Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on March 11, 1976.
As of Saturday, August 24th, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1975 and older model year vehicles except as follows: 1) Those vehicles originally equipped with breakerless ignition systems or dual point ignition systems where one of the points is used to retard timing for emission control. 2) Those 1966 through 1970 vehicles equipped with NOx retrofit devices with a 4 degree retard in basic ignition timing.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-54-4
  • Executive Order 54-4 / D54-4
  • ARB # D-54-4
  • Executive Order No: D-54-4
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-54-4
  • Resolution D-54-4
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-54-4 PDF

D-54-4 Document:



                            State of California
                            AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                            EXECUTIVE ORDER D—54—4
                Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                         °_ of the Vehicle Code

                      PRESTOLITE ELECTRICAL DIVISION
                        IHC "FLEETRITE" BREAKERLESS
                         INDUCTIVE IGNITION SYSTEM


 Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
 27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

-Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Section {3902} of
 the Health and Safety Code;

 IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:   That the installation of the IHC "Fleetrite"
 breakerless inductive ignition system manufactured by the Prestolite Electrical
 Diviston, 511 Hamilton Strset, Toledo, Ohio 43694, has been found not to
 reduce the effectiveness of required motor vehicles pollution control devices
 and, therefore, is exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the
 Yehicle Code for 1975 and older model year vehicles except as follows:

      1)   Those vehicles originally equipped with breakerless ignition
           systems or dual point ignition systems where one of the points
           is used to retard timing for emission control.

      2)   Those 1966 through 1970 vehicies equipped with "NOx retrofit
           devices" with a 4° ratard in basic ignition timing (f.e.,
           Carter, Echlin, 3TP Air Computer, Pure Power — Electro—~NOx).

 IHC "Fleetrite" consists of an electronic pack, trigger wheel and pick up
 assembly, and wiring harness. This device is marketed for the following
 applications:                 .              '

           Engine                     Model

           AMC and GMC 8 cylinder     549621—C19
           AMC and GMC 6 cylinder     549622—C19
             {except Y—6)
            Ford 6 cylinder {extept   549623—C19
             V—6)
            Ford 8 cylinder           549624—C19
            Chrysler 6 cylinder       549625—£19
            Chrysler 8 cylinder       5496526—C19
             (361,; 383, 400, 413,
              426, 400 CID)            ,      '
            Chrysler 8 cylinder       549627—C19
           ~ (273, 318, 340, 360
              CID)


  This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for
\— this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
  different than those listed by the vehicle manufacturer.

  Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
  exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the per—
  formance of. the vehicle‘s pol]ut1on control system shall invalidate
  this Executive Order

  Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
  in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
  other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
  prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.

  This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that
  the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied
  by the vehicle manufacturer.

  THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATION, ACCREDITATION,
  APPROVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD BY
  ANY CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY       j
  ALLEGED BENErIFS OF THE IHC FLEETRITE BREAKERLESS INDUCTIVE IGNITION SYSTEM
  DEVICE.

  No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be made
  with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral
  or written communication.

  Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes unlawful,, untrue
  or misleadfing advertising, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as
  a misdémeanor.

  Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provide as follows:

        43644. {a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
        advertise, or éxcept in an application to the state board for
        certification of a device, represént, any device as a motor    .
        vehicle pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle
        unless that device has been certified by the state board. No
        person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any
        motor vehicle pollution control device as a certified device
       which in fact is not a certified device. Any violation of this
        subdivision is a misdemeanor.                   —

  Any ‘apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
  submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he deems
 advisable.             —

  Executive Order D—54—3, dated November 26, 1975 is still valid.

        tC                                                    M curch
  Executed at Sacramento, California, this     ] l    day of February, 19761

                                              omz(mi      c.\‘b“ul

                                             WILLIAM H. QEWIS, JR.
                                             Executive Officer


                              _ State of California
                                AIR RESOURéES BOARD

                                   March 6, 1975

                          ‘        Staff Report

     Evaluation of Prestolite Electrical Division "BID" Breakerless
        Inductive Ignition System for Exemption from the Provisions
                   of Section 27156 of the Vehicle gode


      1gggpductifin                                      .

      Prestolite Eiéctrica] Division, 511 Hamilton Streét, Toledo,
      Ohio 43694, has applied for an exemption for its "BID" break—

      erless inductive ighition system.       Prestb]ite Electrical Diviston

      intends to market this device for 1974 (1972 for Chrysler prcductg)

      and’o1aer modeT—year domestic vehfc?es equipped with a standard

      Kettéring ignition system.       Vehicles éfiuipped with dual point

      distributors, where one of the points are used t6 retard timing

      for emissions control, are specifically excepted.


o I1. > Device Description and Function

      The "BID" is a breakerless, retrofit ignition system utilizing a

      resonant, magnetic pick—up cqil'aqd a metallic "toothed" trigger

      whee! that Towers the magnetic field strength in,the pick—up cofl.

