Approval Details

Valid E.O.


This Executive Order approved the specified parts on on July 27, 1981.
As of Monday, September 23rd, 2019 this Executive Order has not been overturned or superceeded.

Approved Parts

Part NumberModels
No. 32-0000-11981 model year Volkswagen Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, and Pick Up Truck models having a 97 cubic inch displacement four-cylinder diesel engine.

This Executive Order may be listed as:
  • C.A.R.B.E.O. D-97-3
  • Executive Order 97-3 / D97-3
  • ARB # D-97-3
  • Executive Order No: D-97-3
  • C.A.R.B. No. D-97-3
  • Resolution D-97-3
For Free CARB Executive Order Status verification, email an image of the device Executive Order label as well as the Year/Make/Model and Test Group # of the vehicle to [email protected]

Download: Executive Order D-97-3 PDF

D-97-3 Document:

                          State of California
                          AIR RESOQURCES BOARD

                        EXECUTIVE ORDER D—97—3
              Relating to Exemptions under Section 27156
                          of the Vehicle Code

                    TURBOCHARGER KIT NO. 32—0000—1

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Air Resources Board by Section
27156 of the Vehicle Code; and

Pursuant to the authority vested in the undersigned by Sections 39515
and 39516 of the Health and Safety Code and Executive Order G—45—5;

IT IS ORDERED AND RESOLVED:   That the installation of the turbocharger
kit No. 32—0000—1 manufactured by BAE of 3032 Kashiwa Street,
Torrance, California 90505, has been found not to reduce the effectiveness
of required motor vehicle pollution control devices and, therefore, is
exempt from the prohibitions of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code for 1981
model year Volkswagen Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, and Pick Up Truck modeis
having a 97 cubic inch displacement four—cylinder diesel engine.

This Executive Order is valid provided that installation instructions
for this device will not recommend tuning the vehicle to specifications
different from those submitted by the device manufacturer.

Changes made to the design or operating conditions of the device, as
exempted by the Air Resources Board, that adversely affect the performance
of a vehicle‘s pollution control system shall invalidate this Executive

Marketing of this device using an identification other than that shown
in this Executive Order or marketing of this device for an application
other than those listed in this Executive Order shall be prohibited unless
prior approval is obtained from the Air Resources Board.     Exemption of a
kit shall not be construed as an exemption to sell, offer for sale or
advertise any component of a kit as an individual device.

This Executive Order does not constitute any opinion as to the effect
that the use of this device may have on any warranty either expressed
or implied by the vehicle manufacturer.


No claim of any kind, such as "Approved by Air Resources Board" may be
made with respect to the action taken herein in any advertising or other
oral or written communication.

BAE                                                EXECUTIVE ORDER D—97—3
TURBOCHARGER KIT                                        (PAGE 2 of 2)
MODEL NO. 32—0000—1

Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code makes untrue or
misleading advertising unlawful, and Section 17534 makes violation
punishable as a misdemeanor.

Section 43644 of the Health and Safety Code provides as follows:

     "43644.   (a) No person shall install, sell, offer for sale, or
     advertise, or, except in an application to the state board for
     certification of a device, represent, any device as a motor vehicle
     pollution control device for use on any used motor vehicle unless
     that device has been certified by the state board. No person shall
     sell, offer for sale, advertise, or represent any motor vehicle
     poliution control device as a certified device which, in fact, is
     not a certified device. Any violation of this subdivision is a

Any apparent violation of the conditions of this Executive Order will be
submitted to the Attorney General of California for such action as he
deems advisable.

Executed at El Monte, California, this day of July, 1981.

                                   K D. Drachand, Chief
                                   Mobile Source Control Division

                             State of California
                             AIR RESOURCES BOARD

                                Staff Report

                                July 20, 1981
Evaluation of the BAE Turbocharger Kit No. 32—0000—1 for
Compliance With the Requirements of Section 27156 of the Vehicle

        BAE, of 3032 Kashiwa Street, Torrance, California 90505, has

applied for exemption of a turbocharger kit from the prohibitions

of Section 27156 of the Vehicle Code (¥.C}.        The kit, turbocharger

kit No. 32—0000—1, is intended for 1981 model—year Volkswagen

Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, and Pick Up Truck models having a 97 cubic

inch displacement ({CID) four—cylinder diesel engine.

        BAE has submitted data from back—to—back emissions tests conducted

on a 1981 Volkswagen Pick Up Truck at Olson Engingering, Inc. in

Huntington Beach, California.     Confirmatory tests weré conducted on

the same vehicle at the Air Resources Board (ARB) laboratory in El

Monte, California.


      The purpose of the turbocharger kit is to increase the volumetric

efficiency of an engine.    The major components of the BAE kit are a

RaJay turbocharger, a replacement intake/exhaust manifolds, and an air

filter.    The components are packaged with installation hardware and

instructions and sold as a kit.

