Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on October 20, 1994.
As of Friday, August 23rd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
NOT LEGAL FOR SALE OR INSTALLATION AFTER 12/31/08

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-190-1
  • Executive Order 190-1 / D190-1
  • ARB # D-190-1
  • Executive Order No: D-190-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-190-1
  • Resolution D-190-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-190-1 PDF

D-190-1 Document:



                                                      (Page 1 of 2)

                                State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                             EXECUTIVE ORDER D—190—1
                     Relating to Exemptions Under Section 27156
                                of the Vehicle Code


                               TESTED PRODUCTS, INC.
                      "USED AFTERMARKET CATALYTIC CONVERTERS®

WHEEREAS, Vehicle Code Section     27156 and Title 13 California Code of
Regulations (hereafter "CCR")      Section 2222(i), authorize the California Air
Resources Board (ARB) and its      Executive Officer to exempt used aftermarket
catalytic converters from the      prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156
and 38391.

WHEREAS, Tested Products, Inc. of 24540 Capitol, Redford Township, Michigan
48239, has applied to the ARB for exemption from the prohibitions in Vehicle
Code Sections 27156 and 38391 to market used original manufacturer (OEM)
two—way or oxidation converters (OC), three—way converters (TWC), three—way
plus oxidation converters (TWC + OC), and precatalysts in California.
Tested Products, Inc. shall salvage, recondition (as necessary), and test
the converters for installation on vehicles identical to the certification
vehicles.

WEEREAS, pursuant to the authority vested in the Executive Officer by Health
and Safety Code Section 39515 and in the Chief, Mobile Source Division by
Health and Safety Code Section 39516 and Executive Order G—45—5, the ARB
finds that the Tested Products, Inc. used catalytic converters comply with
the California Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391, and Title 13,
California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(i).

IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED that Tested Products,      Inc. used catalytic converters
are exempt from the prohibitions in Vehicle Code Sections 27156 and 38391
for installation on applicable vehicles subject to the following conditions:

   1.   Used catalytic converters marketed in California must attain the
        minimum conversion efficiencies shown below within the specified time
        after the exhaust is switched to pass through the catalytic
        converter:

                          Minimum Conversion Efficiency
        Converter Type        HC    co    Nox               Time
        lelel                70%   70%    —                60 sec
        TWC                  70%    70%    60%             60 sec
        TWC + OC             70%    70%    50%             60 sec
        Precatalysts         40%    40%    —               60 sec

  2.    No changes are permitted to the catalytic converters as described in
        the application for exemption.  Any changes to the catalytic
        converters or any of their components, applicable model year, or
        other factors addressed in this order must be evaluated and approved
        by the ARB prior to marketing in California.

  3.    Marketing of the converters using identifications other than those
        shown in the exemption application or marketing of the catalytic
        converters for vehicle applications other than those identical to the
        certification vehicles shall be prohibited unless prior approval is
        obtained from the ARB.  Exemption of these products shall not be


TESTED PRODUCTS, INC.                                    EXECUTIVE ORDER D—190—1
"USED AFTERMARKET CATALYTIC CONVERTERS®"                 (Page 2 of 2)


        construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale,        or advertise any
        components of the catalytic converters as individual devices.

   4.   Any oral or written references to this Executive Order or its content
        by Tested Products, Inc., its principals, agents, employees,
        distributors, dealers, or other representatives must include the
        disclaimer that the Executive Order or the exemption it provides is
        not an endorsement or approval of any emissions reduction claims for
        the catalytic converters and is only a finding that the catalytic
        converters are exempt from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Sections
        27156 and 38391.

   5.   Tested Products, Inc. must submit their quality audit data or quality
        control procedures, as well as production quantity data for each
        converter type produced, to the ARB for review on a semi—annual basis
        no later than August 15 and February 15 for each production year.
        For the first calendar year following the exemption of their used
        catalytic—converters, the production audit testing shall demonstrate
        correlation between conversion efficiencies of two TWC and two TWC +
        OC determined using the procedures established by Tested Products,
        Inc. and the cold—start CVS—75 Federal Test Procedure. The test
        parameters shall be specified by the ARB and will be sent to Tested
        Products, Inc. not less than 30 days before the end of the reporting
        period.  Failure to establish correlation between the conversion
        efficiency obtained using the CVS—75 and the conversion efficiency
        obtained using the procedures developed by Tested Products, Inc. may
        cause the ARB to require Tested Products, Inc. to review and modify
        its procedures.

