Approval Details

Valid E.O.


This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on November 4, 1975.
As of Wednesday, October 16th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
CA-03 VA-041976 and older vehicles.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-2-3
  • Executive Order 2-3 / D2-3
  • ARB # D-2-3
  • Executive Order No: D-2-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-2-3
  • Resolution D-2-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-2-3 PDF

D-2-3 Document:

                                                                                 £0 BR
                            Stafe of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—2—3
                 Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                             of the Vehicle Code

                             TVI MARKETING, I NC
                           "TURBO VAPOR INJEC TOR"

 Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
 27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

 Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
 the Health and Safety Code;

 IT IS ORDERED AND RESCOLVED:   That the installation of the "Turbo Vapor In—
 jector" manufactured by TVI Marketing, Inc., has been found to not significantly
 reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control devices
 and is therefore exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle
 Code for 1976 and older model—year vehicles.        This device consists of a
 plastic bottle, rubber hose, and proprietary fiuid.       This exemption is for
 Model No. 5. CA—03 and VA—04 devices equipped with .022 inch orifice diameter,.
 and flyid specification number 61074.

 This F    tive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
 for this davice will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
 different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

 Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
 exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the per—
 formance of the vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate
 this Executive Order.

 Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
 in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
 other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
 prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.

 This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
 that the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or
 implied by the vehicle manufacturer.


 No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
 with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral
 or written communication.                  *
Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
or misleading advertisting, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as
a misdemeanor.

Sections 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

     "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
     or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device unless that device has been certified by the board.                    No
     person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
     vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
     fact, is not a certified device.  Any violation of this section is
     a misdemeanor."                          c

     "39184.. (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or. adver—
     tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a
     device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
     device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
     accredited by the board.  No person shall sell, offer for sale, adver—
     tise, or represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as an
     accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device. Any
     violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent vioclation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems

Executive Order D—2     s dated   July 30, 1975, is superseded and of o
further force and o f   EC t.                                             j

                                                       +‘L      ‘/ ‘AL} 'rwllul‘    —
Executed at Sacramento, California, this          «/     __ day of~ée£€ber, 1975.

                                            William H. Lewis
                                            Executive Officer

                               State of California

                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                October 28, 1975

                          Addendum to the Staff Report
                               Dated July 21, 1975

                       "Evaluation of TVI Marketing, Inc.,
                             "Turbo Yapor Injector"
                       for Exemption from the Prohibitions
                 of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code"


       TVI Markéting= Inc. of Marysyille, Michigan has received an exgmptifin

       from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code under

       "Executive Order D—2—2 for its "Turbo Vapor Injector" for 1975 and

       older mode} vehicles.     A description of the device, test data and

       cther pertinent information in support of their application for this

       exemption will be found in the attached staff report dated July 21,

       1975.   Thé applicant has requested that this exemption be extended

       to include the 1976 model vehicles.     {Exhibit A).

       The applicant states that there is no change in the unit or its


11.   Evaluation

       The 1976 emission control systems are basically the same as the

       1975 systems.     Since the device has not been changed, the test

       data for the.1975 model vehicles will also apply to the 1976 models.

       The staff has no basis upon which to deny the request of the

      .applicant and concurs that the device will not increase emissions

    from the 1976 model vehicles.

II1. Recommendation

    The staff recommends adoption of Executive Order D—2—3 granting TVI

    Marketing, Inc. exemption from the prohibition of Section 27156 of

    the Vehicle Code for its "Turbo Vapor Injector".

    1191 W. Square Lak Rd.     Bloomfield Hille, Mich. 48018    (313) XXXXX®

 October 3, 1975

 Mr. Richard Kenney
 California Air Resources Board
 El Monte Laboratory
 9528 Telestar Avenue
 El Monte,    California     91731

 Dear Mr.    Kenney:

 This letter is our formal application for the extension of our
 waiver of compliance, executive order D—2—2,                  for the TURBO VKPOQ
 INJECTOR to cover 1976 model vehicles.

 There is no change whatever in our unit from the description of the
 urit or the fuel as designated in our existing waiver.

 We would appreciate your consideration of this request as soon as.
 possible as our California marketing program is ber*nplnj to gain
 considerable momentum.  We appreciate your help in the past and
 will continue to keep you advised if we contemplate any changes or
 modifica       s in our unit whatever.