     The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) exhaust manifold is

replaced by a BAE exhaust manifold.   The turbine inlet of the turbo—

charger mounts directly under the replacement exhaust manifold.     The

turbine, driven by exhaust gases, is linked to the compressor by a

solid shaft.   Intake air is drawn through the BAE canister—type air

filter and compressed by the compressor.   Compressed air is then routed

to the BAE replacement intake manifold.

     Maximum positive manifold pressure {boost) is limited to 7 psig

by the size of (and exhaust flow through} the turbine housing.     No

wastegate or other active boost limiting device is used.

     The cooling of the turbocharger is achieved by ram air, by forced

air flow from a cooling fan, and by lubricating oil passing through

the unit.   The oil is delivered from a hole tapped at the oil filter

adaptor to the turbocharger bearing housing through a stainless steel

braided line and returned to the engine oil pan.

     Optional accessories that can be connected to the kit include

exhaust pyrometer to measure engine exhaust temperature at the turbine

inlet and an intake manifold (boost) gauge.

     No modifications to the OEM tune—up specifications are required

when the turbocharger kit is installed.

     A 1981 Volkswagen Pick Up truck with a 97 CID four—cylinder diesel

engine and 4—speed manual transmission was used for testing.     The road

load horsepower (RLHP) used in the testing was 8.9 hp at 50 mph.
Testing consisted of cold start CVS—75 and hot start HFET at normal

RLHP to determine exhaust emissions of the unmodified {baseline) and
turbocharged (device) configurations for comparison.      Confirmatory

tests were also performed at the ARB laboratory.


       The applicant‘s emissions test data in Table 1 was generated at

Olson Engingering, Inc.

                                   Table 1

                       Applicant‘s Emissions Test Data

                                      Exhaust Emissions (g/mi)       Economy
Test                                 hC        co         Nox        {mpg)
Baseline CVS—75                       0.18      1.08      1. 34      32.5
Baseline CVS—75                       O.11 .    1.03      1.16       34.6

Baseline Average                      0.15      1.06      1.25           —

Device CVS—75                         0. 31     0. 96     1. 32      34.7
Applicable 1981 Std.                  0.59     10.6       1.5         —

Baseline HFET                         0. 26     1.01      1.19       40. 1
Device HFET                           .09       0.65      1.54       41.9
Applicable 1981 Std.                   —         —        2.0         —

    V.       ARB‘S TEST DATA

           The ARB‘s emissions test data is shown in Table 2.

                                            Table 2

                                 ARB Emissions Test Data

                                             Exhaust Emissions {g/mi)
    Test                             HC                   CO

    Baseline     cus—75             0. 25                0.96

    Device       cuse3s )           0.24                 0.89

    Device       cvs-75§§;          0.18                 0.82
    Device       CVS—75             0.13                 0.84

    Device       cvs=7s(2) Avg. o6                       0.83
    Baseline     HFET             0.17                   0.64
    Baseline     HFET             0.20                   0.69

    Baseline     HFET        Aug. 018                    0.67

‘   Device       urer‘?             0.19                 0.70

    Device       HFETES%            0.16                 0.33            0.92
    Device       HFET               0.14                 0.33            0.95

    Device       wret‘?)     ayg. oas                   0. 33            0.93

           (1)    Invalid test data — "cold start knob" was not pushed back after

                  engine warm up.

           (2)    Retest — "cold start knob" was pushed back as per VW manufac—

                 turer‘s recommendation.


       The first set of device test data generated at the ARB laboratory,

denoted by (1), are invalid because the "cold start knob" was left pulled

out throughout the whole testing period.     The vehicle‘s manufacturer

recommends that the "knob" be pushed in after two minutes of cold engine

operation (see Appendix I).

       The turbocharged vehicle was retested and the cold engine procedures

recommended by VW were followed.     The test data are shown in Table 2 and

denoted by (2).

       The two (2) sets of ARB comparative emissions test data in Table 2

show good test repeatability.    The data also show that the emissions of the

test vehicle are slightly changed due to the installation of the turbocharger

kit.   The changes, however, are within test variability and insignificant

except the CO emissions from the HFET test showing a significant reduction.

       Emission tests indicate that the BAE turbocharger kit No. 32—0000—1

will not have adverse effect on emissions when installed in accordance

with the manufacturer‘s instructions.    The Staff recommends that BAE be

granted an exemption from the prohibitions of ¥.C. Section 27156 for this

kit for 1981 model year Volkswagen Rabbit, Dasher, Jetta, and Pick Up Truck

models having a 97 CID four—cylinder diesel engine with automatic or

manual transmission.    The Staff recommends that Executive Order D—97—3 be

adopted .

Document Created: 2005-09-01 12:43:38
Document Modified: 2005-09-01 12:43:38

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