Approval Details

Valid E.O.

Validity

This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on June 18, 1987.
As of Monday, December 10th, 2018 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Models
1987 and older gasoline-powered EXCEPT vehicles with: (1) engine < 140 CID (2) three-way catalyst with feedback (3) Fuel injection (4) Variable venturi carburetor (5) Chrysler Lean Burn Engines

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-88-1
  • Executive Order 88-1 / D88-1
  • ARB # D-88-1
  • Executive Order No: D-88-1
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-88-1
  • Resolution D-88-1
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-88-1 PDF

D-88-1 Document:



                                                       (Page 1 of 2)

                               State of California
                               AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                              EXECUTIVE ORDER D—88—1
                  Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                              of the Yehicle Code


                                 JOHN W. DABRIO
                                    "TRI—ACT"

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section 27156
of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515 and
39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—4§—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:   That the installation of the "Tri—Act" device
manufactured by John W. Dabric has been found not to reduce the effectiveness
of required motor vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is exempt
from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Yehicle Code for 1987 and older
gasoline—powered vehicles except for the following:

         1.   Yehfcles with engines under 140 CID
         2.    Three—way catalysts with feedback systems
         3.   Fuel injection systems      .
         4.   Variable venturi carburetor systems
         5.    Chrysler Ltean Burn Engines

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions for this
device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications different from
those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as exempted
by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance of a    R
vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive Order.

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown in this
Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application other than
those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless prior approval
is obtained from the Air Resources Board. Exemption of akit shall not be
construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale, or advertise any component
of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect that the
use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed or implied by the
vehicle manufacturer.


cOHN W. DABRIO                              '         EXECUTIVE ORDER D—88—1
                                                      (Page 2 of 2)



THIS EXECUTIVE ORDER DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CERTIFICATICN, ACCREDITATION,
APPRQVAL, OR ANY OTHER TYPE QF ENDORSEMENT BY THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD OF ANY
CLAIMS OF THE APPLICANT CONCERNING ANTI—POLLUTION BENEFITS OR ANY ALLEGED
BENEFITS OF THE "TRI—ACT" DEVICE.

No cliaim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air—Resources Board" may be made
with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other oral or
written communication.

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or misleading
advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation punishable as a
misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Heaith and Safety Code provides as follows:

    "43644.   (a)   No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise,
    or, except in an application to the state board for certification of a
    device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle pollution control device
    for use on any used motor vehicle unless that device has been certified by
    the state board.   No person shall sell, offer for sale, advertise, or
    represent any motor vehicle pollution control device as avcertified device
    which, in fact, is not a certified dev1ce. Any violation of this
    subdivision is a misdemeanor."

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Aftorngy General of California for such action as he deems
advisable.


Executed at E1 Monte, California, this    ZQS   "   day of June, 1987.


                                          /MP)»b604
                                         K. D. Drachand, Chief
                                         Mobile Source Division


                       State of California
                       AIR RESOURCES BOARD




EVALUATION OF JOHN W. DABRIO‘S "TRI—ACT" DEVICE FOR EXEMPTION FROM
 THE PROHIBITIONS OF VEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH
   SECTION 2222, TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE




                            June 1987


                                                             June, 1987


                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD




      Evaluation of John W. Dabrio‘s "Tri—Act" Device for exemption from
      the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section 27156 in accordance with
        Section 2222, Title 13, of the California Administrative Code




                                      by
                            Mobile Source Division
                              State of California
                              Air Resources Board
                             9528 Telstar LAvenue
                              El Monte, CA 91731




(This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources
Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the
contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources
Board, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.)


                                    SUMMARY


      John W. Dabrio of San Diego, California has requested an update of the

existing Executive Order (E.0.) D—88 for his "Tri—Act" (previously named

"Reactor") device from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the California
Vehicle Code.   The update is requested for 1980—1987 model—year carbureted

vehicles with engine size greater than 140 CID.

      Based on the previously submitted exhaust emission test results, the
past bench test results, and an engineering evaluation of the fuel systems on

1979 through 1987 model—year vehicles, the staff concludes that the "Tri—Act"
device will not adversely affect the exhaust emissions of specified vehicles.