 Adrian B. Robinson
 Vice President, Marketing

                             State of California

                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                July 21, 1975

                                Staff Report

                   Evaluation of TVI Marketing, Inc.,
                            "TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR"
                 for Exemption from the Prohibitions of
                 ‘Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code

      Introduction —
      TYI Marketing, Inc. of Marysville, Michigan, has applied for an exemp—

      tion from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Motor Vehicle Code

      for its "Turbo Vapor Injector".     This section prohibits the installation

      of any device which reduces the effectiveness of the motor vehicle emis—

      sion control system.    The applicant is requesting an extension of his

      exemption to include the 1975 and older model year vehicles.       This

      device was o}iginaily granted an exemption for the 1974 and older model

      vehicies by Executive Order D—2—1 dated February 28, 1974.       The "Turbo

      Yapor Injector" models CA—03 and VA—04 are still in use but the fluid

      has been changed (See system description below).

11.   System Description_
      This device consists of a vapor injector system and a proprietary fiuid

      which is admitted into the PCV system.       A plastic bottle is mounted

  in the engine compartment with a rubber hose providing the connec—

  tion with the engine.

  According to the applicant, the proprietary fluid is now manufactured

  by the Grow Chemical Company and is designated by fluid specification

  number G—1074.     The fluid composition is considered similar to the

 fluid spec. no. 1072 previously exempted.

  The control valve which admits vapor to the engine is located on the

  cap of the bottle.    This valve can be adjusted to control the flow rate

  of the vaporous—fluid mixtures and has a maximum orifice dia—

  meter of 0.022 in.    The system contains a standpipe‘whfch provides

  venting to the atmosphere.    The same model device is used for all vehicle


[. System Function

  The vapof injection system cperates by applying manifold vacuum to

  a tee in the PCV line théreby allowing fluid vapor from a storage tank

  to be displaced through an interconnecting rubber tube into the intake

  manifold of the engine.    Air enters the fiuid tank through the top of

  a standpipe creating bubbles at the bottom end due to the venting action

      caused by the engine vacuum.     The formed bubbles and subsequent

      rising action enhance the evaporation rate of the fluid.     This

      vaporous—fluid—mixture generally enters the engine through the PCV


I¥.   System Evaluation

      The Air Resources Board Laboratory evaluated the "Turbo Yapor Injector"

      by performing the following test sequence on three vehicles.

      These vehicles were:

       1.     1975 Ford Pinto, license No: 195 CVF, 140 CID, 2—bb1.,

              4 cylinder engine.

       2.— 1975 Chevrolet Vega, license No. 989 LHY, 140 CID,

              2—bb1., 4—cylinder engine.

              1975 Datsun B210, registration No. HLB 210

              2—bb1., 85.2 CID, 4—cylinder engine.

      Each vehicle received the following preparation before each test.

       1.     The engine operating parameters were checked and set to

              manufacturers specification if required.

      2.      The fuel tamk was filled to capacity.

      3.    ‘The vehiclé was operated for 10 miles on the road to purge

              the evaporative emissions cannister.

      4.      The evaporative emission cannister was disconnected from the

              vehicle‘s fuel tank before the cold soak.

      5.      The evaporatfve emissions cannister was reconnected before

              running the CYS test.

A CYVS—1975 cold start baseline test was made on each vehicle.                The

device was then installed and adjusted in compliance to the manufacturer‘s

instructions (Appendix A).    A follow—up CVS—II cold start test was then

made with the device in operation.         The test on the Vega was repeated

to verify the results of the first test.

The results of the CVS—II tests are as listed:

                                         Emission,g/mile                Fuel Economy
                                     Ho           C0        Hox            MP& _
     1975 Pinto
          Baseline                       0.23     2.93       1.04          13.8
          With TVI Injector              0.22     ~2.78      1.09          13.9
     1975 Datsun
          Baseline                   0.34          2.96     1.96          20.8
          With TVI Injector        —=0.3          2.94       2.11         20.8

     1975 Yega(Test :
          Baseline                       0.38      6.89%     1.62          17.1
          With TVI Injector              0.60     7.47       1.58          15.7

     1975 Yega(Test #2)
          Baseline                       0.48      6.17     1.35          16.5
          With TVI Injector              0.41     6.00      1.60          15.6
     QOverall Average Results ..     _
           Baseline                   0.33        4.14      1.50          17.1}
          ‘With TVI Injector          0.38        3.91      1.60    .     16.8

          % Change                 +16.2         —5.6      +6.7           —~1.8

Significance*                       No          _ No         Yes           ¥es
*The significance of the data was determined by the paired "t" method.
 (See attached)


The increase in hydrocarbons was found to be insignifcant,.   The increase

in nitrogen oxides was significant but not enough to justify the denial

of the device from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code.

The staff, {hereforei recommends that TVI Marketing, Inc., be granted this

exemption for its}"Turbo Vapor Injector" for the 1975 and older model!

motor vehicles in all classes.

