.0 liter engine.

       Based on the results from comparative exhaust emission tests performed

at an independent laboratory on a 1990 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo, the staff

concludes that HKS USA, Inc.‘s HKS performance package P/N SR7IXX—90000X will

not adversely affect exhaust emission from vehicles for which an exemption is

requested.

       The staff recommends that HKS USA, Inc. be granted an exemption as

requested and that Executive Order D—186—2 be issued.


                                           OF        CO



                                                          Page Number



SUMMARY

CONTENTS                                                       i1

I.        INTRODUCTION

II.       CONCLUSION

III.      RECOMMENDATION

IV.       DESCRIPTION

V.        PERFORMANCE KIT EVALUATION AND DISCUSSION

          APPENDIX

          APPENDIX A:    TURBO SYSTEM DRAWINGS

          APPENDIX B:      INTERCOOLER COMPARISON




                                                1i


       EVALUATION OF HKS USA, INC.‘S HKS PERFORMANCE PACKAGE P/N SR71IXX—90000X
                    FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE
        CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE
                          CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS




I.        INTRODUCTION

          HKS USA, Inc. of 20312 Gramercy Place, Torrance, California 90501 has

applied for an exemption from the prohibitions in Section 27156 of the

California Vehicle Code for the HKS Performance Package P/N SR71XX—20000X.        The

HKS Performance Package is designed for installation on 1990—91 Nissan 300 2X

TIwin Turbo vehicles powered by a 3.0 liter fuel—injected engine.

          HKS USA, Inc. has submitted data from comparative emission tests

conducted on a 1990 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo at California Environmental

Engineering, Anaheim, California.



II.       CONCLUSIONS

          Based on the results from comparative exhaust emission tests performed

at California Environmental Engineering on a 1990 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo, the

staff concludes that HKS USA, Inc.‘s HKS Performance Package P/N SR71XX~90000%

will not adversely affect exhaust emissions from vehicles for which an

exemption is requested.



I11.       COMMEND

         The staff recommends that HKS USA, Inc. be granted an exemption for

their HKS Performance Package P/N SR71XX—90000X for installation on 1990—1991


 model—year Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo vehicles poweredbby a fuel—injected 3.0

 Viter enging.     The staff also recommends that Executive Order D—186—2 be

 issued.



 IV.         V    DESCR    0

           The HKS Performance package is designed for installation on 1990—91

 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbe vehicles powered by a 3.0 liter fuel—injected engine.

 The performance package consists of an exhaust system, T—25 & turbo upgrades,.

 intercooler upgrades, Veianressure Converter, 485 copm fuel injectors, HKS

 Power Flow air filter system, electronic valve controller wastegate, spark

 plugs, oil cooler and boost gauge.     The kit operates in conjunction with the

 original equipment manufacturer (OEM) computer controlled electronic port fuel

 injection and emission control systems already certified with the stock engine.

 The tune—up specifications remain the same.

           The OEM exhaust system is replaced with a 300 ZX YG300ETT exhaust

 system.     The modified exhaust system uses two sub—mufflers instead of one and

 enlarges the pipe diameter from 54 mm to 60 imm.    Due to the larger pipe

 diameter, the exhaust pressure is reduced form 16.6 psi to 15.9 psi.     The noise

 out of the tailpipe is slightly increased in the modified configuration.

           The stock Garrett Airesearch T—25 twin turbos are replaced with two

. Garrett Airesearch T—25 G twin turbos.    Garrett manufactures all the rotating

 assemblies, turbine housing and wastegate swing valve while HKS manufactures

 the compressor housing for the modified turbo system.     Appendix A illustrates

 the compressor housing and the turbo system.     The modified turbos increase


                rsonmemerinontnts an iessmm mesin= ——




the area ratios for the turbine and compressor from .58 to .64 and .42 to .80

respectively and increases the maximum boost from 8.5 psi to 14.3 psi.

       The OEM intercoolers are removed and replaced with two HKS intercoolers.

