Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on May 10, 1974.
As of Monday, June 17th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1974 and older vehicles

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-32
  • Executive Order 32 / D32
  • ARB # D-32
  • Executive Order No: D-32
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-32
  • Resolution D-32
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-32 PDF

D-32 Document:



 |
|
|    L                  |              State of California
|        }              i              AIR RESOURCES BOARD
|                       [

i    .              —                  EXECUTIVE GRDER 0—32
i                           Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
ob              '                      of the Vehicle Code

                                       BREAKAWAY & ASSOCIATES‘
                                             "SCAT PAC"
                                             "JET PAK"
                                             "POWER PAK"

             Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
             27156 of the Vehicle Code; and
             Puréuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section 39023 of
             the Health and Safety Code;
                |
             IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the "Scat Pac",
             "Jet Pak", and "Power Pak" vapor injector systems, manufactured by
             Breakaway & Associates of Little Rock, Arkansas, has been found to not
             reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehiclie pollution control
             devices, and, therefore is exempt from the Prohibitions of Section 27156
             of :the Vehicle Code for 1974 and older model—year vehicles,.

             The vaporous—mixture from this device is admitted to the existing PCV
             system of the motor vehicle engine.

             This device consists of a plastic bottle with the name "Scat Pac", "Power
             Pak" or "Jet Pak" stamped on the bottle, rubber hose, proprietary fluid
             and a control vaive identified by Part No. CV—028.     The three devices are
             identical with exception of the trade names.     This exemption is valid only
             for devices which have 0.028—inch orifice diameter on the control valve
             and a fluid identified by fuel specification EPC—3 "Gasoline Catalyst". This
             number is stamped on the plastic bottle. The fuel storage bottle fdentifi—
             cation must be in compliance with the California Statute as set forth in
             Section 28755 of the Health and Safety Code concerning the labeling of
             hazardous material.

             This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
             for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
             different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.                        ho   uk e

             Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device as
             originally submitted to the Air Resources .Board for evaluation that
             adversely affect the performance of the vehicle‘s pollution control
             devices shall invalidate this Executive Order.


— "SCAT PAC", "JET PAK", AND "POWER PAK"                    EXECUTIVE ORDER D—32


 Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
 in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
 other than those listed in this Executive Order shall have prior approval
 of the Air Resources Board.

 This Executive Ordar does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
 that the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or
 implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

 THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES HOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
 APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
 ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR AMY
 ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE "SCAT PAC", "JET PAK", OR "POWER PAK" DEVICES.

 No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
 with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral
 or written communication.

 Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful, untrue
 or misleading advertising and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as
 amisdemeanor.

 Sections 39130 and 39184 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

        "39130. No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise, |
        or, except in an application to the board for certification of a
        device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
        device unless that device has been certified by the board. No
        person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor
        vehicle pollution control device as a certified device which, in
        fact, is not a certified device. Any violation of this section is
        a misdemearor."
        "39184.   (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or adver—
        tise, or, except in an application to the board for accreditation of a .
        device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control
        device for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been
        accredited by the board. No person shall sell,. offer for sale, adver—
        tise, or represent any motor vehicle poliution control device as an
        accredited device which, in fact, is not an accredited device. Any
        violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor.

 Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be sub—
 mitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
 advisable.




 Executed at Sacramento, California, this    __/O_   day of May, 1974.




                                      WILLIAM SIMMONS
                                      Executive Officer


                             State of California

                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                 April 22, 1974

                                  Staff Report
                  Evaluation of the Breakaway & Associates‘
            "Scat Pac", "Power Pak", "Jet Pak" Vapor Injector System
                    For Exemption From the Prohibitions of
              Section 27156 of the California Motor Vehicle Code


        Introduction

        Breakaway & Associates of Little Rock, Arkansas has applied for

        exemption from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the California

        Motor Vehicle Code for its "Power Pak", "Jet Pak" or "Scat Pac" devices.

       According to the applicant, the three devices are identical with the

        exception of the trade name.    Section 27156 prohibits the sale,

        advertising, or installation of any device which reduces the effective—

       ness of the required motor vehicle emission control system.      The

       applicant is requesting the exemption be granted for 1214 and

        older model—year vehicles.


II.    System Description

       This device consists of a fluid container, a control valve,

       rubber hose, and a propfig?i?ry fluid.      A schematic is shown in Figdre

       1.    A rubber hose(3) provides the connection between the plastic

       fluid container(1}) mounted in the engine compartment and the engine.

       The vapor is admitted to the engine through the PCV system.      This
      *unit is identified by the name "Scat Pac", "Power Pak" or "Jet Pak"

      ~ and EPC—3 "Gasoline Catalyst" stamped on the fluid container.


       ‘ The proprietary fluid is basically an alcohol — water mixture

        combined with an oxidizing agent ({specification No. EPC—3 "Gasoline

        Catalyst").       According to the applicant, this formulation would

       .improve fuel economy and engine performance.
                      +


        The top of the plastic container has two openings, the air inlet

        port and air outlet port.(s)       The air inlet port has a valve (2) on

        the cap.   This vaive has only two position — up for fully open or

        down for fully closed.       Connected to the air inlet port is a long

       > standpipe(7) which provides venting from the container‘s bottom to

        the atmosphere.