        . Device :;    With TVI Injector
              Vehicle: 1975 Pinto, Datsun,

              Statistical Analysis .
                     Since t\e data were collecte
                    statistic for paired. Observa

                            Purpose +;      «rough sore
                            Error typei      a = $ = 0.
                            Detectable difference =
                            Hypothesis: Device is

    |         a_neanell..        dyorocarbons             Monoxice   Oxides
                                  "(gn/mi}                 i1   }

              u/oevm,             0.398

              Baseline            0.358
              ; difference       11.189
        )20   Significance:          No.
        . Computed "%"            0.636

              Uegreas of.            |
              freedom            3

              Critical "t"           .978                                      .978
              Conclusion®                D& B                                 Doy B

              *Conclusions are made ma

              B = Sascline;

      bustion of your e

        .              etors

      CnecA your gas MWIeag                  stall your
      TVT unwu.    Most peo

‘In the TVLI carton you will
    A reservoir contairing
    at the top,   in a Bracket                                  o

    A 4 foot black rubber connector hose
    A small plastic screen with   a short   lastic tube   (bubbler
   ttube})   connected to it
    A plastic bag conftaining 2 metal         acplastic
    2 screws
    Hose clamps
    Instructions and Warranty Card.

Iecate a space under                    the hood of       the car
where              ths bracket anrd unit will fit.
                         nit in the bracket to do this.
                         ix should not be too close                 to
                   or pullies which could rub against

Hold the unit

shect metal screws                from the plastic bag to
attach the bracket                      r







                                                 from the top
                                                 the curved

                                            you can later
                                r correct adjustment.
                                  t fit so make sure
the screen is seated firmly into the
                    i         lare top is      flush with
                    o           a 1-collaf, as shown
in the picture.                Then place the Reser—

HOOKING UP THE UNIT                                         f
Remove the carburetor air filter unit
complete and check condition of air

filter — roplace if dirty.                        Locate         the
PCV valvse hose.                <This is a black hose
running        from       the   top of      the   rocker.axn
cover         or from the top of the manifold
chamber into the base of the carburetor
                                d.     If   in doubt,          a shardo
                                               ve will remove


                           Pey valves located at the
                      iretor,         special fit


will be requixred and are available upon
                            nALm—gm TBE        MBT:OD®.
                                     LxNAlL    Pinadl

                                      cut the PCV valve
hoses in a convenient place,                       as    c



ths       carburstor as practical.                      Into the
cut,      insert a —snug             fitting      "Y" or "P"
that fits the PCV hose.                       The leg of the
Y should point toward                   the carburetor.
Use clamps as shown (spring type) or
stainless screw type as shown in the
diagram,          at all hose          junctions of the
"Y" or "T";               Vacuumleaks at this point
can nulli             increased mileage.> Then attach
one end of.the TVI connector hose to the
open arm of the "Y" or "T"                        and the other end
to the barbed outlet on the valve bf the
Peservoir.            Always use as short a piece of

    HIUDM   00   PS AEORALE   EC   ADZ    9e             —

    does not lay across the fop of the block
    or the exhaust manifold, which gets ex—
    tremely hot, or touch aiy conditioning

    cars alrsady have         accessories or other items "Tee‘d" into
    the PCV 1i ne,      in which         case it is better to us
                                                              use an               altern
    line for entry        into the carburetor base or intake manifold.

                                               as        close to the carburetor as
    Some owners have reported better results using
    their primery hookup instead o                           the PCV valve line.

     tart your engine and let it iéle.                          It is
                                   warmed up so it is
                                         Hold the valve body
    with one                                   1ove the hose
    from the Dbarbed outlet stem by twisting
    clockwisse.        Immediately block the hose
    with the end of your thumb.                     Assuming
    your engine is warmed up, remove‘your
    thumb.       If the engine is properly tuned,
    the RPM‘s should drop slightly.                          If the

 engine stalls, your mixturs is too lean
 and a mechanic should set it up so that it                 ;
 drops off about 25 to 56 RPM‘s from
ranufacturer‘s         specifications    {found on
 the inside        cowl of most cars    after 1968),
 when the finger is removed.
 If   your engine sp                                      this     air vout
 mixture   is      too ri
 Introducing Turbo
 not result in the
 Once   the carburetor                                  recon
 to the barbed        stem                                dia
 Ioosen the 3/§ lo                                        1 f
 valve and,        vusing a narrow screw driver,      turn the
           fo lockwise to open it.           .It is fully closed
 leaking during shiomnt and may réquire several
  a        1 y.—     Adjust the valve stem so that a
 stream of bubbles can be ssen coming up through .

