Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on April 27, 1973.
As of Wednesday, June 26th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1966-1970 model year vehicles with engines having greater than 140 cubic inch displacement

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-2
  • Executive Order 2 / D2
  • ARB # D-2
  • Executive Order No: D-2
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-2
  • Resolution D-2
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-2 PDF

D-2 Document:



                       State of California
                       AIR RESOURCES BOARD


                       EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2 _
           Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                       of the Vehicle Code


                        TVI MARKETING, INC.
                      "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR®"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
the Health and Safety Code;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:    That the installation of a "Turbo Yapor
Injector" manufactured by TVI Marketing, Inc. has been found to. not reduce
the effectiveness of required emission control devices in vehicles and
therefore is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle
Code for 1966—1970 model—year vehicles with engines having greater than
140 cubic inch displacement.    The device consists of a plastic fluid con—
tainer, metering valve and hoses.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR" DEVICE.

No clatm of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professiohs cOdé mékes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertising and Section 17534 makes violation punishable
as a misdemeanor.

Section 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

     "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
    device unless that device has been certified by the board. No
    person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
    vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
    fact, is not a certified device.    Any violation of this section is
    a misdemeanor."


EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2                               "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"




     "39184. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
     accredited by the board.   No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
   <tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
    accredited device. Any violation of this section is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the policy or laws will be submitted to the
Attorney General of California for such action as he deems advisable.




Executed at Sacramento, California, this 627$k day of April, 1973.




                                  JOHN A. MAGA
                                  Executive Officer


                            State of California

                            AIR RESQURCES BOARD

                              April 17, 1973

                               Staff Report

                     Evaluation of TVI Marketing, Inc.,
                   "Turbo Vapor Injector" for Compliance
                  with the Requirements of Section 27156
                        of the Motor Vehicle Code




       Introduction

       TVI Marketing, Inc., Marysville, Michigan, has applied for exemp—

       tions to the prohibitions to Section 27156 of the Motor Véhic]e

       Code for its "Turbo Vapor Injector".       The exemption has been
       requested for 1966 through 1973 model—year vehicles.       Section
       27156 prohibits the installation of any device which reduces the

       effectiveness of motor vehicle emission control systems.       The

       applicant claims the device improves performance and fuel economy.


II.    System Description

       The device consists of a plastic fuel storage container mounted

       in the engine compartment with a hose connection to the intake

       manifold.    This connection is usually routed through the PCV system.

       The vapor injector metering valve is located on the container.


III.   System Function

       The vapor injector system operates on the principle of injecting

       fuel—water—air vapor mixture into the combustion process.      The

       manufacturer maintains this will improve engine performance and

       economy.


TVI Marketing, Inc., "Turbo Vapor Injector"               April 17, 1973



      The fuel—air vapor mixture is produced by venting the bottom of

      the fluid storage container to atmosphere and drawing a vacuum

      above the fluid level.   The flow of the vapor mixture is control—
      led by a metering vaive which acts as an orifice.   The resulting

      vapors are drawn into the intake manifold through the PCV system.


      System Evaluation

      Vapor injector systems of similar design have, in the past, been

      evaluated as to their effects on reducing emissions.   None of these

      devices have injected enough liquid mist or vapor to effect reduc—

      tions in oxides of nitrogen through a lowering of the combustion

      temperatures.   A more predominate effect of the device is the air

      bleed.   Air bleed systems are used for reducing hydrocarbon and car—

      bon monoxide and will produce stight increases in oxides of nitrogen

      emissions.   However, tests of the devices‘indicate only insignificant

      changes in these emissions.


      In addition to emission testing the previdusly exempted devices,

      bench tests were also performed to determine the maximum air flow

      through the system.   The quantity of air flow that was bled intp

      the intake manifold with these devices serves as the criteria for

      evaluating other vapor injector devices.   Also, air bleed systems

     should not be installed on engines with oxides of nitrogen control

     systems (1971 model—year and later).

     Air flow tests were conducted by the Air Resources Board Laboratory

     to determine the maximum flow of the TVI Marketing "Turbo Vapor


TVI Marketing, Inc., "Turbo Vapor Injector"              April 17, 1973



      Injector.     The maximum measured air flow was .663 SCFM at 23.5 in.

      Hg. vacuum.     This is the air flow that could occur during high speed

      decelerations.     This flow is no greater than previously exempted
      devices for vehicles larger than 140 CID which utilize an air bleed

      feature in their design.


v.    Conclusions and Recommendations

      It is the staff‘s opinion that the TVI Marketing, Inc., "Turbo Vapor
      Injector" will not adversely effect the performance of the emission

      control systems of motor vehicles having engines of greater than 140

      CID.   Therefore, the "Turbo Vapor Injector" should be exempt from the

      prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code on 1966—70

      model—year vehicles with engines of greater than 140 cubic inch dis—

      placement.