        A control vaive(4} is inserted in the rubber hose connecting the device

        and the PCV system.      The valve has a flow restrictor inserted which

        can be/identified by part no. CV—O28 which has a nominal orifice

       ° diameter size of 0.028 inch.      This valve has only two positions —

        fully open or fully closed.


        A rubber hose is fitted to a plastic cap which is screwed on the

        outlet port of the plastic container.       The other end of the rubber

        tube is connected to a plastic tee(6) which has a control valve inserted

        in the mi;dle.      This tee provides the connection between the device

        and the PCV lTine.

Ili.    System Function

 —      The vapor injector system operates by applying manifold vacuum to

        a tee in the PCV line, thereby allowing vapor from the plastic container

        to be displaced through a rubber hose connected to the intake manifold



                                          2.


      of the engine.   Due to a differential pressure caused by engine

      operation, air enters the fluid tank through the air inlet port

      valve connected to a standpipe.    This venting action creates

      bubbles at the end of the standpipe.    The bubbles formed and their

      subsequent rising action enhance the evaporation rate of the fluid.

      This vaporous mixture enters the engine through the PCV line located

      at the base of the carburetor.


IV.   System Evaluation

      The following discussion sumrmarizes the results of applicant‘s

      emission data, the Air Resources Board‘s Laboratory bench flow

      results, and EPA emission results.

      A.   Applicant‘s Data
           Breakaway Associates submitted back to back baseline and device

           hot CVS I emission data performed by Olson Laboratories of

           Anaheim, California.   A 1969 Pontiac Executive Station Wagon

           with a 400 CID engine and 2¥V—carburetor was tested.                 The

           applicant‘s emission test results showed no adverse effect with

           hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions but resulted in a 14.8%

           increése in oxides of nitrogen.   Additional emission results

           submitted after accumulating.ZOOO miles with the device showed

           no adverse effect when compared with the original baseline (0 mile).


           These data are not considered valid for this application because

           the flow Timiting orifice was not incorporated with the device

           tested.




                                                    nerns romne vrncnemmmmeetrcen ie se ncaner on


     OB. ARB Bench Flow Test
          The Air Resources Laboratory conducted bench flow test on

          the device submitted by the applicant.        This device is

          capable of a maximum flow of 0.106 CFM at 24.0" Hg vacuum.


          The staff uses maximum air bleed limits for systems with a

          fixed orifice size which admits air through the PCV system

          as a basis of judgment for the leaning effects of this device.
          The maximum air bleed rate permitted by this device is within

          the established limits.                   T


     C.   EPA Emission Test Evaluation

          The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at Ann Arbor, Michigan

          conducted four cold CVS II tests, two without device and two with

          device.   Testing was conducfed with a Scat Pac unit on a 1970

          Plymouth Valiant with a 225 CID engine.        The results showed

          no adverse effect on emission.


¥.   Conclusions and Recommendation

     The staff is of the opinion that this device would not have an

     adverse qffect on the emission control system.


     Therefore, the staff recommends that Breakakay and Associates of

     Little Rock, Arkansas be granted ay exemption for its "Scat Pac",
     fJet Pak" and "Power Pak" devices for 1974 and older model—year

     vehicles.


                                  — Figure 1
            Schematic of the Scat Pac Vapor Injector System




            ~                   (3) Rubber Hose

Air Inlet
Port            {        Air Outlet Port
             h
             It
             {:                                                                 To Engine
             1t
             1t                                         (4) Control Valve
             ;1          a)
              1           1) Plastic                   oT.
             E:              Container                  &          x»> C    i   {6)   Tee
             ;i
             t1_(7)
             11 Stand—                                                           From PCV Valve
                ippipe                   Air Flow —>


                                             *     (Page 1 of 2)

                             State of California           Co%
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—32—1              JC     \
              Relating to Exemptions under Section 271
                          of the Vehicle Code


                          COX AND ASSOCIATES
                        "J.C. MILER FUEL SAVER"


Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515
and 39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED: That the installation of the "J.C. Miler
Fuel Saver"®manufactured by Cox and Associates has been found not to
reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicle pollution control
devices and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code for 1980 and older gasoline powered vehiclies.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive
Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
in this Executive Order or    marketing of this device for an application
other than those listed in    this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
prior approval is obtained    from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of a
kit shall not be construed    as an exemption to sell, offer for sale or
advertise any component of    a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
that the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed
or implied by the vehicle manufacturer.

THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DQES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF
ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY
ALLEGED BENEFITS OF THE J.C. MILER.

No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken here1n in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.


COX AND ASSOCIATES                                        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—32—1
"J.C. MILER FUEL SAVER"                                        (Page 2 of 2)




Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

     "43644.   (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
     advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
     certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
     pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless
     that device has been certified by the state board.     No person shall
   . sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle
     pollution control device as a certified device which, in fact, is
     not a certified device. Any violation of this subdivision is a
     misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he
deems advisable.


Executed at El Monte, California, this   Cfé&~   day of June, 1981.