to remove the resérvoir         from the brack
 and hold it at an angle so the bubbles

botile.     when the bubble
right, you
ual bubbles
\fast to count them.         Bubbling    too
slowly_will cause the unit not to wor!
Bubbling the unit too fast will uss the
fuel up too quickly without            any     sig—
nificantly greater effect.
With the bubble rate adjusted, hold the
adjustment screw of the fuel mntfl"ng

          valve with the screw driver and gently
           tighten the lock nut with a small                                  |
          wrench.       At this point check vacuum                            |
           tightness of hose conrections by                                       %
          placing your thumb firmly over bubble                                   .
           tube screon. The valve and cap should                                      %

                                                                         ~                |t
PUR                                                                                        |—

                                                          VAPOR INJECTOR,    you, may

                                                    slightly faster than it had.
                   na                              rave    the air idle screw                   (s)
           adjusted on your carburetor to slow it down.                This will resul‘t
           in further ecornomies of operation.            If you have the equipment
          available      (tachometer),; readjust the idle to the original idle
          PPi récommand d by      the man                   If not,    adjust thé idle
           {cars equipped with automatic transmissions)               to the point where
           the car just begins        to move when you take     your foot off                   the

                                             the reservoir per
          ‘check the fuel level and to be sure the bubble rate hasn‘t
          changed,      and recheck    tue_vacn”wstrength by placing         thumb over
 .        bubble    tube.

          The fuel supplied in the unit can be "topped up" as nesded
     °_   through the cap      assembly. Be surs to leave a vapour air space
          at the top.—      After filling reservoir, make sure the capis
          screwsed on     tight so as to prevent an air leak.
          It is also recormended. that you change your oill and oil filter
          after 1500 miles or so after           itial installation as the de—
          ‘carbonizing action of your        TVI unit may overload your oil filter.

                    Some    cars    actually lose 1
 £   the TVI umit    Thi
                     n1    s is caused by the de
by the TVI fuel a          s only       temporary.    I
not obse ryed aiter 3      to 6             1
                                   tanks full
ing guide

                           aces    (ssee   "Schematic
                    coum end      having a mechanilic
                                    s      1
      en   the carburetor and intake manifold

                           instructions, you feel that a me
                            =— take the unit to a good gara

make sure they read the instructions.                A properly ins
will take about 45 minutes to 1 hour including minor
where necessary.


 It is     uncommon that there are any problems with                                a correctl;


 TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR.                       howcv r,       it is    a manufactured item and

 experience has shown that                         certain probhlems      are possible.        'For

 reason we are including this gquide to correcting what problenms
 might occur.

.'ON INSTALLATION:                                                                             1
                                                    —                                          |
 Unit not bubbling — Check to be sure the valve is open                                    (turn      the
        adjustment screw counter=clockwise).
       Connection may be made to the wrong hose
       pull the conmnector hose off the TVI cap
         inger over the end of the hose.                             If there
       try to       pull your                           into the

 No noticeable effect — The effect of the TVI is different on eve
        car,;depending on its                      condition, mileage and hnow           the carnu
       is adjusted.                On some cars the                            inmediate and Gram
       on others               it starts      and builds                      ly.   GCive it   time

       LEAXS IN         THE SYSTENM:
       around the cap,                  at   the
       leak anywhere will                    defeat       the o
       the reservoir may be buobling
       of the failure of TVI units to work

LYCdSSIVE FUEL ”QAGT P\TR:                              Normal usage rate is 3,000 to s,000                  _

Be‘ sure the cap is on tight — If the cap is loose air wil
       in under it at the                    top,       causing    the unit    to stop work
       using the fuel up completely in as little as 100 mile

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                7    meioss rodoid sy3 Butary butrgjt;: e yats 1f doetGod
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          aip       OjUT   siodea    2j   MRJIp   Oj   posn   Sq jsnii    soinos    tnno>rA
    ujoue pue sssoqu satea Aapsg SsA®Y 10U OpP 9967 siojoq it:na sito
                      Sx¥D HHTIIYI PUS $%6T            NO HSOH IAL       ZI   L DNIIIVESN

      TTBm os vna oj ies imod ssnes Lsw yoLDZPNI HOYA OgiNL OUL~
          toqtueupeu potityenb e A4q perwbpoys eq ptrous feo
                                                                    geseI our; yoous
                                                                          1igot5 sq
                                                                          51tm uTT
                                                                         ioou oy: yPoud

\can be obtained from an auto supply store or some hardware stores.
Then attach the TVI hose to this fitting.



You are now
haven‘t in years.

Thank you for installing a TURBO VRPOR IN                                         wae
wish you many years             of enjoyable, economical,   cleaner motoring.
                            .                           —              <a

                "o   L.             f    2e       TVI

    —       >                   .                                        .
June,   1975              The TURBO VAPOR INJECTOR is Patented.      Printed in


Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:41:11
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:41:11

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