      This'valtage réductjqn triggers a_chanée in a unistab]e.switch which

      controls a power sQitching irgnsistpr.— This power transistor controls

      current flow to the‘primary of the OEM ignition.coii and the remainder

      of the standa}d Kettering ignition system.      The systém is pictured in

      Exhibit I.     This type of system is described in the February 14, 1973


     staff r&pcft entii]ed'“Evaiuation of Capacitive Discharge
     andrTransistorizedbIgnition Systems for Compliance with the Requfre-

     ments of Section 27156 of thé‘Vehicle Code".          The major effect of

     the instaliation of this device is the replacement of the OEM point

     system with a metal detecting switching system similar to Chrysler‘s

     CEM breakerless ignition system.


UII. Device Evaluation

    ~ The app?icafit submitted electrical characteristics data and emission

     data on a T972 International Harvester, Model 1010, with a 392—4V

    ¥—8 engine.     Tests were run according to the CVS—2 procédure

     uith.the vehicle in three conditions:
     i)   As received.                         -

     2)    Tuned to vehicle manufacturers specifications and

     3}   As in 2) but with Prestolite "BID" system installed.
     Yhe\fasults in Table ; are the averages of two tests for each condition.

     |                     '       . Table 1
                  Frestolite CVS—2 Data on IH Model 101d
     Test Condiftion   .                           ngmiééiggéyin‘ ms/mi.,
                                               . BE           to           Nox
     As Received               .          C        nBer    Coag.s20        s.os
   ' Tuned to Manufacturer‘s Specifications 1.74             55;29         4.42

     ;BID“ System Installed                        1.53.     48.74    C1   3.89


     During the third phase of the Prestolite tests the idle rpm increased

     30—40 rpm,. thu§ it is not clear that all of the HC and CO reductions

     may be attributed to the "BID" éystem.         No increases from the OEM

     syStem base]ine were baufied by the installation of the "BID" system.


 The "BID" syétem on the fH truck was installed on a distributor with

  its vacuum advance system pivoted concentrically with the distributor

~—shaft.       However, sgvera] problems with decreaéed vacuum.advance have

  béen encountered on stmflar breakerless systems installed with

 ecéentrical]y {off—center) pivoted vaéuum advance units.(see February

 '24, 1975 staff report on Essex International, Inc.‘s—"Elightrontc"

  system).       In order to evaluate this effeét and to confirm the reported

  electrical characteristics data—from Prestolite on a back—to—back basis

 with an OEM system, vehicle tests were performed by the ARB laboratory

 .ofi both a concentrically and an eccentrically ptvoted vacuum advanée equipped

  distributor.           The tests were performed on a Delco Y—8 distributor withv

:concentric advance installed in a 1974 AMC station wagon and ofi a

  Chryster 6 distributor with eccentric advance installed in a 1972

  Dodge‘pick—up truck.               The Dodge truck also received a back—to—back

  CVS—1 hot—start test to determine any adverse emission effects due

  to the shortened dwell period of>the "BID" system                          vs. the OEM system.

 These results are shown in Table II.

           |                            l Table 11

                                     Bench Test Results
  Centrifugal Spark Advance in Crénkshaft Degrees from TDC

 RPM                                   Baseline —               .   .        Device
       .         .            AMC—V8         Chryster—6             AMC—V8            Chrysler—6

   700           We                                 ooo 0                0        .        0.
  1000                   ol 26                   ufls            C        5                 0
 1500                          13                    $.5 00000          12                 3.5
 2000                         ce         0          17.5                15                14.0
  2500                    o     s            t      grls                17               21.0
  3000               '          21                  24.5    0           20                22.5


             Vacuum Spark Advance in Crankshaft Degrees from TDC

Yacuum (in. Hg) :                                                                  AI;%C-V8&s£m%hrvs1er—6                                     AMC—%SV*“:E Chrysler—6

             g o >                                                                 — 0                                  S @2 200 s                                         o
              50C                                       '                            2                                            0 C              2                        0
             10                            o                                  t    P s                                            9               12                        6
             15                            —                >                       150000 2C                                 13.5                15                       T
             20                                                                     15—                                       13.5                15                        7

                                               Spark Duration in Microseconds

                       O                                                                          Baseline —                                  _        Device
RPM                                                                                 AMC—V8                      _           Chrysler—6        AMC—V8            Chrysier—6