      The staff recommends that the "Tri—Act" device be exempted as requested
and that E.0. D—S88—1 be issued.


                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                               Page No.



SUMMARY

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                 i1
  1.   INTRODUCTION
 II.   CONCLUSTON

III.   RECOMMENDATION

 Iv.   SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION
       DISCUSSION

 V1.   APPENDICES

       APPENDIX A — Installation Instructions

       APPENDIX B — Questions and Answers on the Performance

                      of the "Tri—Act"
       APPENDIX C — Limited Warranty




                                         f1.


EVALUATION OF JOHN W. DABRIO‘S "TRI—ACT" DEVICE FOR EXEMPTION FROM THE
PROHIBITIONS OF YEHICLE CODE SECTION 27156 IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 2222,
TITLE 13, OF THE CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE


I.     INTRODUCTION

       John W. Dabrio of San Diego, California has requested an update of the

existing Executive Order (E.0.) D—88 for his "Tri—Act" (previously named

"Reactor") device from the prohibitons of Section 27156 of the California
Vehicle Code.   The update is requested for 1980—1987 model—year carbureted

vehicles with engine size greater than 140 CID.

       The existing E.0. D—88, dated March 12, 1979, allowed John and

Associates LTD.‘s "Reactor" device to be installed on limited 1979 and older

model—year carbureted vehicles with engine size greater than 140 CID.

       John and Associates LTD. was the previous manufacturer of this device.

The same device is now called "Tri—Act" and is now manufactured by John W.
Dabrio.

II.    CONCLUSION
       Based on the previously submitted exhaust emission test results, the

past bench test results, and an engineering evaluation of the fuel systems on

1979 through 1987 model—year vehicles, the staff concludes that the "Tri—Act"

device will not adversely affect the exhaust emissions of the specified

vehicles.
III.   RECOMMENDATION

       The staff recommends that the "Tri—Act" device be exempted as requested

and that E.0. D—88—1 be issued.

IV.    SYSTEM DESCRIFTION AND FUNCTION

       The "Tri—Act" device is a two stage cylinder.   The upper section

consists of the "BC & L Air Bleed Valve", also known as the "Jet Blast", and


the lower section takes fuel from the fuel pump and feeds it to the

carburetor.     The BC & L Air Bleed Valve is installed in the PCV line between

the PCV valve and the carburetor.     The top section of the device has a

modulating poppet which meters the quantity of filtered air bleed into the

engine.     Engine vacuum determines the degree of poppet opening which controls

the amount of air bleed.     As the engine vacuum increases {deceleration and

idle}, the poppet closes and restricts the air flow to the engine.     The poppet

is opened to its maximum position at low manifold vacuum (high speed and open

throttle).     When the engine is not operating, the poppet is also in the open

position.

      The applicant claims that the cylinder acts as a heat exchanger

transferring heat from the blowby gas in the upper cylinder to the cooler fue!l

in the lower one.

V.    DISCUSSION

      The Reactor (now.known as the Tri—Act) device has been exempted from the

prohibitions of section 27156 of the California Vehicle Code for limited 1979
and older model—year gasoline—powered vehicles with engine size greater than

140 CID.     The exemption was based on the submitted exhaust emission test

results and based on the ARB laboratory bench tests on the device.

      John W. Dabrio is now applying for an update of the existing E.0. D—88

in order to be allowed to install the "Tri—Act" device on Timited 1980—1987

vehicles.     This device is identical to the one that was previously exempted.

      In response to his request, the staff compared the fuel systems of pre

1979 and post 1979 (including 1987) model—year vehicles.     No significant


differences were noted between fuel systems‘ designs of the applicable

vehicles even though new cars tend to operate more fuel efficient.   Based on

the above, the staff is of the opinion that the installation of this device on
applicable 1980—1987 vehicles will not affect the performance of their

conventional emission control systems and recommends that the "Tri—Act" device

be granted an updated exemption from the prohibitions of Vehicle Code Section

27156 for the specified vehicles.   No additional testing was required or

performed.