The upgraded intercoolers reduce the charged air temperature during boost

operation to a point where the inlet température to the engine at the higher

rates on boost pressure specified as safe with this full package are very

similar to those of the non—modified vehicle.                       The intercooler core dimensions

are increased from 165 mm to 260 mm in height, 170 mm to 200 mm in width and 60

mm to 65 mm in thickness.                     The modified intercooler increases the efficiency

from 6§5% to 80% and increases the air density form 15% to 23%.                      A comparison of

the OEM to the modified intercoolers is enclosed in Appendix B.

       The modifications specific to the fuel injection system include,

increase injector nozzles size from 405 to 485 cc/min and removal of the

factory air mass sensor system, which is replaced with a sensitive absolute

pressure trangducer system.                        The new signal is read by an HKS three

dimensionally programmed computer interface known as the Vein Pressure

Converter (VPC).          The HKS VPC computer interfaces with factory OEM style

computer plug connectors and does not require any cutting or splicing of OEM

wire harness.       The HKS VPC allows precise control of the larger injectors,

while staying within the emission test parameters.                        The elimination of the air

inlet restriction posed by the factory sensor allows for a crisper throttle

reaction as well as increased power.


       Installation of the HKS performance package Eequires replacement of the

OEM accordion paper air intake system with the HKS Power Flow air filter

assembly.   The HKS Power Flow air filter does not in any way interfere, remove,

interrupt, re—route or modify the factory emission system.

       The OEM boost control on/off solenoid is replaced with the HKS

electronic valve controller (EVC).   The EVC unit is utilized to menitor and

correct boost pressure, up to, but not in excess of maximum specifications.     It

performs this function eight times per second.   For the purpose of including :

the EVC in this package, HKS has redesigned the EVC to eliminate any cockpit

override of boost level settings.    It offers the driver access to three

preselected levels of boost pressure {low, mid and high), but these are

precalibrated to exacting specifications and are within the basic design

parameters of this system.   These settings will allow a range of operation from

a safe operation of the vehicle in less than ideal weather, as well as a

spirited acceleration when. conditions are more favorable.

       The remaining modifications to the OEM system include changing the spark

plugs from the OEM NGK PFR6B—11 to the HKS M351, installing the HKS Turbo Boost

meter and installing a larger oil cooler to prevent increased oil temperatures.

The cil cooler unit is a direct replacement and maintains the OEM thermostatic

controls, so that engine warm up characteristics and general operational

temperatures remain consistent with original specifications.    All remaining

emission control components are unchanged.


v.     PERFORMANCEPACKAGEEVALUATIONANDOISCUSSTON

       A 1990 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo with a 3.0 liter fuel—injected gasoline

engine was used for the evaluation of the HKS Performance Package.       The

dynamometer inertia weight and loading qsed were 3875-1bs and 7.7—hp

respectively.

       Comparative emissions tests conducted by California Environmental

Engineering for HKS USA, Inc. consisted of one Cold—Start CVS—75 emission test

in the unmodified (baseline} configuration, followed by one Cold—Start CVS—75

emission test in the modified (performance package installed) configuration.

The ARB did not perform tests to confirm the test results submitted by the

applicant.     A summary of the test results is shown be]oW:


                              Exhaust Emissions Test Results
                         On A 1990 Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo

Test                 Exhaust Emissions (gm/mi)
Mode                 HC       '          CO                     NOx.

Baseline               .235                 3.082                .079
Device                 .300                 3.440                .097
Difference            +.065                 +.362               +.018
% Difference         +27.7%                 +11.7%              +22.8%


       The differences between the device emission test results and baseline

emission test results submitted by the applicant were within the allowed limits

of .1 gm/mile HC, 1.0 gm/mile CO and .1 gm/mile NOx as specified in the

"Procedures for Exemption of Add—On and Modified Parts."       Therefore, the

installation of the HKS Performance Package P/N SR71IXX—90000X did not have an

adverse effect on exhaust emissions on the test vehicle.       HKS USA, Inc.

submitted all the required information and fulfilled the requirements for

exemption.


Appendix


                                                                 APFENDIX a




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Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:17
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:17

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