 7oo              _                                                 2o              1300                                      1200            1300                    1200
©1200 _                    j                                                        1200            '                         1000 _          1100                    1160
2000                   '                                                          ~. 1200                           —             900             800                     800

 3000 0                            >                                              800                                             soo             700                     500

                      Secandary Vofi:age Rise Time in Microseconds

         .                                                                                        Baseling                                         Device
BPM                                                                      0.         AMC—VE                                                    Ame—ve
 7oo                                                '                                    50 5.0                                       n                a5
1200                                            .                                        50                                                            45
2000 .                                         0                                         50                 C           >                         — 50—

                      —Avcflable Secondary Voltage in Kilovolts

                                                                                               Baseline                       A                    Device             —
RPM                                    —                            .                AMC                .                   Chrysiler             AMC           Chrysler

 700                                                n                                    29                                  _ 32                  30 —          30
 1200                          '                                '                        30                                       32      >        30            30
 2000                                  .                            —                    31.                                      32               29       _ 30
 3000 20000000                                                  >                   0 29                                          32               26            28
                                                                                              m


                      éequirefl_sécnndary Voltage in Kilovolts

        .               —              Baseline                        Device
 RPM        00|                  Anc             Chrysler C AMC           (Chrysler
 700          _                  14          on                   13     10
1200                             14          e                    15009009
 2000             |         e                                     14       O    7
 3000                             11                5             13            6
                                                         ~


            Back—to—Back CVS—1 Hot Start Tesfi on'Chrys1er Truck

                                                                   Emissions (gms/mi)
 Configquratfon                          .                   HC           CO        «>   NOx

 OEX                                                    ~1.77             66.93          2.91
Device.                     h2     C         —           T:30             54.01          2.48

 Stgnificant changes from baseline vaiués occur in both centrifugal and

 vecuum advance.                  No émission increases in HC were seen due to the

 shorténed:dwei! period; emission decreasés are probab}y due to the |

. retardatfion in ignition timing as noted above.                          The large change in

"centrifugaT tfimifig in the'Chfys1er at Tow rpm is attributed to the

 very steep timing curve and variations in vehicle speed during

 meassurement.              The timing differences at higher sbeed is judgéd to

 be mare representative of the true retardation effect.


 fhe retardatton of vacuum advance is brought about_b} a change in

— geametry due to the insta]1§tion of the "BID" systém.                             The retardation

 of c&ntriffiga?‘advance,stems-frcm electronic delay in the cirfiuit?y

 and ts FramlT to 3 engine degrees, ptedomfinéfitiy at speeds higher than _

 2000 rpm.            Présté]ite was %nformed of these findings and developed a

 fix for the vacuum advance rétardation by various changes in the


      . attachment point of trigger Qheel/pick—up coil assembly with the vacuum

       advance arm.   The éfféct of.these changes are shown in Table III.


       This test series of the modified "BID" system shows a retardatisn

       of 1—2 degrees in the centrifugal advance at speeds of 2000 rpm or

       higher and a 1—3 degree retard in the vacuum advance at vacuums

       higher than 10 in. Hg.    This amount of retardatfon sfiould not exceed

       4 degrees at cruising speeds of 60 mph or higher except on vehicles

       which have had their initial timing retarded 4 degrees due to the

       installatioh of certain NOx retrofit devices.    A sustained retard in

       excess of 4 degrees has been judged to adversely affect emissions dus

       to accelerated exhaust valve deterioration..


Iv.    Conclusions and Recommendations

       It is the opinton of the staff that Prestolite Electrical Division‘s

       v"BIDf breakerless fnductive ignition system will not reduce the effectiveness

       of required emiséion control systems except for certain 1966—1970 vehicles

       retrofvtted with a NOx control device ut11|71nga sustained retardation

       of. 4 degrees ar more..


       Therefore, it is recomended that Prestolite Electrical Division be

       granted an exemptton from the proh(b1t1ong Gf Vehicie Code. Section 27156

      _for its "BIO" breakerless ignition system for. 1974 and older model—year

       domestic vehicles ortginally equipped with-the standard Kettering

       ignition system except for the following:


                      Vehicles equipped with a 1966—1970 NOx retrofit system utilizing

                      a sustatned ignition retardation of 4 engine degrees or more at

                      a speed of 60 miles per hour or greater.