   6.   Tested Products will be required to adopt a new bench test procedures
        should the ARB develop a bench test procedures for screening OEM
        catalytic converters which are more stringent than those used by
        Tested Products,   in the future.

Violation of any of the above conditions shall be grounds for revocation of
this order.  The order may be revoked only after ten day written notice of
intention to revoke it, during which period the holder of the order may
request in writing a hearing to contest the proposed revocation.  If a
hearing is requested, it shall be held within ten days of receipt of the
request,   and the order may not be revoked until a determination is made,
after the hearing, that grounds for revocation exist.

Executive Order D—190—1 dated May 19,       1989,   is hereby superseded and of no
further force and effect.

Executed at El Monte, California, this é%é          day of December,   1994.




                                    R.B.    Summerfi%
                                    Assistant Division Chief
                                    Mobile Source Division


                          State of California
                          AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF TESTED PRODUCTS, INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT
  CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE
          CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                      REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)




                            December,   1994


  EVALUATION OF TESTED PRODUCTS, INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT
    CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE
            CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                        REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)




                                     by
                           Mobile Source Division

                            9528 Telstar Avenue
                          El Monte, CA 91731—2990




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication.  Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARXY

        Tested Products, Inc.    (Tested Products) of 24540 Capitol, Redford

Township, Michigan 48239, has applied for an exemption to salvage and test

used original equipment manufacturer (OEM) catalytic converters for sale in

California under California regulations on used aftermarket catalytic

converters.    Tested Products has developed a bench test for screening used

catalytic converters, which is a modification of the EPA approved light—off

and stabilized efficiency test.    The test set—up will bench test two—way,

three—way, and three—way plus oxidation used OEM converters.     Tested

Products also proposed to use the EPA approved light—off and stabilized

efficiency test to screen precatalysts.

        Tested Products proposes to screen the used OEM converters for the

minimum conversion efficiencies of 70 percent for HC and CO, and NOx

efficiencies of 60 percent for three—way and 50 percent for three—way plus

oxidation converters, which are the same conversion efficiencies established

for new aftermarket non—OEM converters.    At the present time, the Air

Resources Board (ARB) has not adopted a test procedure for recycling used

OEM three—way type converters.    However, the staff believes that there is a

significant need to allow the sale of recycled three—way converters in

California,   and that the test procedure proposed by Tested Products is more

stringent than that currently accepted by the EPA.    Based on the conversion

efficiencies of several used converters tested by the applicant, the ARB is

also allowing Tested Products to market used precatalysts that show a

minimum conversion efficiency of 40 percent for HC and CO.     As part of their

production audit testing, Tested Products will test some used OEM

converters, with known conversion efficiencies, using cold—start CVS—75,      for

the purpose of correlating their bench test efficiency with the efficiency

obtained from the cold—start CVS~75.

        Information submitted by Tested Products show that they meet the

requirements of Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13, California Code of

Regulations, Section 2222(i) to advertise and market used OEM catalytic

converters in California.   Staff recommends that the exemption be granted as

requested and that Executive Order D—190—1 be issued.


                                   CONTENTS

                                              Page Number

SUMMARY                                            i

CONTENTS                                          i1

T.         INTRODUCTION                            1

II.        CONCLUSION                              1

III.      RECOMMENDATIONS                         1

IV.        PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION                  2




                                    ii


     EVALUATION OF TESTED PRODUCTS, INC. SALVAGED OR USED ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT
       CATALYTIC CONVERTERS FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE PROHIBITIONS IN VEHICLE
               CODE SECTION 27156 AND TITLE 13, CALIFORNIA CODE OF
                           REGULATIONS, SECTION 2222(i)




I.         INTRODUCTION

          Tested Products, Inc.   (Tested Products) of 24540 Capitol, Redford

Township, Michigan 48239, has applied for an exemption to salvage and test

used original equipment manufacturer (OEM) catalytic converters for sale in

California under California regulations on used aftermarket catalytic

converters.    Tested Products has developed a bench test for screening two—

way converter (OC), three—way converter (TWC), and three—way plus oxidation

converter    (TWC + OC).   Their test procedure is a modification of the EPA

approved light—off and stabilized efficiency tests to enable Tested Products

to determine the conversion efficiency for NOx as well as HC and CO.     Tested

Products also proposes to use the unmodified EPA approved General Motor‘s

(GM‘s)    "Cell 102" test procedures to screen precatalysts.