                        State of California                                   F
                        AIR RESOURCES BOARD                              '    1
                                       \


                       EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2—1
            Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                        of the Vehicle Code


                        TVI MARKETING, INC.
                      "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
the Health and Safety Code;                                                       \

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of "Turbo Vapor In—
jector" manufactured by TVI Marketing, Inc., has been found to not reduce
the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control devices and,
therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle
Code for 1974 model—year vehicles and older. This device consists of a
plastic bottle, rubber hose, and proprietary fluid. This exemption is for
Model No. CA—03 and VA—04 devices equipped with .022 inch orifice diameter,
and fluid specification number 1072.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device as
originally submitted to the Air Resources Board for evaluation that
adversely affect the performance of the vehicle‘s pollution control
devices shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an app11cat1on
other than those listed in this Executive Order shall have prior approva]
of the Air Resources Board.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD
OF ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR" DEVICE.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertising and Section 17534 makes violation punishable
as a misdemeanor.


    "Turbo Vapor Injector"                                        Executive Order D—2—1




    Section 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:
         "39130.   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
         or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
         device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
         device unless that device has been certified by the board. No
         person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
         vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
         fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this section is
         a misdemeanor."

         "39184. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or adver—
         tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
         device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle poliution control
         device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
         accredited by the board. No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
         tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
         accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device. Any
         violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor.

    Any apparent violation of the policy or laws will be submitted to the Attorney
    General of California for such action as he deems advisable.
i




    Executed at Sacramento, Ca]iférnia, this        ,Qgt&      day of February, 1974.




                                          WILLIAM SIMMONS
                                          Executive Officer




                             nm   >   m    coemnn c map   og   pens   nemige e ons   mm


                             State of California
                             MR RESOURCES BOARD

                              February 19, 1974

                                 Staff Report


                       Evaluation of TVI Marketing, Inc.,
                            "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"
                      for Exemption from the Prohibitions of
                     Sectton 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code




      Introductton                                         .                .

      TVI Marketing, Inc.. of Marysville, Michigan, has applied for an exemp—

      tion from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code

      for its "Turbo Vapor Injector".     This section prohibits the installation

      of any device which reduces the effectiveness of the motor vehicle emis—

      sion control system. The applicant is requesting an exemption for

      1966—1974 mode] year vehicles with Model No. CA—03 and VA—04.


      The applicant was originally granted an exemption to Section 27156 for

      its "Turbo Vapor Injector" by Executive Order D—2 dated April 17, 1973,

      for 1970 and aldem vehicles greater than 140 CID.        The present appli—

      cation is for an identical device which has an orifice diameter of .022

      inches as compared to .095 inches for the original device.


II.   System Description

      This device consists of a vapor injector system and a proprietary fluid

      which is admitted into the PCV system.       A plastic bottle is mounted


 "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"                                   EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2—1




       in the engine compartment with a rubber hose providing the connec—

       tion with the engine.


       Acéording to the applicant, the proprietary fluid has the safne chemical

       composition as the fluid manufactured by Kem Krest for the "Lift Fuel

       Efficiency System" which was granted an exemption on January 22, 1974

       by Executtve Order D—24.     This is ident‘ifi_ed by Kem Krest Specifica—

       tion No. TI07Z.


       The control valvewhich admits vapor to the engine is located on the

       cap of the battle.. This. valve can be adjusted to control the flow

       rate of the vaporous—fluid mixtures.     It has a maximum orifice dia—

       meter of .02Z im. The:system contains a standpipe which provides

       venting to the atmosphere.     The same model is used for applications on

       all vehfcles..


III.   System Functton
       The vapor fnjectiom system operates by applying manifold vacuum to

       a tee im the PCV Tine: thereby allowing fiuid vapor from a storage tank

       to be dfspflac&zt through an interconnecting rubber tube into the intake

       manifold af the engine.    Air enters the fluid tank through a standpipe

       creating bubbles at the end of the standpipe due to the venting action


.   "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"                    ’          EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2—1




           caused by the engine vacuum.   The formed bubbles and its subsequent

           rising actformenhance the evaporation rate of the fluid.     This

           vaporous—fiutd—mtxture generally enters the engine through the PCV

           adapter plate Tocated at the base of the carburetor.


    IV.    System Evaluatton

           The applicant had submitted emission data which were performed by

           Scott Research Laboratory of San Bernardino, California.     These tests

          — were performed with the orifice diameter of .055".    The applicant‘s

           data generally showed no adverse effect with the exception of test

           conducted on vehtcles with a STP retrofit device.     These data showed

           a 97% and 16% fncrease in CO and hydrocarbon emissions respectively;

           however, the applicant has reduced the size of his orifice diameter

           to .022 in. and submitted maximum air flow limits.     These limits are

           within those established by the staff for systems with a fixed orifice

           size which admfts air below the carburetor.   Exceeding these criteria
           would be fudged as having an adverse effect on the existing pollution

           contral—system.   The equivalent air flow rate with this diameter size

           would not exceed the established 0.1 SCFM flow limit.


           Conclusfon
           It is the aptntom of the staff that this device would not have an adverse

           effect on the operation of the existing pollution control system.        There—

           fore, the staff recommends that TVI Marketing, Inc., be granted an exemption

           for its "Turbo Vapor Injector".



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:41:05
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:41:05

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