                      Vehicles orfginally equipped with a dual—point ignition system

                      where one of the points are used to retard timing for emissions

                     © contral.
«alWedddeaeaemamss


annvascncneie ieretinctinimminnmens reno..                 \




                                                                                                         Table III

                                                                                                 Bench Test Resu}ts

                                                       Centrifugal Spark Advance in . Crankshaft Degrees from TOC |

                  RPM         =~               '                                                     —   Distributor Type (Baseline/Device)                                               10.
                                         ‘Chrysler 6 {used)                                Chrysler 6 (new)          SChrysler 8   Delco 60             | Ford 6         —— Ford 8 ~
              ~ 600                           oo                               '               a/o                       0/0         a/a                  afo _                  ‘o/0°
                  1000 _                      6/5              (                       '       4/4                       4/4         0/0                  1/7                    ~4]5
                  1500              ~—        1279                     .                      15715              s     20/19         5/6      <          1716        0       0   18714
                  2000                        14/11                                           18/17                    22/21        11/12.5              22/22                   16/15
                  2500                        17/15        _                                  19/19                    24/23        15/14.5              24/22                   18/17
                  3000             1          2007                         .                 ©21/20                     26/24.5     19/18                24/23                   20/19

                                                       ©Vacuum Advance in Crankshaft Degrees from TDC                                                            ’

                         ‘                                          «=                                    Distributor Type (Baseline/Device)                                             >
                  Vacuum(in. Hg)                           Cchrysier 6 { old}                            Chrysler 6 {new)   Chrysler 8     Delco 6                                 Ford 6:       Ford 8

                             0            '                         070            ~                            0/0                 0/0           .         0/0                    0/0            0/0
                             5                         :             0/0                                   _    070                 0/0                     070          _         0/0       .    0/0
                            10                                       5/4                                       14/13                2/2                    5.5/5                  11/13           9/9
                            15                     .               14/11                                       14/13               21/16*         20—      10711                  13/13          16/17
                            20                                     14/11.                                      14/13               21/18                   12/11                  13/13          21/22

                  *vacuum advance arm adapter binding




                                                                                   A


i~I LIGIHXH >


                                        '?Rn.,"" WHEE L AND SENSOR
                                        ASSEMSLIE
                                        On all but the GM and AMC eight cylinder applica—
                                        tions, the Prestolite sensor and trigger wheel is a
                                        unitized assembly.
                                        it fils down easily over the distributor cam, replac—




                                                                                                                                                     \/
                                        ing the points, condenser and breaker plate assem—
                                        bly. It is heldin place by a simple retainer ring.
                                        in the GM— and AMC cight cylinder kits, the trigger
                                        wheel is attached to the rotor itself, The sensor is
                                        mounted on the breaker plate in place of the con—
                                        tact set.                       '
                                        With the unique Prestolite "F" wheel design, a pair
                                        of trigger wheel teeth pass by on each side of the
                                        sensor. This eliminates the variables of timing and
                                        dwell still presentin other systems and makes any
                                        sensor adjusiments completely unnecessary.

                                          LECTRONMIC CONTROL
                                          he electronic control is a sophisticated solid state .
                                        unit that takes over the job of the contact set. Acting
                                        on signals from the sensor, the control releases the
                                        stepped up elecmc"l charge in the coll to the spark
                                        plugs.
                                        This unit is completely maintenance free due to a                     y
                                                                                                          uce
                                         unique electronic design anda special potting:—com—
                                         pound which seals out dirt and moisture while pro—
                                        (fecting against damage fromshock and vibration.
                                                                Ar——ma o
                                                                      t3
                                                              1
                                                              $
elnmtmewtcaticitoiinnoirememsosncsc +




                                                       The Prestolite Electronic Ignition ulllizes a sensor, trigger wheel and electronic control.
                                                        The sensor is a proximity switch, or more simply, a metal detector. The melal it detects
                                                        is each pair of teeth on the trigger wheel.
                                                        As the triggerwheel turns with the distributor shaft, thv          ss by on each s
                                                       ‘the sensor. Each time the sensor detects the passing K teeth        ais the eiecncmf
                                                        control to open the ignition coil primary cireult This is Cmva'entto opening the contac
                                                        in a conventional ignition system. Fromhere, high voltage from the coil travels mrouc.
                                                        the distributor cap, rotor and wires to fire the spark plugs—andignite the fuel r
                                                        in the cylinders.


                    © Each Prestolite kit contains all the components and
                      wiring needed to complete the conversion, along
           ‘          with fully iMlustrated instructions.                                .                          ta pe
                     A simple distributor conversion re.flaces «he points
                     and condenser with the senaor-mgger wheel as—
                      sembly. The electronic .controil is installed on the
                      firewail, fender well or radiator support. Connect
                      the wiring and the car is ready to start. It‘s that sim—
                      ple. There is no dwell or point gap to set. It‘s all built
                    © into the electronics.                        .        .
                      Prestolite‘s system utilizes standard plugs and all
                      existing wires, rotor, distributor cap and coil. These
                      parts should be inspaected and replaced only if worn.
                     Otherwise they will work fine with the new ignition
C




                     system.