II.       CONCLUSION

          The applicant has submitted all the required information, and based

on the submitted catalyst test data, the staff concludes that Tested

Products laboratory has demonstrated that their procedures are adequate for

determination of the conversion efficiency of used OC, TWC, TWC + OC, and

precatalysts in accordance with Vehicle Code Section 27156 and Title 13,

California Code of Regulations, Section 2222(i).

III.      RECOMMENDATION

          Staff recommends that the exemption be granted as requested and that

Executive Order No. D—190—1 be issued, permitting the advertisement,    sale

and installation of the used OEM catalytic converters tested by Tested

Products.


IV.     PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION

        Tested Products first conducted the converter bench conversion

efficiency test in accordance with procedures described in Federal Registrar

Vol.51, No.150, dated August 5, 1986.     The following were the test equipment

and parameters:

        Test Engine — 350 CID (5.7L) GM V—8 2 bbl carbureted engine

        Engine speed — 1800 +/— 20 RPM

        Engine load — 31 ft—lb (10.6 hp)

        Converter inlet CO — 2% +/— 0.05%

        Converter inlet temperature — 730 +/— 30 degrees F

        Air Injection Pump — 20 CID (maximum)

        Air Injection Drive Ratio — 1.5:1 (maximum)

        Location of converter — 2 feet (min) from merging point of the two

                                   exhaust banks

        Converter pre—test temperature — 100 degrees F

        Exhaust Gas Analyzers for HC,    CO,   and NOx

        Computer for data reduction

Since the above test parameters cannot generate NOx, some adjustments to the

existing test procedure were necessary to evaluate the NOx efficiency of a

catalytic converter.     In order to generate enough NOx in the exhaust for

conversion efficiency measurement, Tested Products leaned the inlet CO from

2% +/— 0.05% to 1.8%.     The converter inlet temperature was increased to 830

+/— 30 degrees F by increasing the load on the dynamometer.        Air injection

was not used except when testing three—way plus oxidation converters when

air was introduced between the reducing and oxidizing substrates for

oxidation reaction.     All other parameters remained unchanged.    The set—up

allowed Tested Products to measure the conversion efficiencies of all three


pollutants simultaneously.     Tested Products submitted data from tests

conducted with 10 used OEM three—way converters and 10 used OEM three—way

plus oxidation converters using the modified procedures described above.

Using the EPA approved light—off and stabilized test procedures for

oxidation converter Tested Products also screen 10 precatalysts.     The

conversion efficiencies of all catalysts tested were determined within 60

seconds after the exhaust gas was switched to pass through the catalytic

converter.    Based on these test data, staff recommends that the ARB allow

the sale and installation of used OEM three—way, three—way plus oxidation,

and precatalysts which attain the following conversion efficiencies within

60 seconds after the exhaust is switched to pass through the precatalyst.

                   Conversion Efficiencies

Converter Type       _HC_    _co_   _Nox_

TWC + OC              70%     70%    50%

TWC                   70%     70%    60%

Precatalyst           40%     40%    —

As part of their production avudit testing Tested Products shall conduct

cold—start CVS—75 conversion efficiency tests on two three—way converters

and two three—way plus oxidation converters in order to correlate the

efficiencies obtained using their procedurés with the cold—start CVS—75

conversion efficiencies.     The tests would be conducted within the next two

production audit reporting periods following the exemption of Tested

Products‘s used OEM catalytic converters.    The cold—start CVS—75 tests are

to be conducted at an independent laboratory.    All used catalytic converters

sold in California by Tested Products must be tested using the procedures

described above,   and must attain the required conversion efficiencies.



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:14:44
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:14:44

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