                                   490
                                   K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                   Mobile Sourcé Control Division


                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                May 26, 1981

                                Staff Report

                  Evaluation of the Cox and Associates Inc.
          "J. C. Miler Fuel Saver" in Accordance With Section 2222
               Title 13 of the California Administrative Code

I.    INTRODUCTION

      MTH investment company of Hollywood, California acting as agent

for Cox and Associates has applied for exemption from the prohibitions

of Section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code for an add—on device

known as the "J. C. Miler Fuel Saver".     This device has previously

been exempted for installation on 1974 and older vehicles under the

trade names "Scat Pac", "Jet Pac", and "Power Pac" (CARB E.0. #D—32).
Exemption for 1980 and older gasoline powered vehicles under the new

trade name was denied because of a defective valve.     Reconsideration

is now being sought upon the basis of a resubmitted valve.

II.   SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

      This device consists of a filuid container, a control valve, Tygon

and rubber hoses, and a proprietary fluid.     A schematic is shown in

Figure 1.     Rubber and tygon hoses(3) provide the connection between

the plastic fluid container(1) mounted in the engine comparment and the

engine.     The vapor is admitted to the engine through the PCV system.

This unit is identified by the name "J. C. Miler" on a label affixed to

the fiuid container.


     The proprietary fluid is basically an alcohol—water mixture

combined with an oxidizing agent (specification No. EPC—3 "Gasoline

Catalyst").     According to the applicant, this formulation would
improve fuel economy and engine performance.

     The top of the plastic container has two openings, the air inlet

port and air outlet port.(s)     The air inlet port has a vaive (2) on

the cap.     This valve has only two positions——up for fully open, or

down for fully closed.     Connected to the air inlet port is a long

standpipe (7) which provides venting from the container‘s bottom to

the atmosphere.

     A plastic control valve (4) is inserted in the hose connecting

the device and the PCY system.     The valve has a molded—in flow

restrictor with an orifice of 0.024 inch in diameter.     This valve has

only two positions——fully open or fully closed.

     A tygon hose from the control valve is fitted to a molded nipple

which is the outlet port of the plastic container.     The rubber tube
from the other end of the valve is connected to a plastic tee(6).

This tee provides the connection between the device and the PCV Tine.

IIL. SYSTEM FUNCTION
     Due to a differential pressure caused by engine operation, air

enters the fluid tank through the air inlet port valve connected to a

standpipe.     This venting action creates bubbles at the end of the


standpipe.    The bubbles formed and their subsequent rising action enhance

the evaporation rate of the fluid.       This vaporous mixture enters the

engine through the PCY line located at the base of the carburetor.

IV.    SYSTEM EVALUATION
      A.     APPLICANTS DATA

             The applicant submitted CYS—75 exhaust emission data from

a 1980 Pontiac.     These data have been disregarded because the test

vehicle was later found to be unstable.

      B.     ENGINEERING EVALUATION
             The valve/orifice assembly is a molded plastic unit.    The

material appears to be polyethylene.

      This valve appears to be of good quality workmanship and

materials and'not prone to premature failures.

      The flow restrictor orifice is larger than the ARB‘s established

criteria for air bleed devices.
V.    DISCUSSION
      This device has previously been exempted (E.0. #D—32 dated May 10, 1974).
The description of the device, then known as the "Scat Pac", is consistant

with the example submitted as the "J.C. Miler".

      A valve submitted for evaluation in September 1980 failed during

inspection.    This failure was the primary cause for rejection of that

application for update.        The applicant has submitted a letter from

the fabricator stating that a new employee used the wrong material

in the batch from which this vaive was taken.       The newly submitted valves

appear to be sound.


      The ‘Scat Pac‘ file contains air flow data performed in 1974 by the
Haagen—Smit laboratory on an equivalent orifice.    Those data demonstrate

that our air flow criteria were met by the "Scat Pac".    Further inspection

leads the staff to consider this to be a short capillary rather than an

orifice.

      The resubmitted valves and the explanation of the cause of failure

along with the 1974 evaluation of the "Stat Pac" have satisfied the

staff‘s reservations concerning the durability of the J.C. Miler.

VI.    CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

      The staff is of the opinion that as this device has previously been

found to meet our criteria, and as the latest cause for rejection has been

corrected, the "J. C. Miler Fuel Saver" will not adversely affect emissions

from vehicles.   Therefore, the staff recommends that the "J. C. Mfier"

be granted an exemption from V. C. Section 27156.


i                                          Figure 1

                Schematic of the J C Miler Vapor Injector System




                                     (3)   Tygon
                y
    Air Inlet
    Por              {       AWir Outlet Port
          J      h1
                 1
                 ';                                                                    To Engine
                 t}                                                               4.
                 44
                 11
                 11
                 t
                 ;1          a)                               (4) Control Valve
                   I          1) Plastic                   5TL
                 5:      ’       Container                 J,;,E‘l       x# C     *    (6)   Tee
                 l                                             (3) Rubber Hose
                 1po,
                 hfi{_?)d                                                          I
                 q »tana—    '                                                          From PCY Valve
                  vapipe                     Air Flow —>                                      .   >



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:44:31
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:44:31

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