                                                                   _R\           F
                                                     \\.“\‘\"'H
                                                     C
                                                     With Prestaolite Electronic lgnitidn conventional tune—ups are virtually eliminated because
                                                     there are no points and no condenser to wear out and be replaced. Since there are no
                                                     mechanical wearing surfaces connected with the sensor and trigger wheel, timing and
                                                     dwell remain consiant for the life of the system.
                                                     in addition to this, the system:
                                                             — fils proclically all American cars from 1968 to the present
                                                                   #
    ©
    — k:




                                                                   & delivers an accurate spark with a long duration to more efficiently burn the fusl
                                                                     and produce fow emissions
                                                                   o will fire plugs at lowcranking speeds and voltage levels for fast staria and
                                                                     smooth running under nearly all conditious
                                                                   * is shook and moisture resistant and will operate rellably at temperatures
                                                                      from 20° beiow zoro to 200° above
                                                                  ~ * allows spark plugs to burn clean and far outlast their normal service iife
                                                                    = is com;oa..n.e with most all engine analysis equipment, timing lights
                                                                       and fachometers                                ..
                                                 ®                &« Increases fusl economy and improves overall starting and operating
                                                                       performance



                                                                                              =             Gxf
                    se          s                |                                                     f;;y-f71
                                    /JGMT(ON swirch                                                   /BARNE$S wine*               The Prestolite Electronic
                                                                           Reo       0_                                            Ignition connects easty into
                                                                                     .                                             the electrical system. The
                                                     E/       —*   snow.                                                           electronic contral is connected
                         =—£t is vour                     UF sgrson                                              oL                by means of a witing harness
                                    BATTERY               m              LEApS                           /       .                 to the sensor leads coming
                                        RERNIY                                    }/                                               from the distributor, to the
                                                                                                                                   ignition coll, and to ground. All
4                                                                                Qfl               '                            +   wiring2 and special  connectors      >
                                                              comyRdL             Z                                                              eC
!                           17                       —opComwecton (C ,-x                                         ol                are furnished with the kits.
           L0                                 r——'            '                           hel

                                              ergctaoniel                  K                  W                            >                      20.             &>|
                                                                                O 0 2                        .                               2s
       >        .         >                     cc;vmouz
                                                                                                                      IENITIGN
                       . GRounb                                             DisTRiIGUTO®                                COiL


                    — "Resistance wire may be left it cireuit,


    The Prestolite Company
    511 Hamilton Street _                                         —                                         .
    Toleda, Ohio 43601            .                                                           —         Phone: 419—244—2811



                                                                                                    March 28,       1975



  Mr. Richard Kenny
  Serrior Engineer
  California Air Research Booard
  9528 Telstaor Avenue
   El Monte, California                       91731

  Bear Mr. Kenny:

    Enclased are the following prints on Prestolite‘s seven electronic ignition
    systems. These prints reflect the systems which hove been verbaliy approved
~ . by your office and incorporate modifications made on the original designs in
    order to meet your réquirements.

  Vehicle                    «C                                           Current                 Revised —
  Application            —            —                                   Identification          Identification

   CMC    8—Cylinder                                                      IDL—5007                4DL~5001
 ~ CMC    6—Cylinder                                                      IDL—5002                IDL—5010
   Ford   &—Cylinder                                                      IDL—5003    _           IDL~5011
   Ford &8—Cylinder                                               .       IDL—5004                IDL—5012 —
   Chrysler 6~Cylinder                                        ‘           IDL—5005                IDL~5013—
   Chrysier 8—Cylinder {CCW]                              R               1IDL—5006               IDL~5014 ~
   Chrysler 8&—Cylinder {CW]                                              IDL—5007                IDL=5015 *

   There has been no change in the GM 8 since we agresd the original aeslgn
   rret yourstandards.

   We trust with this information you will issue a formal approvel..

   Please lst me know immediately if you have any quest."ons.

                                                                          Yours verytru[y,

                                                                      ‘               /
   ks 5—$g          Do       .                    —                       JF Car‘ey, Directon‘
   Encl. _      ‘                         ©           .                   G_ovemment & National Accounts Sales



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:41:14
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:41:14

Previous E.O. D-54-3 | Previous E.O. D-53 | Next E.O. D-54-5 | Next E.O. D-55