APPENDICES


                                                    APPENDIX A
                                                                                          Valve Mounting
                                                                                               Bracket




                                     O
                TO CARBUR'ETO
                CRANKCASE VENT Q—*
                FiTTING

                                                                             BASE OF CARBURETOR



                     PCV VALVE
           —.                                                          TO FUEL PUMP
          No     a
                                                          THE TRI—ACT
                                         <#6
                                               LOWEST NIPPLE




                                 *               INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

We recommend you have yourTRI-ACTjnsta11ed by your mechanic.

1.   Remove Air cleaner for easy access to P.C.V. valve hose and fuel line.
2.   Locate a position to install the TRI—ACTmaking sure to clear outer edge of
     air—cleaner, also try to stay within 12 inches of the CARB. fuel connection.
     At the same time, note the position of the P.C.V. valve hose and where you
     intend to cut. Remember, you also want the P.C.V. valve hose connection between
     the TRI—ACTand CARB crankcase vent fitting to be as short as possible.
     Now, cut the fuel line at the point you selected for the fuel hose connection.
     It‘s a good idea to remove about 3 to 4 inches of fuel line to provide room for
     your fuel hose connections.                                                      *
     NOTE: Use a tube cutter to cut fuel line. Do not use a filg. You may have to
     disconnect the fuel line at the CARB. to make room for the tube cutter.
     Make the fue!l hose connections on the TRI—ACT with hose and clamps provided).
     Try not to use more than a total of 2 feet of fuel hose (#1 and #2 on diagram
     combined). Make sure the clamps are secure, but not too tight to cut into hose.
     Next, connect the two top nipples on theTRI—ACT between the P.C.V. valve and CARB.
     crankcase vent fitting.              You may need to use the leftover fuel hose to make this
     connection.         Note a short piece of the leftover metal fuel line will sometimes be
     useful to make a joint to extend the P.C.V. valve hose in order for it to reach the
     two top nipples on the TRI—ACT NOTE: The two top nipples will fit 3/8" to 1/2" hoses
     without clamps.         Use hose clamps (not included) for larger hoses.
     Now, double check ALL connections. TheTRI—ACT should be as vertical as possible. Make
     sure the fuel hose is free from too much tension &A not crimped. Too much tension on
     fuel hose connections could cause the hose to break or work loose.
     Rafara renlarina air cleaner,. START YOUR ENGINE AND LET IDLE.


            uUusSTLIUND AND ANbWEK® UN THR
         . PREFORMANCE OF THE TRI—ACT @@@@@e               APPENDIX B


IF MY SPARK PLUGS AREWORN OR HAYVE OVER FIVE THOUSAND MILES ON
THEM, WILL 1 GET GOOD RESULTS FROM THE TRI—ACT <@@@ie?
NO. IN FACT, YOU COULD HAVE A REDUCTION IN GAS MILEAGE. THIS
wWOULD BE CAUSED BY THE CLEANER BURN THAT THE TRI—ACT GIVES.
RESULTING IN TOO WIDE A A GAP ON THE ELECTRODES. REGAP PLUGS OR
REPLACE.
WILL THE CARBUREZTOR NEED ANY ADJUSTMENTS AFTER INSTALLING TH3 TRI—
aCT m ?
IT MAY BE NECESSARY TCO REeAEDIUST THE IDLE ADJUSTMENT.
IF THE P.C.V. IS NOT WORKING, WILL THE TRI—ACT W@@®@®@@® woORrkK?
NC. IF THE P.C. VALVE IS NOT WORKING, THE TRI—ACT W@@@@®K MaY NoT
CLOSE. YOU CAN CHECK WITH THE ENGINE AT IDLE. THE VALVE SHOULD
BE CLOSED AT THIS TIME. REPLACE P.C. VALV®.

IF I I‘ISI‘ALI‘. THE TRI—ACT W@@®@® PROPERLY, ACCORrDING To INSTRUCTIONS
AND THE VALVE IN THE TRI+—ACT DOES NOT CLOSE, wHAT SHOULD I DO?

CHECK TO INSURZ P.C.Y. IS WORKING PROPERLY. IF NOT REPLACE P.C.V.
IF P.C.V. IS GCOD, REMOVE VACCUM HOSE FROM BASE OF CARBURZTOR, CHZCK
FOR CRACXS OR CUTS, IF BAD REPLACE. PLACE FINGER OVER END OF HOSE
WITH THE ENGINE RUNKXING To CHRSH FoR VAcCUK. I THERE IS NO VACCUM
OR YERY LITTLE TH®E HOSZ® OR HOSE FITTING AT THE BASE OF CARBURETOR
1S PLUGIED WITH SLUGE OR CARBON. CLEAN AND R“INSTALL HOSE.

 IF THE P.C.V. IS INSTALLED AT THE 348E OF THE CARBURETOR WILL I HAVE
 TO REMOYE THE P.C.V.7?

 YSS REMOVE THE P.C.VY. FROM THE BASE OF THE CARBURETOR. THE es Ter—4C)
 MUST BE BETWEEN THE P.C.V. AND THE CARBURETOR. REPLACE THE P.C.VY.
WITH THE INLINZ P.C.V. INCLUDDED WITH THE TRI—ACT Weer@@. THE P.C.3.
 SHOULD BE PLACED ABOUT THREE INCHES FROM THE TRI—ACT W@®®®® AS SHOWEX
 IN THE DRAWING.


                           APPENDIX C
                  LIMITTED WARRANTEE
                                   /
THE MANUFACTURE WARRANTEES EVERY TRI—ACT SQLD TO BE FREE OF ANY
DEFECTS IN MATERIALS AND/OR WORKMANSHIP , TO THE REASONABLE
SATISFACTION OF THE PURCHASER.
IF FOR ANY REASON THE TRI—ACT FAILS TP PERFORM UP TO THE         .
MANUFACTURES SPECIFICATIONS, THE PURCHASER MAY RETURN THE TRI—ACT I
            P SHASE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS, ALONG WITH PROOF OF
Egflggigg EED gg IEVE INMEDIATE SATISFACTION UNDER ONE OF THE
FOLLOWING CGONDITIONS.
1.IF YOU PURCHASED THE TRI—ACT FROMA RETAIL DEALER YOU MAY
  RECEIVE A REPLACEMENT TRI—ACT OR K FULL RETAIL PRICE PAID.
  LABOR COST (IF ANY) NOT INCLUDED WITH REFUND.
2. IF YOU ARE A DEALER, SELLING RETAIL TO PURCHASERS, YOU
   WILL RECIEVE REPLACEMENTS FOR ALL DEFECTIVE TrRI—AGT DEVICE.
    DEALERS NAMZE AND ADDRESS

    PURCHASERS NAME

    DATE OF PURCHASE

 THE MANUFACTURE HAS PRODUGT LIBILITY OF $100,000,00
 THE VALVE CAN NOT DAMAGE YOUR ENGINE.


                      STATE_OF_GALTFORNIA          C                       Y
                      AIR RESOURCES BOARD                     REC_EWED
                                                               JUNL O 1987
                                                             AFTERMARKEUPARTS RERTION
           Vehicle Code Section 27156 Exemption Afifl%‘fi%‘%fi& f D:‘;fl:_s"'j:“'““

                            John W. Dabrio

           4344 Van Dyke Ave.#1 San Diego, Ca. 92105
             (619) 28471676
2.                                                            .. JohnW., Dabrio

              4344 Van Dyke Ave. #1 San Diego, Ca. 92105
              (619) $24—1676
3.                                                      John W. Dabrio
           L344 Van Dyke Ave. #1 San Diego, Ca. 92105
                 TRI—ACT

                                                       The TRI—ACT produces a
                 better fuel evaporation.


     The tRI—ACT operating on engine vaccum opens when the vaccum is
     low and permits additional air to enter the intake system and
     closes when the vaccum goes up. The device is also a heat
     exchanger, heating the fuel for a better evaporization



Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:36
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:36

Previous E.O. D-88 | Previous E.O. D-87 | Next E.O. D-88-2 | Next E.O. D-89